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The Universal Magazine

Knowledge and Pleasure:

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News
Letters
Debates
Poetry
Musick
Biography
History

CONTAINING
Geography

Gardening
Voyages Cookery
Criticism Chemistry
Translations Mechanicks
Philosophy Trade
Mathematicks Navigation
Husbandry Architecture
AND OTHER

Arts and Sciences,
Instructive and Entertaining

Which may renderit

TO

GENTRY,MERCHANTS, FARMERS and TRADESMEN:

to which occasionally will be added
An Impartial Account of Books in several Languages,

and of the State of Icaming in Finmpe::
of the STAGE New OPERAS PLAYS and ORATORIOS,

VOL.LXVI. -

Also

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Published Monthly according to Act of Parliament,
By John Hinton, at the Kings Arms in Paternofter Row

near Warwick Lane, London.

Price Six Pence.

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P R E F A C E.

T

HE commencement of a new volume with a new

year, calls upon the thankful Editors of the UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE to step forward in a customary annual address to their numerous Readers.

Consistent with the obligations they are under in momentous times of enlarging in the number and extent of hostile narrations, and discussions of political subjects, particularly when points of national importance are agitated in Parliament, and draw, the attention of the public; they, nevertheless, flatter themselves, that the volumes for the preceding year, have rather exceeded, that fallen short of, any before them, in the selection and miscellaneous variety of instructive and amusing articles. Endeavours shall not be wanting to go on in a progressive train of improvement in Knowledge and Pleasure, that a welcome reception in all places may, in this sense, justify the title of the UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE.

As the American continent, in the present unhappy war, is become the most interesting scene of action; it has been their study, though attended with considerable expence, not merely to refer their Readers to general maps in former volumes, but to procure large and correct maps of the respective Provinces : the course of A

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these is already begun, illustrated with historical and descriptive accounts of each; and it is by such instances of seasonable attention, they hope to manifest an earnest desire to merit a continuance of that approbation the UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE has been favoured with through fixty-five volumes !

They cannot conclude, without returning hearty and fincere acknowledgements to all their friendly and generous contributors; by no means overlooking that ingenious unknown correspondent, who kindly favoured them with the very timely and expressive design, executed as a Frontispiece to this new volume. In this, the figurative representation of Britannia, is advancing from the Temple of Concord, over the emblems of war, French connexions, and Popery ; followed by Peace and Plenty, with the offer of the Cap of Liberty to the distressed Americans. While these infatuated subjects to a new Congress in alliance with their old hereditary enemies, elevating their striped enfign, oppose the palsage of their benefactors, by presenting their arms against them ; though these arms are held by hands with manacles on them.

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MEMOIRS of the celebrated ROGER ASCHAM; Tutor,

and Latin Secretary to Queen ELIZABETH. HIS learned man was no less re. after living together 47 years in the great.

markable for living in connexion ett harmony and affection, these good old withi a Court, through very critical sea- people died the same day, and aimolt in the fons, when the most opposite principles lame hour. As for their third son Roger, became predominant in turn; 'than for fome time before his father's death, he was those claffical abilities which are mentioned taken into the family of Sir Anthony with respect even at the present time. Wingfield, and studied with his two sons.

Roger ASCHAM was born at Kirby- The brightness of his genius, and his great Wiske, near North-Allerton, in York affection for learning, very early discovered fhire, , about the year 1515. His father themselves, hy his eager reading all the was a man of moderate fortune, but of ex English books winich came to his hands. traordinary character, both for understand This propenlity for study was encouraged ing and probity, was Steward to the by his generous benefactor, who, when he noble family of Scroop; bis mother was had attained the eleinents of the learned descended of a genteel family, and allied languages, sent him, about the year 1530, to several persons of diftinétion. Betides to St. John's-college, in Cambridge. It this Roger, they had two other fons, was extremely happy for Mr. Atcham, Thomas and Anthony, and several daughé that, at this time, St. John's college was

One thing is so remarkable of them, one of the most Hourishing in the Univerthat it onght not to pass unmentioned i foly. Its maiter, Nicholas Medcalt, was NUME, CCCCLVII, VOL. LXVI.

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