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- Queft. 34. What is Adoption? ,
Ang Adoption is an A# of Gods free Grace, whereby we are received into the Number, and have a Right to all the Privileges of the Sons of God.
EXPLICATION : i All who are effectually called, are adopted into che Family of God: 2 Cor. vi. 17. 18. Where
fore come out from among them, and be ye se. oparate, saith the Lord, and touch not the un
clean thing; and I will receive you, and will be sa Father unto you, and ve shall be my fons * and daughters, faith the Lord almighty. Ad. option, in the general, is a legal Act, whereby one doth, to all Intents and Purposes in Law, become wholly the Child of another, than him whose Child he was by Nature. Adoption, then, is not a Change of our Nature, but of our State. Nei. ther is it a Work carried on by Degrees, but an Act perfected in an Instant : 1 John iii, 2. 'Beloved, now
are we the sons of God,' &c. But the full Enjoyment of the Benefits thereby coming unto us, will not be till the last Day: Rom. viii. 23. 'And not • only they, but ourselves also, which have the
first-fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves grone
wit, the redemption of our body.! We are adopted into the family of God, in that Instant, wherein, believing in Christ, we are justified, and reconciled to God: John i. 12. As many as re
..ceived him, to them gave he power to become ..? the fons of God, even to them that believe on * his name.' Gal. iv. 4. 5. But when the fulness
of the time was come, God sent forth his Son
that he might reconcile both unto God in one ?body by the cross, having lain the enmity there.
(come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of (the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to ! an indumerable company of angels, to the ge
neral aliembly and church of the first-born which . are written in heaven, and to God the judge of ? all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect.' Eph. iii. 15. forecited. All these are the Sons of God. Jesus Christ is the Son of God, by eternal Generation : Pfal. ii. 7. ' I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee, John. i. 14.
And we beheld his glory, the glory as of the onI!ly begotten of the Father. The holy Angels are
the Sons of God, by Creation iri his Image, which is confirmed on them : Joh Xxxviii. .7.. The morning-stars fang together, and all the fons
of God Thouted for joy. Compared with Eph. 1. 10...' That in the dispensation of the fulness of times, he might gather together in one all things in Chrift, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth, even in him.' The Saints are the Sons and Daughters of God, by spi. ritual Marriage with Christ, by Adoption, and by Regeneration : Fsal. xly. 10. Hearken, o daugh. ter, and cor.sider, and incline thine ear ; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house.' Eph. i. 5. forecited. 7 John iii. 9. 10. Whosoe'ver is born of God, doth not comimit sin; for
his feed remaineth in him: and he cannot fin, because he is born of God. In this the children ' of God are manifest. And by Adoption we are made Sons of God too, Eph. 1.5. Gal. iv. 4. 5.