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tion, we are irresistibly reminded of the his flock, whose number is sadly limited, past, when the cruel policy of Rome through the insufficiency of the accomtried in vain to exterminate that Divine modation provided for them. Learned, religion which the inhabitants of the as an accomplished preacher should be, Alpine valleys of Piedmont had held in human learning, profoundly read in throughout the darkest ages. And all sacred literature, impressive in language, the fire and blood, torture and exile, and solemn in tone, Mr. M‘Dougall is which his forefathers suffered, seemed able to impart to his sermons most of to us more than avenged in the orator's those charms of which pulpit oratory is passionate denunciation of that anti so susceptible; whilst his kind nature Christian Church, whose approaching and affectionate manners in private life doom he foretells in the earnest language still further add to the efficiency of his of one who sees the handwriting on the ministry. In addition to his regular wall, and whose mission is to proclaim duties, embracing a Sunday class, two the coming fall of the Antichrist. full services, a weekly prayer-meeting, The
service of the Waldenses' visiting, &c., Mr. M'Dougall devotes Church is very simple. 1st. A prayer of much of his time to the superintendence judicious brevity. 2d. A psalm. Every of a printing-press (Salvietti Palace), seat is furnished with a copy of the from which a goodly collection of wellcollection used, set to music. The selected religious publications singing is remarkably effective, inflaming issued, at a very moderate price, among not only (as it seemed to us) the pious the Italians. There are, besides, two ardour of the congregation, but inciting evangelical book-depôts in the city, them, by its spirited fervour, with where the Bible (Diodati's), printed by religious and patriotic courage for that Clowes of London, and well bound, is holy work of Missionary enterprise sold for one shilling, or 1f. 25c. The throughout the Italian kingdom which colporteurs, in spite of the religious at present promises so well to reward liberty accorded by the present Govern. them,--and, o how gloriously !--for all ment, have met with so many practical the persecutions they have suffered in difficulties, on the part of the priests, as ages past. 3d. The
4th. to necessitate the discontinuance for Another psalm. 5th. Again a prayer, the present of their work in Florence. and, like the first, judicious in its Correspondent of
Witness," brevity. Lastly, the blessing, when the December 2. congregation disperses. No allusion is made to money matters throughout the
EDUCATION IN SICILY.-The education service, and there is no collection either
of the people is still vigorously going on entering or leaving the chapel ;
forward, to the great credit of the Gocontrasting very favourably in this
vernment and townships of Italy, as respect with the English church, where,
may be seen from the following statisas at a theatre, or concert, or public schools for boys increased from one
tics :-In Sicily, last year, the public exhibition, a fixed price for admission is extorted from every visiter,—
hundred and nine to one hundred and franc and and a half,--a custom which sixty-one in number; those for girls, from degrades our worship among Christians
nine to seventy-one; evening schools, of every sect. I am therefore especially
from twenty-four to seventy-six; while
seven Sabbath-schools had been estab. glad to inform you I have just received
lished. All the seventy-five communes the assurance that this practice is, after a duration of many years, to be dis
in the province of Palermo have now a continued for the future ; and I need, boys' school, although only twenty have consequently, not further animadvert on
as yet a girls' school.--Correspondent of its degrading nature. M. and Mme.
Evangelical Christendom." Geymonat receive their friends every A MUSSULMAN EXPOUNDING alternate Friday evening; and those BIBLE. --Syud Ahmud, a Mussulman of who have the privilege of attending their high character and standing at Ghazeere-unions will ever cherish their remem pore, has written and published the first brance of them as among the most or preliminary volume of a remarkable delightful reminiscences of their sojourn work, “ The Mohammedan Commentary in Florence.
on the Holy Bible.” This Mussulman I should be most ungratefully remiss, expresses his belief, (and thus agree with were I to omit saying a word or two orthodox Christians, in opposition to about the Scottish Kirk here. Mr. Bishop Colenso,) that the Pentateuch M'Dougall, who has for several years was written by Moses, and Divinely been the pastor, is very popular amongst inspired. He admits the miraculous
element in the life of our Lord, and thus in his next volume. Having thus seen differs from M. Renan. The books to the strange spectacle of a Christian which the most frequent reference is Bishop impugning the inspiration and mnade are by English authors, such as authenticity of the writings of Moses, Bishop Patrick, D'Oyly and Mant, we are next to witness the evidence on Thomas Scott, Horne (Introduction), behalf of these important points urged de. Syud Ahmnd, it is said, is pre- against the Bishop by a Mohammedan. paring a full answer to Bishop Colenso -Ibid.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. The late Rev. JOHN SHAW, who died the demand of the important offices he at Nevis, in the island of Antigua, undertook, to cultivate sobriety and November 15th, 1861, in the fifth year dignity of character. Having laboured of his ministry, was born at Glossop, eight years as a Local preacher with Derbyshire, in 1828. He came of pious great acceptance, when it was proposed parentage ; and godly example and that he should be entirely devoted to counsel were blessed to the sowing of the ministry, the voice of the church good seed in his heart. He feared the was clear in confirmation of his call. Lord, in some measure, from his His sermons, superior both in matter youth. The “Pilgrim's Progress” and illustration, were delivered with a was the chosen commentary of his distinct utterance; and a faithful childhood on the Bible that was always memory enabled him to use his reading open in his father's house. A remark- in expounding the truth of Scripture. able revival in the Sunday-school When leaving for the foreign work, he which he attended became a crisis in the lamented to a friend that he had history of his soul. At the Christmas followed too much the thinkings of meeting, A.D. 1839, several friends others, and had not sufficiently developed haring addressed the assembled teachers his own resources. That this defect (if and scholars, a Local preacher, since it ever existed, save in his own scrupulous departed, said, “We have been talking conscientiousness) was remedied by long enough; now let us pray." The future labour, appears from the Conprayer-meeting thus commenced did ference obituary “He possessed a not cease until a very late hour, and spirit calm, genial, and loving; and a vers the beginning of a work of con mind endowed with many excellent version among the scholars, which con qualities. His careful studies tended tinued several months. Many then
to make him accurate and orderly in his gathered into the church stand among preaching ; which, though argumentaits pillars at this day; and “some have tive, and acceptable to the intelligent, fallen asleep.” John Shaw yielded to was not the less earnest and profitable the strivings of the Spirit, and received to hearers of another class." his first ticket of membership in 1840. Mr. Shaw was appointed in 1857 to His conversion did not present, ap St. Christopher's, in the West Indies ; parently, those strong features of con whither he proceeded, with his wife trast with the former state which mark and child, in the autumn of that year. the change in many instances. Sub. Having laboured one year at his first sequent reflection upon the quietness of station, he removed to Antigua, where his entrance into the “ kingdom,” which he spent the last three years of his short often“ suffereth violence,” led him life. With a high estimate of the im. sometimes to suspect its reality. A portance of his work, he was earnestly sceptical temper of mind, which was the anxious to be useful, and often mourned real source of this difficulty, also en. over inefficiency. At one time, being dangered his peace on other grounds; much tried by the apparent unfruitful. and he had often to mourn over faults ness of his labour, he thought of offering into which levity betrayed him. But he himself for the Mission-work in Africa, was a member of a church which cures under an impression that he might be many 3 spiritual disorder, and enhances more useful there. Yet he did not the health of all its members, by activity. always labour in vain. “ His emotions Employed in the Sunday-school, and in the pulpit,” says the above-cited afterwards in the duty of a Local authority, “were at certain times so preacher, his mind rose superior to its strong as to prevent for some seconds doubts ; while he was constrained, by his proceeding with the subject. There
are many in the two islands on which
symptoms of incipient fever. As there he laboured, who will be his 'crown of was no medical aid in the town where rejoicing in the day of the Lord Jesus. they resided, they sent a message to He was not satisfied with the production their friend Mr. Chambers, at Parham, of a temporary religious excitement, several miles away, informing him of but watched the effect of professed their need of help. To this appeal repentance, and only rejoiced when the Mr. Chambers immediately responded ripened fruits appeared. Constitutional by hastening to the house of sickness; peculiarities rendered him liable to and he proposed to remove them at gloomy and depressing views of circum once to his own residence. In hope of stances in which others would find no improvement, this was deferred until the cause for distrust. His last letter to the next day. When it arrived, the desired Mission-House suggests the existence of recovery was not manifest; and, as it these elements in his character. * His was now seen that both lives would be colleague, the Rev. T. M. Chambers, sacrificed unless immediate aid were M.A., thus speaks of him :-"No young rendered, they were taken to Parham, man carried into the pulpit a stronger where the best medical efforts were at sense of responsibility, or a more pro. once employed. Mr. Shaw was cop. found solicitude that he should do his sidered better on the following day; duty with acceptance to God, and use but within twenty-four hours more an fulness to His church."
unfavourable change had taken place. Mr. Shaw's health suffered under the He was suddenly seized with a mortal climate peculiar to the scene of his feebleness, from which no appliances labour ; although his naturally strong could avail to save him. Such was the constitution speedily recovered from severity of this short struggle, that he attacks of the prevalent fevers. When had not the ability to say much more his last illness came on, he expected than, “Brother Chambers, I am going soon to rally again. But another fate was to heaven;" and, “I want to go and appointed him. On Friday, November see my people.” This was his last 8th, one of his children died of fever, utterance: thoughts of the church after a short illness. On the following beneath were mingled with visions of Sunday morning Mr. Shaw himself was the church above. His sympathy with unable to preach, but met three classes. his earthly charge did not expire, when In the evening he preached his last “angels beckoned him away,'
and Some circumstances of that
“Jesus bade him come. day's history have been recalled, which He drew his last breath early in the seem like foreshadowings of the coming morning of Friday, November 15th ; and event. In the morning he read at
was buried the same evening in the chapelfamily-prayer, instead of the usual yard at Parham, where his infant son had psalm, the first chapter of Job, where found an "early rest seven days before. the successive and overwhelming cala The Friday following his death added mities of the patient man are recorded.
another sad event to this chapter of His text in the evening was, “But I sorrows, in the death of another child, would not have you to be ignorant,
who sank under a similar malady, brethren, concerning them which are
and was buried in her father's grave; asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others
over which were read once more the which have no hope.' He gave out
words of the Sunday-morning lesson as the closing hymn the 52d, (Wesley,) before referred to :-“The Lord gave, in which occurs the verse,
and the Lord hath taken away ; blessed
be the name of the Lord.” His widow “ Thou, in thy youthful prime, and eldest child have "escaped to tell Hast leap'd the bounds of time :
this story of desolation ; to cherish the Suddenly from carth released, Lo! we now rejoice for thee ;
memory of a faithful servant of Christ;
and Taken to an early rest,
wait the day when Job's Caught into eternity.”
“Redeemer" “shall stand upon the
earth,” and bless their “latter end” The recent departure of a beloved more than their “ beginning." child suggested the use of this hymn; None can say that this short career but it was prophetic of his own prema was useless.
The Missionary martyrs ture summons from the field of earthly do not lay down their lives in vain. toil. On the following morning both Their sacrifice, though costly, is needful, he and Mrs. Shaw were suffering from and brings the church great blessings,
* “Missionary Notices," Nov. 1861.
shich preclude the question, "Why this a most affectionate address being deFaste?". And for themselves they win im- livered at the same time. It may be perishable good : for the Master has said, that the influence and example of Mr.
Whosoever shall lose his life for My Slater are still to be seen in the excellent sake and the Gospel's, the same shall men who are at the head of that save it.” It is ours to pray the Lord of Society. life to "give His angels charge over" The same exemplary conduct was these valiant messengers of salvation, maintained in his new place of abode ; ud over their families, who with them and he was soon found in the Pickering give up all for Christ and the church, not Society as the leader of a large class. aunting their lives dear unto them. At seven on the Sabbath morning he
W. F. S. might be seen wending his way, summer
and winter, toward the chapel, to attend MR. JOHN SLATER was born at Robin the early prayer-meeting. During the Hood's Bay, August 8th, 1788. When space of six years he was not absent about twenty-two years of age, he was from that meeting more than five times, brought to the enjoyment of converting except when away from home. grace, during a revival of religion at As he approached the end of his Ebberston, in the Pickering Circuit. pilgrimage, bis increasing meetness for He obtained peace and joy through the heavenly inheritance was apparent. believing, at à lovefeast which was In the last week of June, 1860, he made held at a neighbouring village ; and he the following entry on a fly-leaf of the retained the consciousness of his accept- Bible which his friends at Ebberston ance with God during all his subsequent had given him :-“Since I and my wife lfe. His house was at all times the were joined in wedlock, fifty years have home of Christ's messengers.
When passed away.
It is now fifty years one of the leaders was removed from the since I was converted to God, and my militant to the triumphant church, our dear wife also; and we are still giving late friend was at once chosen to fill his diligence to make our calling and election place; which he did, with fidelity and And it is all by the grace of our affection, thirty-five years.
The offices Lord Jesus Christ. To His name be all of chapel and Society steward he also the glory!” Again, on February 11th, filled, with credit to himself, and use. 1861 :-“We are still spared, by the fulness to the church, for about seven mercy of God, to record His goodness teen years. He was one of the first toward us; and striving, praying, and supporters of the Sabbath-school at believing in Jesus, that we may be Ebberston, of which he was superin- found in Him without spot. Amen, tendent for thirty years.
and amen." Mr. Slater was constant and punctual
The last Sabbath of his life he spent in the means of grace; and his private according to his usual custom in the exercises of devotion were
active service of God. He was at the regular. He was, eminently, a man of early prayer-meeting; after distributing prayer. In conducting prayer-meetings tracts, he attended the forenoon service it was evident that his whole soul was in the chapel; after dinner he visited engaged with God. On many of those several sick persons; at two he attended Occasions his bright and happy counte the afternoon prayer-meeting in the nance indicated to all the joy and vestry; at three met his class ; after serenity of soul he experienced. His tea read a memoir from one of the exhortations, which were frequent, Magazines ; and at the evening service showed how anxious he was that all he was found again in the house of God. should be imbued with fervour in their The text that evening was with him a addresses to the throne of grace. His favourite one: “Lord, now lettest Thou catholicity is worthy of notice. He Thy servant depart in peace, according could indeed say,
“Grace be with all to Thy word : for mine eyes have seen them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in Thy salvation.” When he returned sincerity." But it was among the home, he referred to the subject of disWesleyan Methodists that he found his course; and again, especially, the followspiritual home.
ing morning. During the early foreIn 1856 he left Ebberston, to reside noon, he spoke kindly to some young at Kekering. The Society at the former men, alluding yet again to a certain place evinced their esteem for his portion of the evening's sermon, and recharacter, and their appreciation of his marking, that Christ could not be found many excellencies, by presenting him in places of dissipation and sin, but in with a handsome Bible and hymn-book; the temple of God. About ten he was
seized with violent pain. To his wife he friends in all directions, not only among said, “If the Lord is about to take me, religious people, but also in other circles I am quite ready to go.” Thus, like of society. Toward his parents he Simeon, he expressed his willingness always manifested a degree of filial to leave the world below, where he had affection which left them nothing to to live by faith, and to enter the regions desire on this point. It was this, as the above, where he would behold his sequel will show, that led to the sacrifice Maker and his God without a dimming of his valuable life. vail between. On the abatement of But, though he possessed qualities pain, he said he felt “the precious which secured him the esteem of all promises come into his mind." Even who knew him, he himself attached no at seven o'clock p.m., there were vital importance to these, irrespective favourable symptoms. A short time of a regenerated heart. He therefore after, however, he became unconscious, earnestly sought the blessing of Divine and continued so till he died. Thus, forgiveness, through the infinite merits on Monday, September 29th, 1862, of the crucified Redeemer. In this Mr. John Slater, aged seventy-four important duty he was greatly enyears, ceased to work and live.
couraged and stimulated by the deep JOHN MANN. and cheerful piety of his two elder
sisters, who had become the wives of THOMAS JACKSON, second son of the Missionaries in the Fiji and Navigators' Rev. James WALLIS, was born at the Islands. The thought that, in all proWesleyan Mission-Station, Waingaroa, bability, he should never again see their New Zealand, September 6th, 1840. faces in the flesh, strengthened his At his baptism he received the above determination to become a member of name, in honour of one who for many that spiritual family into which they years has been well known as one of the were adopted, and whose home is the champions of evangelical truth, and heavenly world. After prayerfully and whose remarkably instructive ministry diligently seeking the Divine favour, was made a great blessing to the writer during a period of many months, it of this memorial, in the London East pleased the Lord to reveal Himself Circuit.
very graciously to his heart, enabling In very early life the subject of this him to testify, without doubt, that the sketch manifested a kind and amiable Spirit bore witness with his spirit, that disposition, with such submission to the he was a child of God. The graces of authority of religion, and such conscious- the Holy Spirit now rendered him--as ness of individual responsibility to God, was remarked by a friend in Auckland, as induced his friends to entertain the who had had many opportunities of hope that in due time he would rank observing his walk and conversationamong the ornaments, and the most a good young man, in every sense of useful members, of the church of Christ. the word.” It was his study to adorn At the age of ten years he was sent to the doctrine of God his Saviour in all the Wesleyan College, Auckland; where, things, and, to the uttermost of his under the careful tuition of the Rev. ability, to induce others to "walk by Joseph H. Fletcher, his religious im the same rule," and to “mind the same pressions were fostered and deepened ; thing.” He took a deep interest in the and where he became more fully ac welfare of Sabbath-school children, and quainted with those great and blessed was never more delighted than when he truths which subsequently made him found himself surrounded by such objects wise unto salvation, through faith which of the Saviour's love. Two or three is in Christ Jesus. After finishing his months before his decease, the rapid education, he was placed in a situation growth of his piety, and the fuller where he had the advantage of leisure development of genuine talent, indicated for reading, meditation, and prayer : to the minds of some of his friends that duties in which he took great delight, the Lord was preparing him for a more and which, in the absence of most of important office in the church than he the public and social means of grace,
had hitherto occupied. But it now were more than ordinarily blessed to appears, that this remarkable improvehis soul. In this situation the natural ment was preparatory to an early removal amiability of his disposition was so from earth to heaven. constantly displayed as to become pro In the course of the winter of 1862 verbial; it being commonly remarked the Mission-family at Waingaroa was that he had a smile and a kind word for visited by typhus fever, prostrating the every one. This secured him many three children who were then at home.