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THE NEWBURGH MONUMENT AND CENTENNIAL
On March 20, 1882, Mr. Beach introduced in the House of Representatives a joint resolution authorizing the Secretary of War to erect at Washington's Headquarters, in the city of Newburgh, New York, a memorial column, commemorative of the events which occurred at that place during the Revolutionary War, and to aid in defraying the expenses of the Centennial Celebration to be held at Newburgh in the year 1883. The resolution was read a first and second time, referred to the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds, and ordered to be printed. The text of the resolution was as follows:
Joint resolution authorizing the Secretary of War to erect at Wash
ington's Headquarters, in the city of Newburgh, N. Y., a memorial column, and to aid in defraying the expenses of the centennial celebration to be held at that city in the year eighteen hundred and eighty-three.
Whereas it is in contemplation by citizens of Newburgh, State of New York, to commemorate the proclamation of peace, the disbandment of the Army, and other notable Revolutionary events, by appropriate centennial ceremonies, to be held at Washington's Headquarters, in said city of Newburgh, during the year eighteen hundred and eighty-three; and
Whereas the events in question, forming as they did the closing scenes in the struggle for Independence, are in every respect worthy
of being commemorated, and should be perpetuated by the erection of some suitable memorial structure; and
Whereas it was near this place, in the building known as “The Temple,” that Washington, by his appeal to the patriotism of the Army, saved the country from military despotism; and
Whereas it is intended to purchase the grounds upon which the Temple stood, together with so much of the surrounding land as may be deemed necessary, and cause to be erected thereon a building of frame or logs in the original form or style of the said Temple as near as may be; and
Whereas it is further intended to purchase certain other adjacent grounds, wherein rest the remains of the Revolutionary veterans who died during the encampment of the Army near Newburgh, and cause the same to be properly inclosed, to the end that they may be perpetually kept and maintained as a burial-ground: Therefore,
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That a joint select committee be created, to consist of five Senators, to be appointed by the presiding officer of the Senate, and eight Representatives, to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, whose duty it shall be to make, independently of itself or in connection with the trustees of Washington's Headquarters and the citizens' committee, all necessary arrangeinents for a befitting celebration of the centennial ceremonies commemorative of Washington's refusal to accept a crown, the proclamation of peace, the disbandment of the Army, and other notable Revolutionary events, to be held at Washington's Headquarters, in the city of Newburgh and State of New York, in the year eighteen hundred and eighty-three.
SEC. 2. That the Secretary of War be, and he hereby is, authorized and directed to expend, out of the moneys hereinafter appropriated, a sum not to exceed ten thousand dollars in the erection of a suitable monument or column on the grounds belonging to the State of New York, and known as Washington's Headquarters, with such inscriptions and emblems as may properly commemorate the historical events which occurred at Newburgh and vicinity during the war of the Revolution. Sec.
That the sum of thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated for the purpose mentioned in the preceding section, and for aiding in defraying the