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And what shall we say of those pacific primitive Christians, who have, by way of derision, been called Quakers; and who, though some of their customs may perhaps be ridiculous, are yet remarkable for the virtue and sobriety of their lives, and for having in vain endeavoured to preach peace and good-will to the rest of mankind? There are at least an hundred thou. fand of them in Pensylvania ; difcord and controversy are unknown in that happy spot where they have settled : the very name of their principal city, Philadelphia, is a continual memento to them, that all men are brethren, and is at once an example and reproach to those nations who have not yet adopted toleration,

To conclude, toleration has never yet excited civil wars; whereas its opposite has filled the earth with slaughter and desolation. Let any one then judge, which of the two is most entitled to our esteem, or which we should applaud, the mother who would deliver her son into the hand of the executioner, or fhe who would resign all right to him to save his life.

In all what I have said, I have had only the interest of nations in view, and, as I pay all due respect to the doctrines of the church, I have in

this article, only confidered the physical and moral advantages of society. I therefore hope, that every impartial reader will properly weigh these truths, that he will view them in their proper light, and re&ify what may be amiss. Those who read with attention, and reciprocally communicate their thoughts, will always have the start of the author t.

+ Mr. de la Bourdonnaie, intendent of Rouen, says, that the manufacture for hats at Caudebec and Neufchatel is greatly fallen off since the refugees left that country. Mr. Foucaut, intendant of Caen, says, that trade in general is declined through the whole generality; and Mr. de Maupeou, intendant of Poitiers, that the manufactures for druggets is quite loft. Mr. de Bezons complains, that there is now hardly any trade ftirring at Cierac and Nerac. Mr. Miroménil, intendant of Tourain, fays, that the trade of Tours is diminished near ten millions per annum, and all this through the persecution raised in that part of the kingdom: See the memorials of the intendants in the year 1698. To this if we add the number of land and sea officers, and common sailors, who have been forced to engage in foreign services, frequently with fatal consequences to their own

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country ; we shall then see whether or no persecu. tion has been fatal to the state.

We will not here presume to offer any hints to those ministers, whose conduct and capacity are sufficiently known, and whose greatness of foul and nobleness of sentiment do honour to their illustrious birth: they will of themselves readily perceive, that the restoration of our marine will require some indulgence at least to be hewn to the inhabitants of our sea-coasts.

СНАР.

CHAP V.

In what Cases TOLERATION may be

admitted

L

ET me for once suppose, that a minister

equally noble and discerning, that a prelate equally wise and humane, or a prince who is sensible that his interest consists in the increased number of his subjects, and his glory in their happiness, may deign to cast their eyes on this random and defective production. In this case, his own consummate knowledge will naturally lead him to ask himself, what hazard Mall I run by seeing the land beautified and enriched by a greater number of industrious labourers, the aids augmented, and the state rendered more flourishing ?

Germany, by this time, would have been a desart, covered with the unburied bodies of many different sects, slaughtered by each other, had not the peace of Westphalia happily procured a liberty of conscience.

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We have Jews at Bourdeaux, at Mentz, and in Alsace; we have Lutherans, Molinists, and Jansenists amongst us; can we not then admit protestants likewise under proper restrictions, nearly like those under which the Roman catholics are permitted in England ? The greater the number of different sects, the less danger is to be apprehended from any one in particular ; they become weaker in proportion as they are more numerous, and are easily kept in subjection by those just laws which prohibit riotous afiemblies, mutual insults, and feditions, and which the legislative power will always proper. ly support in their full vigour,

We know that there are several heads of families, who have acquired great fortunes in foreign countries, who would be glad to return to their native country. These require only the protection of the law of nature, to have their marriages to remain valid, and their children secured in the enjoyment of their present property, and the right of succeeding to the inheritance of their fathers, together with a protection for their persons. They ask no public places of worship; they aim not at the porsession of civil employs, nor do they aspire to dignities either in church or state ; for no Ro

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