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blessed To bias and his wife, Junius.
Apocrypha. 14 6 And early in the morning they 9 But Tobias said, No; but let
went forth both together, and came me go to my father. | Or, Gabael to the wedding: and || Tobias blessed 10 Then Raguel arose, and gave
him Sara his wife, and half his goods,
servants, and cattle, and money: CHAP. X.
11 And he blessed them, and sent
She will not be comforted by her husband. ven give you a prosperous journey,
12 And he said to his daughter,
Honour thy father and thy mother in
law, which are now thy parents, that
I may hear good report of thee. And of the journey were expired, and
he kissed her. Edna also said to
Tobias, The Lord of heaven restore
thee, my dear brother, and grant that
I may see thy children of my daugh-
ter Sara before I die, that I may
rejoice before the Lord: behold, I
to be safely long; and she began to bewail him,
special trust; wherefore do not entreat kept.
| CHAP. XI.
His father meeteth him at the door, and re-
17 and welcometh his daughter in law.
1 4 And take in thine hand the gall
notes at 2 Kings xii. 10; Job xiv. 17. It is the cus- Jewish brides brought to their husbands was differen: tom of Persia always to seal up bags of money; and according to the circumstances of their parents. As the money of the king's treasure is not told, but is Sarah was an only child, and disposed of in marriage received by bags sealed up. Sir J. Chardin.
according to her parent's wishes, and agreeably to the
determination and appointment of the Mosaical lax, Chap. X. ver. 6. — take no care, for he is safe.] To Raguel gives her half his substance in the present, and the great concern expressed by his wife at the long ab- engages to bestow the remainder at his death, chap sence of her son, and the apprehension of his death, viii. 21. Arnald. Tobit calmly and tenderly replies, that she ought not to 12. -- restore thee, my dear brother,] Grant thee a safe be thus discouraged and dejected; he was persuaded, return. “Brother” is used as an expression of tender. through a faith and trust in God, that his son was safe, ness and affection. Arnald. and that some unforeseen accident on Gabael's part, and not any misfortune, had occasioned the delay. We can- ' Chap. XI. ver. 1 — till they drew near unto NERET not but admire the exemplary patience of Tobit on all | The meaning seems to be, that the whole company went occasions, who, though poor, blind, old, and almost together till they came within a day's, or some bours, childless in every sense, yet never desponds or charges journey of Nineveh ; and then Tobias and Raphael God foolishly. Arnald.
went on before to prepare for their reception in his fa10. - and half his goods,] The dowry which the ther's house. Arnald.
is also called Nasbas.
brought thee unto us, and blessed be 7 Then said Raphael, I know, thy father and thy mother. And Tobias, that thy father will open his there was joy among all his brethren eyes.
which were at Nineve. 8 Therefore anoint thou his eyes 18 And Achiacharus, || and Nasbas ! Junius, who with the gall, and being pricked his brother's son, came : therewith, he shall rub, and the white- 19 And Tobias' wedding was kept ness shall fall away, and he shall see seven days with great joy. thee. 9 Then Anna ran forth, and fell.
5 Tobit offereth half to the angel for his upon the neck of her son, and said
pains. 6 But he calleth them both aside, unto him, Seeing I have seen thee,
and exhorteth them, 15 and telleth them my son, from henceforth I am con that he was an angel, 21 and was seen no tent to die. And they wept both. more.
10 Tobit also went forth toward M H EN Tobit called his son Tobias,
that the man have his wages, which
father, it is no harm to me to give
likewise healed thee.
said unto him, Take half of all that
him for the things which he hath
17 But Tobit gave thanks before 1 7 It is good to keep close the them, because God had mercy on secret of a king, but it is honourable him. And when he came near to to reveal the works of God. Do that
6. — when she espied him coming,] The words may be taneous a cure without special Divine interference. properly rendered, “when she perceived that he was Drusius. coming,” perhaps discovering him by the dog, ver. 4. 18.- Achiacharus, and Nasbas his brother's son,] Allowing this to be the meaning, it explains the reason Achiacharus is mentioned at chap. i. 22, as his brother's of the dog being mentioned, and the incident is by no son. Thus it has been conjectured, that the expression means low or ridiculous, but rather natural and familiar. here should be, “Achiacharus, who was also Nasbas, Dr. Gray.
his brother's son.” Arnald. 13. And the whiteness pilled away? We must under 19. — Tobias' wedding was kept] His wedding was cestand the Divine power to have particularly concurred lebrated, or the entertainments on account of his wedding with the natural means, for the cure of Tobit's blindness. were continued, for seven days. See note at chap.viii. 19. For although the gall of the fish may have had this natural power, yet it could not have effected so instan- 1 Chap. XII. ver. 7. - it is honourable to reveal the
not, for it shall go well with you;
9 For alms doth deliver from death, unto you; but I did neither eat nor su
for I go up to him that sent me; but
| how the angel of the Lord had ap-
go and cover the dead, thy good deed God that liveth for ever, and blessed
| 2 a For he doth scourge, and hath a Deut. s
any that can avoid his hand.
16 Then they were both troubled, extol him before all the living: for
our Father for ever.
works of God.] Implying, that the more the works of According to some opinions, seven is here put for an God are made manifest and revealed, the more they pro- indefinite number, since we have frequent mention of an claim His honour and glory, and call for a larger tribute infinite number of angels before the throne of God; of praise and thanksgiving. Arnald.
Dan. vii. 10 ; Rev. v. 11; but it is more probable that 9. – shall be filled with life : 7 Though life eternal is seven principal angels are meant, the most exalted, most not expressly mentioned here, yet it is implied, and forms glorious, and chief of the heavenly host, that hold the the true sense of the passage. Almsgiving is not a na- first rank in the hierarchy of angels, and are as prines tural means of procuring a long and happy life, though in the court of the sovereign Lord of the universe. God, by bestowing His blessing on the charitable man, · Arnald. is often pleased so to order it. Tobit himself was an 20. — write all things - in a book. It has commonly instance of the poverty to which those may sometimes been believed, that Tobit and Tobias wrote their own be reduced who shew the greatest zeal in exercising history; an opinion which has been principally founded works of charity. The following verse confirms this on the command here given by the angel. Arnald. sense, “they that sin are enemies to their own life;" | that is, they bring upon themselves death and destruco Chap. XIII. ver. 2.- he leadeth down to hell,7 The tion, or they expose themselves to eternal misery. Cal- expression seems taken from the song of Hannah, 1 Sam. met, Arnald.
ii. 6, “ The Lord killeth, and maketh alive : He 12.- I did bring the remembrance &c.] The opinion, bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up.” What that the angels, as ministers of God, presented to Him consolation do these words administer to one of sound the supplications of men, was extremely ancient. Ar- | faith ; and how refreshing is it to the afflicted servants nald.
of God, to be assured that the chastisement, by which 15. — one of the seven holy angels,] We find the seven He proves their virtue, tends to their good, and will end angels, or spirits, mentioned at Rev. i. 4 ; iv. 5 ; v. 6. | happily at last! Arnald.
to a sinful habis might and mae shall be glad for everthy glory, and
6 If ye turn to him with your children of the just: for they shall be
precious stone: thy walls and towers
8 Let all men speak, and let all buncle and stones of Ophir.
18 And all her streets shall say,
CHA P. XIV.
3 Tobit giveth instructions to his son, 8 speis good : and praise the everlasting
cially to leave Nineve. 11 He and his wife King, that his tabernacle may be die, and are buried. 12 Tobias removeth
builded in thee again with joy, and to Ecbatane, 14 and there died, after he | Or, to make. || let him make joyful there in thee had heard of the destruction of Nineve.
those that are captives, and love in So Tobit made an end of praising
11 Many nations shall come from 2 And he was eight and fifty years
| Or, he will lay a scourge upon the works of thy children.
6. — declare his might and majesty to a sinful nation.] and prays for its accomplishment. There is no necesBy “a sinful nation” he seems to mean the Israelites, sity of supposing, in regard to this or any other exnow captive on account of their sins. Thus he blesses pression, that Tobit possessed the gist of prophecy; he God and magnifies His power and justice, not for His seems, on the contrary, entirely to ground his observafavours, but for His chastisement sent upon an un- tions on the writings of the inspired Prophets who gratful people, laden with iniquity, who had rendered preceded him. Arnald. themselves unworthy of His mercy. In this he acts as 11. Many nations shall come from far &c.] He seems is becoming the true servants of God, who bless Him here to refer to Ps. lxxii. 10, 11. even for the afflictions with which He is pleased to visit 16. — with sapphires, and emeralds, &c.] This descripthem, and acknowledge the justice of His conduct to- / tion seems to be taken from Isai. liv. 11, 12. Grotius. wards them, even though He does not distinguish their 18. — all her streets shall say, &c.] In the Latin lot from that of sinners. Arnald. Or, by declaring copies, it is expressed, “ through all her streets Allelu“ His might and majesty to a sinful nation,” may be jah shall be sung.” Calmet. meant, that he was then publishing the wonderful works | Alleluia ,] See note at Ps. cv. 45. of God to the Assyrians, for the purpose of converting them from their idolatries to the religion of the true Chap. XIV. ver. 2.- was eight and fifty years old) God. Grotius.
The different copies vary considerably respecting Tobit's 10. — that his tabernacle may be builded in thee again] | age at this time, and also respecting his age, and that Tobit seems here to refer to Amos ix. 11, “In that day of Tobias, when they respectively died, ver. 11, 14. will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, Arnald.
aged, his Ninch the
commandments, and shew thyself 4 Go into Media, my son, for I merciful and just, that it may go well surely believe those things which with thee. Jonas the prophet spake of Nineve, 10 And bury me decently, and thy that it shall be overthrown; and that mother with me; but tarry no longer for a time peace shall rather be in at Nineve. Remember, my son, Media; and that our brethren shall how Aman handled Achiacharus that lie scattered in the earth from that brought him up, how out of light he good land : and Jerusalem shall be brought him into darkness, and how he desolate, and the house of God in it rewarded him again: yet Achiacharus shall be burned, and shall be desolate was || saved, but the other had his I 0r, for a time;
reward: for he went down into dark- Pra a Ezra 3.8. & 5 a And that again God will have ness. || Manasses gave alms, and es- [ Juniu
mercy on them, and bring them again caped the snares of death || which itzba.
up Jerusalem gloriously, and the he had said these things, he gave up Il for ever is house of God shall be built in it || for the ghost in the bed, being an hunRoman copy. ever with a glorious building, as the dred and eight and fifty years old;
prophets have spoken thereof. and he || buried him honourably. Or, tåey.
6 And all nations shall turn, and 12 And when Anna his mother fear the Lord God truly, and shall was dead, he buried her with his bury their idols.
father. But Tobias departed with 7 So shall all nations praise the his wife and children to Ecbatane to Lord, and his people shall confess Raguel his father in law, God, and the Lord shall exalt his 13 Where he became old with honpeople; and all those which love our, and he buried his father and the Lord God in truth and justice mother in law honourably, and he shall rejoice, shewing mercy to our || inherited their substance, and his Of, brethren.
1 Roman, thich ke bad
not in the
4. — which Jonas the prophet &c.] Jonas did not ac- | four great events of futurity, the knowledge of which tually prophesy the destruction of Nineveh ; but he he derived from the Prophets ; namely, Ist, The foretold generally the revenge which God would take end of the Jewish age or state, and a long captivity upon the Assyrians for their repeated provocations, of his nation ensuing upon it. 2dly, A general te chap. ii, iii ; and though, as is well known, his first turn from that captivity. 3dly, The rebuilding gloprediction against the city, that it should be destroyed riously of the city and temple : and lastly, the code in forty days, was not at that time fulfilled, on account version of all the Gentiles from idolatry, when the of the repentance and humiliation of the inhabitants, horn or kingdom of his people should be exalted. yet it was to be inferred, that the same judgments still | Bp. Chandler. hung over the city, to be put in execution whenever the 1 6.— and shall bury their idols.] The destruction of people should return to their wicked and abandoned idolatry is often mentioned by the Prophets as a priviways. Arnald.
cipal circumstance in their description of the flourishing The prophecy of Jonas at chap. iii. 4. of his book, state of the Church, which should come to pass in after : may be supposed to include the destruction of Nineveh times. See Isai. i. 29; Jer. iii. 17; Zech. xiii. 2; Mic. by the Medes and Babylonians. Its accomplishment | v. 12, 13. Arnald. was protracted, but not frustrated.
| 10. — Aman — Achiacharus — Manasses] Who these It should be observed, that in this instance Tobit does persons were, is wholly unknown ; it has been conje. not pretend to the spirit of prophecy himself, but speaks tured, that this “Achiacharus” is the nephew of Tobi : entirely from what had been before delivered by Jonas. / mentioned at chap. i. 21; xi. 18; but this is quite Dr. Gray.
uncertain. Arnald. - Jerusalem shall be desolate, &c.] He says this on “Aman” here mentioned, was certainly not Haman, the authority of those inspired Prophets, who had fore- the proud enemy of Mordecai, Esth. iii. 5; nor was ! told this desolation of Jerusalem, and of the house of this Manasses the husband of Judith, Judith viii. 2; but. God, Mic. iii. 12; Jer. xxvi. 18. Arnald.
some predecessor or contemporary of Tobit, with whose In this and the subsequent verse, Tobit mentions l history we are unacquainted. Dr. Gray.