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the woman being deceived was in the transgrellion. And it was the Devil that insnared her: Gen. iii. 13:- And the woman said, The fer.
pent beguiled me, and I did eat.' The Woman having sinned; insnared Adam, verf. 6. 'forecited. But their being tempted to sin, did not excuse them; because it was of their own free Will that they finned. Freedom of Will is a Power in the Will, whereby it doth of its own accord, without Force upon it, chuse or refuse what is proposed to it by the Understanding. And Man hath this Freedom of Will in whatever State he be. But this Power of the Will is not of the same Extent in all States. Io the State of Innocence, it extended both to Good and Evil ; that is to say, Man had a Free. dom of Will, whereby he could wholly turn, either to the one side or the other, to Good or Evil, proposed by his Understanding : And that Man was created thus mutable, was suitable to the State of Trial. Now, the special Act of Providence about the Fall of our first Parents, was that God left them to the Freedom of their own Will: And the Use they made of that, was, that they went freely, of their own accord, to the Side of Sin. But in the State of corrupt Nature, the Power of the Will extends only to Evil : Gen. vi. 5. 'And God saw that the wickedness of man ' was great in the earth, and that every imagination
of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.' In the State of Grace, it extends partly to Good, and partly to Evil : Rom. vii. 23. 'But I see
another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity ' to the law of sin, which is in my members.' And in the State of Glory it extends only to Good: Hab.
Quest. 15. What was the Sin whereby | our first Parents fell from the Estate, wherein they were created ? :
AnfThe Sin whereby our firft Parents fell from the Estate wherein they were created, was their eating the for
EXPLICATION. The Sin whereby Man fell, was the eating the forbidden Fruit: Ğen. iii. 6. 'And when the wo
law, that the tree was good for food, and It was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to. elired to make one wise ; she took of the I thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto hulband with her; and he did cat. There
Evil in the Fruit itself, for which it was den : Gen. i. ult.' And God saw every thing he had made, and behold, it was very good VI! of the Matter lay in Man's eating it a
fruit thereof, ang
" that he had made, a The Evil of the Mat
gainst the express Command of God. God for. bade it to be eaten, for the Trial of Man's Obe. dience. And the Fitness of taking Trial of Man by that Meañ, appears in that so it was taken in an external Thing, in itself indifferent, wherein Man's Obedience behoved to turn precisely upon the Point of the Will of God. This Sin was then, in effect, Man's practical Declaration that he would not be ruled by God's Will, but by his own: And therefore it was not a little Sin, but a breaking of the whole Law at once : Fam. il. 10. 11. For whosoever shall keep the whole law,
and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. For he that said, Do not commit adultery; faid I also, Do not kill. Now, if thou' commit no • adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a
transgreffor of the law.'
EXPLICATION. Adam did not fall alone in this Transgression :: But all Mankind, descending from him by ordinary Generation, were involved with him in the Ruins