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a Deut. 28. 53.

name is called upon

d Deut. 26.

+ Gr. were beneath and

+ Gr. spirit,

Apocrypha.
CHAP. II.

Apocrypha.
against our kings, and against our | have dealt unrighteously in all thine
princes, and against the men of Israel ordinances.
and Juda,

L 13 Let thy wrath turn from us:
2 To bring upon us great plagues, for we are but a few left among the
such as never happened under the heathen, where thou hast scattered
whole heaven, as it came to pass in us.
Jerusalem, according to the things 14 Hear our prayers, () Lord, and
that were written in the law of our petitions, and deliver us for thine
Moses;

own sake, and give us favour in the
. 3 That a man should a eat the flesh sight of them which have led us
of his own son, and the flesh of his away :
own daughter.

| 15 That all the earth may know
4 Moreover he hath delivered them that thou art the Lord our God, be-
to be in subjection to all the kingdoms cause + Israel and his posterity is + Gr. thy
that are round about us, to be as a called by thy name.
reproach and desolation among all 16 O Lord, a look down from thine Israel.
the people round about, where the holy house, and consider us: bow 15.

w Isai. 63. 15. Lord hath scattered them.

down thine ear, O Lord, to hear us. 5 Thus we + were cast down, and 17 Open thine eyes, and behold; not above. not exalted, because we have sinned for the e dead that are in the graves, e Ps. 6. 5. &

against the Lord our God, and have whose + souls are taken from their Isai. 34. 18,

not been obedient unto his voice. bodies, will give unto the Lord nei- 19. b Chap. 1. 15. 6 b To the Lord our God apper-| ther praise nor righteousness: or, life.

taineth righteousness: but unto us 18 But the soul that is greatly
and to our fathers open shame, as vexed, which goeth stooping and
appeareth this day.

feeble, and the eyes that fail, and the
7 For all these plagues are come hungry soul, will give thee praise
upon us, which the Lord hath pro- and righteousness, O Lord.

19 Therefore we do not make our i Dan. 9. 18. 8 Yet have we not prayed before humble supplication before thee, O the Lord, that we might turn every Lord our God, for the righteousness one from the imaginations of his of our fathers, and of our kings. wicked heart.

20 For thou hast sent out thy wrath
9 Wherefore the Lord watched and indignation upon us, as thou hast
over us for evil, and the Lord hath spoken by thy servants the prophets,
brought it upon us : for the Lord is saying,
righteous in all his works which he 21 % Thus saith the Lord, Bow g Jer. 27. 11.
hath commanded us.

down your shoulders to serve the
10 Yet we have not hearkened king of Babylon: so shall ye remain
unto his voice, to walk in the com- in the land that I gave unto your
mandments of the Lord, that he hath fathers.
set before us.

22 But if ye will not hear the voice
11 ° And now, O Lord God of Is- of the Lord, to serve the king of
rael, that hast brought thy people out Babylon,
of the land of Egypt with a mighty 23 I will cause to cease out of the
hand, and high arm, and with signs, cities of Juda, and from without Jeru-
and with wonders, and with great salem, the voice of mirth, and the
power, and hast gotten thyself a name, voice of joy, the voice of the bride-
as appeareth this day:

groom, and the voice of the bride :
12 O Lord our God, we have and the whole land shall be desolate
sinned, we have done ungodly, we of inhabitants.

upanced against us.ot prayed before Lord our God, for of our kings.

Lord Lord hath Saying; Thus sa

c Dan. 9. 15.

that, in the description of the glorious state of the all their enemies, who had in turn exercised against Church, there is frequent allusion to many passages in them all kinds of cruelty. The kings of Egypt and of Isaiah. Arnald.

Syria, the Edomites, the Philistines, the Moabites, the

Ammonites, had declared themselves against them at Chap. II. ver. 3. That a man should eat the flesh different times. Afterwards they were subjected to the &c.] See Deut. xxviii. 56, 57, and the note from Bp. Chaldeans, and despised by all the surrounding nations, Newton.

as a people without strength, without authority, the 4. — in subjection to all the kingdoms that are round mere remnant and ruins of a commonwealth, of old so about us,] The Jews had been successively delivered to 'flourishing and so formidable. Calmet.

Apocrypha.
BARUCH.

Apocrypha.
24 But we would not hearken unto 34 And I will bring them again
thy voice, to serve the king of Baby- into the land which I promised with
lon: therefore hast thou made good an oath unto their fathers, Abraham,
the words that thou spakest by thy Isaac, and Jacob, and they shall be
servants the prophets, namely, that lords of it: and I will increase them,
the bones of our kings, and the bones and they shall not be diminished.
of our fathers, should be taken out of 35 And I will make an everlasting

covenant with them to be their God,
25 And, lo, they are cast out to and they shall be my people : and I
the heat of the day, and to the frost will no more drive my people of Is-
of the night, and they died in great rael out of the land that I have given
miseries by famine, by sword, and by them.
pestilence.

CHAP. III.
26 And the house which is called

3 The rest of their prayer and confession corby thy name hast thou laid waste, as

tained in that book, which Baruch writ,
it is to be seen this day, for the wicked and sent to Jerusalem. 30 Wisdom was
ness of the house of Israel and the shewed first to Jacob, and was seen upon
house of Juda.

the earth.
27 O Lord our God, thou hast LORD Almighty, God of Is-
dealt with us after all thy goodness, rael, the soul in anguish, the
and according to all that great mercy troubled spirit, crieth unto thee.
of thine,

2 Hear, O Lord, and have mercy;
28 As thou spakest by thy servant for thou art merciful: and have pity
Moses in the day when thou didst upon us, because we have sinned be-
command him to write thy law before fore thee.
the children of Israel, saying,

3 For thou endurest for ever, and h. Ler 26, 14. 29 h If ye will not hear my voice, we perish utterly.

Deut. 28. 13.

great swarm.

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shall be turned into a small number Israel, hear now the prayers of the
among the nations, where I will scat- dead Israelites, and of their children,
ter them.

which have sinned before thee, and
30 For I knew that they would not not hearkened unto the voice of thee
hear me, because it is a stiffnecked their God: for the which cause these

people: but in the land of their cap- plagues cleave unto us.
| Or, come lo tivities they shall || remember them- 5 Remember not the iniquities of
selves,

our forefathers : but think upon thy
31 And shall know that I am the power and thy name now at this
Lord their God : for I will give them time.
an heart, and ears to hear:

6 For thou art the Lord our God,
32 And they shall praise me in the and thee, O Lord, will we praise.
land of their captivity, and think upon 7 And for this cause thou hast put
my name,

thy fear in our hearts, to the intent 33 And return from their stiff that we should call upon thy name, + Gr. back. of neck, and from their wicked deeds : and praise thee in our captivity : for

for they shall remember the way of a we have called to mind all the ini- a Deut. 8. I.
their fathers, which sinned before the quity of our forefathers, that sinned
Lord.

before thee.

24. that the bones of our kings,- should be taken out phecies of their nation were exhausted in the first return of their places.] It was a custom both among Jews and of the Jews under the Persian kings. By virtue of the Gentiles to bury with the deceased some of their most “ everlasting covenant,” which God had made with valuable effects and ornaments, and sometimes to put them to “drive them no more out of the land," the into the sepulchre a great quantity of money and trea- seem to have hoped for another, a more perfect and sure. The Chaldean soldiers, in the hope of finding more glorious restoration, as foretold by the Prophets, such deposits, broke up the Jewish sepulchres, and which should be the deliverance of God Himself, as the cast out the bones of the deceased “out of their graves, Jews are still wont to call the salvation of the Messiah. and spread them before the sun and the moon,” thus Bp. Chandler. fulfilling the prophecy of Jeremiah, chap. viii. 1, 2. Arnald, Calmet.

Chap. III. ver. 4. the dead Israelites,] It is not an 35. And I will make an everlasting covenant with them] / uncommon expression to compare persons under great Hence it appears probable, that the Jews at Babylon, calamity to dead men, and to speak of them as such. where this author wrote, did not conceive that the pro- ! See Ezekiel, chap, xxxvii, where the Israelites in the

Apocrypha.
CHAP. III.

Apocrypha.
8 Behold, we are yet this day in with the fowls of the air, and they
our captivity, where thou hast scat- that hoarded up silver and gold,
tered us, for a reproach and a curse, wherein men trust, and make no end
and to be subject to payments, ac of their getting ?
cording to all the iniquities of our 18 For they that wrought in silver,
fathers, which departed from the Lord and were so careful, and whose works
our God.

are unsearchable,
9 Hear, Israel, the commandments 19 They are vanished and gone
of life: give ear to understand wis- down to the grave, and others are
dom.

come up in their steads. .
10 How happeneth it, Israel, that 20 Young men have seen light,
thou art in thine enemies' land, that and dwelt upon the earth: but the
thou art waxen old in a strange coun- way of knowledge have they not
try, that thou art defiled with the known,
dead,

| 21 Nor understood the paths there-
11 That thou art counted with of, nor laid hold of it: their children
them that go down into the grave? were far off from that way.

12 Thou hast forsaken the foun- 22 It hath not been heard of in
tain of wisdom.

Chanaan, neither hath it been seen in
13 For if thou hadst walked in the Theman.
way of God, thou shouldest have 23 The Agarenes that seek wis-
dwelled in peace for ever.

dom upon earth, the merchants of
14 Learn where is wisdom, where Meran and of Theman, the authors | Or, ,
is strength, where is understanding; of fables, and searchers out of under-
that thou mayest know also where is standing; none of these have known
length of days, and life, where is the the way of wisdom, or remember her
light of the eyes, and peace.

paths. b Job 28. 12, 15 Who hath found out her place? 24 ( Israel, how great is the

or who hath come into her treasures? house of God! and how large is the

16 Where are the princes of the place of his possession!
heathen become, and such as ruled 25 Great, and hath none end;
the beasts upon the earth;

| high, and unmeasurable.
17 They that had their pastime 26 There were the giants famous

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captivity are represented as dead bones, ver. 11, and stance of the sovereignty of princes. See Dan. ii. 38; their return from their dispersion is mentioned as the Ezek. xxxi. 6; Judith xi. 7. Grotius, Arnald. opening of their graves. In like manner, their restora 23. The Agarenes that seek wisdom] Called also Ishtion is described as a resurrection by Isaiah, chap. xxvi. maelites. Not only Arabia and the adjacent countries, 19. Arnald.

but the eastern part of the world in general, was famous 8. for a reproach and a curse, and to be subject to for the study of wisdom or philosophy. See Jer. xlix. 7. payments,] The phrase may signify unjust exaction, to Arnald. which the Jews in the land of their captivity were

the authors of fables, and searchers out of underexposed, and which they probably suffered, being at the standing :] The Orientals in general were very conwill and arbitrary pleasure of those who had them in versant in the practice of teaching by fables and aposubjection.

logues. It was also a principal study of these people, The first part of the letter of the captives ends with and an art in which they endeavoured to distinguish this verse. Arnald.

themselves, to propose and resolve enigmas and simili10. thou art defiled with the dead, &c.] The sense tudes. The queen of Sheba is a memorable example of is, that, living among the Chaldeans, they were in a it, 1 Kings x. 1, 2. Calmet. state of continual defilement, dwelling as it were among 24. how great is the house of God!) How extensive the tombs. He compares the captive Jews, in a strange is His empire! how great is the number of His subcountry, to a person shut up in a grave, or confined in jects! how vast is His dominion! All the earth is His a house with a dead corpse. There is the like expression, kingdom: all men are in subjection to Him : all times Ps. xxviii. 1. Arnald.

are under llis control. But how few are they, who 14. Learn where is wisdom, &c.] See the concluding enter into His secrets, and partake of His wisdom! note on Job, chap. xxviii.

Calmet. The writer calls the universe "the house of 16. — such as ruled the beasts upon the earth;] Namely, God,” because the infinite Being is every where present kings who delighted in hunting, and the diversions of in it, and governs it as a father or master does his the chase, sporting with animals the most fierce and family. Arnald. savage. Compare Jer. xxvii. 6; xxviii. 14; Judith 26. There were the giants &c.] They, as well as all xi. 7. Grotius.

others, were under the dominion of the sovereign 17. they that had their pastime with the fowls of the Monarch of the universe ; but they were not chosen of air,] Hawking was a royal pastime in ancient times. A God to receive the gifts of wisdom. God preferred to dominion over the fowls of the air, as well as over the them Noah and his family before the flood; and after beasts of the earth, is mentioned in Scripture as an in- that time He preferred Ísrael to the Rephaim, to the

1

John 2.11

thereof.

Apocrypha.
BARUCH.

Apocrypha
from the beginning, that were of 37 c Afterward did he shew him- c Pror. f. sl.
so great stature, and so expert in self upon earth, and conversed with John
war.

men.
27 Those did not the Lord choose,

CHAP. IV.
neither gave he the way of knowledge i The book of commandments is that wisdom
unto them:

which was commended in the former chapter.
28 But they were destroyed, be 25 The Jews are moved to patience, and to
cause they had no wisdom, and hope for the deliverance.
perished through their own foolish- THIS is the book of the command-
ness.

1 ments of God, and the law that
29 Who hath gone up into heaven, endureth for ever: all they that keep
and taken her, and brought her down it shall come to life; but such as leave
from the clouds ?

it shall die. 30 Who hath gone over the sea, 2 Turn thee, O Jacob, and take and found her, and will bring her for hold of it: walk in the presence of Gr. tatis pure gold?

the light thereof, that thou mayest be the light
31 No man knoweth her way, nor illuminated.
thinketh of her path.

3 Give not thine honour to another,
32 But he that knoweth all things nor the things that are profitable unto
knoweth her, and hath found her out thee to a strange nation.
with his understanding : he that pre- 4 0 Israel, happy are we: for
pared the earth for evermore hath things that are pleasing to God are
filled it with fourfooted beasts : made known unto us.

33 He that sendeth forth light, 5 Be of good cheer, my people,
and it goeth, calleth it again, and it the memorial of Israel.
obeyeth him with fear.

6 Ye were sold to the nations,
34 The stars shined in their not for (your) destruction: but be-
watches, and rejoiced: when he called cause ye moved God to wrath, ye
them, they say, Here we be; and so were delivered unto the enemies.
with cheerfulness they shewed light | 7 For ye provoked him that made
unto him that made them.

you by a sacrificing unto devils, and ad.Cor.
35 This is our God, and there shall not to God.
none other be accounted of in com-/ 8 Ye have forgotten the everlasting
parison of him.

God, that brought you up; and ye
36 He hath found out all the way have grieved Jerusalem, that nursed
of knowledge, and hath given it unto you.
Jacob his servant, and to Israel his 1 9 For when she saw the wrath of
beloved.

God coming upon you, she said,

a 1 Cor. 14. 20.

giants of Palestine. Calmet. And indeed throughout by some Christian. Others consider it as an inspired both Testaments it appears to have been the constant prophecy of the incarnation and human intercourse of tenour of His procedure, to prefer the meek and lowly the Messiah. It is perhaps only an acknowledgment to the mighty and arrogant. Arnald.

of the Divine Wisdom, which had manifested itself to 32. - he that prepared the earth for evermore hath the Patriarchs, and conversed by revelation with manfilled it with fourfooted beasts :] The Latin version reads kind, Exod. xxiv. 9-18. It has however so far a prowith a conjunction, “He that prepared the earth for phetick cast, as it is imitative of passages, which, under evermore, and filled it with cattle and beasts.” The praises of wisdom, figuratively celebrate that Eternal sense is, according to Calmet, He that made the earth, Wisdom, which dwelt among us in the person of the that it might continue always, or that it might never Son of God. Compare Prov. viii. 31. Dr. Gray. move at any time. The earth was looked upon as the foundation and centre of all the movements, and of all Chap. IV. ver. 1. This is the book &c.] The meaning the changes that happened here below, without moving is, It is in the book of the commandments of the Lord, or changing itself. Monarchs rise and fall, men die that true wisdom consists. This chapter is a continua. and others succeed in their place, the seasons change tion of the subject of the preceding. Calmet. and are in continual vicissitude, but the earth continues 3. Give not thine honour to another,] Namely, the always the same. According to that observation of honour of being the chosen, and favoured people of God Solomon, “one generation passeth away, and another Do not expose thyself to lose this honourable distinegeneration cometh: but the earth abideth for ever," tion by thy crimes. Calmet. Eccles. i. 4. Arnald.

5. - the memorial of Israel.] That is, the poor remains 34. — when he calleth them, they say, Here we be ;] of the Jews, the surviving hopes of sinking Israel, who See the notes on Job xxxviii. 35; Jer. xlvii. 6.

are preserved to continue the name and memory of once 35. This is our God, &c.] Grotius hastily pronounces so famous a people, the only remaining monument of this passage to the end of the chapter, to be an addition distressed Sion. Arnald.

20 I have put upon will cry unto

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11 Or, in the time of mine

6 Ps. 116. 2.

discipline in

Apocrypha.
CHAP. IV.

Apocrypha.
Hearken, O ye that dwell about Sion:1 20 I have put off the clothing of
God hath brought upon me great | peace, and put upon me the sack- || Or,
mourning;

cloth of my prayer: I will cry unto ”
10 For I saw the captivity of my the Everlasting li ”in my days.
sons and daughters, which the Ever- 21 Be of good cheer, O my chil- offiction.
lasting brought upon them.

dren, cry unto the Lord, and he shall & 137.7. 11 With joy did I nourish them; deliver you from the power and hand but sent them away with weeping and of the enemies. mourning.

22 For my hope is in the Everlast-
12 Let no man rejoice over me, ing, that he will save you; and joy is
a widow, and forsaken of many, who come unto me from the Holy One,
for the sins of my children am left because of the mercy which shall
desolate; because they departed from soon come unto you from the Ever-
the law of God.

lasting our Saviour.
13 They knew not his statutes, nor 23 For I sent you out with mourn-

walked in the ways of his command- ing and weeping : but God will give 1 Or, of his ments, nor trod in the paths || of dis- you to me again with joy and gladrighteousness. cipline in his righteousness.

ness for ever.
14 Let them that dwell about Sion 24 Like as now the neighbours of
come, and remember ye the captivity Sion have seen your captivity : so
of my sons and daughters, which shall they see shortly your salvation
the Everlasting hath brought upon from our God, which shall come upon
them.

you with great glory, and brightness
15 For he hath brought a nation of the Everlasting.
upon them from far, a shameless na- 25 My children, suffer patiently
tion, and of a strange language, who the wrath that is come upon you from
neither reverenced old man, nor pitied God: for thine enemy hath persecuted
child.

thee; but shortly thou shalt see his
16 These have carried away the destruction, and shalt tread upon his
dear beloved children of the widow, neck.
and left her that was alone desolate 26 || My delicate ones have gone | Or, My
without daughters.

rough ways, and were taken away as 17 But what can I help you? a flock caught of the enemies.

18 For he that brought these 27 Be of good comfort, O my
plagues upon you will deliver you children, and cry unto God: for ye
from the hands of your enemies. shall be remembered of him that

19 Go your way, O my children, brought these things upon you.
go your way: for I am left desolate. 28 For as it was your mind to go

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12. Let no man rejoice over me, a widow, &c.] This here speaks with an almost prophetick confidence of personification of Sion, bewailing her children gone into those blessings, which Jeremiah and other Prophets captivity, is moving and beautiful. The venting of her might have taught him to expect from the “ everlasting grief in broken accents, “ But what can I help you ?” Saviour," who should soon appear; of that joy which ver. 17, Grotius says, is inimitably affecting. At length, should come from the East, ver. 36; and of the triall appearance of human help vanishing, she raises umphant glory, with which Jerusalem should be exalted, motives of consolation from that never-failing treasury and her sons assembled from all kingdoms in righteousof delight and comfort to afflicted minds, the word of ness and peace, ver. 37. These were prospects of future God, whose statutes had been her song in the house exultation, with which all in the captivity must have been of her pilgrimage ; and assures them from the Prophets, consoled in their affliction; they were general characters of a deliverance from her captivity, and remarkable of the kingdom of Messiah, which every one conversant vengeance overtaking their persecutors. In this pleas- with the sacred writings was capable of describing. ing prospect she exults and triuinphs, chap. v. as a Dr. Gray. See the note on chap. ii. 35. fond mother overjoyed for the recovery of her children. 25. - shortly thou shalt see his destruction, and shalt Arnald.

tread upon his neck.] That is, thine enemies shall come 15. For he hath brought a nation upon them from and fall down before thee. This was literally accomfar, &c.] See the notes from Dr. Hales on Deut. plished under Mordecai and Esther, at Susa ; and under xxvii. 32.

Daniel, at Babylon. They were raised to the first sta20. I have put off the clothing of peace, &c.] That is, tions in the empire, and the Chaldeans themselves were I have put off the garment of “prosperity,” as in the forced to submit to their authority, and to prostrate margin, or of gladness; and have put upon me the sack- themselves before them. Isaiah had long before forecloth of penance and supplication. The last clause may told it, chap. lx. 14. It was more perfectly accombe rendered, as in the margin, “ in the time of mine plished under Jesus Christ, when the heathens came affliction.” Arnald.

into the church, and threw themselves at the feet of 22. For my hope is in the Everlasting, &c.] Baruch 'those whom they had persecuted. Calmet.

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