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Before CHRIST

Before

Zion is exhorted to rejoice

CHAP. IX.

for the coming of Christ. Before 99 Rejoice greatly, O daughter. 10 And I will cut off the chariot Before

CHRIST about 587. of Zion; shout, o daughter of Jeru- from Ephraim, and the horse from about 587.

usalem: behold, thy King cometh unto Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall Matt. 21. 5. thee: he is just, and li having salva- | be cut off : and he shall speak peace

Ve tion; lowly, and riding upon an ass, unto the heathen : and his dominion saring him- and upon a colt the foal of an ass. shall be c from sea even to sea, and c Ps. 72. 8.

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My people with an eye of pity and compassion. w. which the promised Saviour should accomplish. See Louth.

Luke ii. 11; Matt. i. 21. The Messiah was to be dis9. Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion ; &c.] From tinguished from all other kings and conquerors by His the promise contained in the foregoing verse, of God's appearance likewise and demeanour. He was to visit protecting His Church and temple, the Prophet in a His people in great humility, “ lowly, and riding upon sudden transport takes occasion to break forth into a an ass." Though God, He was to become man : see joyful representation of the coming of the Messiah. W. Isai. vii, 14 ; Matt. i. 23. He was to be “a man of Lowth. With reference to this event the passage is cited sorrows, and acquainted with grief :" see Isai. lii. 14, in two places of the New Testament, Matt. xxi. 5; and the whole of the fifty-third chapter, especially ver. John xii. 15 : so that we can have no doubt of the ap 3. He was to keep the law, and to die for sin; see Ps. plication. Dr. Blayney.

xl. 7; Heb. x. 7. From all which passages it is plain, Beautiful and striking is the manner, in which this that Messiah was to be an humble and a suffering chaprophecy is introduced. The Prophet does not coldly racter. The types and the prophecies are as plain for inform Jerusalem, that her king should come to her, and His humiliation, as they are for His exaltation: nor that, when He did come, she ought to rejoice. Rapt could any one person accomplish them all, without into future time, he seems to have been present at the being equally remarkable for lowliness and meekness, glorious scene. Standing upon mount Olivet, he hears glory and honour. Bp. Horne. the hosannas of the disciples, and beholds the procession - riding upon an ass, and upon a colt &c.] Or, approach towards the gates of Jerusalem : he turns “even upon a colt, &c. See John xii. 14; Luke xix. himself to the city, and breaks forth in transport, “Re 30. A proof of lowliness, and that He did not affect joice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, o daughter the pomp of the world, but came with the same primiof Jerusalem.” Bp. Horne.

tive simplicity as the patriarchs and judges used of - behold, thy King cometh unto thee :) These old. See Gen. xxii. 3; Judges v. 10; X. 4. W. Lowth, words assign the reason, why Jerusalem was called on to Bp. Chandler. rejoice ; namely, the approach of her King : “behold, The character given of the Messiah, that He should thy King cometh unto thee." A Person was to visit ride on an ass, was in opposition to the pride of the warJerusalem, who should deserve to be emphatically styled like kings of Israel, who, by their great strength in chaher “ King.” The nations had their kings and con- riots and horses, had ruined themselves and their people. querors, their Nebuchadnezzars and Cyruses, their And herein he was to resemble those, who had indeed Alexanders and Cesars : these appeared in their turns been deliverers of their country; kings, who feared upon the stage, contending for the empire of the world. God, and therefore feared no enemy; who, though Each performed the part assigned him by an all-direct-mounted on asses, and colts the foals of asses, were ing Providence, and then vanished away. Zion beheld able to put to flight the thousands and ten thousands all these changes, and still survived the commotions of chariots and horses that came against them. Bp. occasioned by them. The Prophets had promised her a Sherlock. King, who should overcome her enemies, and triumph The ancient Jews explained this prophecy of the Mesgloriously; who should erect, in the time of the fourth siah; and it is plain from the Gospels, that the Jews in great monarchy, an universal and everlasting kingdom, Christ's time understood it so, Matt. xxi. 8, 9; Luke and give laws to the world; nay, who should govern ali xix, 37, 38 ; Mark xi. 10. Bp. Chandler, W. Lowth. things in heaven and earth. Bp. Horne.

10. And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, &c.] He, that is so often described in the Prophets as | Ephraim and Judah shall not engage in war to spread King of Israel, (see Ps. ii. 6; Jer. xxiii. 5,) was known the Messiah's kingdom, but their spiritual king shall by that name among the Jews in our Saviour's time, peaceably convert Gentiles, and shall extend His domi(see John i. 49,) and called elsewhere by the name of nion every where. Abp. Newcome. “ David their King,” Jer. xxx. 9; Hos. iii. 5. W. In the state of meekness and lowliness, before deLowth.

scribed, Christ was to gain a complete victory over the - he is just, and having salvation ; lowly, &c.] enemies of man's salvation. The warfare was new, and Righteousness, salvation, and humility, were to distin- it is no wonder that the weapons employed in it should guish the person and reign of the Messiah. Righteous- be uncommon. Other warriours prepare their horses ness leads the way : “ He is just" or righteous. St. and their chariots, their bows, their spears, and their Stephen affirms the Prophets to have foreshewn the shields. But Messiah disarms His followers, in order coming of Jesus under the title of “the Just One," that they may overcome. No plainer declaration could Acts vii. 52. See Ps. xlv. 4; Jer. xxiii. 6: and com- have been made, that the conquests of Messiah were not pare Matt. xxvii. 4, 19; Luke xxiii. 4, 47. Salvation is to be of a secular nature; that His kingdom was not of the next sign or token of the King of Zion. “He is this world. See John xviii. 36. Bp. Horne. just, and having salvation.” He was to execute that - and he shall speak peace unto the heathen :] As part of the regal office, which consisted in rescuing a well as to His own people the Jews. Accordingly, when people from their oppressors. The history of Israel | the Prince of Peace came to make His abode amongst contains an account of many“ saviours," raised up at us, the angelick choir descended to sing “ Peace on sundry times for this purpose. Such were Moses, earth :" peace with God, by the pardon of sin; peace Barak, Gideon, Samson, and many more in the ages with ourselves, by the answer of a clear conscience; after them. But the deliverances, effected by any of peace with one another, by mutual charity. And who these, were not to be mentioned, unless as shadows and would not wish to see, who would not labour to profaint resemblances of that grand and complete salvation, mote, the full accomplishment of the last clause of the

CHRIST

CHRIST about 587.

Or, whose covenant is by blood.

the stures of

both the

God's promises of
ZECHARIAH.

victory and defence. Before from the river even to the ends of the God shall blow the trumpet, and Before

shall go with whirlwinds of the about 587. 11 As for thee also, || by the blood south. covenant is of thy covenant I have sent forth thy 15 The Lord of hosts shall defend d'Isai. 61. 1. d prisoners out of the pit wherein is them; and they shall devour, and no water.

| || subdue with sling stones; and they Or, subdue
12 I Turn you to the strong hold, shall drink, and make a noise as the sling.
ye prisoners of hope: even to day through wine; and they || shall be Or. skall ful
do I declare that I will render double filled like bowls, and as the corners of bouts, &c.
unto thee;

the altar.
13 When I have bent Judah for 16 And the Lord their God shall
me, filled the bow with Ephraim, save them in that day as the flock of
and raised up thy sons, O Zion, his people: for they shall be as the
against thy sons, O Greece, and stones of a crown, lifted up as an
made thee as the sword of a mighty ensign upon his land.
man.

17 For how great is his goodness,
14 And the LORD shall be seen and how great is his beauty! corn
over them, and his arrow shall go shall make the young men || chearful, 1 Or, grow,
forth as the lightning: and the Lord and new wine the maids.

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prophecy, in the extension of this kingdom and domi- ment of Messiah's kingdom by the publick preaching nion of Christ “from sea even to sea, and from the of the Gospel, and for subduing the nations to My spiriver even to the ends of the earth ;" that so all the ritual dominion, I will pick out My first champions nations of the world might remember themselves, and from among you of Judah : so that Judah shall be like turn to the Lord Jesus, as many did at the first preach- My bow that I bend, and make ready against My eneing of his Gospel. Bp. Horne.

| mies; and Ephraim like My quiver which I will fill full This prophecy, together with those of Hosea, chap. of arrows, to be shot against all opposers. And I will ii. 18; Micah v. 5, 10; Haggai ii. 22, as they foretold raise up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece; the outward peacefulness of Christ's Church or king- that is, the first preachers shall be Jews, to reduce the dom, relate to the flourishing state of it in the latter Grecians with the first under the easy yoke of the Mestimes of the world. The words which denote the extent siah : And I will make thee, 0 Zion, to be like the of that kingdom,“ His dominion shall be from sea" &c. sword of a mighty commander, for by My word in thy are taken from Ps. lxxii. 8, where David describes the mouth, which is My spiritual sword, I will reduce other extent of Solomon's kingdom, from the Red sea to the nations unto My kingdom. Dr. Stokes. Mediterranean, and from the river Euphrates to the bor- 14. And the Lord shall be seen over them, &c.7 He der of Egypt: compare Exod. xxiii. 31; 1 Kings iv. 21; shall give good proof of his gracious protection of them, Deut. xi. 24. This, as appears from several expressions and shall manifestly shew that He fighteth for them in that Psalm, was a figurative description of Christ's from heaven. Bp. Hall. kingdom, which should be enlarged towards the four — with whirlwinds of the south.] With violent temquarters of the world. W. Lowth.

pests, according to the nature of the south wind in the 11.- by the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth East. See Job xxxvii. 9; Isai. xxi. 1. The images in thy prisoners out of the pit &c.] As for thee, O Zion, this verse are very sublime. Abp. Newcome. whose covenant with me is made and confirmed by the 15. — they shall drink, &c.] Their courage shall be precious blood of the Messiah, in that new and ever- | increased, as when men's spirits are raised by wine; see lasting testament, I do herein give thee a type of thy Ps. lxxvii. 65; and they shall be filled with the blood future deliverance from all thy spiritual miseries. Bp. of their enemies, as the bowls and corners of the altar Hall. Anciently in great houses, and particularly in are with the blood of sacrifices. W. Lowth. The blood the East, deep dry pits, called dungeons, were appro- of the sacrificed beasts was part of it received in bowls priated for the confinernent of prisoners. Into one of for the purpose of sprinkling, and the rest poured out these Jeremiah was cast, Jer. xxxviii. 6. Dr. Blayney. at the foot of the altar, Lev.iv. 5—7. Dr. Blayney. This

12. Turn you to the strong hold,] Repent, and apply may be a figurative expression of a conquest, to be here yourselves unto God, your only help and refuge, you understood of a spiritual warfare. Dr. Stokes. that are such prisoners, as are not without a good hope 16. they shall be as the stones of a crown, &c.] and modest assurance of Divine succour and relief. Dr. / They shall be advanced to honour, as the precious Stokes." The strong hold," namely Christ who is the stones of a royal crown, or as an ensign, which is lifted salvation and high tower of His Church. Poole, up with honour over the heads of the people. Bp.

-- that I will render double unto thee;] That I will | Hall. make you abundant amends for all the evils ye have 17. For how great is his goodness, and how great is his suffered : compare Isai. lxi. 7. The words appear to beauty!] How great is the blessing, how great is the allude to Job xlii. 10. W. Lowth.

beauty, wherewith God shall, upon those victories, grace 13. When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with and adorn His people! Bp. Hall. Ephraim, 7 When I have made Judah My bow, and

corn shall make the young men chearful, &c.] The Ephraim My arrow; in the Hebrew phrase the bow is sense is, that by the Divine blessing the young men, said to be “filled” with the arrow, when the arrow is who reap the corn, and the maidens, who gather in the fitted to it. W. Lowth.

vintage, shall both thrive in their respective occupations. - and raised up thy sons, 0 Zion, against thy sons, | Dr. Blayney. Victory is promised in the preceding O Greece,] The passage may be understood with a spi- | verse, and fruitful seasons in this. Abp. Netcome. Or ritual application thus : To make way for the establish- probably the expressions are figurative, and imply, that

Before CHRIST about 587.

CHRIST

shall make the riders on

ashamed.

1 Or, lightnings.

a Jer. 10. 8.

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God is to be sought unto.

CHAP. X.

He will save his flock. men, which tread down their enemies Before CHAP. X.

in the mire of the streets in the battle: about 587. 1 God is to be sought unto, and not idols. 5 and they shall fight, because the LORD

As he visited his flock for sin, so he will is with them, and || the riders on 1. Or, they save and restore them.

| horses shall be confounded. A SK ye of the Lord rain in the 6 And I will strengthen the house horses A time of the latter rain; so the of Judah, and I will save the house LORD shall make || bright clouds, and of Joseph, and I will bring them again give them showers of rain, to every to place them; for I have mercy upon one grass in the field.

them : and they shall be as though I a Jer. 10. 8. 2 For the at idols have spoken had not cast them off: for I am the

vanity, and the diviners have seen a Lord their God, and will hear them.
lie, and have told false dreams; they 7 And they of Ephraim shall be
comfort in vain : therefore they went like a mighty man, and their heart
their way as a flock, they || were trou- shall rejoice as through wine: yea,
bled, because there was no shepherd. their children shall see it, and be glad;

3 Mine anger was kindled against their heart shall rejoice in the LORD.
the shepherds, and I punished the 8 I will hiss for them, and gather
goats: for the Lord of hosts hath them; for I have redeemed them:
visited his flock the house of Judah, and they shall increase as they have
and hath made them as his goodly increased.
horse in the battle.

9 And I will sow them among the
4 Out of him came forth the corner, people: and they shall remember me
out of him the nail, out of him the in far countries; and they shall live
battle bow, out of him every oppressor with their children, and turn again.
together.

10 I will bring them again also out 5 | And they shall be as mighty of the land of Egypt, and gather them

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the soldiers in these spiritual combats foretold shall have description of the war-horse, chap. xxxix. 19—25, whose such joy as the young men used to express at a plentiful courage and strength are there displayed, as setting harvest, and the young maidens at the end of a happy forth the glorious perfections of his Maker. Such, it is vintage. Dr. Stokes.

said, God would make the house of Judah to be, fur

| nished with every requisite for obtaining military sucChap. X. This chapter is a continuation of the process. Dr. Blayney. phecy begun in the preceding one, and goes on with a 4. Out of him came forth] Or, “shall come forth." representation of the future prosperities of Judah and W. Lowth.Him," that is, Judah. Abp. Newcome. Israel, in consequence of the recovery of God's favour. - the corner,] Or chief. A community is often Dr. Blayney.

represented as an edifice, or building: and the correVer. 1. Ask ye of the Lord rain &c.] The promise sponding parts expressed by the same name. Hence as of future plenty suggests the mention of the means by the largest stones or timbers are used in the angles to which it might then be procured; namely, supplication bind together and strengthen the sides of the building, to Jehovah, and not to idols. Abp. Newcome.

which meet therein, as in a cominon centre; so the angle - make bright clouds,] Or “lightnings," as in the or corner metaphorically denotes the chief personage in margin, and in Job xxviii. 26. Great rains usually a community, on whom its strength and security prinaccompany thunder and lightning : see Jer. x, 13. Wicipally depends. Dr. Blayney. Lowth.

- the nail,] As a nail is used to fasten the timbers 2. For the idols have spoken vanity, &c.] That is, by or parts of a building together, it may serve to denote the answers which the priests gave in their name : the officers next in command under the chief, by whose for elsewhere they are called “ dumb idols," Hab. ii. means the common soldiers are united and kept steady 18, “ which have mouths, but speak not," Ps. cxv. 5. and in regular order. “ The battle bow" means the W. Lowth.

archers in an army. Dr. Blayney. - therefore they went their way as a flock,] There- — every oppressor] Rather, “ every ruler :” the fore both they and you were driven into captivity, as original word is used in a good sense, Isai. lx. 17. The sheep are driven away and scattered, without a shep- meaning is, Judah shall furnish both civil and military herd to guide or protect them. Compare Jer. I. 17; governours. Abp. Newcome. Ezek. xxxiv. 5. Bp. Hall, W. Lowth.

| 8. I will hiss for them,] I will summon them from 3. — the goats :7' « The shepherds” are the wicked distant countries by a certain signal, as a shepherd calls kings and princes : “ the goats,” the wicked common his flock together with his whistle: compare Isai. v. 26; Jews. Dr. Wells. Goats," rather than sheep, which led vii. 18. W. Lowth. My people out of their way. Bp. Hall.

- as they have increased.] In the most flourishFor the Lord of hosts hath visited &c.] Rather, ing times, such as the reigns of David and Solomon. “ but the Lord of hosts” &c. But now hath God given | W. Lowth. His people manifest tokens of His favour and protec- 10. I will bring them again also out of the land of Egypt, tion. W. Lowth. But Jehovah of hosts is about to visit &c.] The Prophets, when they foretell the general reHis flock, &c. Dr. Blayney.

storation of their nation, often express it by their return- as his goodly horse in the battle.] See Job's fineling from Egypt and Assyria. See Isai. xi, 15, 16; xix.

Before

defenced

God will save his flock.

ZECHARIAH.

The destruction of Jerusalem. c. Befores e out of Assyria ; and I will bring them O PEN thy doors, O Lebanon, that Be

Before CHRIST

CHRIST about 587. into the land of Gilead and Lebanon; / u the fire may devour thy cedars. about 587.

and place shall not be found for them. 2 Howl, fir tree; for the cedar is

11 And he shall pass through the fallen; because the || mighty is spoil- l Or, gallants. sea with affliction, and shall smite the ed : howl, () ye oaks of Bashan; for waves in the sea, and all the deeps of ll the forest of the vintage is come 07, the the river shall dry up: and the pride down.

forest.
of Assyria shall be brought down, 3 I There is a voice of the howl-
and the sceptre of Egypt shall depart ing of the shepherds; for their glory
away.

is spoiled : a voice of the roaring of
12 And I will strengthen them in young lions; for the pride of Jordan
the LORD; and they shall walk up is spoiled.
and down in his name, saith the 4 Thus saith the Lord my God;
LORD.

Feed the flock of the slaughter; .

5 Whose possessors slay them, and
CHAP. XI.

hold themselves not guilty: and they
1 The destruction of Jerusalem. 3 The elect that sell them say, "Blessed be the
being cared for, the rest are rejected. 10 | LORD: for I am rich: and their own
The staves of Beauty and Bands broken by
the rejection of Christ. 15 The tune and shepherds pity them not.
curse of a foolish shepherd.

6 For I will no more pity the in23 – 25; xxvii. 13; Hos. xi. 11. W. Lowth. Compare at once ruin the flock, and bring destruction on themIsai. xi. 11. It is probable the same restoration is in- selves. Dr. Blayney. tended in both places. And it is the opinion of both Ver. 1. Open thy doors, O Lebanon, 1 By Lebanon the Lowths, that Isaiah's prophecy is one that remains most interpreters understand the temple, whose stately yet to be accomplished. Dr. Blayney.

buildings resembled the tall cedars of the forest. The - and place shall not be found for them. They shall words may likewise denote the destruction of Jerusamultiply so fast, that there shall not be room enough in lem, elsewhere called by the name of a forest. Compare Judea to receive them and their fainilies. Compare Isai. Jer. xxi. 14; xx. 7, 23; Ezek. xx. 46. W. Louth. xlix. 20. W. Lowth.

2. the mighty] That is, trees. The original word 11. And he shall pass through the sea with afflietion,] is applied to cedars and vines, Ezek. xvii. 8, 23. Under The allusion, both in this prophecy and in that referred these images the fall of mighty men and the subto in Isaiah, is to the passage of the Israelites through version of the Jewish polity are represented. Abp. the Red sea, and over Jordan, when they came out of Newcome. Egypt: by which is implied at least, that God would

the forest of the vintage] Probably Carmel, (see interpose with a no less miraculous exertion of power the note on 2 Kings xix, 23,) which being in the north for the future restoration of His people. Dr. Blayney. west of Judea, and here joined with Bashan, in the

--- and the pride of Assyria shall be brought doun, south east, may denote that the calamity should be ge&c.] By Assyria and Egypt are meant in general the neral. Bashan was famous for its stately oaks, see Isai. enemies of God and of His truth, who shall all be sub- ii. 13. Or, instead of “the forest of the vintage,” we may dued and broken in pieces by the kingdom of Christ. read, as in the margin, “the defenced forest," which W. Lowth.

gives a good representation of Jerusalem with its forti12. they shall walk up and down in his name,] Or, fications. W. Lowth. “ walk in His name ;' that is, their lives and actions 3. - shepherds ;-glory] By “shepherds” are to be shall be under the direction of His laws, and He shall understood the rulers of the people; and “ their glory" give them success, answerable to their upright inten- denotes their stately habitations. Dr. Blayney. tions. W. Lowth.

- the pride of Jordan) By " the pride of Jordan"

those woods and thickets are primarily intended, which Chap. XI. This chapter contains a prophecy of a very rise proudly above the banks of that river, and greatly different cast from the foregoing. The people would decorate the scene. But here, in a secondary and metanot always behave as they ought, and therefore would phorical sense, they are put for the residences of those not always be prosperous. Before their final glorious princes and grandees, who too often like lions devour restoration, an event of a most calamitous nature was and oppress the people under them. Dr. Blayney. doomed to take place; the destruction of the city and 4. — Feed the flock of the slaughter ;] The actions of temple of Jerusalem, which is plainly here foretold, and the Prophets are sometimes typical; that is, they repreascribed to its proper cause, punishment for notorious sent in themselves the persons and circumstances of wickedness. The flock, meaning God's people, were others. See note on chap. iii. 8. So here Zechariah under the guidance of corrupt and unprincipled pastors, was commanded by God to act the part of Christ, and who sacrificed them to their lucrative and ambitious to “ feed the flock of the slaughter," that flock which views. The Prophet by God's command assumes for a their shepherds destroyed instead of feeding them. Bp. while the direction of them, therein becoming a type of Chandler, W. Lowth. Christ, the good shepherd; but is soon obliged to resign 5. they that sell them say, Blessed be the Lord; his charge, with mutual dissatisfaction on both sides. &c.] Those, who in effect sell them to their conquerors, He receives thirty pieces of silver, as the reward of his regard nothing but their own immediate advantage. services, and casts them by Divine direction to the pot- Abp. Newcome. ter. After this the Prophet is held forth as the type of a 6. For I will no more pity &c.] This verse assigns the worthless shepherd, or a succession of evil governours, reason for calling the people " the flock of the slaughwho, heedless of the flock, or seeking only to oppress it, ter.” Nor can words more aptly describe the calamities

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be good in

The elect being cared for,

CHAP. XỈ.

the rest are rejected. Before habitants of the land, saith the LORD: | Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I Before about 587. but, lo, I will + deliver the men every might break my covenant which I had about 587.

one into his neighbour's hand, and made with all the people. to be found. into the hand of his king: and they 11 And it was broken in that day :

shall smite the land, and out of their and || so the poor of the flock that 10r, the poor hand I will not deliver them.

waited upon me knew that it was the ac.certain 7 And I will feed the flock of word of the LORD. Or, eerily slaughter, | even you, O poor of the 12 And I said unto them, + If ye Heb. If it

flock. And I took unto me two staves; | think good, give me my price; and if your eyes.
the one I called Beauty, and the not, forbear. So they weighed for b Matt. 26.
other I called || Bands; and I fed the my price thirty pieces of silver.
flock.

| 13 And the LORD said unto me, 8 Three shepherds also I cut off in Cast it unto the potter : a goodly c Matt. 27. 9. + Heb. was one month; and my soul + loathed price that I was prised at of them.

them, and their soul also abhorred And I took the thirty pieces of silver, · me.

and cast them to the potter in the 9 Then said I, I will not feed you: house of the LORD. a Jer. 15. 2. * that that dieth, let it die; and that 14 Then I cut asunder mine other

that is to be cut off, let it be cut off; staff, even || Bands, that I might break || Or, Binders.

and let the rest eat every one the the brotherhood between Judah and + Heb. of his flesh t of another.

Israel.
10 T 'And I took my staff, even 15 | And the Lord said unto me,

15.

1 Or, Binders.

straitened for them.

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which befell the Jews, in the war, which ended in the of death, famine, &c.; or to be cut off by their enemies, taking of Jerusalem by the Romans; when the people, the Romans; or to destroy one another by their civil having first by their intestine broils destroyed one ano- discords. See ver. 6. W. Lowth. ther, as is set forth at large by Josephus, at length fell 11.- and so the poor of the flock that waited upon me into the hands of him, whose predecessor they had knew &c.] The few believing Jews, the meek and humowned for their sovereign, “ We have no king but ble, who conscientiously waited on me, were convinced, Cesar," John xix. 15, at the same time that they dis- that this was agreeable to the will and pleasure of God. claimed their Messiah ; and who completely desolated Bp. Hall, W. Lowth. the land for their rebellion against him. Dr. Blayney, 12. If ye think good, give me my price ; &c.] This W. Lowth.

being left to their discretion, was rated by them at thirty 7. And I will feed the flock of slaughter, &c.] Zecha- 1 pieces of silver, supposed shekels, of the value of two riah, representing the Person of Christ, the true Shep- shillings and fourpence each. This was the price of a herd, says, He entered upon His office, and undertook slave, Exod. xxi. 32; and was meant to shew how little the care of the flock, chiefly out of regard to the meek they cared for him or his service. Abp. Newcome, Dr. and humble among them. W. Lowth.

Blayney, W. Lowth. - I took unto me two staves ;) A staff or crook is 13. And the Lord said unto me,] The Lord, who said the proper ensign of a shepherd : the shepherds of old this, could be no other but the Lord Christ. There are time had two rods or staves; one turned round at top, many such places, where Christ spoke as plainly by the that it might not hurt the sheep; this was for counting Prophets in the Old Testament, as ever He did with them, and separating the sound from the diseased; see His own mouth in the New. And it was He, whom Lev. xxvii. 32: the other had an iron hook at the end this and all the Prophets mean, when they say, “ Thus of it, to pull in the stray sheep, and hold them fast. saith the Lord.Bp. Beveridge. The Psalmist mentions both these, Ps. xxiii. 4. W.

Cast it unto the potter :) As a reward only Lowth. These “ staves" or crooks the Prophet assumed suitable to his labour, and a price only fit for such as a badge of his office; and gave them significant wares as he sold, which were of the meanest value: see names, which are explained ver. 10, 14. Dr. Blayney. Lam. iv. 2. W. Lowth.

- Beauty, Bands ;] The one, which I called - a goodly price] He means ironically that it was “ Beauty," was the staff of mercy, and gracious and a pitiful price, that he and his care were valued at. Dr. pleasurable protection ; the other, which I called Wells. “ Bands," was the staff of unity for the conjoining of - And I took the thirty pieces of silver, &c.] I cast My Church, or of correction and just censure of the them back into the treasury in the temple, where afteroffenders. Bp. Hall.

wards they were laid out for the purchase of the potter's 8. Three shepherds also I cut off in one month ;] Their / field. kings, their priests, and their prophets. Dr. Stokes. We This whole transaction, performed by Zechariah in a may probably explain these three shepherds," of the vision, was designed to be an exact representation of chief priests, scribes, and elders of the Jews. Christ the several circumstances, that attended the betraying exposed these as blind guides, and thereby lessened of the Messiah by Judas; the price put upon Him by their authority among the people. “One month" seems the chief priests, to whom, as the governours of the a proverbial expression for a short time; see Hos. v. 7. temple, the money was returned ; and the use to which W. Lowth.

the money was applied: see Matt. xxvii. 6, 10. The 9. Then said I, I will not feed you : &c.] When Christ Jews themselves have expounded this prophecy of the found a great part of His sheep proving untractable, Messiah. W. Lowth. He resolved to be their Shepherd no longer, but to 14. Then I cut asunder mine other staff, even Bands,] leave them to be consumed by the common calamities | As they refused to be united under me their head, so in

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