Imágenes de páginas
PDF

Before CHRIST

CHRIST

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

+ Heb. substance, Ezra 1.6.

Apocrypha.
I. ESDRAS.

Apocrypha rer him go up to Jerusalem that is in thumus, Beeltethmus, and + Semellius Before about 536. Judea, and build the house of the the secretary, with others that were about 522. | Or, this. Lord of Israel: for || he is the Lord in commission with them, dwelling in that dwelleth in Jerusalem.

Samaria and other places, wrote unto Ezra 4. 8. 6 Whosoever then dwell in the him against them that dwelt in Judea places about, let them help him, those, and Jerusalem these letters followI say, that are his neighbours, with ing; gold, and with silver,

17 To king Artaxerxes our lord,
7 With gifts, with horses, and with Thy servants, Rathumus the story-
cattle, and other things, which have writer, and Semellius the scribe, and
been set forth by vow, for the temple the rest of their council, and the
of the Lord at Jerusalem.

judges that are in Celosyria and
.8 q Then the chief of the families Phenice.
of Judea and of the tribe of Benjamin 18 Be it now known to the lord
stood up; the priests also, and the the king, that the Jews that are come
Levites, and all they whose mind the up from you to us, being come into
Lord had moved to go up, and to Jerusalem, that rebellious and wicked
build an house for the Lord at Jeru- city, do build the marketplaces, and
salem,

repair the walls of it, and do lay the
9 And they that dwelt round about foundation of the temple.
them, and helped them in all things 19 Now if this city and the walls
with silver and gold, with thorses thereof be made up again, they will
and cattle, and with very many free not only refuse to give tribute, but
gifts of a great number whose minds also rebel against kings.
were stirred up thereto.

20 And forasmuch as the things
10 King Cyrus also brought forth | pertaining to the temple are now in
the holy vessels, which Nabuchodo- hand, we think it meet not to neglect
nosor had carried away from Jerusa- such a matter,
lem, and had set up in his temple of 21 But to speak unto our lord the
idols.

king, to the intent that, if it be thy
11 Now when Cyrus king of the pleasure, it may be sought out in the
Persians had brought them forth, he books of thy fathers :
delivered them to Mithridates his 22 And thou shalt find in the
treasurer:

chronicles what is written concerning 12 And by him they were deliver these things, and shalt understand 1 Gr. Shash- ed to † Sanabassar the governor of that that city was rebellious, troubling

both kings and cities :
13 And this was the number of 23 And that the Jews were rebel-
joined to the them; A thousand golden cups, and lious, and raised always wars therein;
before a thousand of silver, + censers of sil- for the which cause even this city
+ Heb. knives. ver twenty nine, vials of gold thirty, was made desolate.

and of silver btwo thousand four hun- 24 Wherefore now we do declare
dred and ten, and a thousand other unto thee, O lord the king, that if
vessels.

this city be built again, and the walls
14 So all the vessels of gold and of thereof set up anew, thou shalt from

silver, which were carried away, were henceforth have no passage into Celo© Ezra 1. 11, five thousand four hundred three- syria and Phenice. sand your score and nine.

25 Then the king wrote back again 15 These were brought back by to Rathumus the storywriter, to Beeld Ezra 4.7. Sanabassar, together with them of the tethmus, to Semellius the scribe, and

je captivity, from Babylon to Jerusalem. to the rest that were in commission, which follow- 16 a But in the time of Artaxerxes and dwellers in Samaria and Syria epithet to the king of the Persians Belemus, and and Phenice, after this manner;

Mithridates, and Tabellius, and + Ra 26 I have read the epistle which

bazar: the first part of the word is corruptly

word going

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

about 522.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

hundred.

+ Bahumus, and the name tohich followeth is hutan

[ocr errors]

Chap. II. ver. 12. to Sanabassar] Or Shashbazar, valley lying between Libanus and Antilibanus. In as the margin states. See note at Ezra i. 8.

I a larger sense, the name is often made to include 17. - in Celosyria] The name Celosyria signifies a considerable portion of the adjoining parts of Syria. “Hollow Syria," and it is properly applied to the Calmet.

CHRIST

number of soldiers.

Apocrypha.
CHAP. II, III.

Apocrypha. Before r ye have sent unto me: therefore I of the guard that kept the king's body, about 522. commanded to make diligent search, spake one to another;

and it hath been found that that city 5 Let every one of us speak a
was from the beginning practising sentence : he that shall overcome,
against kings;

and whose sentence shall seem wiser
27 And the men therein were than the others, unto him shall the
given to rebellion and war: and that king Darius give great gifts, and
mighty kings and fierce were in Jeru- great things in token of victory:
salem, who reigned and exacted tri- 6 As, to be clothed in purple, to
butes in Celosyria and Phenice. drink in gold, and to sleep upon gold,

28 Now therefore I have command- and a chariot with bridles of gold, and
ed to hinder those men from building an headtire of fine linen, and a chain
the city, and heed to be taken that about his neck:
there be no more done in it; 1 7 And he shall sit next to Darius

29 And that those wicked workers because of his wisdom, and shall be
proceed no further to the annoyance called Darius his cousin.
of kings.

I 8 And then every one wrote his
30 Then king Artaxerxes his let- sentence, sealed it, and laid it under
ters being read, Rathumus, and Se- king Darius his pillow;
mellius the scribe, and the rest that 9 And said that, when the king is
were in commission with them, re- risen, some will give him the writings;

moving in haste toward Jerusalem and of whose side the king and the | Or, a great with a troop of horsemen and || a three princes of Persia shall judge

multitude of people in battle array, that his sentence is the wisest, to him about 520. began to hinder the builders; and the shall the victory be given, as was ap

building of the temple in Jerusalem pointed.
ceased until the second year of the 10 The first wrote, Wine is the
reign of Darius king of the Per- strongest.
sians.

11 The second wrote, The king is

strongest. CHAP. III.

12 The third wrote, Women are
4 Threc strive to excel each other in wise strongest: but above all things Truth

speeches, 9. They refer themselves to the beareth away the victory
judgment of the king. 18 The first de- ! 13 Now when the king was risen
clareth the strength of wine.

up, they took their writings, and de-
Vow when Darius reigned, he livered them unto him, and so he

V made a great feast unto all his read them:
subjects, and unto all his houshold, 14 And sending forth he called all
and unto all the princes of Media the princes of Persia and Media, and
and Persia,

the governors, and the captains, and
2 And to all the governors and the lieutenants, and the chief offi-
captains and lieutenants that were cers;
under him, from India unto Ethiopia, 15 And sat him down in the || royal 1 Or, council.
of an hundred twenty and seven pro- seat of judgment; and the writings
vinces.

were read before them.
3 And when they had eaten and 16 And he said, Call the young
drunken, and being satisfied were men, and they shall declare their own
gone home, then Darius the king sentences. So they were called, and
went into his bedchamber, and slept, came in.
and soon after awaked.

17 And he said unto them, Declare
4 Then three young men, that were unto us your mind concerning the

Chap. III. In the third and fourth chapters follows a themselves are too magnificent for such a contest, and narration of three young men that were of Darius's more proper to be bestowed on a general who had guard contending for the reward of a problem, or sen- gained a signal victory, or conquered divers provinces. tence, propounded by every one of them. The argu- | His design in the narrative seems to have been, to emments, it must be confessed, are weighty, and very | bellish the account of Zerubbabel by a circumstance so proper on the occasion ; but it is obvious that the honourable to him as the obtaining the prize. As the writer makes these candidates to prescribe, as it were, true Ezra takes no notice of it, it seems to be a tradito the king what gifts and rewards he shall bestow on tionary story founded probably on truth, but mixed with them in token of victory: and, besides, the rewards / some circumstances of less authority. Arnald, Calmet, VOL. II.

3C

Apocrypha.
I. ESDRAS.

Apocrypha.
writings. Then began the first, who 6. Likewise for those that are no
had spoken of the strength of wine; soldiers, and have not to do with

18 And he said thus, 0 ye men, wars, but use husbandry, when they
how exceeding strong is wine! it have reaped again that which they
causeth all men to err that drink it: had sown, they bring it to the king,

19 It maketh the mind of the king and compel one another to pay tribute
and of the fatherless child to be all unto the king.
one; of the bondman and of the free- 7 And yet he is but one man : if
man, of the poor man and of the he command to kill, they kill; if he
rich:

command to spare, they spare;
20 It turneth also every thought 8 If he command to smite, they
into jollity and mirth, so that a man smite; if he command to make deso-
remembereth neither sorrow nor debt: late, they make desolate; if he com-

21 And it maketh every heart rich, mand to build, they build;
so that a man remembereth neither 9 If he command to cut down, they
king nor governor; and it maketh to cut down; if he command to plant,
speak all things by talents:

they plant.
22 And when they are in their 10 So all his people and his armies
cups, they forget their love both to obey him: furthermore he lieth down,
friends and brethren, and a little after he eateth and drinketh, and taketh
draw out swords:

his rest:
23 But when they are from the 11 And these keep watch round
wine, they remember not what they about him, neither | may any one Or, car.
have done.

depart, and do his own business, nei24 O ye men, is not wine the ther disobey they him in any thing. strongest, that enforceth to do thus ? ! 12 0 ye men, how should not the And when he had so spoken, he held king be mightiest, when in such sort his peace.

he is obeyed? And he held his

tongue. CHAP. IV.

13 9 Then the third, who had | The second declareth the power of a king.

spoken of women, and of the truth, 13 The third the force of women, 33 and (This was Zorobabel) began to speak. of truth. The third is judged to be wisest, 14 ( ye men, it is not the great 47 and obtaineth letters of the king to king, nor the multitude of men, neibuild Jerusalem. 58 He praiseth God, and ther is it wine, that t excelleth: who + Heb. is ei sheweth his brethren what he had done.

"E is it then that ruleth them, or hath THEN the second, that had spoken the lordship over them? are they not

I of the strength of the king, be- women ? gan to say,

15 Women have borne the king 2 O ye men, do not men excel in and all the people that bear rule by || Or, have the strength, that || bear rule over sea and sea and land.

land, and all things in them? | 16 Even of them came they: and

3 But yet the king is more mighty: they nourished them up that planted
for he is lord of all these things, and the vineyards, from whence the wine
hath dominion over them; and what- cometh.
soever he commandeth them they do. 17 These also inake garments for

4 If he bid them make war the one men; these bring glory unto men;
against the other, they do it: if he and without women cannot men be.
send them out against the enemies, 18 Yea, and if men have gathered
they go, and break down mountains, together gold and silver, or any other
walls, and towers.

goodly thing, do they not love a
, 5 They slay and are slain, and woman which is comely in favour
transgress not the king's command- and beauty ?
ment: if they get the victory, they 19 And letting all those things go,
bring all to the king, as well the spoil, do they not gape, and even with
as all things else.

open mouth fix their eyes fast on

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Chap. IV. ver. 13. - (This was Zorobabel)] The author from the true Ezra, that Zerubbabel was at this time at here speaks of Zerubbabel as one of the king's (Darius's) Jerusalem, Ezra v. 2. Calmet. guards at Babylon; but, on the other hand, we learn

[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

the truth.

.

.

.

.

desperate.

[ocr errors]

Apocryphu.
CHAP. IV.

Apocrypha.
her; and have not all men more the heaven, swift is the sun in his
desire unto her than unto silver or course, for he compasseth the hea-
gold, or any goodly thing whatso- vens round about, and fetcheth his
ever?

course again to his own place in one
20 A man leaveth his own father day.
that brought him up, and his own 35 Is he not great that maketh
country, and cleaveth unto his wife. these things ? therefore great is the

21 He sticketh not to spend his truth, and stronger than all things.
life with his wife, and remembereth 36 All the earth || calleth upon ! Or, praiseth
neither father, nor mother, nor coun- the truth, and the heaven blesseth it: Athanasius.
try.

all works shake and tremble at it, and 22 By this also ye must know that with it is no unrighteous thing. women have dominion over you: do 37 Wine is wicked, the king is ye not labour and toil, and give and wicked, women are wicked, all the bring all to the woman?

children of men are wicked, and such
23 Yea, a man taketh his sword, are all their wicked works; and there
and goeth his way to rob and to steal, is no truth in them; in their unrigh-
to sail upon the sea and upon rivers ; teousness also they shall perish.

24 And looketh upon a lion, and 38 As for the truth, it endureth,
goeth in the darkness; and when he and is always strong; it liveth and
hath stolen, spoiled, and robbed, he conquereth for evermore.
bringeth it to his love.

1 39 With her there is no accepting
25 Wherefore a man loveth his of persons or rewards; but she doeth
wife better than father or mother. the things that are just, and refrain-

26 Yea, many there be that have eth from all unjust and wicked 10r, grown || run out of their wits for women, things; and all men do well like of

and become servants for their sakes. her works.

27 Many also have perished, have 40 Neither in her judgment is any erred, and sinned, for women. unrighteousness; and she is the

28 And now do ye not believe me? strength, kingdom, power, and mais not the king great in his power ? jesty, of all ages, Blessed be the God do not all regions fear to touch him? of truth.

29 Yet did I see him and Apame 41 And with that he held his

the king's concubine, the daughter of peace. And all the people then 1. Jos. Ant., the admirable || Bartacus, sitting at shouted, and said, Great is Truth, Rabsaces the right hand of the king,

| and mighty above all things.
30 And taking the crown from the 42 Then said the king unto him,
king's head, and setting it upon her Ask what thou wilt more than is ap-
own head; she also struck the king pointed in the writing, and we will
with her left hand.

give it thee, because thou art found
31 And yet || for all this the king wisest; and thou shalt sit next me,
gaped and gazed upon her with open and shalt be called my cousin.
mouth: if she laughed upon him, he 43 Then said he unto the king,
laughed also : but if she took any Remember thy vow, which thou hast

displeasure at him, the king was fain to vowed to build Jerusalem, in the day
Or, ben fatter, that she might || be reconciled when thou camest to thy kingdom,
to him again.

44 And to send away all the ves-
32 0 ye men, how can it be but sels that were taken away out of
women should be strong, seeing they Jerusalem, which Cyrus set apart,
do thus?

when he vowed to destroy Babylon, 33 Then the king and the princes and to send them again thither." looked one upon another: so he began 45 Thou also hast vowed to build to speak of the truth.

up the temple, which the Edomites 34 Oye men, are not women burned when Judea was made desostrong? great is the earth, high is late by the Chaldees.

27d, and sinw do ve

[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

lib. 11. cap. 3.

[ocr errors]

Themasus.

[ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors]

2

friends with him.

44. And to send away all the vessels which Cyrus had not executed the design: but this is contrary set apart,] It is here affirmed, that Zerubbabel to what the true Ezra affirms, and to what the author entreated Darius to send to Jerusalem the holy ves of this book himself affirms at chap. vi. 18, 19. Cal. sels, which Cyrus intended to have sent, as if 'Cyrus I met,

of land.

Apocrypha.
I. ESDRAS.

Apocrypha.
46 And now, O lord the king, this the day that the house were finished,
is that which I require, and which I and Jerusalem builded up.
desire of thee, and this is the princely 56 And he commanded to give to
liberality proceeding from thyself: | all that kept the city | pensions and 1 Or, portions
I desire therefore that thou make wages.
good the vow, the performance whereof 57 He sent away also all the ves-
with thine own mouth thou hast vowed sels from Babylon, that Cyrus had
to the King of heaven.

set apart; and all that Cyrus had
47 Then Darius the king stood up, given in commandment, the same
and kissed him, and wrote letters for charged he also to be done, and sent
him unto all the treasurers and lieu- unto Jerusalem.
tenants and captains and governors, 58 Now when this young man was
that they should safely convey on gone forth, he lifted up his face to
their way both him, and all those heaven toward Jerusalem, and praised
that go up with him to build Jeru- the King of heaven,
salem.

59 And said, From thee cometh
48 He wrote letters also unto the victory, from thee cometh wisdom,
lieutenants that were in Celosyria and and thine is the glory, and I am thy
Phenice, and unto them in Libanus, servant.
that they should bring cedarwood 60 Blessed art thou, who hast given
from Libanus unto Jerusalem, and me wisdom: for to thee I give thanks,
that they should build the city with O Lord of our fathers.
him.

| 61 And so he took the letters, and
49 Moreover he wrote for all the went out, and came unto Babylon,
Jews that went out of his realm up and told it all his brethren.
into Jewry, concerning their freedom, 62 And they praised the God of

that no officer, no ruler, no lieute- their fathers, because he had given
1 Or, sleward. nant, nor || treasurer, should forcibly them freedom and liberty
enter into their doors;

| 63 To go up, and to build Jerusa-
50 And that all the country which lem, and the temple which is called
they hold should be free without tri- by his name: and they feasted with
bute; and that the Edomites should instruments of musick and gladness
give over the villages of the Jews seven days.
which then they held :
51 Yea, that there should be yearly

CHAP. V.
given twenty talents to the building

o the building 4 The names and number of the Jews that of the temple, until the time that it returned home, 50 The altar is set up in were built;

his place. 57 The foundation of the iem52 And other ten talents yearly,

ple is laid. 73 The work is hindered for a
to maintain the burnt offerings upon
the altar every day, as they had a FTER this were the principal about 536.
commandment to offer seventeen: A men of the families chosen ac-

53 And that all they that went from cording to their tribes, to go up with
Babylon to build the city should have their wives and sons and daughters,
free liberty, as well they as their pos- with their menservants and maidser-
terity, and all the priests that went vants, and their cattle.
away.

2 And Darius sent with them a
54 He wrote also concerning the thousand horsemen, till they had
charges, and the priests' vestments brought them back to Jerusalem safe-
wherein they minister;

ly, and with musical [instruments]
55 And likewise for the charges of tabrets and flutes.
the Levites, to be given them until 3 And all their brethren played,

time.

46. that thou make good the vow, &c.) If this had the true history of Ezra. For, if it had been true that been the case, that Darius had engaged himself by a Darius, when he sent back the Jews to Jerusalem under solemn vow to rebuild their temple, there would have Zerubbabel, wrote to his officers presiding in that counbeen no need to search the archives with such diligence try in their favour, those officers would never have sent for the decree of Cyrus to that effect, as is represented to inquire by what authority they built the temple; nor at Ezra vi. 1. Calmet.

would Zerubbabel have had recourse to the ancient per 47.- and wrote letters for him unto all the treasurers mission granted by Cyrus to the Jews, rather than to &c.] That which is here related does not accord with this ordinance of Darius, Ezra v. 13, Calmet.

« AnteriorContinuar »