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upon thwilight: see not then into the

The captivity

EZEKIEL.

of Zedekiah foreshewn. Before m 4 Then shalt thou bring forth thy | the house of Israel that are among c Befor CHRIST

stuff by day in their sight, as stuff for them.

removing: and thou shalt go forth at 11 Say, I am your sign: like as I T + Heb. as the even in their sight, t as they that go have done, so shall it be done unto going forth of captivity. hof forth into captivity.

them : † they shall remove and go + Heb. by

removing go + Heb. Dig 5 + Dig thou through the wall in into captivity. .

into captirity. their sight, and carry out thereby. I 12 Ånd the prince that is among

6 In their sight shalt thou bear it them shall bear upon his shoulder in upon thy shoulders, and carry it forth the twilight, and shall go forth : they in the twilight: thou shalt cover thy shall dig through the wall to carry face, that thou see not the ground: out thereby: he shall cover his face, for I have set thee for a sign unto the that he see not the ground with his house of Israel.

| eyes. 7 And I did so as I was command- 13 My a net also will I spread upon a Chap. 17.20. ed: I brought forth my stuff by day, him, and he shall be taken in my

as stuff for captivity, and in the even snare: and I will bring him to Baby+ Heb. digged; I digged through the wall with mine lon to the land of the Chaldeans; yet for me.

hand; I brought it forth in the twi- shall he not see it, though he shall
light, and I bare it upon my shoulder die there.
in their sight.

1 14 And I will scatter toward every
8 | And in the morning came the wind all that are about him to help
word of the Lord unto me, saying, him, and all his bands; and I will

9 Son of man, hath not the house draw out the sword after them.
of Israel, the rebellious house, said 15 And they shall know that I am
unto thee, What doest thou ?

the LORD, when I shall scatter them
10 Say thou unto them, Thus saith among the nations, and disperse them
the Lord God; This burden concern- | in the countries.

eth the prince in Jerusalem, and all 16 But I will leave ta few men of numbe These and other circumstances appear to be very urgent What doest thou?] The actions of the Prophet proofs of real fact, and that it is more than a nar- would naturally produce an anxiety in the minds of the ration of a vision, or a recital of a parable. Dr. Water- Jews who witnessed them, to know their object and inland.

tention. Or, it is probable that the question was 4.- thou shalt go forth at even in their sight, &c.] | asked in pure derision, and therefore they are termed a This is as they do in the caravans: they carry out their rebellious house. W. Lowth. baggage in the daytime, and the caravan loads in the 10. — this burden concerneth the prince &c.] Or, evening; for in the morning it is too hot to set out in a “ This prophecy is against the prince, against Jerusalem, journey for that day, and they cannot well see in the and against all, &c.Houbigant. By “the prince," night. Sir J. Chardin.

king Zedekiah is meant. Abp. Newcome, W. Lowth. 6. thou shalt cover thy face,] The actions of the among them.) In the midst of Jerusalem. Prophet were intended for prophetical instruction, and Michaelis. sometimes conveyed it with more force and efficacy than 11. Say, I am your sign : &c.] Say, God hath apwords. Covering the face was a token of shame and pointed to prefigure and foresignify in me what He grief. Persons condemned to death had their faces co- means to do unto you. Bp. Hall. vered. David had his head covered when he fled from 12. — they shall dig! For the fact, see Jer. xxxix. 4; Absalom, 2 Sam. xv. 30. Calmet.

- for I have set thee for a sign,] Language by signs the king and his party are said to have escaped through is common in the East : so that when the Prophets in the gate between two walls, by the way of the garden. the Old Testament were divinely directed to act a por- They might have fled through a breach made by themtion of the information which they were to communicate selves in the wall, or, as Michaelis suggests, the gate to the people, they did little or nothing more than what through which they fled might have been walled up durwas done every day in the countries where they resided. ing the siege, and 'broken down in their flight. Abp. When Isaiah says, he and his children were for signs ; Newcome. when Jeremiah found his girdle marred as a sign; when 13. My net also will I spread upon him,] His eneEzekiel was a sign to the people in not mourning for the mies shall encompass him and stop his flight, as when dead, chap. xxiv, and in his removing into captivity, a wild beast is entangled in a net. W. Lowth. The exand digging through the wall; these and similar ac- pression is familiar to the Prophet. See chap. xvii. 20; tions were not only well understood, but they were one xix. 8. Calmet. customary manner of conveying information, and they

yet shall he not see it, though he shall die there.] had the advantage of being in daily use among the peo- | Having his eyes put out before he came thither. Jople to whom they were addressed. Fragments to Cal- sephus tells us, that Zedekiah thought this prophecy

inconsistent with that of Jeremiah, chap. xxxiv. 3, that

met.

ing is, I know that they have said. As, “ Are they not Babylon;" and therefore believed neither : but they written in the book of the acts of Solomon, &c.Hou- both actually came to pass, as the sacred story assures bigant.

| us. W. Lowth. See note at 2 Kings xxv. 7.

Before

+ leb. the fulness thereof.

The Jews' presumptuous
CHAP. XII, XIII.

proverb is reproved. Before them from the sword, from the famine, / 25 For I am the Lord: I will, Before

CHRIST 594. and from the pestilence; that they speak, and the word that I shall 594."

may declare all their abominations speak shall come to pass; it shall be no
among the heathen whither they come; more prolonged: for in your days, O
and they shall know that I am the rebellious house, will I say the word,
LORD.

| and will perform it, saith the Lord
17 9 Moreover the word of the God.
Lord came to me, saying,

| 26 | Again the word of the LORD
18 Son of man, eat thy bread with came to me, saying,
quaking, and drink thy water with 27 Son of man, behold, they of the
trembling and with carefulness; house of Israel say, The vision that

19 And say unto the people of the he seeth is b for many days to come, b 2 Pet. 3. 4.
land, Thus saith the Lord God of and he prophesieth of the times that
the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and of are far off.
the land of Israel; They shall eat 28 Therefore say unto them, Thus
their bread with carefulness, and drink saith the Lord God; There shall
their water with astonishment, that none of my words be prolonged any
her land may be desolate from * all more, but the word which I have
that is therein, because of the violence spoken shall be done, saith the Lord
of all them that dwell therein. God.

20 And the cities that are inhabited
shall be laid waste, and the land shall

CHAP. XIII.
be desolate; and ye shall know that
I am the LORD.

1 The reproof of lying prophets, 10 and their

untempered morter. 17 Of prophetesses 21 9 And the word of the LORD

and their pillows.
came unto me, saying,

22 Son of man, what is that pro ND the word of the Lord came
verb that ye have in the land of Is- A unto me, saying,
rael, saying, The days are prolonged, 2 Son of man, prophesy against the
and every vision faileth ?

prophets of Israel that prophesy, and
23 Tell them therefore, Thus saith say thou unto † them that prophesy Heh. them
the Lord God; I will make this pro- out of their own a hearts, Hear ye phets out of
verb to cease, and they shall no more the word of the LORD;
use it as a proverb in Israel; but say 3 Thus saith the Lord God; Woe a Jer. 23. 16.
unto them, The days are at hand, and unto the foolish prophets, that + fol- 1 Heb. walk
the effect of every vision.

low their own spirit, || and have seen Or, and 24 For there shall be no more any nothing ! vain vision nor flattering divination 4 () Israel, thy prophets are like seen. within the house of Israel.

the foxes in the deserts.

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things which they have not

16. that they may declare] Confessing that they 24. For there shall be no more any vain vision] The were justly punished for their idolatries and immorali- false prophets, who foretold peace and safety, shall see ties. Abp. Newcome.

their prophecies so confuted by the events quite con18. eat thy bread with quaking, &c.] By this ac- trary to what they foretold, that they will never pretend tion the Prophet is directed to represent the state of ter- any more to publish new prophecies. Compare chap. rour, want, and misery, to which the Israelites would be xiii. 23. W. Lowth. reduced by the siege. Calmet. See ver. 19.

19. of the land of Israel ;] See chap. vii. 2: and Chap. XIII. ver. 2. -- that prophesy,] The true Pronote.

phets often denounce God's judgments against the false 22. The days are prolonged, and every vision fail-ones ; laying to their charge many misdemeanours in eth? Words of the same import with those at ver. their private conversation, and upbraiding them for un27 ; and chap. xi. 3. Both of them the words of infi- faithfulness in the office they undertook, of guiding and dels, who turn the grace of God to wantonness, and directing men's consciences, chap. xxii. 25-28; Jer. take encouragement from His patience and long-suffer- / vi. 14 ; xxiii. 11; Mic. iii. 5. W. Lowth. ing to despise His threatenings, as if they would never | out of their own hearts,] Without being inspired be fulfilled. Compare Isai. v. 19; Amos v. 18. (W. or called to the office of prophecy. The fickle and Louth, Dr. Waterland :) and to deride His Prophets, as credulous people of the Jews always found persons if they had prophesied in vain. Calmet.

who were ready to flatter them in their disorders, and 23. and the effect of every vision.] The word or who deceived and misled them by false prophecies. matter of every vision draweth near. "Perhaps, “and | Calmet. every vision shall be fact :" and so, perhaps, ver. 25 3. and have seen nothing !! Who give their own should be translated, “ When I the Lord speak, what I vain imaginations for prophecies, and boast of visions speak shall be fact, and it shall be done: it shall no more which they have not seen. Calmet. be prolonged.” Abp. Secker.

4.- fores in the deserts.] Cowardly, unprofitable,

Before CHRIST

CHRIST

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The reproof of lying prophets,

EZEKIEL

and their untempered morter. Before 5 Ye have not gone up into the with untempered morter, that it shall a 594 ll gaps, neither + made up the hedge fall : there shall be an overflowing 594.

n for the house of Israel to stand in the shower; and ye, O great hailstones,
| Or,
breaches., battle in the day of the LORD. shall fall; and a stormy wind shall

6 They have seen vanity and lying rend it.
divination, saying, The Lord saith: 12 Lo, when the wall is fallen,
and the Lord hath not sent them : shall it not be said unto you, Where
and they have made others to hope is the daubing wherewith ye have
that they would confirm the word. daubed it ?

7 Have ye not seen a vain vision, 13 Therefore thus saith the Lord
and have ye not spoken a lying divi- God; I will even rend it with a
nation, whereas ye say, The Lord stormy wind in my fury; and there
saith it; albeit I have not spoken? shall be an overflowing shower in

8 Therefore thus saith the Lord mine anger, and great hailstones in
God; Because ye have spoken vanity, my fury to consume it.
and seen lies, therefore, behold, I am 14 So will I break down the wall
against you, saith the Lord God. that ye have daubed with untempered

9 And mine hand shall be upon morter, and bring it down to the
the prophets that see vanity, and ground, so that the foundation thereof
that divine lies: they shall not be in shall be discovered, and it shall fall,
the || assembly of my people, neither and ye shall be consumed in the
shall they be written in the writing of midst thereof: and ye shall know
the house of Israel, neither shall they that I am the LORD.
enter into the land of Israel; and ye 15 Thus will I accomplish my
shall know that I am the Lord God. wrath upon the wall, and upon them

10 | Because, even because they that have daubed it with untempered

have seduced my people, saying, morter, and will say unto you, The b Jer. 6. 14. Peace; and there was no peace; | wall is no more, neither they that || Or, a slight and one built up || a wall, and, lo, daubed it;

others daubed it with untempered 16 To wit, the prophets of Israel
morter :

which prophesy concerning Jerusa-
11 Say unto them which daub it lem, and which see visions of peace

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and deceitful, they seek only to seize upon their prey, 10.— and one built up a wall, and, lo, others daubed and to gratify their rapacity and sensuality. Calmet. lit &c.] One laid false grounds of comfort, and the

5. Ye have not gone up into the gaps,] Or, stood in other Aourished them over with unsound and plausible the gap, or breach, as it is expressed, chap. xxii. 30; pretences. Bp. Hall. Ps. cvi. 23.

Instead of providing such a fence and bulwark as The phrase is taken from those that put a stop to the might secure the people against the judgments that enemy when he is just entering in at a breach. In like threatened them, (see ver. 5, they have made a slight manner it was the office and duty of those prophets, wall without any morter or cement to bind and strengthen if they had truly been what they pretended, by their it; that is, they have applied slight and palliating reprayers and intercessions to put a stop to God's venge- medies to publick calamities, which will never give true ance when it was just ready to be poured out upon a sin- peace to men's consciences, nor stand them in any stead ful people. W. Lowth.

when God visits for their iniquities : just as if an un- neither made up the hedge for the house of Israel skilful builder should undertake to set up a wall, and “ Nor made up a wall," as the Latin Vulgate translates his fellow workmen should daub it with untempered it. Another expression taken from those that are be- morter. W. Lowth. sieged, who if a breach be made in a wall, presently make 11.there shall be an overflowing shower ;] “ When it up, or build up a new one within it, to prevent the I was at Tozer in December, 1727, we had a small enemy from entering, and becoming masters of the city. drizzling shower, that continued for the space of two The original word, here rendered “hedge,” signifies any hours; and so little provision was made against acciother sort of fortification, Ps. lxii. 3. W. Lowth. dents of this kind, that several of the houses, which

6. they have made others to hope &c.] Their speak- are built only as usual with palm branches, mud, and ing with so much assurance made others confidently tiles baked in the sun, corresponding perhaps to, and expect that the event should answer their predictions. explanatory of, the untempered morter' in Ezekiel, fell W. Lowth.

down by imbibing the moisture of the shower. Nay, 9. — written in the writing of the house of Israel,] Re- provided the drops had been larger, or the shower of gistered in the roll of the house of Israel. Bp. Hall. a longer continuance, or "overflowing,' in the Prophet's

The expressions being an allusion to the registers expression, the whole city would have undoubtedly dis. that used to be kept of the members of any city or cor- solved and dropt to pieces.” Dr. Shaw. poration, the privileges of which society none can pre- 13. — I will even rend it with a stormy wind &c.] tend to but they whose names are entered into such Under these metaphors is foretold the destruction of registers. Compare Ezra ii. 62; Ps. lxix. 28 : Luke x. Jerusalem by the Chaldean army. Thus the Chaldee 20; Heb. xii. 23. W. Lowth.

Paraphrase expounds it: I will bring a mighty king with

CHRIST

594.

CHRIST

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The prophetesses reproved,
CHAP. XIII, XIV.

with their impostures. c Beforer for her, and there is no peace, saith | souls ll to make them fly, and I will Before the Lord God.

tear them from your arms, and will 594. 17 I Likewise, thou son of man, I let the souls go, even the souls that ye. set thy face against the daughters of hunt to make them fly. thy people, which prophesy out of 21 Your kerchiefs also will I tear, their own heart; and prophesy thou and deliver my people out of your against them,

hand, and they shall be no more in 18 And say, Thus saith the Lord your hand to be hunted; and ye shall

God; Woe to the women that sew know that I am the LORD.
| Or, elbows. pillows to all || armholes, and make 22 Because with lies ye have made

kerchiefs upon the head of every the heart of the righteous sad, whom
stature to hunt souls! Will ye hunt I have not made sad; and strength-
the souls of my people, and will ye ened the hands of the wicked, that
save the souls alive that come unto he should not return from his wicked
you?

way, || + by promising him life : ! Or, that I
19 And will ye pollute me among 23 Therefore ye shall see no more his life.
my people for handfuls of barley and vanity, nor divine divinations : for I
for pieces of bread, to slay the souls will deliver my people out of your him.
that should not die, and to save the hand : and ye shall know that I am
souls alive that should not live, by the LORD.
your lying to my people that hear

CHAP. XIV.
your lies ?
20 Wherefore thus saith the Lord

1 God answereth idolaters according to their

own heart. 6 They are exhorted to repent, God; Behold, I am against your

for fear of judgments, by means of seduced pillows, wherewith ye there hunt the prophets. 12 God's irrevocable sentence of

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+ Heb, by quickening

the force of a whirlwind, and destroying people as it - and will ye save the souls alive] Dare you prowere an overflowing storm, and powerful princes like mise that they shall live, when I promise no such thing? great hailstones. W. Lowth.

Or can you preserve them alive, whom you deceive by 17. — The daughters of thy people,] As there were your promises ? Are you not at all afraid thus to prooccasionally true Prophetesses amongst the Jews, such fane My name, and to ensnare My people ? Poole. T'his for instance as Miriam, the sister of Moses, Exod. xv. verse should seem to mean, that these women made 20; Deborah, Judges iv. 4; Huldah, 2 Kings xxii. 14: every body easy to his ruin for their own profit. Abp. so it appears from this, as well as other places of Scrip- / Secker. ture, that there were others of the same sex who pre. 19. And will ye pollute me] Will ye profane my name tended to this gift without Divine authority. Calmet. by making use of it to give credit to your own dreams

18. that sew pillows to all armholes, &c.] That speak and lies? W. Lowth. pleasing and plausible words to all hearers, and fit every pieces of bread,] For the meanest reward, Prov. man's humour with their flattering divinations. Bp. Hali. / xxviii. 21. W. Lowth. This figurative language may be designed to express,

to slay the souls) By pronouncing the sentence that men were taught by the artifices of these female of death on the righteous, and by assuring the wicked seducers, to recline at ease on their couches, and that they should live ; see ver. 22. Abp. Newcome. to partake of banquets in security. Abp. Newcome, “To slay” and “to save alive," signify here, to pro

quality in Asia cause carpets and cushions to be carried Lowth. wherever they like, in order to repose upon them more 20.- to make them fly.) To make them run into agreeably. Harmer. “ For their further ease likewise those nets and snares that you have laid for them, ver. and convenience, there is a row of damask or velvet 18. The metaphor is continued from the manner of bolsters, ranged along each side of the floor; an indul-hunting and pursuing living creatures, by that means gence which seems to be alluded to, by the sewing of to drive them into the toils prepared for them. W. pillows to all armholes, as we have it expressed by the Lowth. Prophet Ezekiel.” Dr. Shaw.

22. — with lies ye have made the heart of the righteous and make kerchiefs upon the head of every stature] sad, &c.] In terrifying them with those evils, which They did this to persons of every age and stature, with shall not come; and encouraging wicked men, by preout distinction. W. Lowth, Abp. Newcome. We are tending to secure them against those evils which shall told by some Oriental travellers, that the Eastern women surely fall upon them. Bp. Hall. bind on their other ornaments with a rich or embroider. The faithful minister makes the word of God his only ed handkerchief, and which is described as completing rule, both of faith and of doctrine: he converts it into the headdress of the ladies, and falling without order nourishment for his own soul's health and salvation, upon the hair behind. This figurative expression, there and then he administers “the sincere milk of the word” fore, may, like the former, relate to those whom the false to his hearers. Whereas the seducers and false teachers prophetesses flattered into ease by their allurements. either withhold the Scriptures from the people, and subSee chap. xxiv. 16, 17, 22, &c. Harmer.

stitute inventions of their own, which, like “walls built - to hunt souls !] That they may drive them into and daubed with untempered morter,” can yield no those nets and snares that they have laid for them, and security or defence. Or they pretend to a particular make them their prey. W. Lowth.

I light within, which is no other than a “vain vision,” a

Before CHRIST

CHRIST

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An exhortation
EZEKIEL

to repentance. Before, famine, 15 of noisome beasts, 17 of the journeth in Israel, which separateth ut 594. sword, 19 and of pestilence. 22 A rem- l himself from me, and setteth up his about 594.

nant shall be reserved for example of others. Lidols in his heart, and putteth the
THEN came certain of the elders stumblingblock of his iniquity before

I of Israel unto me, and sat before his face, and cometh to a prophet to
me.

lenquire of him concerning me; I the 2 And the word of the LORD came LORD will answer him by myself: unto me, saying,

8 And I will set my face against 3 Son of man, these men have set that man, and will make him a a sign a Deut. 28. up their idols in their heart, and put and a proverb, and I will cut him off ch. 5.15. the stumbling block of their iniquity from the midst of my people; and ye before their face: should I be en- shall know that I am the LORD. quired of at all by them?

| 9 And if the prophet be deceived
4 Therefore speak unto them, and when he hath spoken a thing, I the
say unto them, Thus saith the Lord LORD b have deceived that prophet, b1 Kings 22.
God; Every man of the house of and I will stretch out my hand upon
Israel that setteth up his idols in his him, and will destroy him from the
heart, and putteth the stumblingblock | midst of my people Israel.
of his iniquity before his face, and 10 And they shall bear the punish-
cometh to the prophet; I the Lord ment of their iniquity: the punish-
will answer him that cometh accord- ment of the prophet shall be even as
ing to the multitude of his idols; the punishment of him that seeketh

5 That I may take the house of unto him ;
Israel in their own heart, because 11 That the house of Israel may
they are all estranged from me go no more astray from me, neither
through their idols.

be polluted any more with all their
6 | Therefore say unto the house transgressions ; but that they may be

of Israel, Thus saith the Lord God; my people, and I may be their God, 11 Or, others. Repent, and turn yourselves from saith the Lord God.

your idols ; and turn away your faces 12 | The word of the LORD came
from all your abominations.

again to me, saying,
7 For every one of the house of 13 Son of man, when the land
Israel, or of the stranger that so- sinneth against me by trespassing

LORD

titude cometh

“ lying divination.” Or else they set up unfounded in- to the one true God, although they were not all of them terpretations of Scripture, and say, “The Lord saith, circumcised, for which reason they are styled the woralbeit the Lord hath not spoken." Scripture, when shippers of God, Acts xvi, 14 ; xviii. 7. W. Lowth. applied to deceive, and to establish errour, is no Scrip- 8. — a sign and a proverb,] A fearful example of My ture : it changes its nature, ceases to be Divine truth, I just revenge in every man's mouth. Bp. Hall. and becomes a lie. God's word in the mouth of a false 9. – I the Lord have deceived that prophet,] That is, teacher is not the word of God. Wogan.

permitted him to be deceived and to deceive the people,

as a just judgment upon them for their infidelity, with Chap. XIV. ver. 3. have set up their idols in their respect to His true Prophets. This He threatens at heart, &c.] Have given up their hearts to idolatry. the 5th verse; “ I will take the house of Israel &c. :" Bp. Hall.

because they have chosen to themselves false, gods, I - and put the stumblingblock of their iniquity be- will suffer them to be deceived with false prophets : and fore their face:7 And have actually placed before them that this is the meaning appears by the threatening idols which they worship. W. Lowth, Abp. Newcome. added, “and I will stretch out My hand upon him, and

They are not only inclined to idolatry in their hearts, will destroy him from the midst of My people.” Now but have actually set up idols and worshipped them. God will not punish that whereof He is the author. However, the Prophet shews plainly, that their idolatries | Abp. Tillotson. consisted, not in entirely deserting, but in polluting! 10. And they shall bear the punishment of their iniwith foreign worship, the religion of Moses. Bp. War- quity :7 When God has sufficiently made known His burton.

will to men, and they notwithstanding err from the - should I be enquired of at all by them?] Is it fit right way, obstinately following their own wills and imathat such miscreants should come, as these hypocriti- ginations, He in His just judgment forsakes them, and cally do, to inquire ought from Me? Bp. Hall. then, meeting with seducers, they give ear to lies rather

5. That I may take the house of Israel in their own than to the truth. Thus it happened to the Jews, who heart,] That I may convince them ; catch, surprise in consequence perished with their seducers, as Ezekiel them in their own consciences; when they perceive that here threatens them. It is a dangerous thing to hearken I am acquainted with their secret idolatries. Abp. New- to any other voice than that of God. Ostervald. come.

13. — when the land sinneth against me by trespassing 7. or of the stranger that sojourneth in Israel,] grievously,] The design of this and the following veraes “The stranger within thy gates," as it is expressed in is to shew, that when the inhabitants of a land have the fourth commandment. These devoted themselves filled up the measure of their iniquities, and God ariseth

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