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Before CHRIST

CHRIST

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Malachi reproveth the people

MALACHI.

for adultery and infidelity. Before tears, with weeping, and with crying, seek ta godly seed. Therefore take ca about 397. out, insomuch that he regardeth not heed to your spirit, and let none deal about 397.

the offering any more, or receiveth it || treacherously against the wife of
with good will at your hand.

his youth.
14 Yet ye say, Wherefore? Be- 16 For the LORD, the God of Is- unfaithfully.
cause the LORD hath been witness rael, saith || that he hateth † putting Or, if he
between thee and the wife of thy away: for one covereth violence with her away
youth, against whom thou hast dealt his garment, saith the Lord of hosts :
treacherously: yet is she thy com- therefore take heed to your spirit,
panion, and the wife of thy covenant. that ye deal not treacherously.

15 And did not he make one? Yet 17 q Ye have wearied the LORD had he the || residue of the spirit with your words. Yet ye say, Where. And wherefore one? That he might in have we wearied him? When ye

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| Or, excellency.

and unjustly with your wives, that ye have caused them - Therefore take heed to your spirit,] Do not give to wash the altars of God with the tears of their weeping way to an irregular and inordinate passion. W. Louth. and complaints : so that God, who hateth all iniquity, i6. For the Lord, saith that he hateth putting away: regards not your offering, &c. Bp. Hall.

&c.] Howsoever ye may unjustly pretend God's allow14. — Because the Lord hath been witness between thee, ance of this cominon dismission of your wives upon and the wife of thy youth, &c.] “Because the Lord hath every slight occasion, He professeth to hate these your been witness" of the contract or matrimonial promises, causeless repudiations of them: and whosoever doth made according to his law, and with solemn invocation this, what colour soever he sets upon it, yet doth but of His name, “between thee and the wife of thy cloak a violence and wrong, which God will revenge. youth ;" that is, her whom thou tookest in thy youth, Bp. Hall. but with whom thou now dealest treacherously, though ‘God hateth such an one, as He doth him that enshe were “thy companion," made so according to the deavoureth to conceal under his garment what he hath institution of God, Gen. ii. 24; Matt. xix. 5; "and the taken by violence. The second marriage is an act wife of thy covenant,” by mutual covenant espoused to of injustice and violence to the former wife. Aop. Nee thee. The conditions of this covenant, God being wit- come. ness to it, regards as necessarily binding on both parties, 17. Ye have wearied the Lord &c.] You have tired and requires the due performance of it from both. Dr. His patience by your blasphemous speeches, charging Pocock.

His providence with injustice : compare Isai. xliü. 24; If conjugal infidelity on the men's part hath not all Amos ii. 13. The words begin a new discourse, and the same aggravations which it hath on the women's, it more properly belong to the next chapter, where an hath very great ones in their stead. They are almost answer is given to the objection proposed. W. Lowth. constantly the tempters : they often carry on their God having declared that He would “make His name wicked designs for a long time together ; they too com- great among the Gentiles," for that He was “wearied” monly use the vilest means to accomplish them. And with the impiety of Israel, now proceeds to proclaim in as they claim the strictest fidelity, it is ungenerous, as an awful manner by the mouth of His Prophet, that the well as unjust, to fail of paying it. All men must feel Lord whom they sought should suddenly come to His how bitter it would be to them to be injured in this temple, preceded by that messenger, who like an harrespect ; let them think then what it is to be injurious binger should prepare His way; that the Lord, when in it : and since the crime is the same when committed He should appear, should purify the sons of Levi from by them, as when committed against them, let them their unrighteousness, and refine them as metal from own that it deserves the same condemnation from the the dross, chap. iii. 1-3; that then “the offering of Judge of the world. « The Lord hath been witness,” Judah," the spiritual sacrifice of the heart, should be saith the Prophet, “between thee and the wife of thy“ pleasant unto the Lord,” as was that of the patriarchs youth,” &c. Abp. Secker.

or their uncorrupted ancestors, chap. iii. 4; and that 15. And did not he make one ? &c.] Among various the Lord would quickly exterminate the corruptions and interpretations of the words, this seems most probable : / adulteries that prevailed. He proceeds with an exhortThat the Prophet puts the Jews in mind of the first in- ation to repentance; promising high rewards and restitution of marriage in paradise, as Christ did afterwards membrance to the righteous in that last day, when the upon a like occasion, (Matt. xix. 5,) and tells them, that Lord should select unto Himself a peculiar treasure, God made but one man at first, and made the woman and finally discern between the righteous and the out of him, when He could have created more women, wicked, chap. iii. 16–18. He concludes with another if He had pleased, since “He had the residue of the assurance of approaching salvation to those who feared spirit,” or was the Father of spirits, and so could at His God's name, from that “Sun of righteousness which will have created more spirits or souls : but He acted should arise with healing in His wings," and render as He did, in order to instruct men, that this was the them triumphant; enjoining till that day an observance true pattern of marriage, ordained for true love and un- of the law of Moses; till the advent of Elijah, the divided affection ; and best serving the chief end of Prophet, who before the coming of “that great and matrimony, namely the religious education of children; dreadful day of the Lord should turn the heart of the whereas in polygamy the children are brought up with fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to more or less care, in proportion to the affection men their fathers,” or produce a thorough amendment in bear to their several wives. This seems an easy and the minds of the people, chap. iv. 1-6. Dr. Gray. very probable interpretation, and is confirmed by our With this solemn promise of the Saviour, the last inSaviour's way of arguing against divorce, and conse-spired teacher of the Jewish Church closes the word of quently polygamy, Matt. xix. 4, 5, 6. W. Lowth. Dr. prophecy, till a greater Prophet should arise again to Pocock.

open it. Bp. Horsley.

Of the messenger
CHAP. II, III.

of Christ. Before say, Every one that doeth evil is good 13 and infidelity of the people. 16 The Before CHRIST

CHRIST about 397. in the sight of the LORD, and he de promise of blessing to them that fear God. ab

about 397. lighteth in them; or, Where is the REHOLD, “I will send my mes

a Matt. 11. God of judgment?

senger, and he shall prepare the 10. way before me: and the LORD, whom Mark 1.2:

Luke 1. 76. & CHAP. III.

ye seek, shall suddenly come to his 7.27. 1 Cf the messenger, majesty, and grace of temple, even the messenger of the

Christ. 7 Of the rebellion, 8 sacrilege, | covenant, whom ye delight in : beEvery one that doeth evil &c.] A repetition of by whom all things are sustained and governed ; who is, the old objection against Providence, taken from the as the root of the word imports, the basis and foundaprosperity of the wicked, which implied, as the objector tion, not of any private family, tribe, or kingdom, but thought, either that their works were pleasing to God, of all; “ by whom are all things, and we by Him,” or else that He disregarded human affairs, and would i Cor. viii. 6; and whose we are also by right of renever call men to account for their actions. W. Lowth. demption: and so “He is Lord of lords, and King

of kings," Rev. xvii. 14, and xix. 16; and deservedly Chap. III. ver. 1. Behold, I will send my messenger, entitled “the Lord.” Dr. Pocock. &c.] Behold, I will stop the mouths of all such blas- Of the characters, under which the Person, whose phemous cavillers : I will, in My appointed time, send coming is foretold, is described, the first is, that He My messenger, John the Baptist, and he shall prepare is “the Lord.” “The Lord shall come to His temple.” the way before My personal and visible coming; lo, the The temple, in the writings of a Jewish Prophet, cannot Messiah, even the Lord whom ye wait for, shall ere long be understood otherwise, according to the literal meancome into His temple, &c. Bp. Hall.

ing, than of the temple at Jerusalem. Of this temple, This is an answer to the blasphemous question of the therefore, the Person to come is here expressly called perverse scoffers of that time, who from the prosperity the Lord. The lord of any temple, in the language of of the wicked took occasion to question God's justice : all writers, and in the natural meaning of the phrase, is God assures them that a time should come, when He the divinity to whose worship it is consecrated. To no would, by executing His just judgment on the wicked, other divinity the temple of Jerusalem was consecrated, shew that He took due notice of all their deeds. The than the true and everlasting God, the Lord Jehovah, words, as a Jewish expositor observes, are a most illus- the Maker of heaven and earth. Here then we have the trious prophecy of Christ, in which this last of Prophets express testimony of Malachi, that the Christ, the Debefore Christ's coming reassures the Jews of His coming, liverer, whose coming he announces, was no other than and warns them to expect it. Dr. Pocock.

the Jehovah of the Old Testament. Jehovah by His my messenger,] The messenger, whose office it angels had delivered the Israelites from the Egyptian is to “prepare the way before the Lord,” who is said bondage ; and the same Jehovah was to come in person here to be " coming suddenly" after this His forerunner, to His temple, to effect the greater and more general is described by Isaiah as “preparing the way of the deliverance, of which the former was but an imperfect Lord,” who is spoken of as coming, and “ His glory” type. Bp. Horsley, as just ready" to be revealed," chap. xl. 3,5. A com — shall suddenly come to his temple,] The time of parison of the passages proves, that this prophecy is His coming is said to be “suddenly ;" namely, after the justly applied by all the Evangelists to John the Baptist, messenger, that was to prepare His way; and is imwho is described under the person of Elijah in the fol- plied to be under that temple, which they despised and lowing chapter, (ver. 5,) whom all the Jews, both ancient profaned, but of which He should be the glory. Bp. and modern, expected as a forerunner of the Messiah : Chandler. see the note there. The messenger or prophet, (see the Agreeably to this, the temple was the theatre of our note on chap. ï. 7,) here foretold to be the Lord's har- Lord's publick ministry at Jerusalem : there He daily binger, was to be as much inferiour to the Lord Himself, taught the people; there he held frequent disputations as servants are to a great person, of whose arrival they with the unbelieving Scribes and Pharisees. But there give notice. This John the Baptist often confessed, are three particular passages of His life in which this Matt. iii. 11; John i. 26 ; iii. 28; and the same appears prophecy appears to have been more remarkably fulfrom the following words. W. Lowth, Bp. Chandler. filled: the first is related in John ii. 13–16; the second

- he shall prepare the way Like pioneers on the in John vii. 37-40; the third in Matt. xxi. 1-13. In march of an Eastern monarch : see Bp. Lowth's note on one, or in all, but chiefly in the last of these three reIsai. xl. 2. Abp. Newcome. He was to usher in the markable passages of His life, did Jesus of Nazareth Lord, that was to follow him, and supply the place of display in His own Person, and in His conduct claim, harbinger, who was wont to be sent before a great prince, the first and greatest character of the Messiah, foretold to give notice at the place of the prince's coming, and and described by all the preceding Jewish Prophets, as to dispose matters for his reception, according to his well as by Malachi here, “the Lord coming to His temdignity. Bp. Chandler. John the Baptist fully made ple.” Bp. Horsley, good this promise by preaching repentance, Matt. iii. 2; - even the messenger of the covenant,l As Jesus of by baptizing unto repentance, ver. 11; by bearing witness Nazareth was “the Lord” of the Jewish temple, so also to Christ, and pointing Him out to the people, that they was He “the messenger of the covenant,” which had might believe on Him, John i. 29, &c. Dr. Pocock. been foretold by Jeremiah and Ezekiel. That cove

- and the Lord, - shall come to his temple, 1 nant was to be different from the Mosaick: general, There is hardly a Jew, ancient or modern, that does not for all nations; everlasting, for all ages; a law written

Chandler. And who by this “ Lord” is meant, is agreed as God's Messenger propounded, is altogether different on all hands by Christian interpreters; namely, that it from the Mosaick: it is propounded generally, to all is Christ, whom “God hath made both Lord and nations; and in the terms of it, is fitted to be everlastChrist,” Acts ii. 36, and who is “ Lord of all,” chap. / ing, for all ages; it is a law written in the heart. Asx. 36; by whom “all things were made," John i. 3 ; suredly, then, Jesus of Nazareth was the Messenger of

Of the messenger, majesty,

MALACHI.

and grace of Christ. Before hold, he shall come, saith the LORD! 5 And I will come near to you to Before

CHRIST about 397.

I judgment; and I will be a swift wit- about 397.
2 But who may abide the day of ness against the sorcerers, and against
his coming ? and who shall stand the adulterers, and against false
when he appeareth ? for he is like a swearers, and against those that || op- [ Or, defraud.
refiner's fire, and like fullers' sope: press the hireling in his wages, the

3 And he shall sit as a refiner and widow, and the fatherless, and that
purifier of silver : and he shall purify turn aside the stranger from his right,
the sons of Levi, and purge them as and fear not me, saith the Lord of
gold and silver, that they may offer hosts.
unto the LORD an offering in righ- 6 For I am the LORD, I change
teousness.

not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are
4 Then shall the offering of Judah not consumed.
and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the 7 | Even from the days of your

LORD, as in the days of old, and as fathers ye are gone away from mine | Or, ancient. in || former years.

ordinances, and have not kept them. the covenant foretold by the Prophets Jeremiah and revere, and the children of this world ever will misinEzekiel. Bp. Horsley.

terpret and despise. Thus “many shall be purified, whom ye seek, - whom ye delight in :) This is and made white, and tried ; but the wicked shall do commonly understood as alluding to the general expec- wickedly.” Messiah was to “purify the sons of Levi." tation of the Messiah, and the delight and consolation The doctrine of Jesus has in many nations reformed which the devout part of the Jewish nation derived from the publick worship of God; and we trust that the rethe hope and prospect of His coming. Edit.

formation will gradually become general. Us of the 2. - for he is like a refiner's fire, &c.] In this, and in Gentiles He has reclaimed from the abominations of the 3d and 5th verses, we see the Messiah's business idolatry; and hath taught us to loathe and execrate the described in various branches, which are reducible how rites, whereby our forefathers sought the favour of their ever to these : the final judgment, when the wicked devils, for they were not gods; the impure rites of shall be destroyed; a previous trial or experiment of human sacrifice and public prostitution; things, which the different tempers and dispositions of men, in order it were unfit to mention or remember, but that we may to that judgment; and something to be done for their the better understand from what a depth of corruption amendment and improvement. The trial is signified the mercy of God hath raised us. Blindness, it must under the image of an assayist's separation of the nobler , be confessed, is at present upon Israel; but the time metals from the dross with which they are blended in shall come, when they shall turn to the Lord, and when the ore : the means used for the amendment and im- we shall unite with them in the pure worship of God, provement of mankind, by the Messiah's atonement for and in the just praises of the Lamb. “Then shall the our sins, by the preaching of the Gospel, and by the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the internal influences of the Holy Spirit, all these means, Lord;" then shall the Lord Jesus come again, to exeemployed under the Messiah's covenant for the refor- cute what remains of the Messiah's office; to absolve mation of men, are expressed under the image of “ful- and to condemn. God grant that we may be enabled lers' sope,” which restores a soiled garment to its to “abide the day of His coming, and to stand when original purity. One particular effect of this purifi- | he appeareth.” Bp. Horsley. cation is to be, that “the sons of Levi” will be purified. It is not possible to find any other Person, to whom The worship of God shall be purged of all hypocrisy the words of this prophecy will apply. From Malachi, and superstition, and reduced to a few simple rites, the to the destruction of the temple, no one can be named, natural expressions of true devotion. And then shall except the Lord Jesus who is able to make any prethis offering of Judah and Jerusalem," that is, of the tension to the express characters in this prediction. true members of God's true Church, “be pleasant unto St. Mark therefore had good reason to introduce his the Lord.” These then are the particulars of the busi- Gospel with this unexceptionable text of Malachi, in ness, on which the Messiah, according to this prophecy, order to shew the connexion between the Old and New was to come. Bp. Horsley.

Testament, and that one began where the other ended. 3. And he shall sit as a refiner &c.] The third charac- | There was no Jew at that time, who did not agree to ter, that of the Judge, who shall execute God's final the application of this prophecy to the Messiah according vengeance on the wicked, is a character, which Jesus of to the letter. No Christian since had been so wild, Nazareth hath not yet assumed, otherwise than by de- as to fancy any other sense of it. Even the learned claring that hereafter He will assume it. His first com- Grotius, so willing and so capable, as he appears to be ing was not to judge the world, but that the world at other times, to invent double meanings, yields up this through Him might be saved. Nevertheless “the Fa- prophecy to Christ, as concerning Him only, and no ther hath committed all judgment unto the Son;" who other person. Bp. Chandler. “ in the last day shall come again in His glorious ma- 6. - therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed.] Bejesty, to judge both the quick and dead.” In the mean cause I am the same yesterday, to day, and for ever, as time the particulars of the business, upon which Mes My name Jehovah imports, and am true to My former siah was to come, appear no less evidently in the per- / promises, (see Exod. vi. 3, 4, 6,) therefore you still conformances of Jesus than the personal characters in His tinue a people, and are not consumed, as your iniquities Person. The Messiah was to try the tempers and dis- deserve. And I will still preserve a remnant of you, to positions of mankind. This Jesus does, by the duties, make good to them the promises I made to your fathers: to which He calls us, and the doctrine, which He has see Rom. ix. 29. W. Lowth. left with us; duties, in which faith alone can engage us 7. Even from the days of your fathers &c.] From this to persist; a doctrine, which the pure in heart ever will / verse to the end of the 12th, the people are reprehended

+ Heb. in

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Of the rebellion, sacrilege,

CHAP. III, IV.

and infidelity of the people. Before Return unto me, and I will return God: and what profit is it that we Before CHRIST

CHRIST about 397. unto you, saith the Lord of hosts. But have kept + his ordinance, and that about 397.

ye said, Wherein shall we return? we have walked + mournfully before b Zech.l.

+ Heb. his 8 Will a man rob God? Yet ye the Lord of hosts?

observation. have robbed me. But ye say, Where- 15 And now we call the proud blacks in have we robbed thee? In tithes happy; yea, they that work wickedand offerings.

ness + are set up; yea, they that + Heb. are 9 Ye are cursed with a curse: for ye e tempt God are even delivered. Psal. 95. 9. have robbed me, even this whole nation. 16 4 Then they that feared the

10 Bring ye all the tithes into the LORD spake often one to another: storehouse, that there may be meat and the Lord hearkened, and heard in mine house, and prove me now it, and a book of remembrance was

herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if written before him for them that c Gen. 7. 11. I will not open you the windows of feared the Lord, and that thought + Heb. empty heaven, and † pour you out a bless- upon his name.

ing, that there shall not be room enough 17 And they shall be mine, saith
to receive it.

the Lord of hosts, in that day when 11 And I will rebuke the devourer I make up my ll jewels; and I will ! Or, special + Heb. for your sakes, and he shall not +des- spare them, as a man spareth his own

troy the fruits of your ground; neither son that serveth him.
shall your vine cast her fruit before 18 Then shall ye return, and dis-
the time in the field, saith the Lord cern between the righteous and the
of hosts.

wicked, between him that serveth
12 And all nations shall call you God and him that serveth him not.
blessed: for ye shall be a delightsome

CHAP. IV. land, saith the Lord of hosts.

1 God's judgment on the wicked, 2 and his d Job 21. 14. 13 9 Your words have been d stout

blessing on the good. 4 He exhorteth to
against me, saith the Lord. Yet yel the study of the law, 5 and telleth of
say, What have we spoken so much | Elijah's coming and office.
against thee?

DOR, behold, the day cometh, that 14 Ye have said, It is vain to serve I shall burn as an oven; and all for withholding the legal tithes and oblations; and are “the vessels of mercy" from “the vessels of wrath,” assured that they are under a curse for this breach of Rom. ix. 22, 23; the “vessels of honour," from the the law, and that the opposite conduct will derive on“ vessels of dishonour,” 2 Tim. ii. 20: and then shall them a blessing. Abp. Newcome.

appear who are His, and who are otherwise. Dr. Pocock. 11.- the devourer] Locusts, and such like devouring 18. Then shall ye return, and discern &c.] Then shall insects, (compare Amos iv. 9,) blighting winds, &c. you change your minds, and discern that God did always W. Lowth.

observe the actions of men. Dr. Pocock. Or, “then 13. Your words have been stout against me, &c.] From shall ye again discern;" that is, God shall give you a this verse to the end of the third verse of the next new proof, that He puts a difference between the good chapter the Prophet expostulates with the wicked for and the bad, and shall thereby fully answer your objectheir hard speeches; and declares that God will make tions to His providence. W. Lowth. a fearful distinction between them and the righteous. Abp. Newcome.

Chap. IV. ver. 1. For, behold, the day cometh, &c.] 16. Then they that feared the Lord spake often one to | The connexion of these words with the preceding is so another :] Or,“ spake one to another;" the word often apparent, that there seems no reason why they should is not in the Hebrew. By their pious discourses, they have been separated, and made the beginning of a new confirmed each other in goodness; and armed them- chapter. The words themselves are an image or descripselves against the impressions, which the foregoing tion of the final judgment on the Jews in their destrucwicked suggestions might make upon their minds. tion, and an image or representation of the last general W. Lowth.

judgment on all mankind. The former was certainly - and a book of remembrance was written before then to come on the Jews, if not prevented by their him &c.] God took especial notice of what these pious repentance, as it was not : the latter is yet to come, but persons did and said : it was as safely laid up in His shall in God's appointed time as certainly come, as if memory, as if it had been entered into a register, in it were already present. Of both therefore it might order to be produced at the day of judgment, to their then be said, “ Behold, the day cometh ;" that is, it shall praise and honour. Compare Ps. lvi. 8; Isai. lxv. 6; certainly come: and the description is so full of terrour, Dan, vii. 10; Rev. xx. 12. W. Lowth. The “book of that it may be well applied both to one and to the other. remembrance" is a beautiful allusion to the records kept | The primary intention however of the Prophet seems by kings. See Esth. vi. 1. Abp. Newcome.

to have been, to describe the judgment denounced 17.- in that day when I make up my jewels ;] Or, upon the Jews, to whom he was peculiarly sent to reespecial treasure," as in the margin. The meaning is, prove them for their sins, and to admonish them of the that although God suffer His “jewels” and “ peculiar consequences of impenitence. Dr. Pocock. treasure" to lie for a while mingled with the rubbish - that shall burn as an oven ;] That is, it shall try and dross, without distinction, yet a day shall come every man's work, searching it as thoroughly as fire when He will sever what is precious from what is vile; 'does things that are put into it. Abp. Secker.

Before

God's blessing on the good.

MALACHI.

Elijah's coming and office. Before the proud, yea, and all that do wickely, 4 I Remember ye the blaw of Before

Before CHRIST

CHRIST about 397. shall be stubble: and the day that Moses my servant, which I com- about 397. cometh shall burn them up, saith the manded unto him in Horeb for all

b Exod. 20.3. LORD of hosts, that it shall leave Israel, with the statutes and judgthem neither root nor branch. ments. 2 But unto you that fear my 5 | Behold, I will send you Eli-Matt. 11. 14.

Luke 1. 17. a Luke 1. 78. name shall the a Sun of righteousness jah the prophet before the coming of Mark 9. 11.

arise with healing in his wings; and the great and dreadful day of the
ye shall go forth, and grow up as LORD:
calves of the stall.

6 And he shall turn the heart of
3 And ye shall tread down the the fathers to the children, and the
wicked; for they shall be ashes under heart of the children to their fathers,
the soles of your feet in the day that I | lest I come and smite the earth with

shall do this, saith the Lord of hosts. a curse. - and all the proud, &c.] Compare chap. iii. 15. xlviii. 10. Our Saviour has interpreted this Elias to be

2. the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his John the Baptist, Matt. xi. 14 ; xvii, 12, 13. W. Lorth. wings ;] The Messiah is called here “the Sun of righte- 6. And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the ousness with healing in His wings," to signify that children, &c.] The passage may be translated, “He shall His light clears up men's understandings, and chases turn the heart of the fathers with the children," &c.; that away the darkness of their minds, and that His rays and is, he shall do his part to cause a national reformation, kindly warmth will heal all the diseases of their souls. to convert fathers and children, all together, from their W. Lowth. Compare Isai. Ix. 1-3; Rev. xii. 1. evil practices, and restore a true sense of religion, which

What the sun is to the world, that Christ is to His was then dwindled into form, and so remove the Church. As the sun gives not only light to the world, curse,” the utter excision, denounced upon this land; but heat, motion, and activity to all things in it; and namely, Judea. In Scripture he is said to do a thing, invigorates the earth, and makes it fruitful; so does who does every thing proper and likely to effect it, Christ, “the Sun of righteousness,” cause righteous- though the effect be not produced. The real Elijah in ness to spring up in His Church, and, being long since Ahab's days did no more; nor were his endeavours risen, He shines continually upon it, with healing in followed with success. Bp. Chandler. His wings or rays, even the wholesome benign influ- The Messiah is now come, and the Jews would not ences of His Holy Spirit, whereby He heals us of our know Him, but rejected Him, and despitefully used unfruitfulness, and all our spiritual distempers. Bp. Him : for which their obstinacy, that « great and

dreadful day of the Lord” is also come upon them, - and ye shall go forth, and grow up &c.] This and He “hath smitten the earth," that is, them promise of deliverance was manifestly made good to the and their land, with such a curse, so terrible a Christians, who were warned of God to go forth of Je- destruction, as makes good all that is here spoken, rusalem, before it was invested by the Roman army: and shews that not one word of this prophecy is by which means they were rescued from the common fallen to the ground. They now remain an ensample destruction, that came upon the unbelievers, and con- to all others, who shall despise or neglect, as they did, tinued thriving and vigorous, (compare Ps. xcii. 14,) the offered means of grace. All the admonitions adwhilst the rest of the nation were consumed with divers dressed to them, and all God's methods for preparing kinds of death. Dr. Pocock, W. Lowth.

them for the day of His coming here mentioned, equally 3. And ye shall tread down the wicked ; &c.] The righ concern us in respect of that other day of His coming teous shall triumph in the destruction of the ungodly, typified by the former; and it will be necessary for us as conquerors trample on the carcases of those that are to apply them to our own concerns, and to make use slain in battle. Compare 2 Sam, xxii. 43; Mic. vii. 10; of them for our benefit, without expecting another Zech. x. 5. W. Lowth.

Elias, to forewarn and convert us. We have no pro4. Remember ye the law of Moses &c.] Ye are not to mise of any such, and it would be to no purpose if we expect any Prophets for the time to come, till the fore- had. We have Moses and the Prophets : we have the runner of the Messiah appears : so your chief care must admonitions of John the Baptist, and of Christ Hinbe to attend to the instructions which Moses has given self: and we have the example of the Jews, who were in his law, the most solemn part of which was delivered punished for not hearkening to them: and if we will to him in an audible manner upon mount Horeb, Exod. not hear and be warned by them, neither will we be xix. 9; Deut. iv, 10. This your lawgiver plainly speaks persuaded though Elias or John the Baptist should rise of the Messiah, and instructs you to expect His coming, from the dead, or Christ should come again in the flesh and to obey His commands, Deut. xviii. 15. W. Lowth. to convert us. Sufficient to induce us to prepare our

5. Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet] The selves, or to leave us without excuse if we do not, are same person who is called the “messenger” or fore- those admonitions of His, extending to all generations, runner of the Messiah, chap. iii. 1. It was the unani-“Watch therefore : for ye know not what hour your mous sense of the Jews, that “Elias should first come and Lord doth come;" and again, “Therefore be ye also restore all things," Mark ix. 12; John i. 21. This they ready : for in such an hour as ye think not, the Son of understood of the coming of Elias in person ; see Ecclus. ' man cometh,” Matt. xxiv. 42, 44. Dr. Pocock.

The following are the Chapters from Malachi appointed for Proper Lessons, or as the portion of Scripture

for an Epistle, on Holydays : Chap. III. ver. 1-5.... Purification, .... For the Epistle, I Chap. III............ St. John Baptist.............Morning.

Chap. IV..........St. John Baptist..........Evening.

THE END OF THE PROPHETS.

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