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in the sight of the Lord.
ont against her.
I the garden door.
they rushed in at a privy door, to see
15 And it fell out, as they watched came also full of mischievous imagina+ Gr. as ., a fit time, she went in † as before with tion against Susanna to put her to The day before. two maids only, and she was desirous death;
to wash herself in the garden: for it. 29 And said before the people,
Send for Susanna, the daughter of
30 So she came with her father and
cate woman, and beauteous to behold.
er wepte elders stond
their hands upon her head.
21 If thou wilt not, we will bear walked in the garden alone, this wo-
37 Then a young man, who was
ran unto them.
Or, side doors.
15. — she went in as before] As her custom was. appearing vailed in publick, see Gen, xxiv. 65, and the Grotius.
notes there. 32. — commanded to uncover her face,] Probably | 34. — and laid their hands upon her head.] See the under pretence of discovering signs of guilt in her coun- note on Lev. xxiv. 14, tenance. Grotius. Concerning the custom of women
Put these two aside one far from
them, and said unto him, O thou that
53 For thou hast pronounced false
43 Thou knowest that they have slay. borne false witness against me, and, | 54 Now then, if thou hast seen behold, I must die; whereas I never her, tell me, Under what tree sawest did such things as these men have thou them companying together? maliciously invented against me. Who answered, Under a + mastick + Gr. lentisk
44 And the Lord heard her voice. tree.
45 Therefore when she was led to 55 And Daniel said, Very well;
received the sentence of God to cut
manded to bring the other, and said
49 Return again to the place of 58 Now therefore tell me, Under
panying together? Who answered,
Or, kind of oak.
45. — a young youth, whose name was Daniel : ? The Italy, and some parts of France; and affords a very history, if founded on truth, must be supposed to have pleasant shade from the verdour of its foliage. Badweli, taken place when Daniel was very young, and probably, Calmet. according to some accounts, not above twelve years of 55. — to cut thee in two.] Daniel, in his reply to the age. Dr. Gray.
elders, alludes to the Greek names of the trees, under 46. - I'am clear from the blood of this woman.) I do which they said the fact was committed, and from these not consent to her death. Castellio. A form of speech names pronounces sentence to their confusion. Between used also in Matt. xxvii. 24. Grotius.
the Greek words for “ a mastick tree,” and “ an holm 50. — and the elders said unto him, &c.] These tree," and the two verbs respectively rendered “to cut “ elders ” were most probably different from the two thee in two,” in this verse and the fifty-ninth, there is others; and, not being in the plot with them, but an affinity of sound, which cannot be translated into acting agreeably to their publick office and character, another language. Dean Prideaux. See Jer. i. 11, 12; were well inclined to detect the falsity of the accusa- and the note there. tion, and to re-examine the cause for that purpose. 56. - 0 thou seed of Chanaan, and not of Juda,] See Arnald.
the note on Ezek. xvi. 3. 54. - Under a mastick tree. Or, “lentisk tree.” It 58. — Under an holm tree.] The ilex, or evergreen is an evergreen, not uncommon in the Greek isles, in oak. Dr. Johnson.
60 With that all the assembly blood was saved the same day,
sanna, with Joacim her husband, and
of false witness by their own mouth: 64 From that day forth was Daniel b Deut. 19. 62 And according to the law of had in great reputation in the sight Prov. 19. 5. Moses they did unto them in such of the people,
62. — and they put them to death.] Though the Jews, Romans, who gave the Jews as much liberty as the as Origen and others maintain, might have the power Babylonians, it is certain they had not this power of of the sword sometimes in their dispersions, yet it may life and death, as appears from John xviii. 31, “ It is be questioned how far they had the power of life and not lawful for us to put any man to death.” It is more death during their captivity under the Chaldeans. It likely that they had only magistrates, judges, and courts seems more probable that they had not such a power, of justice of their own, to decide differences in cases of and therefore the Jewish writers will have these elders property, in a way peculiar to themselves ; as Strabo to have been punished by Nebuchadnezzar. Under the says they had at Alexandria in the like state. Arnald.
HISTORY OF THE DESTRUCTION
e os bei + BEL AND THE DRAGON,
CUT OFF FROM THE END OF DANIEL.
THIS book, which in Theodotion's version of Daniel, and in the Vulgate, is annexed as a fourteenth chapter to
the book of Daniel, is properly rejected by our Church, having never been in the Hebrew canon, or received as authentick by the earlier Christians. It is most reasonable to suppose that it was never extant in the Hebrew language, though it might, as Lightfoot has conceived, be a parabolical story founded on a passage in Jeremiah, chap. li. 44, who threatens punishment to Bel, the great national idol of Babylon, in terms that might have
suggested the circumstances of his destruction as described in this book. Many persons object to the improbability of the circumstances related in this book; as particularly to the destruc
tion of the Dragon, and to the conveyance of Habakkuk from Jerusalem to Babylon, merely to furnish a dinner to Daniel. The book indeed, though it be cited as historical by the most respectable writers in the earliest ages of the Church, is considered as fabulous by St. Jerome; and it must be allowed to contain some extraordinary and incredible relations. It is however canonized by the Council of Trent. Daniel, probably by detecting the mercenary contrivances of the idolatrous priests of Babylon, and by opening the eyes of the people to the follies of that superstition into which they had been seduced, might have furnished some foundation for the history; and the writer of the book appears to have introduced some additional circumstances to enliven the narration, and to illustrate the providence of God in protecting and providing for those who adhere to his service. Dr. Gray.
| Or, lired with the king.
19 The fraud of Bel's priests is discovered by 5 Who answered and said, Because
Daniel, 27 and the dragon slain, which was
I may not worship idols made with
hath sovereignty over all flesh.
2 And Daniel || conversed with the eateth and drinketh every day?
O king, be not deceived: for this is
O king 3 Now the Babylonians had an but clay within, and brass without, idol, called Bel, and there was spent and did never a eat or drink any thing. a Ecclus. 30. upon him every day twelve great 8 So the king was wroth, and called "". measures of fine flour, and forty sheep, for his priests, and said unto them, If and six vessels of wine.
1 ye tell me not who this is that de4 And the king worshipped it, and voureth these expences, ye shall die. went daily to adore it: but Daniel 9 But if ye can certify me that Bel worshipped his own God. And the devoureth them, then Daniel shall king said unto him, Why dost not die: for he hath spoken blasphemy thou worship Bel?
against Bel. And Daniel said unto
Ver. 1. – Cyrus of Persia received his kingdom.] The Xenophon, and Darius by Daniel and Josephus. Dr. author here speaks of Cyrus, as of the immediate suc. Gray. See the note on Dan. v. 31. cessor of Astyages, agreeably to the account of Herodo- 2. And Daniel conversed with the king, ] That is, he lived tus and his followers. But it is certain, from profane with him upon terms of familiar intimacy. Badwell. and sacred history, that there was an intermediate king 3. - Bel,] See the note from Dean Prideaux on of Media, who reigned two years, called Cyaxares by 1 Gen. x. 9.
Apocrypha. HISTORY OF BEL AND THE DRAGON. Apocrypha.
the king, Let it be according to thy, the privy doors, where they came in,
and consumed such things as were
11 So Bel's priests said, Lo, we go temple.
| 24 And the king said unto Daniel,
I 25 Then said Daniel unto the
sword or staff. The king said, I give
28 When they of Babylon heard 15 Now in the night came the that, they took great indignation, and priests with their wives and children, conspired against the king, saying, as they were wont to do, and did eat The king is become a Jew, and he and drink up all.
hath destroyed Bel, he hath slain the
29 So they came to the king, and
30 Now when the king saw that
den : where he was six days.
to them, to the intent they might
21 And took the priests with their || made pottage, and had broken Or, sos.
wives and children, who showed him bread in a bowl, and was going into 23. — a great dragon,] By the dragon is to be un- 1 power of the composition, but by the suffocation which derstood a serpent, of which, to the triumph of our it occasioned in a narrow throat. Arnald, Dr. Gray. great deceiver, the worship prevailed among many 33. — a prophet, called Habbacuc,] If this be the same nations in early times. Dr. Gray.
person, whose book we receive as canonical, he mis 27.- and so the dragon burst in sunder:] It may be sup- have lived a long time, for he prophesied either before posed that this effect was produced, not by any specifick l or at least during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar. Euse