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separation took place, and the results were most afflictive. How needful, it is for Christians, and especially Christian ministers and church officers, to take care that they fall not out by the way. Although Mr. Rowlands was so eminent and useful a minister, he was only a curate to his brother, and, it is said, he had only £10 a year for doing the entire duty. He was not, however, permitted to retain his curacy,—his labours, talents, zeal, and success, instead of securing to him the love and esteem of the clergy, excited their opposition; and the bishop took away the license by which he held the curacy. One day, when he was engaged in reading the prayers, two clergymen entered the church, bearing the bishop's mandate to silence him; upon his leaving the reading desk, they delivered the letter; and he was obliged to quit the church, and addressed his people outside the church-yard. The next year a large chapel was erected for him, in the neighbourhood, by his friends.
At this time, Mr. Rowlands was in very straitened circumstances, but the Lord whom he served interposed in a most remarkable manner in his behalf, raising him up a friend in the late philanthropise Mr. Thornton. For this purpose, a poor Welsh woman was employed by the Lord: the following is the touching account given in the work before us.
"This woman went to London for employment during the summer months and the fruit season; which is the practice of many of the poor people in Wales. She was providentially led to call and to seek for work at Mr. Thornton's, having heard that he was in want of persons for the garden?. The consequence was, that she was hired there, and sent to weed the garden. As this woman was careful of her soul, she enquired where she might obtain spiritual food. Having heard a good account of Komaine, she went to hear him on the Sunday; she was much pleased and edified with his preaching, and understanding that he had a lecture some evening in the week, she was anxious to hear him again. She told the gardener, when the day arrived, that she would be exceedingly obliged if he would have the kindness to allow her to give over working a little earlier in the evening, as she was very desirous to go to church to hear Romaine, and she would engage to redeem the time, by going to work earlier the following mornings. The gardener recommended her to apply herself to their master, being persuaded that as he was a good man, he would most likely grant her desire; he told her she might expect him in the garden such a time. The poor woman observed him coming in shortly afterwards. She made a courtesy to him as he was walking by her, and made so free as to solicit the favour of being set at liberty that evening, to attend Romaine's lecture, promising to redeem the time for his work. He said in reply that he was afraid she only wanted an opportunity to see the vanities of London. However at length he consented, assuring her at the same time that he would know if she did not go to church. The poor weman was very thankful, and went with all speed at the appointed time to St. Ann's, Blackfriars; and, to her no small joy and surprise, she saw her master at church also. Equally pleased was he to see his poor servant the Welch woman there. He went to her as he walked in the garden on the following morning, and said, " I was glad to see you last night at the lecture, do you like Romaine's preaching?" " Yes, greatly, Sir," she replied, "he makes me think very much of Wales; for we have a very great clergyman there, and we used to think there was not his equal anywhere." Thornton was much pleased with this account, and consequently entered into a free conversation with the good woman about her Welch minister. Then she told him with much pleasure, "how the Lord owned and blessed his ministry to the conversion of hundreds and thousands, and that many came every Sunday from a great distance to hear him; that even Wales itself was roused by his powerful preaching." Thornton's heart was delighted with this good news; he perceived that the woman was truly pious, and had reason to believe that her account was true, especially as he found upon enquiry that it was corroborated by the declarations of others. Thornton, under this persuasion, wrote to Rowlands, and formed an acquaintance with him. The consequence was, that Thornton became his greatest friend; for after ascertaining how things were going on in the principality, and that Rowlands was the means under God of very extensive usefulness to that part of the kingdoom, so enveloped in darkness and ignorance, he was most happy to assist and encourage him as much as possible.
"It is helieved that it was in this way, through Thornton's acquaintance, that Romaine heard so much of Rowlands- who about this time visited the metropolis and his friends there. In calling at Romaine's, he was told that he was engaged, However he came down-stairs presently, and that in a great hurry, and not knowing Rowlands, who was standing still by the door, he asked him, in his dry way, "What do you want here?" The other answered, in his laconic style, "And what have you to give?" Then said Romaine, "Who are you?" Upon this Rowlands mentioned his name. Then Romaine took him in his arms, exclaiming, " O great apostle of Walescome in."—Romaine met Rowlands another time at a bookseller's shop in Bristol. After saluting each other with great joy, Romaine accosted his Welch friend thus: "Why do you, the most excellent divine, come here to buy books; I thought you had the Spirit of God to study his word, and to compose your sermons?" Rowlands answered him thus: "I find that Romaine published lately so many excellent books, I suppose that it was on purpose that they should be read: and how are they to be procured, unless they are purchased at some bookseller's shop where they are on sale?"
The zeal manifested by Mr. Rowlands for the overthrow of Satan's empire procured him many enemies, and many plots were laid to effect his destruction, but out of them all the Lord delivered him. The accounts given by Mr. Morgan, concerning his trials and persecutions will be read with much interest. He continued to labour with unabated zeal and success for upwards of fifty years, — occasionally engaging in itinerating labours in both North and South Wales; Llangeitho, however, was the principal sphere of his labours. We are informed, that the attendance upon his ministry did not diminish, but was more attentive, large, and delightful towards the close of life, than formerly. That although so many thousands of people came together, none of them appeared light or trifling, but were most serious and sober. As such were the effects produced by his ministry, it must be important to know, by what means they were, under God, produced. On this topic, Mr. Morgan has adduced some important testimonies from some of Mr. Rowlands' cotemporaries. We give the following as a specimen, which is from the pen of a cotemporary, the Rev. John Davis :—
"Unembarrassed with worldly cares, and almost unconnected with the world, he lives above it, and is a striking emblem of primitive simplicity. His manner of life carries the mind many centuries back, and sets it down in the apostolic age. Such undissembled piety, and such unaffected integrity, are not the general characteristics of latter days. Wholly devoted to his Master's work, and treading in his steps, he goes about continually doing good. His audiences are very large wherever he preaches; and the stated number of communicants at the monthly sacraments, in his own church is seldom less than two thousand, and sometimes more than four thousand.—His discourses are plain and practical. He does not affect a display of learning, or extensive reading; but his whole aim is to speak to the heart.—He draws all his arguments from the sacred oracles, not only as they are best adapted to the capacities of his hearers, but as they contain the only method of salvation for fallen, guilty, and helpless sinners. Knowing the wretched state of man by nature, he tries to rouse him to a sense of his danger by the thunders of the law, and the lightnings of Sinai. Deeply acquainted with the gospel scheme of salvation by Jesus Christ, he publishes the glad tidings with all the fervour and affection of one who experimentally knows their inestimable worth. He sometimes adds tears to his entreaties, when, after he hath displayed the unsearchable riches of Christ, he is inviting the miserable, the poor, and the naked, to come and partake of them. Yet, being convinced that no human persuasion can prevail with them to accept of a free and plenteous redemption, he, with earnest supplication, recommends them to the Spirit of grace, and to his efficacious influence. And oh! in what rapturous and elevated strains does he often perform this part of his office! How are the congregations melted, borne down, and overcome, while the sweet and precious accents of the gospel drop from his tongue! Having learned by happy experience that faith is a vital principle, wrought in the soul by the Spirit of God, he not only inculcates universal holiness of heart and life, as an evidence of genuine faith, but insists upon it as an indispensable meetness for communion with God, both in time and eternity. These various subjects he illustrates by pertinent scriptural allusions, and by similies borrowed from those objects which happen to be nearest at hand. This too he hath learned from the example of his blessed Waster, who grounded most of his parables on some object that presented itself to the
eyes of his auditory The most squeamish critic and most flippant wit,
if they understood his vernacular language, and could hear him deliver them with his grave and manly eloquence, carrying all before it like an irresistible torrent, would soon alter their opinion; and if they could not, with Saul, when he was admitted among the prophets, catch his spirit, they would learn to admire and extol his productions. Blessed as he is with these endowments, can it be wondered that he is a successful preacher? Accompanied as the word from his mouth is with uncommon energy from above, can it be thought incredible that so many thousands of souls should, under his ministry, be brought from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God?" How remarkable!
"Rowlands' amazing successive bursts of eloquence, overwhelming, under the Spirit's influence, the vast congregation, and thus advancing the kingdom of grace, shall next be set forth and attested by another respectable testimony. I heard the celebrated Griffiths of Nevern describing his extraordinary preaching in a very remarkable manner. He used, with great pleasure, to portray the public oratory of this great man sometimes as follows :—
"This great preacher, in his public ministrations," he would say, "resembles the gradual swelling and bursting of the waves of the ocean, when the wind agitates the bosom of the deep. The overwhelming power of the mighty influence of the Spirit in his ministry came on gradually, in manner like a wave of the sea, increasing more and more. He commenced his address calmly; but as he advanced, both his matter and manner increased in interest. His congregation, always immense in number, were most intensely observing him, with eyes like stars, and delightfully watching him as he was advancing in so noble and grand a manner;—their minds and feelings were carried along with him most sweetly and powerfully, being excited to a high pitch of religious emotion ;—until at length his eloquence attained its climax, and then his preaching, under divine influence, would most nobly break forth, like the rising swell of the sea, and would overwhelm the great concourse of people in an astonishing manner. The intenscness of their feelings found relief in the same moment in a simultaneous burst of Hallelujahs and ascriptions of praise to the Most High God. The preacher would then pause for a short interval, until the people had enjoyet1 the feast:—his voice indeed could not have been heard, had he proceeded It was also necessary to permit their fervour to subside, in order to fit thei. for hearing the renewal of his discourse with profit. They would exert themselves to suppress their feelings as quickly as possible, as they were anxious to enjoy the rich repast set before them by this extraordinary and highly gifted ambassador of heaven. He would then commence another paragraph of his sermon, in a cool and deliberate manner, but gradually rising, like another wave of the sea, into amazing sublimity of ideas and warmth of feelings, the natural and genuine effects of evangelical views, and the Spirit's influence. These again, clothed with appropriate and suitable expressions by the teaching of the Spirit of God, generated similar feelings in his hearers. They were hanging on his lips, and watching him with the most anxious and delightful expressions, for they knew well by his matter and manner, as well as by his language, what was coming on: his voice, his countenance, and his discourse gradually altering, and that in a wonderful manner, as he was advancing; and when his evangelical and extraordinary eloquence arrived at its climax, it was most glorious,—it went forth like the bursting of another mighty wave. And the great mass of the people was again overpowered by their feeling, and again burst out in loud Hosannas to the Son of David. The attitude, voice, and gesture of this great man were at such times most striking, noble, and impressive. Every nerve in his face was in motion, and his countenance seemed to beam with radiance, like the sun in his strength."
Mr. Rowlands continued his ministerial labours without interruption, until his death, which occurred September 16th, 1790, when he was in the seventy-seventh year of his age. On the Sabbath preceding his death, he told his people, that he was on the point of being taken away from them,—that he was " not tired of the work, but in it." He died in the full triumph of faith, knowing Jehovah to be his everlasting portion.
Such is a brief outline of the character of the remarkable man principally referred to in the volume now before us. As we proceeded in reading it, we marked two or three observations, which we do not fully approve, relating to "Calvinism, and "the doctrine of Christian perfection." Calvinism is spoken of, by implication, as though the doctrine of salvation by grace, through faith in the atonement of Christ, producing holiness of heart and life, were a peculiar tenet of that ism. It is, however, no more "Calvin-ism," than it is Arminian-ism; and it is of higher authority than Any Ism can bestow. The doctrine of "Christian perfection," is also improperly said to be "suitable to natural depravity," giving "legal views." We confess we do not so understand this doctrine; unless it can be asserted that it is suited to natural depravity to believe, that " the blood of Jesus Christ cleanseth from all sin!" or that the apostle encouraged "natural depravity," and "legal views," when he prayed for the perfection of Christian believers. We are aware that some persons have written and spoken on the subject of '' Christian perfection," in a most unguarded and improper manner; but that is no reason why a stigma should be fixed to the doctrine itself. By that doctrine, we understand no more than this,—that God by the grace of his Holy Spirit is able and willing to save believers, in this life, from all sin, and to fill them with Divine love; and that in the use of the means of grace, especially that of faith in Christ, we may attain to the possession of this state of salvation.
Although we have felt it needful to make these observations, we are, with only the exceptions just noticed, well pleased with the work. It breathes the spirit of piety,—the author, we doubt not, is a man of a truly Christian spirit. The information he has collected is heart-refreshing, interesting and instructive. If by his labours in preparing the work for publication, other persons become animated by a zeal and piety such as distinguished Daniel Rowlands, the author will reap an abundant reward.
"H KAINH AIA6HKH, EX EDITIONS STEPHANI TERTIA, 1550.— THE
New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ: according to the authorised version. The Greek and English Texts arranged in parallel columns, with the addition of Marginal References. J. W. Parker, London.
This reprint of Robert Stephens' third edition of the Greek New Testament, and of the English authorised version, is admirably well got up; the type and paper arc excellent. It is a beautiful little volume.
FOX'S BOOK OF MARTYRS; Edited by the Rev. J. Cumming, M. A. Part XIV. Royal 8vo. G. Viiitue.
This part contains a beautiful engraved portrait of the celebrated Bohemian reformer and martyr, John 1 hiss. It also contains several admirably executed wood engravings, some of which are illustrative of the horrible cruelties practised by the horrible court of the Spanish Inquisition. The subscribers to this valuable work, must be pleased with the excellent manner in which it is got up.
CANADIAN SCENERY ILLUSTRATED: from Drawings by W. H. Babtlett; tlie Literary Department by N. P. Willis, Esq. Part XXVI. Itoyal 4to. G. Virtue.
The Illustrations are, "The Governors' House, Fredricton; Halifax; Fredericton; and Falls on the St. John River." The engravings are in the first style; and the information given in the letter-press is very interesting.
THE SCENERY AND ANTIQUITIES OF IRELAND Illustrated; from Drawings by W. Bautlf.tt; the Literary Department by N. P. Willis, "Esq. Royal Quarto. Pail XV. G. Virtue.
This Part contains four beautiful engravings of "Narrow Water Castle; Plaiskin Cliff, near the Giants' Causeway; Kenbane Castle; and Luggela; and twelve pages of descriptive letter press.
PRIZE ESSAYS to reconcile Deut. xiv. 25, 26, with the principle of Total Abstinence from all Intoxicating Drinks. By F. R. Lees, Esq. of Leeds, and the Rev. C. J. Kennedy, of Paisley. 12 mo. 78 p.p.