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a Deut. 28. 53.
name is called upon
d Deut. 26.
+ Gr. were beneath and
+ Gr. spirit,
L 13 Let thy wrath turn from us:
own sake, and give us favour in the
| 15 That all the earth may know
w Isai. 63. 15. Lord hath scattered them.
down thine ear, O Lord, to hear us. 5 Thus we + were cast down, and 17 Open thine eyes, and behold; not above. not exalted, because we have sinned for the e dead that are in the graves, e Ps. 6. 5. &
against the Lord our God, and have whose + souls are taken from their Isai. 34. 18,
not been obedient unto his voice. bodies, will give unto the Lord nei- 19. b Chap. 1. 15. 6 b To the Lord our God apper-| ther praise nor righteousness: or, life.
taineth righteousness: but unto us 18 But the soul that is greatly
feeble, and the eyes that fail, and the
19 Therefore we do not make our i Dan. 9. 18. 8 Yet have we not prayed before humble supplication before thee, O the Lord, that we might turn every Lord our God, for the righteousness one from the imaginations of his of our fathers, and of our kings. wicked heart.
20 For thou hast sent out thy wrath
down your shoulders to serve the
22 But if ye will not hear the voice
groom, and the voice of the bride :
upanced against us.ot prayed before Lord our God, for of our kings.
Lord Lord hath Saying; Thus sa
c Dan. 9. 15.
that, in the description of the glorious state of the all their enemies, who had in turn exercised against Church, there is frequent allusion to many passages in them all kinds of cruelty. The kings of Egypt and of Isaiah. Arnald.
Syria, the Edomites, the Philistines, the Moabites, the
Ammonites, had declared themselves against them at Chap. II. ver. 3. That a man should eat the flesh different times. Afterwards they were subjected to the &c.] See Deut. xxviii. 56, 57, and the note from Bp. Chaldeans, and despised by all the surrounding nations, Newton.
as a people without strength, without authority, the 4. — in subjection to all the kingdoms that are round mere remnant and ruins of a commonwealth, of old so about us,] The Jews had been successively delivered to 'flourishing and so formidable. Calmet.
covenant with them to be their God,
3 The rest of their prayer and confession corby thy name hast thou laid waste, as
tained in that book, which Baruch writ,
2 Hear, O Lord, and have mercy;
3 For thou endurest for ever, and h. Ler 26, 14. 29 h If ye will not hear my voice, we perish utterly.
Deut. 28. 13.
shall be turned into a small number Israel, hear now the prayers of the
which have sinned before thee, and
people: but in the land of their cap- plagues cleave unto us.
our forefathers : but think upon thy
6 For thou art the Lord our God,
thy fear in our hearts, to the intent 33 And return from their stiff that we should call upon thy name, + Gr. back. of neck, and from their wicked deeds : and praise thee in our captivity : for
for they shall remember the way of a we have called to mind all the ini- a Deut. 8. I.
24. — that the bones of our kings,- should be taken out phecies of their nation were exhausted in the first return of their places.] It was a custom both among Jews and of the Jews under the Persian kings. By virtue of the Gentiles to bury with the deceased some of their most “ everlasting covenant,” which God had made with valuable effects and ornaments, and sometimes to put them to “drive them no more out of the land," the into the sepulchre a great quantity of money and trea- seem to have hoped for another, a more perfect and sure. The Chaldean soldiers, in the hope of finding more glorious restoration, as foretold by the Prophets, such deposits, broke up the Jewish sepulchres, and which should be the deliverance of God Himself, as the cast out the bones of the deceased “out of their graves, Jews are still wont to call the salvation of the Messiah. and spread them before the sun and the moon,” thus Bp. Chandler. fulfilling the prophecy of Jeremiah, chap. viii. 1, 2. Arnald, Calmet.
Chap. III. ver. 4. — the dead Israelites,] It is not an 35. And I will make an everlasting covenant with them] / uncommon expression to compare persons under great Hence it appears probable, that the Jews at Babylon, calamity to dead men, and to speak of them as such. where this author wrote, did not conceive that the pro- ! See Ezekiel, chap, xxxvii, where the Israelites in the
come up in their steads. .
| 21 Nor understood the paths there-
12 Thou hast forsaken the foun- 22 It hath not been heard of in
Chanaan, neither hath it been seen in
dom upon earth, the merchants of
paths. b Job 28. 12, 15 Who hath found out her place? 24 ( Israel, how great is the
or who hath come into her treasures? house of God! and how large is the
16 Where are the princes of the place of his possession!
| high, and unmeasurable.
captivity are represented as dead bones, ver. 11, and stance of the sovereignty of princes. See Dan. ii. 38; their return from their dispersion is mentioned as the Ezek. xxxi. 6; Judith xi. 7. Grotius, Arnald. opening of their graves. In like manner, their restora 23. The Agarenes that seek wisdom] Called also Ishtion is described as a resurrection by Isaiah, chap. xxvi. maelites. Not only Arabia and the adjacent countries, 19. Arnald.
but the eastern part of the world in general, was famous 8. — for a reproach and a curse, and to be subject to for the study of wisdom or philosophy. See Jer. xlix. 7. payments,] The phrase may signify unjust exaction, to Arnald. which the Jews in the land of their captivity were
the authors of fables, and searchers out of underexposed, and which they probably suffered, being at the standing :] The Orientals in general were very conwill and arbitrary pleasure of those who had them in versant in the practice of teaching by fables and aposubjection.
logues. It was also a principal study of these people, The first part of the letter of the captives ends with and an art in which they endeavoured to distinguish this verse. Arnald.
themselves, to propose and resolve enigmas and simili10. – thou art defiled with the dead, &c.] The sense tudes. The queen of Sheba is a memorable example of is, that, living among the Chaldeans, they were in a it, 1 Kings x. 1, 2. Calmet. state of continual defilement, dwelling as it were among 24. – how great is the house of God!) How extensive the tombs. He compares the captive Jews, in a strange is His empire! how great is the number of His subcountry, to a person shut up in a grave, or confined in jects! how vast is His dominion! All the earth is His a house with a dead corpse. There is the like expression, kingdom: all men are in subjection to Him : all times Ps. xxviii. 1. Arnald.
are under llis control. But how few are they, who 14. Learn where is wisdom, &c.] See the concluding enter into His secrets, and partake of His wisdom! note on Job, chap. xxviii.
Calmet. The writer calls the universe "the house of 16. — such as ruled the beasts upon the earth;] Namely, God,” because the infinite Being is every where present kings who delighted in hunting, and the diversions of in it, and governs it as a father or master does his the chase, sporting with animals the most fierce and family. Arnald. savage. Compare Jer. xxvii. 6; xxviii. 14; Judith 26. There were the giants &c.] They, as well as all xi. 7. Grotius.
others, were under the dominion of the sovereign 17. they that had their pastime with the fowls of the Monarch of the universe ; but they were not chosen of air,] Hawking was a royal pastime in ancient times. A God to receive the gifts of wisdom. God preferred to dominion over the fowls of the air, as well as over the them Noah and his family before the flood; and after beasts of the earth, is mentioned in Scripture as an in- that time He preferred Ísrael to the Rephaim, to the
which was commended in the former chapter.
1 ments of God, and the law that
it shall die. 30 Who hath gone over the sea, 2 Turn thee, O Jacob, and take and found her, and will bring her for hold of it: walk in the presence of Gr. tatis pure gold?
the light thereof, that thou mayest be the light
3 Give not thine honour to another,
33 He that sendeth forth light, 5 Be of good cheer, my people,
6 Ye were sold to the nations,
you by a sacrificing unto devils, and ad.Cor.
God, that brought you up; and ye
God coming upon you, she said,
a 1 Cor. 14. 20.
giants of Palestine. Calmet. And indeed throughout by some Christian. Others consider it as an inspired both Testaments it appears to have been the constant prophecy of the incarnation and human intercourse of tenour of His procedure, to prefer the meek and lowly the Messiah. It is perhaps only an acknowledgment to the mighty and arrogant. Arnald.
of the Divine Wisdom, which had manifested itself to 32. - he that prepared the earth for evermore hath the Patriarchs, and conversed by revelation with manfilled it with fourfooted beasts :] The Latin version reads kind, Exod. xxiv. 9-18. It has however so far a prowith a conjunction, “He that prepared the earth for phetick cast, as it is imitative of passages, which, under evermore, and filled it with cattle and beasts.” The praises of wisdom, figuratively celebrate that Eternal sense is, according to Calmet, He that made the earth, Wisdom, which dwelt among us in the person of the that it might continue always, or that it might never Son of God. Compare Prov. viii. 31. Dr. Gray. move at any time. The earth was looked upon as the foundation and centre of all the movements, and of all Chap. IV. ver. 1. This is the book &c.] The meaning the changes that happened here below, without moving is, It is in the book of the commandments of the Lord, or changing itself. Monarchs rise and fall, men die that true wisdom consists. This chapter is a continua. and others succeed in their place, the seasons change tion of the subject of the preceding. Calmet. and are in continual vicissitude, but the earth continues 3. Give not thine honour to another,] Namely, the always the same. According to that observation of honour of being the chosen, and favoured people of God Solomon, “one generation passeth away, and another Do not expose thyself to lose this honourable distinegeneration cometh: but the earth abideth for ever," tion by thy crimes. Calmet. Eccles. i. 4. Arnald.
5. - the memorial of Israel.] That is, the poor remains 34. — when he calleth them, they say, Here we be ;] of the Jews, the surviving hopes of sinking Israel, who See the notes on Job xxxviii. 35; Jer. xlvii. 6.
are preserved to continue the name and memory of once 35. This is our God, &c.] Grotius hastily pronounces so famous a people, the only remaining monument of this passage to the end of the chapter, to be an addition distressed Sion. Arnald.
20 I have put upon will cry unto
11 Or, in the time of mine
6 Ps. 116. 2.
cloth of my prayer: I will cry unto ”
dren, cry unto the Lord, and he shall & 137.7. 11 With joy did I nourish them; deliver you from the power and hand but sent them away with weeping and of the enemies. mourning.
22 For my hope is in the Everlast-
lasting our Saviour.
walked in the ways of his command- ing and weeping : but God will give 1 Or, of his ments, nor trod in the paths || of dis- you to me again with joy and gladrighteousness. cipline in his righteousness.
ness for ever.
you with great glory, and brightness
thee; but shortly thou shalt see his
rough ways, and were taken away as 17 But what can I help you? a flock caught of the enemies.
18 For he that brought these 27 Be of good comfort, O my
19 Go your way, O my children, brought these things upon you.
12. Let no man rejoice over me, a widow, &c.] This here speaks with an almost prophetick confidence of personification of Sion, bewailing her children gone into those blessings, which Jeremiah and other Prophets captivity, is moving and beautiful. The venting of her might have taught him to expect from the “ everlasting grief in broken accents, “ But what can I help you ?” Saviour," who should soon appear; of that joy which ver. 17, Grotius says, is inimitably affecting. At length, should come from the East, ver. 36; and of the triall appearance of human help vanishing, she raises umphant glory, with which Jerusalem should be exalted, motives of consolation from that never-failing treasury and her sons assembled from all kingdoms in righteousof delight and comfort to afflicted minds, the word of ness and peace, ver. 37. These were prospects of future God, whose statutes had been her song in the house exultation, with which all in the captivity must have been of her pilgrimage ; and assures them from the Prophets, consoled in their affliction; they were general characters of a deliverance from her captivity, and remarkable of the kingdom of Messiah, which every one conversant vengeance overtaking their persecutors. In this pleas- with the sacred writings was capable of describing. ing prospect she exults and triuinphs, chap. v. as a Dr. Gray. See the note on chap. ii. 35. fond mother overjoyed for the recovery of her children. 25. - shortly thou shalt see his destruction, and shalt Arnald.
tread upon his neck.] That is, thine enemies shall come 15. For he hath brought a nation upon them from and fall down before thee. This was literally accomfar, &c.] See the notes from Dr. Hales on Deut. plished under Mordecai and Esther, at Susa ; and under xxvii. 32.
Daniel, at Babylon. They were raised to the first sta20. I have put off the clothing of peace, &c.] That is, tions in the empire, and the Chaldeans themselves were I have put off the garment of “prosperity,” as in the forced to submit to their authority, and to prostrate margin, or of gladness; and have put upon me the sack- themselves before them. Isaiah had long before forecloth of penance and supplication. The last clause may told it, chap. lx. 14. It was more perfectly accombe rendered, as in the margin, “ in the time of mine plished under Jesus Christ, when the heathens came affliction.” Arnald.
into the church, and threw themselves at the feet of 22. For my hope is in the Everlasting, &c.] Baruch 'those whom they had persecuted. Calmet.