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Before CHRIST about 587.
whom there is
The remnant shall turn to the Lord. CHAP. XIV.
Their spoils shall be holy. Before LORD shall be among them; and they King, the Lord of hosts, even upon Before about 587. shall lay hold every one on the hand them shall be no rain.
of his neighbour, and his hand shall 18 And if the family of Egypt go
rain; there shall be the plague, where- not."
the heathen round about shall be ga- tabernacles.
of Egypt, and the punishment of all
UNTO THE LORD; and the pots
and seethe therein: and in that day
& 22. 15.
strength with it, while he is on his feet, going about in flow, as the Targum explains it; whence a famine will the way of his ordinary business. Dr. Blayney. ensue. W. Lowth.
13. — and they shall lay hold every one &c.] That is, that have no rain ;] This must be understood they shall seek help from one another; but, instead of in a qualified sense. Maillet, Pitts, and Bp. Pococke helping, they shall turn their arms against one another. affirm, that they have been witnesses to rain in Egypt; See Judg. vii. 22; 1 Sam. xiv. 20; 2 Chron. xx. 23. but it does not rain there frequently as in other countries. Dr. Blayney.
Harmer. 15. And so shall be the plague of the horse, &c.] This 20. — upon the bells of the horses, Horses are is to be joined to the twelfth verse, the thirteenth and spoken of in Scripture as almost exclusively used for fourteenth being in a parenthesis. Both man and beast war. And that hells made part of their trapping, there in that army shall be consumed in one common destruc is reason to believe from a passage cited by Mr. Harmer tion. W. Lowth. It is very much in the style of this from Major Rooke's Travels to the coast of Arabia writer to digress, and after a while to return again to Felix; where that traveller, describing a field-day of his subject, as if nothing had intervened. Dr. Blayney. the cavalry, says, The horses were sumptuously ca
16. — to keep the feast of tabernacles.] See Isai. Ixvi. parisoned, being adorned with gold and silver trap23; and the note there.
pings, bells hung round their necks, and rich housings. 17.- of all the families of the earth] According to Dr. Blayney. War horses not being wanted, their the opinion of many learned commentators, by going ornaments shall be converted to sacred uses. Abp. up to Jerusalem to worship, and to keep the feast of | Secker. tabernacles, is only meant a conformity to the established - and the pots in the Lord's house shall be like the worship of the one true God, or, which is the same bowls] The meanest utensil in the house of God (see thing, to the Christian religion. It is repeatedly fore- Nehem. x. 39.) shall be as the vessels of silver and gold told, that a time will come, when "all the ends of the used in solemn sacrifices. Abp. Newcome. world shall remember and turn unto the Lord : and all 21. Yea, every pot in Jerusalem &c.] Every thing the kindreds of the nations shall worship before him," shall be equally holy, and therefore the ceremonial law Ps. xxii. 27. Compare Ps. Ixxii. 11; lxxxvi. 9; Rev. abolished. Abp. Secker. xi. 15. Dr. Blayney.
- the Canaanite] A trafficker : see Ezekiel xvii. 4. 18. And if the family of Egypt go not up, &c.] Though Dr. Blayney, Abp. Newcome. The Chaldee and Latin the fruitfulness of Egypt, especially the upper part of Vulgate translate the words, “There shall be no more it, depends not upon rain, (see Deut. xi. 10, 11,) yet if any merchant in the house of the Lord of hosts." W. the Jews that dwell there, or the rest of the inhabitants, Lowth. See the note on Hos. xii. 7. There shall be do not join in the solemn acts of Christian worship, no more profane persons, unbelievers, enemies to the they shall suffer the same plague and famine, with which true religion, to interrupt the worship of the true God. others are threatened; that is, the Nile shall not over- | Poole.
The following Chapter from Zechariah is appointed as a Proper Lesson :
..........Morning Vol. II.
M A L A CH I.
MALACHI was the last of those Prophets who flourished before the Gospel dispensation.
to have died young, and to have been buried with his ancestors at Sapha: after having assisted as a member of
and the worship re-established, chap. i. 7, 10, 12; iii. 10; his ministry coincided with or succeeded that of Nehemiah.
This Prophet sealed up the volume of prophecy in the description of that Personage at whose appearance the Evangelists begin the Gospel history, Mark i. 1, 2; and he, who terminated the illustrious succession of the Prophets, and predicted the coming of the Baptist, was in an especial degree entitled to a share of our Saviour's testimony: who declared in terms, which defined the period and extent of prophecy, that “all the Prophets prophesied until John," Matt. xi. 13; Luke xvi. 16. Malachi is likewise elsewhere frequently cited as a Prophet by the writers of the New Testament, Matt. xi. 10; xvii. 10–12; Mark i. 2; ix. 11, 12; Luke i. 17; vii. 27; Rom. ix. 13. Dr. Gray.
Before CHRIST about 397.
a Rom. 9. 13.
2 I have loved you, saith the Lord. CHAP. I.
Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved about 391, j 1 Malachi complaineth of Israel's unkind- us? Was not Esau Jacob's brother?
ness. 6 Of their irreligiousness, 12 and saith the Lord: yet I a loved Jacob.
3 And I hated Esau, and laid his + Heb. by the M HE burden of the word of the mountains and his heritage waste for
1 Lord to Israel + by Malachi. the dragons of the wilderness.
hand of Malachi.
Chap. I. ver. 1. The burden of the word of the Lord to along shewn a particular kindness for Jacob and his Israel] The word “burden” may be taken here in its family, above that of Esau, though they were both the larger sense, as the “ message" or import of the word sons of Isaac: and I have lately given a signal proof of of the Lord. The name “Israel," which was at first it, in having restored you to your own country again common to the twelve tribes, and afterwards became after your captivity, whereas I have scattered the Edompeculiar to the ten, as distinguished from the kingdom ites, and dispossessed them of mount Seir, their ancient of Judah, is here given to the two tribes of Judah and inheritance, Deut. ii. 5, by the Nabatheans, to which Benjamin, and to all of the others, who joined themselves they shall never be restored again. Compare Jer. xlix. to Judah on their return from Babylon. These having 18; Ezek. xxxv. 7, 9. W. Lowth. lately had experience of God's great favour in turning L “ I loved Jacob," in giving him great external privitheir captivity and restoring them to their own land, leges : “and I hated Esau," or I shewed him less love, should have been very careful in reforming their Gen. xxix. 30, 31; compare Luke xiv, 26. I comparaways, and sincere in their obedience. But it was other- tively hated him, by giving him an inferiour lot; and wise. Many enormities, contrary to God's law, were now I have not only laid waste the dwellings of the found amongst them; for which God sends His Prophet Edomites, by the incursions of their enemies ; but to reprove them, and exhort them to repentance : and (ver. 4.) they shall remain the perpetual monument of at the same time, for the comfort of the godly among My vengeance. Abp. Newcome. What is here said relates them, to assure them of the coming of the promised to the preference shown to the posterity of Jacob over Messiah in His due time. Dr. Pocock.
that of Esau. Dr. Pocock. 2. I have loved you, saith the Lord, &c.] I have all ! 3. - the dragons of the wilderness.] Such great ser
Malachi complaineth o
cher, impoverte desolate ple hey shall be hey templand is the hole evil
fcom saith, We are mine" altar; and ye say In that ye , 07. Bring
unkindness and irreligiousness. Before 4 Whereas Edom saith, We are 7 || Ye offer polluted bread upon Before about 397. impoverished, but we will return and mine altar; and ye say, Wherein about 397.
build the desolate places; thus saith have we polluted thee? ' In that ye
5 And your eyes shall see, and ye offer it now unto thy governor; will
shall say, The Lord will be magni- he be pleased with thee, or accept ! or, upon. fied || + from the border of Israel. thy person? saith the Lord of hosts.
6 TA son honoureth his father, 9 And now, I pray you, beseech and a servant his master: if then I be + God that he will be gracious unto + Heb. the a father, where is mine honour ? and us: this hath been +by your means : #Heb from if I be a master, where is my fear? will he regard your persons ? saith your hand, saith the Lord of hosts unto you, O the Lord of hosts. priests, that despise my name. And 10 Who is there even among you ye say, Wherein have we despised thy that would shut the doors for nought? name?
neither do ye kindle fire on mine
pents as are commonly found in deserts and desolate or the table of chewbread: and by “ polluted bread” places. W. Lowth. See the notes on Ps. xliv. 19; may be understood either bread, properly so called, or Jer. ix. 11.
else the flesh of the sacrifices : so that whether we under4. — They shall build, but I will throw down ; &c.] stand by this variety of words the same or different Their endeavours to recover themselves shall be all in things; namely, the shewbread by some, and the sacrivain : God will so notoriously frustrate their attempts, fices by others, the scope will be the same; that is, to that all people, seeing how ill things succeed with declare the contempt they had of God's service, and them, and how heavily God's judgments oppress them, that not in one particular kind only, but in all. Dr. shall call them, “The border of wickedness," a land of Pocock. sinful people, cursed for the sins of its inhabitants, &c. - In that ye say, The table of the Lord is conDr. Pocock.
temptible.] They said in effect, that the altar of Jehovah They were subdued by Judas Maccabeus, 1 Mac. v. was vile and contemptible, by offering on it torn, blind, 65, and finally by John Hyrcanus, as Josephus relates ; lame, and sick victims. Abp. Newcome. and the name of Edomite was utterly extinguished. 8. — offer it now unto thy governor ;] It is the custom Abp. Newcome, W. Lowth.
1 of the East for poor people, especially those that live in 5. And your eyes shall see, &c.] And behold, your the country, to make presents to their lords of lambs and very eyes shall be witnesses, both of these My favours sheep. Presents to men, like offerings to God, expiate to you, and of this My severity to the sons of Esau; offences. Sir J. Chardin. and ye shall be forced to say, The Lord hath well de- - will he be pleased with thee,] Certainly not: he served to be praised and magnified from all the coasts of would look on it as a great disrespect of his person, and Israel. Bp. Hall.
disregard of his honour. How much more shall the 6. A son honoureth his father, &c.] God had all along Lord, the great Governour of the world ? Such conduct shewn such fatherly affection and care to Israel, above was directly contrary to God's command, Lev. xxii. 22; all other nations, that they could not but acknowledge Deut. xv. 21. Dr. Pocock. Him their Father by a peculiar right: and He had, Though things of very little value are sometimes by His especial protection and government of them, so offered as presents in the East, those, to whom presents shewn Himself their Lord and Master, that they could are made, do not think themselves always obliged granot deny His peculiar claim to that appellation. Upon ciously to accept every thing that is brought. It appears this their outward profession, He founds His appeal, from Bp. Pococke, Norden, and other travellers, that if reprehending them for withholding from Him that a present is not somewhat proportionate to the quality honour and reverence, which not their duty only, but of the person applied to, the circumstances of him that ordinary custom, required them to pay. Dr. Pocock. I offers it, and the value of the favour asked, it is rejected.
if I be a master, where is my fear 97 One branch Harmer. of a servant's reverence is fear to offend his master. 9. And now, I pray you, beseech God &c.] Therefore This fear is a disposition well becoming a servant; and now I pray you to repent, and thereon to beseech God therefore God, as our Master, and by that name of that He will be gracious unto us in not punishing the Master, challengeth it of us. Fear and reverence are former sins, as they require. This you, the priests, are often joined together, and so jointly required of the especially concerned to do, because the wickedness beLord's servants, Ps.ü. 11; Heb. xii. 28. Bp. Sanderson. fore mentioned has been by your means chiefly occa
And ye say,] Or, “ Yet ye say." W. Lowth. sioned. Will He, that is, God, regard your persons, From this verse to chap. ii. ver. 9, the Prophet re- though ye be His priests, unless ye repent, saith the proves the priests and the people for sacrificing the Lord of hosts? Dr. Wells. refuse of beasts, which according to the law ought to 10. Who is there even among you that would shut the have been rejected; and denounces punishment against doors for nought ? &c.] Or, " that doth shut” &c. Dr. the priests for not teaching the people their duty in this Pocock. I have not dealt thus with you, but have abunrespect. Abp. Newcome.
dantly recompensed your services. Which of you is 7. – mine altar;—The table of the Lord] These names there, among all the Levites of the temple, that hath may be indifferently used for signifying either the altar shut the doors of My temple unrewarded which of you
b Isai. 1. 11. Jer. 6. 20. Amos 5. 21.
Malachi reproveth the priests Before altar for nought. I have no pleasure || which hath in his flock a male, and Before about 397., in you, saith the Lord of hosts, nei- voweth, and sacrificeth unto the Lord about 597. ther will I accept an offering at your a corrupt thing: for I am a great,
King, saith the LORD of hosts, and whose feek is.
idolatry, 14 for adultery, 17 and for in-
fidelity. 12 | But ye have profaned it, in A ND now, O ye priests, this comthat ye say, The table of the LORD 1H mandment is for you. is polluted; and the fruit thereof, 2 a If ye will not hear, and if ye a Lev. 26. 14. even his meat, is contemptible. will not lay it to heart, to give glory
13 Ye said also, Behold, what a unto my name, saith the LORD of 1 Or, whereas weariness is it! | and ye have snuffed hosts, I will even send a curse upon
at it, saith the Lord of hosts; and you, and I will curse your blessings:
14 But cursed be the deceiver, even the dung of your solemn feasts;
Deut. 28. 15.
blown it away.
is there, that hath so much as kindled a fire on Mine altar God by putting Him off with the worst they had. Dr. for nought? yet ye have had no regard to Me again. Pocock thinks the words are to be understood of such I will be affected to you accordingly : behold, I have no offerings, as of their own accord they vowed to God, pleasure in you. Bp. Hall. Having shown the great which were to be males, Lev. xxii. 19. And if they fault of the priests in their neglect of His service, here would not perform their vows in such a manner as He seems to aggravate it in that they receive abundant God directed, it were better for them not to vow at all : wages for what they ought to do, even for their least see Deut. xxiii. 21. W. Lowth. services. Did He require their services for nought, as - my name is dreadful among the heathen.) How justly He might, then they might have some pretence much more then ought it to be so among you, whom I for their negligence; but being plentifully rewarded, have loved and chosen for My peculiar people? This they ought, if not in love, yet in justice, to be careful. assertion of God, that “His name is dreadful among the Dr. Pocock.
heathen,” though spoken as of the time then present, 11. For from the rising of the sun &c.] A prophecy and though it was then and is always true, (for His of what should be done at and after Christ's coming, name is often made conspicuous to them by His judg. when by the preaching of the Gospel the knowledge of ments,) yet because they had not then generally a clear God should be communicated to all nations. The “in knowledge of Him and His name, it is by some not cense” of the converted Gentiles, and their “ pure improperly considered as a prophecy of what should offering," are devout prayers, Rev. v. 8; holy praises, come to pass, by the making of His name more clearly thanksgivings, and almsdeeds, and works of charity, known to all nations by the preaching of the Gospel. Heb. xiii. 15, 16; their whole selves, Rom. xii. 1. Dr. Dr. Pocock. Pocock. The conversion of the Gentiles is here prophesied, as usual, under Jewish images; see Zech. xiv. Chap. II. ver. 2.- I will curse your blessings :) I 16. Abp. Newcome.
will turn your blessings into curses ; compare Deut. 12. But ye have profaned it, &c.] But as for you, ye xxiii. 5 : or rather, remove your blessings, and send have profaned and abused My name: in that ye have curses and calamities in their stead. Or it may mean entertained base conceits of My sacrifices, and have held the benedictions, wherewith the priests blessed, or the oblations offered unto Me, as meat vile and con- prayed for, themselves or the people. W. Louth, Dr. temptible, and unworthy of any other respects than Pocock. scorn. Bp. Hall.
| As God can evidently dispose of every thing, so as The word “fruit" is applied to sacrifice ; see Isai. may best answer His wise purposes of mercy or correclvii. 19, where “the fruit of the lips” is explained of tion, it is likewise evidently worthy of Him to do it: for “ the sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving,” Heb. xiii. the highest of His titles is that of the moral Governour 15. W. Lowth. Or it means that portion of the offer- of the universe : and therefore we may firmly believe ing, which was allotted to the priests for their provision, the Scripture assuring us, that He doth it in fact ; that and which they esteemed of little value. Dr. Pocock. He “makes all things work together for good to them
13. — ye have snuffed at it,] See Hag. i. 9. Ye say, that love Him," Rom. viii. 28, and “curses" the very that attendance on the altar and partaking of its sacri- “ blessings" of those who love Him not. Abp. Secker. fices are a burdensome task, and ye turn from them with 3. — I will corrupt your seed,] I will destroy the fruits disgust. Abp. Newcome.
of the earth, so as to produce dearth and scarcity; or I 14. But cursed be the deceiver, &c.] The former will cut off your posterity. Dr. Pocock. reproofs related only to the priests ; here the Prophet — and spread dung upon your faces, even the dung of reproves the people, that would offer to deceive Almighty your solemn feasts ;] Your holiest sacrifices shall be as
away to it.
b Ephes. 4. 6.
for neglecting their covenant,
and the people for idolatry. sm and || one shall take you away with 9 Therefore have I also made you Before about 397. it.
contemptible and base before all the about 397. an 4 And ye shall know that I have people, according as ye have not kept take you sent this commandment unto you, my ways, but I t have been partial || Or, lifted
that my covenant might be with in the law.
10 Have we not all one father ? !
6 The law of truth was in his 11 Judah hath dealt treacherously,
LORD which he || loved, and bath || Or, ought 7 For the priest's lips should keep married the daughter of a strange knowledge, and they should seek the god. law at his mouth : for he is the mes- 12 The LORD will cut off the man
that doeth this, || the master and the nor, him that 8 But ye are departed out of the scholar, out of the tabernacles of him that . Or, fall in way; ye have caused many to || stum- | Jacob, and him that offereth an offer- answereth.
ble at the law; ye have corrupted the ing unto the LORD of hosts.
covering the altar of the Lord with
loathsome in My sight as dung ; and I will reject you have accepted faces :" it is usually elsewhere rendered with as much contempt, as if I threw the very dung of “ to respect persons." These three expressions all mean your sacrifices in your faces. Dr. Pocock..
the same thing. Dr. Pocock. - and one shall take you away with it. You shall 10. Have we not all one father ? &c.] From this to be as esteemed as a nuisance, only fit to be removed out the 16th verse inclusive, the Prophet censures intermarof sight as dung is. W. Lowth. You shall be destroyed, riages of Israelites with women of another country, and cast on a dunghill. Abp. Newcome.
which Moses had forbidden, Deut. vii. 3; and also 4. And ye shall know that I have sent this command- divorces, which seem to have been multiplied for the ment unto you, &c.] That is, the message or instruction purpose of contracting these prohibited marriages. Abp. now delivered to them by the Prophet, to reprove them | Newcome. This grew much into practice in the time of for the breach of God's law, and to call on them to re | Ezra and Nehemiah, who express great detestation of form their misbehaviour in His service, to a due and it, Ezra ix. 1; Neh. xiii. 23. W. Lowth. better observance of which they were bound by virtue 11.- For Judah hath profaned the holiness of the Lord of His covenant made with Levi. Dr. Pocock.
which he loved,] His holy institution of matrimony 5. My covenant was with him of life and peace;] The among them, not so much in general, as it was a holy Prophet speaks of the succession of the ancient priests, institution first made in paradise, but as so limited and such as Aaron, Eleazar, Phineas, and their successors, restrained among this peculiar people of God, as to preas of one single person, under the name of Levi, (com- / serve them a holy nation unto Him. Dr. Pocock. pare Zech. xi. 16,) and says, I gave him My covenant of - the daughter of a strange god.] That is, the worhappiness and security, or I promised him a secure / shipper of a different god from Jehovah : see Deut. enjoyment of his office of the priesthood. The words | xxxii. 19. Abp. Newcome. As those that acknowledge, allude to Numb. xxv. 12, 13. W. Lowth.
worship, and serve the true God, are called His sons 7. For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, &c.] and daughters, so they that worshipped any strange god, Preserve it, store it up; so as to distribute it. Abp. are by like reason here called the daughters of that god. Newcome. As it is the priests' duty to understand the | Hence the Jews say, He that marrieth a heathen woman meaning of the law, so the people ought to resort to is as if he made himself son in law to an idol. Dr. Pocock. them for instruction in any difficulty, that arises con-1 12. - the master and the scholar,] Him that persuades cerning the sense of it : see Lev. x. ii; Deut. xvii. 9, 1 or instructs others, that such marriages are lawful; and 10. For God has appointed the priests His ordinary him that follows such advice. The expression seems to messengers, to declare His will unto the people, as the comprehend both the priest and the people. The Hebrew Prophets are His extraordinary messengers. The word reads, as in the margin, “ him that waketh, and him that “messenger,” in its usual sense, is equivalent to prophet: answereth ;" it seems to be a proverbial speech denotsee Isai. xlii. 19; xliv. 26 ; Hag. i. 13. It signifies the ing a master and scholar, as our translators render it : same as “an interpreter” of the Divine will, Job xxxij.an instructor is described as one that “wakeneth the 23. W. Lowth.
ear” of his disciple, Isai. I. 4. W. Lowth. That some 9. — have been partial in the law.] Not delivering the of the priests married strange wives, see Nehem. xiii. 23 truth, but wresting the law, either in declaring its mean -30. Abp. Newcome. ing, or in determining anything according to it, from
and him that offereth an offering &c.] Though he respect to the persons, in whose cases they were to pro- should think to pacify God with offerings, yet God will nounce judgment : See Lev. xix. 15 : Deut. i. 17 ; / not accept them, or spare him. Bp. Hall. xvi. 19. This is to be “ partial in the law :" the mar- ! 13. And this have ye done again, &c.] And this have gin says, it is literally, according to the Hebrew, “ ye'ye added unto your other sins ; ye have dealt so cruelly