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+ Heb. substance, Ezra 1.6.
Apocrypha rer him go up to Jerusalem that is in thumus, Beeltethmus, and + Semellius Before about 536. Judea, and build the house of the the secretary, with others that were about 522. | Or, this. Lord of Israel: for || he is the Lord in commission with them, dwelling in that dwelleth in Jerusalem.
Samaria and other places, wrote unto Ezra 4. 8. 6 Whosoever then dwell in the him against them that dwelt in Judea places about, let them help him, those, and Jerusalem these letters followI say, that are his neighbours, with ing; gold, and with silver,
17 To king Artaxerxes our lord,
judges that are in Celosyria and
repair the walls of it, and do lay the
20 And forasmuch as the things
king, to the intent that, if it be thy
chronicles what is written concerning 12 And by him they were deliver these things, and shalt understand 1 Gr. Shash- ed to † Sanabassar the governor of that that city was rebellious, troubling
both kings and cities :
and of silver btwo thousand four hun- 24 Wherefore now we do declare
this city be built again, and the walls
silver, which were carried away, were henceforth have no passage into Celo© Ezra 1. 11, five thousand four hundred three- syria and Phenice. sand your score and nine.
25 Then the king wrote back again 15 These were brought back by to Rathumus the storywriter, to Beeld Ezra 4.7. Sanabassar, together with them of the tethmus, to Semellius the scribe, and
je captivity, from Babylon to Jerusalem. to the rest that were in commission, which follow- 16 a But in the time of Artaxerxes and dwellers in Samaria and Syria epithet to the king of the Persians Belemus, and and Phenice, after this manner;
Mithridates, and Tabellius, and + Ra 26 I have read the epistle which
bazar: the first part of the word is corruptly
+ Bahumus, and the name tohich followeth is hutan
Chap. II. ver. 12. — to Sanabassar] Or Shashbazar, valley lying between Libanus and Antilibanus. In as the margin states. See note at Ezra i. 8.
I a larger sense, the name is often made to include 17. - in Celosyria] The name Celosyria signifies a considerable portion of the adjoining parts of Syria. “Hollow Syria," and it is properly applied to the Calmet.
number of soldiers.
Apocrypha. Before r ye have sent unto me: therefore I of the guard that kept the king's body, about 522. commanded to make diligent search, spake one to another;
and it hath been found that that city 5 Let every one of us speak a
and whose sentence shall seem wiser
28 Now therefore I have command- and a chariot with bridles of gold, and
29 And that those wicked workers because of his wisdom, and shall be
I 8 And then every one wrote his
moving in haste toward Jerusalem and of whose side the king and the | Or, a great with a troop of horsemen and || a three princes of Persia shall judge
multitude of people in battle array, that his sentence is the wisest, to him about 520. began to hinder the builders; and the shall the victory be given, as was ap
building of the temple in Jerusalem pointed.
11 The second wrote, The king is
strongest. CHAP. III.
12 The third wrote, Women are
speeches, 9. They refer themselves to the beareth away the victory
up, they took their writings, and de-
V made a great feast unto all his read them:
the governors, and the captains, and
were read before them.
17 And he said unto them, Declare
Chap. III. In the third and fourth chapters follows a themselves are too magnificent for such a contest, and narration of three young men that were of Darius's more proper to be bestowed on a general who had guard contending for the reward of a problem, or sen- gained a signal victory, or conquered divers provinces. tence, propounded by every one of them. The argu- | His design in the narrative seems to have been, to emments, it must be confessed, are weighty, and very | bellish the account of Zerubbabel by a circumstance so proper on the occasion ; but it is obvious that the honourable to him as the obtaining the prize. As the writer makes these candidates to prescribe, as it were, true Ezra takes no notice of it, it seems to be a tradito the king what gifts and rewards he shall bestow on tionary story founded probably on truth, but mixed with them in token of victory: and, besides, the rewards / some circumstances of less authority. Arnald, Calmet, VOL. II.
18 And he said thus, 0 ye men, wars, but use husbandry, when they
19 It maketh the mind of the king and compel one another to pay tribute
command to spare, they spare;
21 And it maketh every heart rich, mand to build, they build;
depart, and do his own business, nei24 O ye men, is not wine the ther disobey they him in any thing. strongest, that enforceth to do thus ? ! 12 0 ye men, how should not the And when he had so spoken, he held king be mightiest, when in such sort his peace.
he is obeyed? And he held his
tongue. CHAP. IV.
13 9 Then the third, who had | The second declareth the power of a king.
spoken of women, and of the truth, 13 The third the force of women, 33 and (This was Zorobabel) began to speak. of truth. The third is judged to be wisest, 14 ( ye men, it is not the great 47 and obtaineth letters of the king to king, nor the multitude of men, neibuild Jerusalem. 58 He praiseth God, and ther is it wine, that t excelleth: who + Heb. is ei sheweth his brethren what he had done.
"E is it then that ruleth them, or hath THEN the second, that had spoken the lordship over them? are they not
I of the strength of the king, be- women ? gan to say,
15 Women have borne the king 2 O ye men, do not men excel in and all the people that bear rule by || Or, have the strength, that || bear rule over sea and sea and land.
land, and all things in them? | 16 Even of them came they: and
3 But yet the king is more mighty: they nourished them up that planted
4 If he bid them make war the one men; these bring glory unto men;
goodly thing, do they not love a
open mouth fix their eyes fast on
Chap. IV. ver. 13. - (This was Zorobabel)] The author from the true Ezra, that Zerubbabel was at this time at here speaks of Zerubbabel as one of the king's (Darius's) Jerusalem, Ezra v. 2. Calmet. guards at Babylon; but, on the other hand, we learn
course again to his own place in one
21 He sticketh not to spend his truth, and stronger than all things.
all works shake and tremble at it, and 22 By this also ye must know that with it is no unrighteous thing. women have dominion over you: do 37 Wine is wicked, the king is ye not labour and toil, and give and wicked, women are wicked, all the bring all to the woman?
children of men are wicked, and such
24 And looketh upon a lion, and 38 As for the truth, it endureth,
1 39 With her there is no accepting
26 Yea, many there be that have eth from all unjust and wicked 10r, grown || run out of their wits for women, things; and all men do well like of
and become servants for their sakes. her works.
27 Many also have perished, have 40 Neither in her judgment is any erred, and sinned, for women. unrighteousness; and she is the
28 And now do ye not believe me? strength, kingdom, power, and mais not the king great in his power ? jesty, of all ages, Blessed be the God do not all regions fear to touch him? of truth.
29 Yet did I see him and Apame 41 And with that he held his
the king's concubine, the daughter of peace. And all the people then 1. Jos. Ant., the admirable || Bartacus, sitting at shouted, and said, Great is Truth, Rabsaces the right hand of the king,
| and mighty above all things.
give it thee, because thou art found
displeasure at him, the king was fain to vowed to build Jerusalem, in the day
44 And to send away all the ves-
when he vowed to destroy Babylon, 33 Then the king and the princes and to send them again thither." looked one upon another: so he began 45 Thou also hast vowed to build to speak of the truth.
up the temple, which the Edomites 34 Oye men, are not women burned when Judea was made desostrong? great is the earth, high is late by the Chaldees.
27d, and sinw do ve
lib. 11. cap. 3.
friends with him.
44. And to send away all the vessels — which Cyrus had not executed the design: but this is contrary set apart,] It is here affirmed, that Zerubbabel to what the true Ezra affirms, and to what the author entreated Darius to send to Jerusalem the holy ves of this book himself affirms at chap. vi. 18, 19. Cal. sels, which Cyrus intended to have sent, as if 'Cyrus I met,
set apart; and all that Cyrus had
59 And said, From thee cometh
| 61 And so he took the letters, and
that no officer, no ruler, no lieute- their fathers, because he had given
| 63 To go up, and to build Jerusa-
o the building 4 The names and number of the Jews that of the temple, until the time that it returned home, 50 The altar is set up in were built;
his place. 57 The foundation of the iem52 And other ten talents yearly,
ple is laid. 73 The work is hindered for a
53 And that all they that went from cording to their tribes, to go up with
2 And Darius sent with them a
ly, and with musical [instruments]
46. — that thou make good the vow, &c.) If this had the true history of Ezra. For, if it had been true that been the case, that Darius had engaged himself by a Darius, when he sent back the Jews to Jerusalem under solemn vow to rebuild their temple, there would have Zerubbabel, wrote to his officers presiding in that counbeen no need to search the archives with such diligence try in their favour, those officers would never have sent for the decree of Cyrus to that effect, as is represented to inquire by what authority they built the temple; nor at Ezra vi. 1. Calmet.
would Zerubbabel have had recourse to the ancient per 47.- and wrote letters for him unto all the treasurers mission granted by Cyrus to the Jews, rather than to &c.] That which is here related does not accord with this ordinance of Darius, Ezra v. 13, Calmet.