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1 Heb. rejoice with gladness.
A prayer for the increase of God's kingdom. PSALMS. A prayer at the removing of the ark.
| be scattered : let them also that
2 As smoke is driven away, so drive *** ) shine + upon us. Selah.
them away: as wax melteth before the 2 That thy way may be known
fire, so let the wicked perish in the upon earth, thy saving health among
presence of God. all nations.
| 3 But let the righteous be glad;
let them rejoice before God: yea, let
d and! 4 Sing unto God, sing praises to gladness. sing for joy: for thou shalt judge the
ho his name: extol him that rideth upon + Heb. lead. people righteously, and † govern the
the heavens by his name JAH, and nations upon earth. Selah.
rejoice before him. 5 Let the people praise thee, O
5 A father of the fatherless, and a Godlet all the people praise thee. I judge of the widows, is God in his
6 Then shall the earth vield her holy habitation. increase; and God, even our own God,
6 God setteth the solitary † in fa- + Heb. in a shall bless us.
milies: he bringeth out those which 7 God shall bless us; and all the
| are bound with chains : but the reends of the earth shall fear him.
| bellious dwell in a dry land.
70 God, when thou wentest forth PSALM LXVIII.
before thy people, when thou didst
march through the wilderness; Se-
An exhortation to praise God for his mer- 8 The earth shook, the heavens
even Sinai itself was moved at the pre-
9 Thou, O God, didst + send a tule
+ Heb. shake
the servants of the Lord. Travell. It forms a part of Psalm LXVIII. The occasion of this Psalm was most our Evening Service, to be read occasionally after the probably the removing the ark to mount Zion by David; second lesson; and is also introduced into the Marriage or rather it might be composed soon after that transService.
action, and with reference to it. In the mystical sense, Ver. 2. That thy way &c.] The sense of the verse is, (which is authorized by St. Paul, Eph. iv. 8,) it refers Deal so graciously with Thy people Israel, that thereby to the ascension of Christ into heaven, and His session the Gentiles may be allured to join themselves with them, at the right hand of the Father, with the consequent and to embrace their religion. Bp. Patrick, Poole. formation and preservation of His church, and the de
- thy saving health] Thy salvation. Merrick. struction both of His own enemies and those of the 4. O let the nations &c.] A very sufficient cause, church. But almost every part of this noble poem is surely, is here assigned why the “nations” should be involved in an impenetrable darkness. It would otherglad, and sing for joy," upon the erection of Messiah's wise have afforded a singular example of the true subkingdom in the midst of them; namely, because He lime; the scattered rays of which, breaking forth with would “judge the people righteously;" breaking the difficulty through the thick clouds which surround it, yoke of the oppressor, and the iron rod of the prince we yet behold with a mixture of admiration and pleaof this world; becoming Himself an advocate in the sure. Bp. Lowth. It is appointed to be used on Whitcause of His church; introducing her into the glorious Sunday liberty of the children of God, whose service is perfect Ver. 4. - JAH] Or, Jehovah. Street. See the note freedom; and with a sceptre, around which justice and on Exod. vi. 3. mercy are wreathed together, “ governing the nations! 6. God setteth the solitary &c.] God provides for those upon earth.” Bp. Horne.
that are destitute, and settles them in comfortable habi. 7. - all the ends] The remotest inhabitants. Bp. tations ; He releases the miserable captives from slavery Wilson.
and oppression, but those who are obstinate and rebelLet us with that affection and charity which becomes lious He punishes by want and scarcity. Bp. Patrick. the servants of one Master, and the children of one Here is an allusion to the deliverance from the Egyptian Father, be indulgent to one another's infirmities, and bondage, and the destruction of the murmurers in the compassionate to one another's weaknesses. This is the desert; which brings in with great ease the full subway to make “the earth yield her increase," such an ject of the exodus in the next verse. Bp. Lowth. increase as God takes delight in, an increase of Christian
in a dry land.] In a barren wilderness. Merrick. conversation, of brotherly affection, of knowledge, of 7. — when thou wentest forth before thy people,] In a humility, of justice and of charity, and of all those graces pillar of a cloud by day, and a fire by night. Green. which will prevail with Him to shower down all tem- 8. – the heavens also dropped] The clouds dropped poral blessings in this world, and to afford an assurance down water. Green. of eternal in the world that is to come. Lord Clarendon. 9. Thou, O God, didst send &c.] Didst send plentiful
An exhortation to praise God
for his mercies, &c. plentiful rain, whereby thou didst the Lord is among them, as in Sinai, . confirm thine inheritance, when it in the holy place. was weary.
18 b Thou hast ascended on high, b Eph. 4. 8. JO Thy congregation hath dwelt thou hast led captivity captive: thou therein: thou, O God, hast prepared hast received gifts f for men; yea, + Heb. in the of thy goodness for the poor. for the rebellious also, that the LORD
11 The Lord gave the word: great God might dwell among them.
loadeth us with benefits, even the God
of salvation; and unto God the Lord
14 When the Almighty scattered | trespasses.
again from Bashan, I will bring my
23 That thy foot may be || dipped 11 Or, red.
God; even the goings of my God, my I OT, even 17 The chariots of God are twenty King, in the sanctuary.
thousand, || even thousands of angels: 25 The singers went before, the
showers to refresh Thy inheritance, that is, the promised - this is the hill Namely, Zion. Bp. Patrick. land.
17. The chariots of God &c.] Here is declared the 10.-- hath dwelt therein :) In Thy inheritance. majesty and magnificence of Jehovah's appearance on
11. The Lord gave the word:] That is, the joyful news. mount Zion as a mighty Conqueror of the enemies of Bp. Lowth.
| His people, riding upon the cherubim, as in a triumphal - great was the company of those that published] chariot, with all the hosts of heaven, as it were, in His The word for "those that published” is feminine in the retinue. Bp. Horne. original; and points out the women who with musick, 18. Thou hast ascended &c.] Thou, O God, hast now songs, and dancing, celebrated the victories of the Is- taken possession of Thy holy mountain, and hast given raelites over their enemies, according to the custom of us the victory over our enemies, whom by Thy aid we those times. See ver. 25; Exod. xv. 20; 1 Sam. xviii. have carried away captive in great numbers, and have 6. Parkhurst.
distributed their spoils among the people, yea, even 12.- and she that tarried &c.] The spoil was so among those who have transgressed Thy laws; and great, that the women, who staid at home, had their Thou, O Lord, shalt now have a fixed habitation in this shares in the division of it. Bp. Hall.
sacred place. So shall Christ hereafter ascend up to 13. Though ye have lien &c.] That is, Though you heaven, and take possession of His glorious kingdom, were formerly obscure and oppressed slaves, tied down having led captive His conquered enemies, sin and to the drudgery of brickmaking and pottery in Egypt, death; and there He shall receive those precious gifts you shall now be as glorious as you then were contemp- and graces of the Spirit, which He shall bestow upon tible. Dr. Delaney.
His followers, even upon such as had before violated 14. When the Almighty &c.] When the all-powerful | His laws, and rebelled against Him: thus shall the God dispersed the hostile kings on your account, ye Lord God dwell in their hearts, and make His abode became as splendid and conspicuous as the bright snow with them, Eph. iv. 8. Travell. on the top of the lofty hill of Salmon. Travell, and 20.- the issues from death. This should be transOld Translation.
lated, agreeably to the version of the Seventy, “the 15. The hill of God &c.] The hill of Zion, where God passages to death," the ways by which death goes out has chosen to fix His sanctuary, though low and barren upon men to destroy them. Dr. Hammond, Bp. Lowth. in comparison of the lofty hill of Bashan, is yet far *22. The Lord said, &c.] Jehovah had promised to superiour to it in real eminence and dignity. Travell. repeat in Israel, by David, His glorious acts; to work
16. Why leap ye, ye high hills'] Bashan, and the as signal victories and deliverances for His people, as mountains about it, are poetically represented as leaping He had formerly done in the field of Bashan, and at for joy at Jehovah's presence, and ambitious of His the Red sea, when they saw their enemies dead at their abode upon them; as if there was a rivalship among feet. Bp. Horne. them which should be honoured with it. Green. Or 24. They have seen thy goings,] Thy triumphal prorather, the rendering should be, Why look ye with envy cession and solemn entry into the sanctuary. Abp. Secker, on Zion? Bp. Horne.
ments followed after hands unto God. God, ye kingdoms of
Amsels playing 32 Sine un sing prai
An exhortation to praise God
for his great works. players on instruments followed after; / Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her among them were the damsels playing hands unto God.
32 Sing unto God, ye kingdoms of 26 Bless ye God in the congre- the earth; O sing praises unto the || Or, ye that gations, even the LORD, ) from the LORD; Selah: fountain of fountain of Israel.
I 33 To him that rideth upon the 27 There is little Benjamin with heavens of heavens, which were of old; | Or, with their ruler, the princes of Judah || and lo, he doth + send out his voice, and + Heb. giee.
their council, the princes of Zebulun, that a mighty voice.
34 Ascribe ye strength unto God:
29 Because of thy temple at Jeru- thy holy places : the God of Israel is
unto his people. Blessed be God.
i David complaineth of his affliction. 13
He prayeth for deliverance. 22 He desubmit himself with pieces of silver: voteth his enemies to destruction. 30 He
|| scatter thou the people that delight praiseth God with thanksgiving. scatterelh. in war.
I To the chief Musician upon Sho31 Princes shall come out of Egypt; shannim, A Psalm of David.
1 Or, the beasts of the reeds.
1 Or, he
26.- even the Lord, &c.] The “fountain of Israel” literally translated runs thus : “Rebuke the wild beast is the same with the “stock, or family of Israel." See of the reeds, the congregation of the mighty among the Isai. xlviii. 1. The sense of this clause therefore is, calves of the nations, skipping, or exulting, with pieces “ Bless the Lord, ye who are sprung from the stock of of silver; scatter the people that delight in war." By Israel.” Bp. Horne.
the “wild beast of the reeds,” is to be understood the 27. There is little Benjamin &c.] The literal rendering Egyptian power, described by its emblem the crocodile, of this verse is, “There is little Benjamin their ruler, the or river horse, creatures living among the reeds of the princes of Judah their council, the princes of Zebulun, Nile. The “ calves of the nations” signify the objects and the princes of Naphtali.” In this enumeration of the of worship among the Egyptians, their Apis and Osiris, tribes of Israel, that were present at the removal of the &c. around which the “congregation of the mighty" ark, four only are mentioned ; Benjamin and Judah, who assembled. And by their skipping with or “exulting dwelt nearest to the city of David; Zebulun and Naph- in pieces of silver," "may either be meant their dancing tali, who were farthest distant from it; to shew, as Dr. at their idolatrous festivals, with the tinkling instruChandler observes, the unanimity of the whole nation, ments, called “sistra,” which might be made of silver; and of all the tribes far and near, in attending this or else it may imply their “glorying in pieces of silsolemnity, to testify their willing acknowledgment of ver," or in their riches. The whole verse is a prayer David for their king, and the city of David for their of the Prophet to this effect, that it would please God capital, and where all the great solemnities of religion to bring down and overthrow the strength, the pride, should be performed, and their annual festivals conti- and the idolatry of Egypt, that ancient adversary and nually celebrated. Benjamin, though the youngest tribe, oppressor of Israel. Bp. Horne. is named first, and called the “ruler," because from 33. — send out his voice,] That is, in thunder. Green. that tribe sprang Saul, the first king of Israel. Upon We learn in general from this Psalm, that God has at David's accession to the crown, Judah became the royal all times displayed His power in favour of His people, tribe, and supported the throne by its counsels. Zebu- by protecting them against their enemies, and showerlun and Naphtali were tribes of eminent learning and ing down His mercies upon them. This He has done knowledge. See Gen. xlix. 21; Judg. v. 14. Bp. for the Christian church, as well as for the children of Horne.
Israel : and what is said in this Psalm of the protection 28. Thy God hath commanded thy strength :) This is God vouchsafed to Zion against the assaults of the neighan acknowledgment that all the power and strength of bouring nations, should convince us that the church the kingdom of Israel was from God. Bp. Nicholson. shall always subsist, in spite of all the attempts of the
29. Because of thy temple &c.] David foretells, that world and the devil. Ostervald. on the establishment of the church and worship at Jerusalem, the kings of the Gentiles should come, and Psalm LXIX. The application of many passages of make their oblations at the temple of God; which this Psalm to our Lord, made by Himself and His happened in his days, and those of his son Solomon, Apostles, as well as the appointment of the whole by the as an earnest and figure of that plenary accession of the Church to be used on Good Friday, direct us to conkings of the earth to the Church of Christ, which was sider it as highly prophetical of our Saviour's sufferto take place in the latter days, under the Gospel. Seeings; and indeed many of the expressions are such as 2 Sam. viii. 9-11; 1 Kings v. 1; X. 1, 24; 2 Chron. were more literally fulfilled in Jesus Christ than in ix. 23; Isai. lx. 3, 6; Matt. ii. 11; Rev. xxi. 24. Bp. David; who, both in his sufferings and in his advanceHorne
ment after them to a kingdom, was an eminent type or 30. Rebuke the company of spearmen, &c.] This verse pattern of our Saviour. Travell, Bp. Horne.
+ Heb. drinkers of
David complaineth of his affliction. PSALMS.
He prayeth for deliverance. SAVE me, O God; for the waters | 12 They that sit in the gate speak
N are come in unto my soul. against me; and I was the song of the Lifeb del 2 I sink in † deep mire, where tdrunkards.
there is no standing: I am come into 13 But as for me, my prayer is strong drink. + Heb. depth + deep waters, where the floods over- unto thee, O LORD, in an acceptable flow me.
time: () God, in the multitude of thy
L 14 Deliver me out of the mire, and
up, and let not the pit shut her mouth
lovingkindness is good: turn unto me
mine adversaries are all before thee.
them that reproached thee are fallen looked for some † to take pity, but + Heb.to
there was none; and for comforters, me.
meat; cand in my thirst they gave c Matt. 27.
before them: and that which should 9, 10.
Ver. 1.- the waters are come &c.] That is, I am almost - in the truth of thy salvation.] That is, according overwhelmed with calamities. Dr. Wells.
| to the promises which Thou hast made of saving me. 4. - restored that &c.] The meaning is, that he was Dr. Wells. contented rather to part with his own right than to 19. - mine adversaries are all before thee.] That is, quarrel with them. Bp. Patrick.
Thou knowest them thoroughly, and all their injurious 5. O God, thou &c.] Thou, O God, who art privy to and wicked devices. Poole. my follies, and from whom none of my sins can be con- ' 21. They gave me &c.] These words, which David cealed, Thou knowest that I never did them any injury. spake figuratively of himself, were literally fulfilled in Tracell.
the soldiers' treatment of our Lord while He hung upon 9. For the zeal &c.] My zeal for Thy honour and the cross. Green. service is that which made my enemies endeavour to
gall7 See the note on Deut. xxix. 18. take away my life; and their blasphemies against Thee - vinegar to drink.] Vinegar, in the East, was the moved my indignation as much as if they had been ordinary refreshment of a slave, or of a wretched priagainst myself. So was the Lord Christ disowned by soner, rather than of a prince: and vinegar or sour His brethren, His zeal for God's glory deeply affected wine, mixed with water, was the common drink of the Him, and the reproaches which were levelled against Roman soldiers. Travell. God He felt as if aimed at Himself. Dr. Wells, Travell. 22. Let their table &c.] Their very feasts shall be
12. They that sit in the gate] That is, vain and idle come a trap to them; they that eat at their table shall persons, that spent their time in the gates, in which there betray them, and their prosperity shall prove their ruin. used to be a confluence of people. Rosenmüller.
Bp. Patrick. In addition to what has been said on the 13. — an acceptable time :) Meaning, a time which he subject of imprecations, in the note upon Psalm v. 10, boped God would think the fittest to shew him favour. it may be remarked, that this and the following verses Bp. Patrick, Travell.
I to the twenty-ninth inclusive, are strictly prophetical of Vol. II.
there not be a dweller.
David devoteth his enemies to destruction. PSALMS. He imploreth God's speedy help.
have been for their welfare, let it be- ! 35 For God will save Zion, and
will build the cities of Judah : that
36 The seed also of his servants
hold of them. + Heb. their 25 Let | their habitation be deso
PSALM LXX. 4 Heb. let late; and 4 let none dwell in their David soliciteth God to the speedy destruction tents.
of the wicked, and preservation of the 26 For they persecute him whom godly.
thou hast smitten; and they talk to To the chief Musician, A Psalm of + Heb. thy the grief of † those whom thou hast David, to bring to remembrance.
wounded. 1. Or,
27 Add ll iniquity unto their ini- M AKE haste, a O God, to deliver a Ps. 40. 13, of iniquity. quity: and let them not come into
me; make haste + to help me, + Heb. to my thy righteousness.
O Lord. 28 Let them be blotted out of the
2 b Let them be ashamed and con- b Ps. 35. 4. & book of the living, and not be written
founded that seek after my soul : let“. with the righteous.
them be turned backward, and put to 29 But I am poor and sorrowful :
confusion, that desire my hurt. let thy salvation, O God, set me up
3 Let them be turned back for a on high.
reward of their shame that say, Aha, 30°I will praise the name of God
aha. with a song, and will magnify him
4 Let all those that seek thee rewith thanksgiving.
joice and be glad in thee: and let 31 This also shall please the LORD
such as love thy salvation say contibetter than an ox or bullock that hath
nually, Let God be magnified. horns and hoofs.
5 But I am poor and needy: make | Or, meek. 32 The || humble shall see this,
haste unto me, O God: thou art my and be glad: and your heart shall live
help and my deliverer; O LORD, that seek God.
make no tarrying.
of God's favour, prayeth both for himself,
and against the enemies of his soul. 14 creepeth. moveth therein.
He promiseth constancy. 17 He prayeth
the wretched condition of the Jews, after their rejection we have not committed; we come the nearer to the of the Messiah, and the destruction of their city and sufferings of our Saviour Himself, which is a great temple. See Rom. xi. 9, 10. Travell.
honour and glory to us; and if we do imitate His meek26. - they talk to the grief Rather, agreeably to the ness, and humility, and patience, in the bearing of them, version of the Seventy," they add to the pain.” Bp. thus so far imitating Him as He hath put it into our Hare, Mudge.
power to do; we shall be sure of such a reward, it may 27. Add iniquity &c.] Thou shalt punish their iniqui- be, reparation in this world, as shall be more than proties by suffering them to add sin to sin, and they shall portionable to the afflictions we have undergone. Lord obstinately refuse to partake of Thy proffered mercy. Clarendon. Travell, Bp. Horne.
29. - set me up on high.] Put me out of the reach of Psalm LXX. The words of this Psalm occur, withdanger. Bp. Wilson.
out any material variations, in Psalm xl. ver. 13, to the 32. The humble shall see this,] That is, the goodness end. The reader is therefore referred thither for an of God towards me. Travell.
explanation. It is thought to have been taken by David 33. — his prisoners.] That is, such as are persecuted from the other Psalm, and a little altered, in order to be for His sake. Dr. Wells.
used by him constantly, during his distress by Absalom's If we are persecuted without a cause by our enemies, rebellion. Dr. Wells. and our persecution be the sharper, for our zeal and — to bring to remembrance.] See the note on the title affection to God's service, and our constancy to our true to Psalm xxxviii. religion, and made so much the more intolerable by the derision, and scorn, and reproaches, we see wickedly Psalm LXXI. This Psalm was probably composed and profanely cast upon religion; and if all these cala- by David, on occasion of Absalom's rebellion, which mities befall us for other men's sakes, so that we bear was a great affliction to him in his declining age. the punishment of their faults, and of offences which | Travell. It is introduced into our service for the Visita