« AnteriorContinuar »
with the hath a maceit Euphorand take king of the time apie the kingurely as
cure shall be unto thee.
hiy hath Hill of thy name is th
the conquest of Egypt. Before, and it shall be satiate and made drunk , one fell upon another: and they said, Before about 607. with their blood : for the Lord God Arise, and let us go again to our own about 607.
of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north people, and to the land of our nativity,
11 Go up into Gilead, and take | 17 They did cry there, Pharaoh
Egypt: in vain shalt thou use many passed the time appointed.
name is the Lord of hosts, Surely as
Egypt, + furnish thyself to go into Heb. make
of the north. 14 Declare ye in Egypt, and pub- 21 Also her hired men are in the lish in Migdol, and publish in Noph midst of her like + fatted bullocks; Heb.
and in Tahpanhes : say ye, Stand for they also are turned back, and stall. Fulfilled fast, and prepare thee; for the sword are fled away together: they did not
shall devour round about thee. stand, because the day of their cala
15 Why are thy valiant men swept mity was come upon them, and the
22 The voice thereof shall go like
bullocks of the
+ Heb. multiplied the faller.
— for the Lord — hath a sacrifice] The slaughter who then reigned, and appointed another. Bp. Newof men is called a sacrifice, because it makes some kind ton. of satisfaction and atonement to God's justice, Isai. 14. - Migdol, &c.] See the note on chap. xliv, 1. xxxiv, 6; Ezek. xxxix. 17; Zeph. i. 7. W. Lowth. I 16. — and they said, Arise, &c.] The words of the
11. - in vain shalt thou use many medicines ;7 The allies of the Egyptians : see ver. 9, 21. W. Lowth. destruction of the state is represented as an incurable 18. — Surely as Tabor is among the mountains, &c.] sickness, with a sarcastick allusion to the medical skill, Some think the expression compares Nebuchadnezzar, for which the Egyptians were distinguished. W. Lowth, a lofty and aspiring conqueror, to Tabor and Carmel, Bp. Warburton.
two of the highest mountains of Judea. Others under13. The word that the Lord spake &c.] There appears stand it thus, He will as surely come as that part of no ground for ascertaining the time when this second Judea which is joined to Tabor is enclosed with mounprophecy was delivered; but the desolation foretold in tains; and as Carmel is encompassed by the sea : see it is undoubtedly the same which Ezekiel has predicted, 1 Kings xviii. 42, 43. W. Lowth. chap. xxix-xxxii. And this came to pass in the twenty- 19. Othou daughter dwelling in Egypt,] Compare seventh year of Jehoiakim's captivity, (that is, the six- chap. xlviii. 18. Countries and cities are usually comteenth after the destruction of Jerusalem,) as may be pared to women, such representations being very comcollected from Ezek. xxix. 17; where Nebuchadnezzar's mon, particularly on medals. W. Lowth. army is spoken of, as having at that time suffered a great ! 20. Egypt is like a very fair heifer,] In the foregoing deal in the siege of Tyre; on which account the spoils verse the Prophet compared Egypt to a delicate young of Egypt are promised them for their wages and indem- woman; here he resembles her to a beautiful and well nification ; and the promise was made good accordingly favoured heifer: compare chap. I. 11. In which comthat same year. Dr. Blayney.
parison, as Grotius not improbably conjectures, there is For this early transaction we have the testimonies of an allusion to their god Apis, who was a bull remarkMegasthenes and Berosus, two heathen historians, who able for his beauty, and the fine spots or marks he had lived about 300 years before Christ; one of whom about him. W. Lowth. affirms expressly, that Nebuchadnezzar conquered the The Prophet delights in that kind of imagery which greatest part of Africa; and the other affirms it in marks out a people by its singularities. The worship effect, by saying, that when Nebuchadnezzar heard of of Isis and Osiris, under the figure of a cow and a bull, the death of his father, having settled his affairs in was the most celebrated in all the Egyptian ritual. Bp. Egypt, and committed the captains, whom he took Warburton. in Egypt, to the care of some of his friends to bring 22. the voice thereof shall go like a serpent ;] They them after him, he hasted directly to Babylon. Jose- shall not shout like conquerors, but make a feeble noise phus, we may presume, had good authorities, and was like the hissing of a serpent when it is pursued : and shall supported by earlier historians, when he asserted, that speak in a very submissive and humble tone. W. Lowth Nebuchadnezzar, having subdued Cæle-Syria, waged
for they shall march with an army,] They, that war against the Ammonites and Moabites, and having is, the Chaldeans, to whom the Lord gave the command conquered them, he invaded Egypt, and slew the king to go against Egypt, and cut down her forest. By“ her
24. & 30. 11.
CHAP. XLVI, XLVII. The destruction of the Philistines. or an army, and come against her with 28 Fear thou not, O Jacob my Before about 607. axes, as hewers of wood.
servant, saith the LORD: for I am about 607. 23 They shall cut down her forest, with thee; for I will make a full end saith the LORD, though it cannot be of all the nations whither I have searched; because they are more than driven thee: but I will not make ba b Chap. 10. the grashoppers, and are innumer full end of thee, but correct thee in able.
measure; yet will I || not leave thee Or, not 24 The daughter of Egypt shall be wholly unpunished. confounded; she shall be delivered into the hand of the people of the CHAP. XLVII. north. 25 The Lord of hosts, the God of
The destruction of the Philistines. Israel, saith ; Behold, I will punish THE word of the LORD that came about 600. the ||+ multitude of No, and Pharaoh, 1 to Jeremiah the prophet against and Egypt, with their gods, and their the Philistines, before that Pharaoh
utterly cut thee of
on, and Egypt, with the No, and Pharaoh, THE word of the Lo
that trust in him:
2 Thus saith the LORD; Behold,“ 26 And I will deliver them into a waters rise up out of the north, and a Isai. 8. 7. the hand of those that seek their shall be an overflowing flood, and lives, and into the hand of Nebuchad- shall overflow the land, and fall that ^ Heb. the rezzar king of Babylon, and into the is therein; the city, and them that thereof. hand of his servants : and afterward it dwell therein: then the men shall shall be inhabited, as in the days of cry, and all the inhabitants of the old, saith the LORD.
land shall howl. a Isai. 41. 13. 27 9 a But fear not thou, O my 3 At the noise of the stamping of
servant Jacob, and be not dismayed, the hoofs of his strong horses, at the ch. 30. 10.
O Israel: for, behold, I will save rushing of his chariots, and at the
forest” may be understood, either her people, or her pendent upon him for the rank and authority they held. cities; both of which were very numerous: the latter Dr. Blayney. amounting to no less than one thousand and twenty in 26. - afterward it shall be inhabited, as in the days those times, as Grotius reckons. Dr. Blayney.
of old,] At the end of forty years Egypt was to begin 23. — though it cannot be searched:7 Though the to recover itself, as Ezekiel foretells, chap. xxix. 13. trees or cities be so many that they are past numbering. Dr. Blayney. Bp. Hall.
| 28. Fear thou not, O Jacob :—for I will make a full - because they are more than the grashoppers,] end of all the nations : — but I will not make a full end Armies are often compared to grasshoppers, and such of thee,] See the note from Bp. Horne on chap. xxx. insects, both for their multitudes, and because they | 11. make a great consumption. See Judg. vi. 5 ; vii. 12; | Joel ii. 4, 5. W. Lowth.
Chap. XLVII. ver. 1.--against the Philistines,) Among 25. – the multitude of No,] The words may be lite- the other nations doomed to suffer by the hostilities of rally and correctly rendered, “ Amon of No." See the Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, the Philistines are margin. Amon was the name by which the Egyptians enumerated, chap. xxv. 20: and the calamities foretold called Jupiter; who had a famous temple at Thebes, in this present chapter most probably befell them during and was worshipped there in a distinguished manner : the long siege of Tyre, when Nebuchadnezzar ravaged on which account the city was called Diospolis. If their country, in order, as it is said ver. 4, to cut off "No" therefore be Thebes, or Diospolis, then “ Amon from Tyre and Zidon all chance of assistance from that of No" signifies the deity of the place, the Theban Jupi- quarter. But as no history, sacred or profane, has, to ter, as Herodotus styles him. As, on the other hand, my knowledge, mentioned the taking of Gaza by the in Nahum iii. 8, we should read “ No of Amon :" which king of Egypt, there is no means of ascertaining the corresponds with the Greek name Diospolis. W. Lowth, precise date of the delivery of this prophecy. Dr. BlayDr. Blayney.
When an idolatrous nation is doomed to destruction, 2. — Behold, waters rise up out of the north,] Behold, God is said to execute vengeance upon the idols of the the Chaldeans arise out of the north like mighty waters; country; see chap. xliii. 12, 13. Accordingly Amon and with their swelling flood shall overflow the land of of No, the principal deity, and Pharaoh, the principal | the Philistines. Bp. Hall. man among the Egyptians, are marked out in the first 3. - the fathers shall not look back to their children place as the primary objects of Divine visitation; then &c.] They shall shew no concern for the safety of follow in the gross Egypt and all her gods, and all her their children: but they shall be so dismayed and diskings; which latter term is explained to include both pirited, as to be scarce able to save themselves. W. Pharaoh and those subordinate rulers who were de- Lowth. Vol. II.
CHRIST W poll all le 1 MISLI
The destruction of the Philistines. JEREMIAH.
The judgment of Moab, Before to spoil all the Philistines, and to cut confidence, 26 and for their contempt of Before about 600. off from Tyrus and Zidon every
God and his people. 47 The restoration of about 600.
Moab. helper that remaineth: for the LORD
will spoil the Philistines, the remnant AGAINST Moab thus saith the + Heb. the of † the country of Caphtor.
M Lord of hosts, the God of Isisle,
5 Baldness is come upon Gaza; rael; Woe unto Nebo ! for it is spoilAshkelon is cut off with the remnant | ed : Kiriathaim is confounded and of their valley: how long wilt thou taken: || Misgab is confounded and Or, the high
long will it be ere thou be quiet? Moab: in Heshbon they have devised + Heb, gather t put up thyself into thy scabbard, evil against it; come, and let us cut rest, and be still.
it off from being a nation. Also thou + Heb. How 7 + How can it be quiet, seeing the shalt || be cut down, O Madmen; the Or, be
. Or, be canst thou ?
silence. Ashkelon, and against the sea shore? | 3 A voice of crying shall be from
after thee. there hath he appointed it.
Horonaim, spoiling and great des-
4 Moab is destroyed; her little 11 for their security, 14 for their carnal ones have caused a cry to be heard. 4.- to cut off from Tyrus and Zidon &c.] The siege the captivity of Jerusalem, the very ramparts and the of Tyre by Nebuchadnezzar, which lasted thirteen years, walls lament, “they languish together," Lam. ii. S. was an action famous in the history of that age. See So also it is impossible to read the address of the ProEzek. xxvii, xxviii. Zidon partook of the same fate as phet in the text without emotion at the perusal: “O Tyre, both in prosperity and in adversity : see Isai. xxiii. thou sword of the Lord, how long will it be ere thou 2, 4. And her destruction is joined with that of Tyre be quiet? put up thyself into thy scabbard, rest, and by Ezekiel, chap. xxviii. W. Lowth.
be still.” Who can without amazement and delight - the remnant of the country of Caphtor.7 The behold joy, and anguish, and revenge, thus ascribed to Caphtorim as well as the Philistim, are said to have the trees of the forest, to walls, and warlike instrubeen descended from Mizraim, the father of the Egyp- ments? Dr. Jos. Warton. Concerning the “sword of tians; see Gen. x. 14. They expelled the Avim from the Lord,” figuratively denoting His vengeance, comthat part of Philistia which is contiguous to Gaza, and pare Deut. xxxii. 41; Isai. xxxiv. 5; and see also Ezek. fixed themselves there, Deut. ii. 23; on which account xxv. 16. the country was afterwards called “the country of Caphtor.” “The remnant of the country of Caphtor" is Chap. XLVIII. ver. 1. Against Moab] The following therefore to be understood of the few that remained out prophecies concerning the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomof a great number that formerly dwelt in that part of ites, and other neighbouring nations, are supposed Philistia. Dr. Blayney.
to have been fulfilled about the same time with that con5. Baldness is come upon Gaza ;] The Prophet alludes cerning the Philistines in the preceding chapter ; namely, to the custom which prevailed among men in those during the siege of Tyre. times, of shaving their heads and cutting their flesh Many passages and expressions will be found in this under great calamities. See chap. xli. 5; xlviii. 37. chapter, which Jeremiah hath borrowed from a proW. Lowth. See the notes on Lev. xix. 28; Deut. xiv. 1. phecy of Isaiah, chap. xv, and xvi, concerning a like
with the remnant of their valley :) Gaza and calamity which befell Moab, in all probability when Ashkelon are situated about twelve miles distant from Shalmaneser king of Assyria seized upon their cities each other, near the sea, in a valley of great beauty and fortresses, and ravaged their country, on his march and fertility. Dr. Blayney.
through it to invade the kingdom of Israel. By com6. O thou sword of the Lord, &c.) Personification, paring the parallel places much light may be mutually conducted with dignity and propriety, may be justly thrown upon them. Dr. Blayney. esteemed one of the greatest efforts of the creative powers - Nebo ! - Kiriathaim] Two cities of Moab; see of a warm and lively imagination. Of this figure many Isai. xv. 2; Numb. xxxi. 37; xxxiii. 47. The latter of illustrious examples may be produced from the Jewish these was given by Moses to the Reubenites, as appears writers, among whom every part and object of nature is by Josh. xiii. 10; but the Moabites afterwards recovered animated, and endowed with sense, with passion, and the possession of it, as they did Dibon, Sibma, and with language. To say that the lightning obeyed the other places; compare those texts in Numbers and commands of God, would of itself be sufficiently sub- Joshua, with Isaiah xv. 2 ; xvi. 8, 9; and the twentylime : but in the book of Job this idea is expressed with first and the following verses of this chapter. W. far greater energy and life; “ Canst thou send light- Lowth. nings, that they may go, and say unto thee, Here we - Misgabl No such city of Moab is any where are?” Job xxxviii. 35. How animated, how emphati- mentioned. It should probably be rendered “the high cal is this unexpected answer, “Here we are!" When place," as in the margin, or “the high fortress :" either Jehovah is represented as descending to punish the Kiriathaim before mentioned, or some other fortress of earth in His just anger, it is added, “ Before Him went Moab. Dr. Blayney. the pestilence," Hab. iii. 5. When the Babylonian 2. – in Heshbon they have devised evil against it ; &c.] tyrant is destroyed, “ the fir trees rejoice at his fall, and The like ruin shall befall the rest of the Moabitish cities, the cedars of Lebanon, saying, Since thou art laid down, Heshbon and Madmena; the Chaldeans have resolver no feller is come up against us," Isai. xiv, 8. And at and threatened to cut off Moab as a nation. Bp. Hall.
Before CHRIST about 600
for their security, and for
their carnal confidence. Before or 5 For in the going up of Luhith ( mained in him, and his scent is not Before about 600. + a continual weeping shall go up; changed.
for in the going down of Horonaim | 12 Therefore, behold, the days weeping witle the enemies have heard a cry of de come, saith the Lord, that I will a Isai. 15. 5. Struction.
send unto him wanderers, that shall
in thy works and in thy treasures, Chemosh, as the house of Israel was
mosh shall go forth into captivity with 14 9 How say ye, We are mighty“. < Chap. 49. 3. his "priests and his princes together. and strong men for the war?
8 And the spoiler shall come upon 15 Moab is spoiled, and gone up
name is The Lord of hosts.
17 All ye that are about him, be-
work of the LORD || deceitfully, and name, say, How is the strong staff negligently.
cursed be he that keepeth back his broken, and the beautiful rod!
18 Thou daughter that dost inhabit
vessel to vessel, neither bath he gone shall destroy thy strong holds. + Heb. stood. into captivity: therefore his taste tre- | | 19 ( + inhabitant of Aroer, stand in
+ Heb. inhabitress.
5. For in the going up of Luhith &c.] In the moun- | 11; and in Ahab, 1 Kings xx. 42. God's judgments tains and valleys shall be nothing but howling and de- are often denounced in the form of imprecation : see solation; while the Moabites climb up the hill to the Deut. xxvii. 15; Judg. v. 23; Gal. i. 8; i Cor. xvi. 22; high-seated city of Luhith, and while they pass down 2 Tim. iv. 14. W. Lowth. to the plain of Horonaim. Bp. Hall. At Luhith the 11.- he hath settled on his lees,] All wines, it is hill country of Moab appears to have begun; and here said, ought to be kept for some time upon the lees, in the people are represented as mounting the hill succes- order to preserve their strength and flavour; on which sively in their flight before the enemy, weeping as they account “the lees” are expressed by a word that signifollow one another. At Horonaim they descended fies the preservers. Wine is apt to be damaged by being again into the plain. Dr. Blayney.
drawn off too soon into other vessels. By this allegory 6. – be like the heath in the wilderness, 7 Or, like therefore Moab is represented as having enjoyed sin“ a blasted,” or “naked tree,” as in the margin : gular advantages from constantly remaining in his own that is, a tree stripped of its foliage. A proper em-country, ever since he became a people. See Bp. Lowth's blem of one robbed of all his fortune, and just able note on Isai. xxv. 6. Dr. Blayney. to escape with life by fleeing into the desert. Dr. l 12. — wanderers, that shall cause him to wander,] The Blayney.
Chaldean soldiers, who came out of a foreign country: 7.- Chemosh shall go forth into captivity] The idol these shall make a prey of him. W. Lowth. of the Moabites, Numb. xxi. 29. See the note on chap. 13. And Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh, &c.] xlii. 12. W. Lowth.
They shall be disappointed in their expectations of 10. Cursed be he that doeth the work of the Lord de- / succours from their tutelary idol ; see Judg. xi. 24; I ceitfully,] God executes His judgments upon sinners Kings xi. 7: as the ten tribes have been in the trust by the ministry of men, and those oftentimes as great they reposed in the calf they worshipped at Beth-el : see sinners as those that suffer. He had declared by Jere Hos. viii, 5; x. 6. W. Lowth. miah His purpose of making the Chaldeans His instru 17. – How is the strong staff broken,] Compare Isa. ments in punishing the Jews, and the neighbouring xiv. 5. A staff, or rod, is an emblem of authority, and countries : see chap. xxv. 9. Their success answered thence comes to signify a kingdom, or government, esthe prediction, and Nebuchadnezzar seems to have pecially such an one as oppresses its subjects or neighlooked upon Jeremiah as a Prophet, and had a parti-bours : see Isai. ix. 4 ; x. 5. W. Lowth. cular regard to his character : see chap. xxxix. 11. 18. Thou daughter that dost inhabit Dibon, &c.] And Being thus assured that he had a commission from thou, O Dibon, the fair city of Moab, come down from God, he might confidently proceed in his conquests, thy glory, and take up with the lot of thy neighbours; and it would have been a fault to have shown mercy to thirst, distress, destruction. Bp. Hall. See the note on those whom he had good reason to believe that God chap. xlvi. 19. had marked out for destruction. Such an unreasonable 19.- Aroer,] A town in the borders of Moab, Deut. act of forbearance is highly blamed in Saul, 1 Sam. xv. ' ii. 36.
CHRIST about 600.
The judgment of Moab
for their contempt of God se by the way, and espy; ask him that| LORD; but it shall not be so; || his Before about 600. fleeth, and her that escapeth, and say, lies shall not so effect it. What is done?
31 Therefore will I howl for Moab, , 20 Moab is confounded; for it is and I will cry out for all Moab; mine whom he e Isai. 16. 7. broken down : e howl and cry; tell heart shall mourn for the men of Kir- hittar:) do
ye it in Arnon, that Moab is spoiled, heres.
21 And judgment is come upon 32 O vine of Sibmah, I will weep the plain country; upon Holon, and for thee with the weeping of Jazer: upon Jahazah, and upon Mephaath, thy plants are gone over the sea, they
22 And upon Dibon, and upon reach even to the sea of Jazer : the Nebo, and upon Beth-diblathaim, spoiler is fallen upon thy summer
23 And upon Kiriathaim, and upon fruits and upon thy vintage. Beth-gamul, and upon Beth-meon, 33 And joy and gladness is taken g Isai. 16. 10.
24 And upon Kerioth, and upon from the plentiful field, and from the
wine to fail from the winepresses:
| 34 From the cry of Heshbon even about 600. 26 q Make ye him drunken: for unto Elealeh, and even unto Jahaz,
he magnified himself against the have they uttered their voice, h from h Isai. 15.5,
waters also of Nimrim shall be +deso- + Heb.
thieves? for since thou spakest of in Moab, saith the LORD, him that Or, movedst him, thou || skippedst for joy. offereth in the high places, and him
28 O ye that dwell in Moab, leave that burneth incense to his gods.
in the sides of the hole's mouth. heart shall sound like pipes for the f Isai. 16. 6, 29 We have heard the fpride of men of Kir-heres : because the riches
Moab, (he is exceeding proud) his that he hath gotten are perished.
the hands shall be cuttings, and upon
20. — Arnon,] A country, which took its name from his great words and presumptuous undertakings shall the river Arnon, which was on the borders of Moab, not carry it. Bp. Hall. Numb. xxi. 28. W. Lowth.
31.- Kir-heres.] Or, Kir-hareseth, Isai. xvi. 7, ap24. — Bozrah,] Called Bezer, Deut. iv. 43; Josh. pears to have been once the capital, or at least the xxi. 36. A different place from Bozrah, which belonged strongest, of the cities of Moab, 2 Kings iii. 25. Dr. to Edom, chap. xlix. 13. W. Lowth.
Blayney. 25. The horn of Moab — his arm] See note at 1 Sam. 32. O vine of Sibmah, I will weep for thee with the ii. 1.
weeping of Jazer :) The expressions denote the destruc27. For was not Israel a derision unto thee? &c.] Wastion of the fruitful vineyards of Sibmah. W. Louth. not Israel without cause a scorn unto thee? In what See the note on Isai. xvi. 9. had he offended thee? However guilty he were in his — thy plants are gone over the sea, &c.] See the carriage towards Me, yet to thee he was inoffensive : note on Isai. xvi. 8. notwithstanding thou didst insult in his fall, and joy in 33. — their shouting shall be no shouting.] Not the his miscarriage. Bp. Hall.
| cheerful shouting of the grapetreaders, but the dreadful 28. – the dove that maketh her nest in the sides of the shouting of military spoilers. Parkhurst. hole's mouth.] That doves build their nests in the clefts 34. From the cry of Heshbon &c.] See the notes on or natural hollows of a rock, see Cant. ii. 14. Dr. Shaw Isai. xv. 5. in his travels mentions a city on the African coast, 36. — mine heart shall sound — like pipes,] I groan called Hamam-et, from the number of wild pigeons inwardly for trouble and anguish. The musick of pipes that are bred in the clefts of the adjacent mountains. was used at funerals. W. Lowth. Dr. Blayney.
37. For every head shall be bald, &c.] See the note 30. I know his wrath, - but it shall not be so; his on chap. xli. 5. lies shall not so effect it.] I know his haughty boast- -- upon all the hands shall be cuttings,] See the ings; but it shall not be so with him as he imagineth: 1 notes on chap. xvi. 6. We often read of persons cut