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hand of the prophet.


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Baruch writeth a new copy. CHAP. XXXVI, XXXVII.

Zedekiah made king. Before and write in it all the former words, the son of Jehoiakim, whom Nebu- Before about 605. that were in the first roll, which chadrezzar king of Babylon made about 599.

Jehoiakim the king of Judah hath king in the land of Judah.

| 2 But neither he, nor his servants,
29 And thou shalt say to Jehoiakim nor the people of the land, did
king of Judah, Thus saith the Lord; hearken unto the words of the LORD,
Thou hast burned this roll, saying, which he spaket by the prophet Jere- + Heb. by the
Why hast thou written therein, say- miah.
ing, The king of Babylon shall cer- 3 And Zedekiah the king sent
tainly come and destroy this land, and Jehucal the son of Shelemiah and
shall cause to cease from thence man Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the
and beast?

priest to the prophet Jeremiah, say-
30 Therefore thus saith the Lord ing, Pray now unto the LORD our
of Jehoiakim king of Judah; He shall God for us.
have none to sit upon the throne of 4 Now Jeremiah came in and went

David: and his dead body shall be out among the people: for they had
Chap.22. cast out in the day to the heat, and not put him into prison.
in the night to the frost.

15 Then Pharaoh's army was come + Heb. visit 31 And I will + punish him and forth out of Egypt: and when the

his seed and his servants for their Chaldeans that besieged Jerusalem
iniquity; and I will bring upon them, heard tidings of them, they departed
and upon the inhabitants of Jerusa- from Jerusalem.
lem, and upon the men of Judah, all 6 | Then came the word of the
the evil that I have pronounced LORD unto the prophet Jeremiah,
against them; but they hearkened saying,

7 Thus saith the LORD, the God
32 9 Then took Jeremiah another of Israel ; Thus shall ye say to the
roll, and gave it to Baruch the scribe, king of Judah, that sent you unto me
the son of Neriah ; who wrote therein to enquire of me; Behold, Pharaoh's
from the mouth of Jeremiah all the army, which is come forth to help
words of the book which Jehoiakim you, shall return to Egypt into their
king of Judah had burned in the fire: own land.

and there were added besides unto 8 And the Chaldeans shall come 1 Heb. as them many + like words.

again, and fight against this city, and

take it, and burn it with fire. CHAP. XXXVII.

9 Thus saith the LORD; Deceive

not † yourselves, saying, The Chal- + Heb. souls. 1 The Egyptians having raised the siege of deans shall surely depart from us:

the Chaldeans, king Zedekiah sendeth to for they shall not depart.
Jeremiah to pray for the people. 6 Jere-
miah prophesieth the Chaldeans' certain re-

| 10 For though ye bad smitten the
turn and victory. 11 He is taken for a whole army of the Chaldeans that
fugitive, beaten, and put in prison. 16 fight against you, and there remained
He assureth Zedekiah of the captivity. 18 | but + wounded men among them, yet Heb. thrust
Intreating for his liberty, he obtaineth should they rise up every man in his
some favour.

tent, and burn this city with fire. AND king a Zedekiah the son of 11 q And it came to pass, that

Josiah reigned instead of Coniah when the army of the Chaldeans was

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about 599. a Chap. 22.

2 Kings 24.


2 Chron. 36.


30. — in the day to the heat, and in the night to the tainly it shall, to wicked men, to augment their reckonfrost.] In Syria, and in other parts of the East, it appears ing at the last day ; much less shall spiritual wantonfrom the accounts of various authors, that the nights are ness and intemperance be overlooked, and escape such as cold and frosty as the days are sultry. Harmer. See imputation. Reading. the note on Gen. xxxi. 40.

32. — and there were added besides unto them many like Chap. XXXVII. ver. 1.- Zedekiah -- whom Nebuwords. And this was all that Jehoiakim got by burn- chadrezzar - made king] He made him a tributary ing the prophecy of Jeremiah. When Jeremiah and king, by imposing on him an oath of homage to the king Baruch wrote the second roll, they were directed by God of Babylon. See 2 Chron. xxxvi. 13; Ezek. xvii. 13. to add to it several things, which were not in the former; | W. Lowth. aggravations, no doubt, of Jehoiakim's punishment for 3. Jehucal the son of Shelemiah] This man came his impious burning of the first roll. And very just it in the place of Pashur, who, together with Zephaniah, was, that his doom should be aggravated. For, if every brought the former message from Zedekiah. See the abuse of temporal blessings shall be imputed, as cer- | introductory note to chap. xxi. Dr. Blayney. Vol. II.

2 E



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midst of the people.

to the Chasaying, Thou Jeremiah the put me in this people, thay servants,

Jeremiah is imprisoned,


and cast into the dungeon. Before + broken up from Jerusalem for fear him secretly in his house, and said, Before 590. of Pharaoh's army,

Is there any word from the Lord? 12 Then Jeremiah went forth out And Jeremiah said, There is : for, to ascend of Jerusalem to go into the land of said he, thou shalt be delivered into || Or, to slip Benjamin, || to separate himself thence the hand of the king of Babylon. thence in the in the midst of the people.

18 Moreover Jeremiah said unto
13 And when he was in the gate king Zedekiah, What have I offended
of Benjamin, a captain of the ward against thee, or against thy servants,
was there, whose name was Irijah, or against this people, that ye have
the son of Shelemiah, the son of Ha- put me in prison?
naniah ; and he took Jeremiah the 19 Where are now your prophets
prophet, saying, Thou fallest away which prophesied unto you, saying,

The king of Babylon shall not
14 Then said Jeremiah, It is + false; come against you, nor against this
I fall not away to the Chaldeans. But land?
he hearkened not to him: so Irijah 20 Therefore hear now, I pray
took Jeremiah, and brought him to thee, O my lord the king: + let my Heb. let my
the princes.

supplication, I pray thee, be accepted fall." 15 Wherefore the princes were before thee; that thou cause me not wroth with Jeremiah, and smote him, to return to the house of Jonathan and put him in prison in the house of the scribe, lest I die there. Jonathan the scribe: for they had 21 Then Zedekiah the king commade that the prison.

manded that they should commit Je16 | When Jeremiah was entered remiah into the court of the prison, || Or, cells. into the dungeon, and into the cabins, and that they should give him daily a

and Jeremiah had remained there piece of bread out of the bakers'
many days;

street, until all the bread in the city
17 Then Zedekiah the king sent, were spent. Thus Jeremiah remained
and took him out: and the king asked in the court of the prison.

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12. — to separate himself thence in the midst of the and afflictions of his sovereign : especially at a moment people.] He went forth from Jerusalem with the rest of when he had incurred the perilous suspicion of favourhis countrymen, to go into his native place, in the tribe ing the cause of the enemy. Richards. of Benjamin, to live there apart for a time. Bp. Hall. I 20. lest I die there.] A discretionary power is

13. — in the gate of Benjamin,] The gate leading out given to the keeper to treat his prisoners just as he of Jerusalem towards the country of Benjamin. W. pleases. If he receives large fees, he will treat the acLowth.

cused well : but if he has a greater regard for those who - Hananiah ;) Probably that Hananiah, whose have imprisoned a man, he will treat the prisoner with death Jeremiah foretold, chap. xxviii. 17. If so, this the greatest inhumanity. This account of Eastern imdescendant of his thought to revenge his grandfather's prisonment gives great force to the supplication of quarrel. W. Lowth.

Jeremiah, that he might not be remanded to the house 15. — for they had made that the prison.] There is of Jonathan the scribe, lest he should die there. Sir J. nothing extraordinary in making the dwellinghouse of Chardin, Harmer. a great man a prison, according to either the ancient or 21. – into the court of the prison,] Not belonging to modern manners of the East. See Gen, xxxix. 20. the house of Jonathan the scribe, where the dungeon Even in the royal palace itself we find there was a pri- was ; but the court of the prison in the king's house, son, chap. xxxii. 2. Sir John Chardin says, “ The East- mentioned chap. xxxii. 2. Dr. Blayney. ern prisons are not public buildings erected for that -- the bakers' street,] In ancient times an oven in purpose, but a part of the house in which their criminal the East was designed to serve only a single famiiy. judges dwell. As the governour and provost of a town, “ The bakers' street" was perhaps a temporary regulaor the captain of the watch, imprison such as are accused tion to supply the wants of the soldiers assembled for in their own houses, they set apart a canton of it for that the defence of Jerusalem ; as at Algiers, according to purpose, when they are put into these offices, and choose Dr. Shaw, besides money, the soldiers receive each a for the jailor the most proper person they can find of number of loaves every day. If so, it was natural their domesticks.” Jonathan's house probably became for the king to order Jeremiah a piece or cake of a prison in consequence of his being made a royal bread from thence every day after the same manner. scribe, or, as we should term him, a secretary of state. Harmer. Dr. Blayney, Harmer.

It is here to be noticed, that God protected Jeremiah, 16. - into the dungeon, and into the cabins, 7 Or and softened the heart of Zedekiah towards him, so that " cells," as in the margin. The dungeon appears to he not only saved him from the dungeon, but fed him have been an underground prison with separate cells or likewise, while the siege lasted and the famine prevailed apartments for the prisoners. Calmet.

| in Jerusalem. Thus Providence sets bounds to the 17. thou shalt be delivered into the hand of the king malice of the wicked, delivers the righteous, and causes of Babylon. It is a proof of the firmness and integrity good men to meet with comfort and assistance in the of the Prophet, that he should thus predict the captivity I worst of times. Ostervald.






Ebed-melech maketh suit for him, CHAP. XXXVIII. and getteth him some enlargement.

| the dungeon there was no water, but Before CHAP. XXXVIII.

mire : so Jeremiah sunk in the mire.
i Jeremiah, by a false suggestion, is put into 7. Now when Ebed-melech the
the dungeon of Malchiah. 7 Ebed-melech, FH

Ethiopian, one of the eunuchs which
by suit, getteth him some enlargement. 14 |
Upon secret conference he counselleth the

was in the king's house, heard that
king by yielding to save his life. 24 By they had put Jeremiah in the dun-
the king's instructions he concealeth the geon; the king then sitting in the
conference from the princes.

gate of Benjamin;
W HEN Shephatiah the son of 8 Ebed-melech went forth out of

1 Mattan, and Gedaliah the son of the king's house, and spake to the
Pashur, and Jucal the son of Shele- king, saying,
miah, and Pashur the son of Malchiah, 9 My lord the king, these men
heard the words that Jeremiah had have done evil in all that they have

spoken unto all the people, saying, done to Jeremiah the prophet, whom a Chap. 21. 9. 2 Thus saith the Lord, a He that they have cast into the dungeon; and

remaineth in this city shall die by the t he is like to die for hunger in the Heb, he will
sword, by the famine, and by the place where he is : for there is no more
pestilence: but he that goeth forth to bread in the city.
the Chaldeans shall live; for he shall | 10 Then the king commanded
have his life for a prey, and shall Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, saying,

Take from hence thirty men + with Heb. in
3 Thus saith the Lord, This city thee, and take up Jeremiah the pro-
sball surely be given into the hand of phet out of the dungeon, before he
the king of Babylon's army, which die
shall take it.

11 So Ebed-melech took the men
4 Therefore the princes said unto with him, and went into the house of
the king, We beseech thee, let this the king under the treasury, and took
man be put to death: for thus he thence old cast clouts and old rotten
weakeneth the hands of the men of rags, and let them down by cords
war that remain in this city, and the | into the dungeon to Jeremiah.
hands of all the people, in speaking | 12 And Ebed-melech the Ethio-

such words unto them: for this man pian said unto Jeremiah, Put now + Heb. peace. seeketh not the f welfare of this peo- these old cast clouts and rotten rags ple, but the hurt.

| under thine armholes under the cords.
5 Then Zedekiah the king said, And Jeremiah did so.
Behold, he is in your hand: for the 13 So they drew up Jeremiah with
king is not he that can do any thing cords, and took him up out of the
against you.

dungeon : and Jeremiah remained in
6 Then took they Jeremiah, and the court of the prison.

cast him into the dungeon of Malchiah 14 9 Then Zedekiah the king sent, 10, of the the son || of Hammelech, that was in and took Jeremiah the prophet unto

the court of the prison : and they let him into the || third entry that is in . Or, down Jeremiah with cords. And in the house of the LORD: and the king princ

thine hand.


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Chap. XXXVIII. This chapter, with which the four Ebed-melech was; called here an eunuch, or officer of last verses of chap. xxxix. are obviously connected, con- the king's house. Compare chap. xxix. 2 ; xxxiv. 19. tains the last transaction, in which Jeremiah was pro In the Hebrew he is called the Cushite. W. Lowth. phetically concerned before the taking of Jerusalem. See the note on Numb. xii. 1.

It is particularly noted that he was an Ethiopian or Ver. 5. – for the king is not he that can do any thing Cushite, to let us know that this Prophet of the Lord against you.] The king evidently speaks this in disgust found more kindness from a stranger who was a native with the princes for endeavouring to frustrate his cle- heathen, than from his own countrymen. Poole. mency. He had once rescued. Jeremiah out of their - the king then sitting in the gate of Benjamin ;) hands, and taken him under his royal protection. But That is, in the publick place of judicature. Bp. Hall. his prerogative, he tells them, was likely to avail but | See the notes on Gen. xxiii. 10; Job v. 4. little, when opposed by their obstinate and repeated im- 9.- These men have done evil in all that they have portunities. The power was in reality theirs, and not done to Jeremiah) An honourable testimony to the his. Dr. Blayney.

probity of the Prophet's character. Bp. Watson. 7. Ebed-melech the Ethiopian,] Josephus mentions, for there is no more bread in the city.] The stores that Solomon, amongst other merchandise, brought are almost all spent. Poole. slaves from Ethiopia ; which was afterwards the prac 14.— into the third entry] Most probably the farthest tice of the Greeks and Romans. Such a slave probably part of the passage, leading from the_king's house to




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Jeremiah counselleth king Zedekiah. JEREMIAH.

The conference is concealed. Beforer said unto Jeremiah, I will ask thee al 22 And, behold, all the women that Before

thing; hide nothing from me. are left in the king of Judah's house 589.

15 Then Jeremiah said unto Zede- shall be brought forth to the king of kiah, If I declare it unto thee, wilt Babylon's princes, and those women thou not surely put me to death ? and shall say, † Thy friends have set thee + Heb. Men

of thy peace. if I give thee counsel, wilt thou not on, and have prevailed against thee : " hearken unto me?

thy feet are sunk in the mire, and
16 So Zedekiah the king sware they are turned away back.
secretly unto Jeremiah, saying, As 23 So they shall bring out all thy
the Lord liveth, that made us this wives and thy children to the Chal-
soul, I will not put thee to death, deans: and thou shalt not escape out
neither will I give thee into the hand of their hand, but shalt be taken by
of these men that seek thy life.

17 Then said Jeremiah unto Ze- + thou shalt cause this city to be + Heb, thou
dekiah, Thus saith the Lord, the burned with fire.
God of hosts, the God of Israel; If 24 Then said Zedekiah unto
thou wilt assuredly go forth unto the Jeremiah, Let no man know of these
king of Babylon's princes, then thy words, and thou shalt not die.
soul shall live, and this city shall not 25 But if the princes hear that I
be burned with fire; and thou shalt have talked with thee, and they come
live, and thine house :

unto thee, and say unto thee, Declare
18 But if thou wilt not go forth to unto us now what thou hast said unto
the king of Babylon's princes, then the king, hide it not from us, and we
shall this city be given into the hand | will not put thee to death; also what
of the Chaldeans, and they shall burn the king said unto thee:
it with fire, and thou shalt not escape 26 Then thou shalt say unto them,
out of their hand.

I presented my supplication before
19 And Zedekiah the king said the king, that he would not cause me
unto Jeremiah, I am afraid of the to return to Jonathan's house, to die
Jews that are fallen to the Chaldeans, there.
lest they deliver me into their hand, 27 Then came all the princes unto
and they mock me.

Jeremiah, and asked him: and he told
20 But Jeremiah said, They shall them according to all these words that
not deliver thee. Obey, I beseech the king had commanded. So + they + Heb. they
thee, the voice of the LORD, which I left off speaking with him ; for the from him.
speak unto thee: so it shall be well matter was not perceived.
unto thee, and thy soul shall live. I 28 So Jeremiah abode in the court

21 But if thou refuse to go forth, of the prison until the day that Jeruthis is the word that the Lord hath salem was taken: and he was there shewed me:

when Jerusalem was taken.


were silent

the altar in the temple, and terminating with the“ brasen The advice of Jeremiah clearly proves, that the descaffold,” mentioned 2 Chron. vi. 13. To this, as the struction of Zedekiah was not so determined, but that most retired place, king Zedekiah may have brought the he might have prevented it. The Divine threatenings Prophet, to confer with him with the greatest privacy. and predictions, and God's knowledge of futurity, do Dr. Blayney.

not deprive men of their liberty, since the evils, with 15. — If I declare it unto thee, wilt thou not surely put which they are threatened, are brought on them by their me to death ?]' The Prophet had so much experience own fault. Ostervald. of the unsteadiness of the king's temper, of his back-1 22. And, behold, all the women &c.] Thou, that art wardness in following good counsel, and want of courage afraid of the insultings of men that are thy subjects, to stand by those that durst advise him well, that he shalt fall under the insultings and taunts of the women. might with good reason resolve not to venture his life | Poole. to serve a man, that was in a manner incapable of being 28. — until the day that Jerusalem was taken :) The directed. And although God had shewed him what behaviour of Zedekiah in this transaction is memorwould be the effect of his advice, if it were followed, able. That prince had a regard for Jeremiah, and even (ver. 17,) yet it doth not appear that He had command wished to follow his advice : he was moved with what ed him to make this known to Zedekiah. W. Lowth. the Prophet had told him, and almost determined to

wilt thou not hearken unto me?'] Rather, “thou do as he advised : but his fear of the rulers of the peowilt not hearken to me.” The prophet might well ple prevented him. Thus do sinners act. When God conclude so from his former behaviour, chap. xxxvii. 2. speaks to them, they are sometimes affected; there are W. Lowth, Dr. Blayney.

still some remains of good in them, which press them 17.-- then thy soul shall live, &c.] See the notes on to their duty; but they are hindered from following chap. iv. 28; xyii. 25.

the dictates of their conscience by a false shame, by




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with him judgments.


Jerusalem is taken.

CHAP. XXXIX. Zedekiah is sent to Babylon. CHAP. XXXIX.

| night, by the way of the king's gar- Before

den, by the gate betwixt the two 588. 1 Jerusalem is taken. 4 Zedekiah is made blind, and sent to Babylon.

iah is made walls: and he went out the way of

ols. and he went out the wav of

8 The city
ruinated, 9 the people captivated. 11 Ne-

the plain.
buchadrezzar's charge for the good usage of 5 But the Chaldeans' army pur-
Jeremiah. 15 God's promise to Ebed-sued after them, and overtook Zede-

kiah in the plains of Jericho: and a 2 Kings 25. TN the a ninth year of Zedekiah when they had taken him, they

1 king of Judah, in the tenth month, | brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar
came Nebuchadrezzar king of Baby- king of Babylon to Riblah in the
lon and all his army against Jerusa- land of Hamath, where he + gave + Heb. spake
lem, and they besieged it.

judgment upon him.
2 And in the eleventh year of Ze- 6 Then the king of Babylon slew
dekiah, in the fourth month, the ninth the sons of Zedekiah in Riblah before
day of the month, the city was broken his eyes: also the king of Babylon

slew all the nobles of Judah.
3 And all the princes of the king 17 Moreover he put out Zedekiah's
of Babylon came in, and sat in the eyes, and bound him + with chains, to + Heb. with
middle gate, even Nergal-sharezer, carry him to Babylon.
Samgar-nebo, Sarsechim, Rab-saris, 8' And the Chaldeans burned the fetters.
Nergal-sharezer, Rab-mag, with all king's house, and the houses of the
the residue of the princes of the king people, with fire, and brake down the
of Babylon.
walls of Jerusalem.

|| Or, chief 41 And it came to pass, that when 9 Then Nebuzar-adan the 1 + capZedekiah the king of Judah saw them, tain of the guard carried away captive of the exand all the men of war, then they | into Babylon the remnant of the peo- slaughtermen: fled, and went forth out of the city by ple that remained in the city, and 10.11, &c.

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eculioners, or,

And so ver.

their fear of men, and by other the like motives, so that! 4. by the gate betwixt the two walls :) We find they let slip the favourable opportunity, and, after a mention made of two walls, one exterior to the other, long struggling and resistance, they take the worst side 2 Chron. xxxii. 5. Probably between these two walls and perish. This was the cause of Zedekiah's ruin. might have been a private postern, through which the The Scripture remarks, that he humbled not himself, king and his followers might escape from the besiegers, when Jeremiah spake unto him in the name of God; who surrounded the city, and undoubtedly kept a strict and, notwithstanding the solicitations of the Prophet, watch at the principal gates. Dr. Blayney. and the conviction of his own conscience, resolved not 1 5. — in the plains of Jericho :] Compare Josh. v. 10. to yield to the Chaldeans. The warnings contained in This is called “ the way of the plain” or “wilderness," this chapter are the last that God gave him ; and, as he Josh. viii. 15; and “the plain of the wilderness," 2 neglected to improve them, it was afterwards too late to Sam. XV. 28; xvii. 16; and elsewhere “the wilderness do so, and he drew upon himself and upon his sub- of Judea ;" see Matt. ïïi. 1. W. Lowth. jects the utmost miseries, as we find related in the fol

Riblah] See the note on chap. xlix. 23. Most lowing chapter. Ostervald.

interpreters suppose this city to be the same which was

called Antioch in aftertimes, when it was rebuilt by SeChap. XXXIX. ver. 2. the city was broken up.7 | leucus. W. Lowth. Such breaches were made in the walls, that the army - where he gave judgment upon him.] Or, “proof the Chaldeans entered. W. Lowth.

ceeded judicially against him.” The Hebrew phrase is 3. — in the middle gate,] See the note on Isai. xxii. literally, “discoursed judgments with him ;" and implies 1. “The middle gate,” or, “the gate of the centre," all the several steps of a judicial process; as the arraignseems to have been a gate of communication in the ment, trial, conviction, and condemnation. Zedekiah middle of the valley between the two parts of the city, had sworn allegiance to the king of Babylon, and was sometimes called “the higher” and “the lower city," therefore liable to be tried and condemned as a rebel The Chaldeans entered the city on the north side by a and traitor. See 2 Chron. xxxvi. 13; Ezek. xvii. 16, breach in the walls, and immediately rushing forward, / 18. Dr. Blayney. and posting themselves in this gate, in the very heart or 7. he put out Zedekiah's eyes, &c.] See the notes entrance of the city, they thereby became masters at on 2 Kings xxv. 7; Jer. xxxiv. 2; and Ezek. xii. 14; will of the whole. Zedekiah with his troops, perceiving also on 1 Sam. xi. 2. this, fled out at the opposite gate on the south side. Among capital punishments in Abyssinia may be Dr. Blayney.

reckoned the plucking out of the eyes : this is generally Nergal-sharezer, &c.] As Nergal-sharezer oc- inflicted upon rebels : it does not often prove fatal, curs twice, the next word seems to be an addition to though performed in the coarsest manner with an iron the name by way of distinguishing the person. Pro- forceps, or pincers. Xenophon tells us, this was one bably “Saingar, “Rab-saris,” and “ Rab-mag,” were of the punishments used by Cyrus : and Ammianus all titles of office; as we find “Rab-tebachim," which Marcellinus mentions, that Sapor king of Persia bawe render “ captain of the guard,” ver. 11; or it might nished Arsaces, whom he had taken prisoner, to a cerbe, “ commander in chief of the forces," was the title tain castle, after having pulled out his eyes. Bruce. of Nebuzar-adan. Dr. Blayney.

9.- the remnant of the people that remained in the

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