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Apocrypha.
THE HISTORY OF SUSANNA.

Apocrypha.
10 And albeit they both were 23 It is better for me to fall into
wounded with her love, yet durst not your hands, and not do it, than to sin
one shew another his grief.

in the sight of the Lord.
11 For they were ashamed to de- 24 With that Susanna cried with a
clare their lust, that they desired to loud voice: and the two elders cried
have to do with her.

ont against her.
12 Yet they watched diligently 25 Then ran the one, and opened
from day to day to see her.

I the garden door.
13 And the one said to the other, 26 So when the servants of the
Let us now go home : for it is dinner house heard the cry in the garden,
time.

they rushed in at a privy door, to see
14 So when they were gone out, what was done unto her.
they parted the one from the other, 27 But when the elders had de-
and turning back again they came to clared their matter, the servants were
the same place; and after that they greatly ashamed: for there was never
had asked one another the cause, they such a report made of Susanna.
acknowledged their lust: then ap- 28 And it came to pass the next
pointed they a time both together, day, when the people were assembled
when they might find her alone. to her husband Joacim, the two elders

15 And it fell out, as they watched came also full of mischievous imagina+ Gr. as ., a fit time, she went in † as before with tion against Susanna to put her to The day before. two maids only, and she was desirous death;

to wash herself in the garden: for it. 29 And said before the people,
was hot.

Send for Susanna, the daughter of
16 And there was no body there Chelcias, Joacim's wife. And so they
save the two elders, that had hid sent.
themselves, and watched her.

30 So she came with her father and
17 Then she said to her maids, mother, her children, and all her
Bring me oil and washing balls, and kindred.
shut the garden doors that I may 31 Now Susanna was a very deli-
wash me.

cate woman, and beauteous to behold.
18 And they did as she bade them, 32 And these wicked men com-
and shut the garden doors, and went manded to uncover her face, (for she
out themselves at || privy doors to was covered) that they might be filled
fetch the things that she liad com- with her beauty.
manded them: but they saw not the 33 Therefore her friends and all
elders, because they were hid. that saw her wept.

er wepte elders stond
19 Now when the maids were gone 34 Then the two elders stood up
forth, the two elders rose up, and ran in the midst of the people, and laid
unto her, saying,

their hands upon her head.
20 Behold, the garden doors are 35 And she weeping looked up to-
shut, that no man can see us, and we ward heaven: for her heart trusted in
are in love with thee; therefore con- the Lord.
sent unto us, and lie with us. I 36 And the elders said, As we

21 If thou wilt not, we will bear walked in the garden alone, this wo-
witness against thee, that a young man came in with two maids, and shut
man was with thee: and therefore the garden doors, and sent the maids
thou didst send away thy maids from away.
thee.

37 Then a young man, who was
22 Then Susanna sighed, and said, there hid, came unto her, and lay with
I am straitened on every side: for if her.
I do this thing, it is death unto me: 38 Then we that stood in a corner
and if I do it not, I cannot escape of the garden, seeing this wickedness,
your hands..

ran unto them.

Or, side doors.

15. — she went in as before] As her custom was. appearing vailed in publick, see Gen, xxiv. 65, and the Grotius.

notes there. 32. — commanded to uncover her face,] Probably | 34. — and laid their hands upon her head.] See the under pretence of discovering signs of guilt in her coun- note on Lev. xxiv. 14, tenance. Grotius. Concerning the custom of women

Apocrypha.
THE HISTORY OF SUSANNA.

Apocrypha.
39 And when we saw them toge- and shew it us, seeing God hath given
ther, the man we could not hold : for thee the honour of an elder.
he was stronger than we, and opened 51 Then said Daniel unto them,
the door, and leaped out.

Put these two aside one far from
40 But having taken this woman, another, and I will examine them.
we asked who the young man was, 52 So when they were put asunder
but she would not tell us: these things one from another, he called one of
do we testify.

them, and said unto him, O thou that
41 Then the assembly believed art waxen old in wickedness, now thy
them, as those that were the elders sins which thou hast committed afore-
and judges of the people : so they time are come to light :
condemned her to death.

53 For thou hast pronounced false
42 Then Susanna cried out with a judgment, and hast condemned the
loud voice, and said, O everlasting innocent, and hast let the guilty go
God, that knowest the secrets, and free; albeit the Lord saith, a The a Exod. 23. 7.
knowest all things before they be: innocent and righteous shalt thou not

43 Thou knowest that they have slay. borne false witness against me, and, | 54 Now then, if thou hast seen behold, I must die; whereas I never her, tell me, Under what tree sawest did such things as these men have thou them companying together? maliciously invented against me. Who answered, Under a + mastick + Gr. lentisk

44 And the Lord heard her voice. tree.

45 Therefore when she was led to 55 And Daniel said, Very well;
be put to death, the Lord raised up thou hast lied against thine own head;
the holy spirit of a young youth, for even now the angel of God hath
whose name was Daniel :

received the sentence of God to cut
46 Who cried with a loud voice, I thee in two.
am clear from the blood of this wou! 56 So he put him aside, and com-
man.

manded to bring the other, and said
47 Then all the people turned unto him, O thou seed of Chanaan,
them toward him, and said, What and not of Juda, beauty hath deceiv-
mean these words that thou hast ed thee, and lust hath perverted thine
spoken?

| heart.
48 So he standing in the midst of 57 Thus have ye dealt with the
them said, Are ye such fools, ye sons daughters of Israel, and they for fear
of Israel, that without examination or companied with you : but the daugh-
knowledge of the truth ye have con- ter of Juda would not abide your
demned a daughter of Israel? wickedness.

49 Return again to the place of 58 Now therefore tell me, Under
judgment: for they have borne false what tree didst thou take them com-
witness against her.

panying together? Who answered,
50 Wherefore all the people turned Under an || holm tree.
again in haste, and the elders said 59 Then said Daniel unto him,
unto him, Come, sit down among us, Well; thou hast also lied against thine

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Or, kind of oak.

45. — a young youth, whose name was Daniel : ? The Italy, and some parts of France; and affords a very history, if founded on truth, must be supposed to have pleasant shade from the verdour of its foliage. Badweli, taken place when Daniel was very young, and probably, Calmet. according to some accounts, not above twelve years of 55. — to cut thee in two.] Daniel, in his reply to the age. Dr. Gray.

elders, alludes to the Greek names of the trees, under 46. - I'am clear from the blood of this woman.) I do which they said the fact was committed, and from these not consent to her death. Castellio. A form of speech names pronounces sentence to their confusion. Between used also in Matt. xxvii. 24. Grotius.

the Greek words for “ a mastick tree,” and “ an holm 50. — and the elders said unto him, &c.] These tree," and the two verbs respectively rendered “to cut “ elders ” were most probably different from the two thee in two,” in this verse and the fifty-ninth, there is others; and, not being in the plot with them, but an affinity of sound, which cannot be translated into acting agreeably to their publick office and character, another language. Dean Prideaux. See Jer. i. 11, 12; were well inclined to detect the falsity of the accusa- and the note there. tion, and to re-examine the cause for that purpose. 56. - 0 thou seed of Chanaan, and not of Juda,] See Arnald.

the note on Ezek. xvi. 3. 54. - Under a mastick tree. Or, “lentisk tree.” It 58. — Under an holm tree.] The ilex, or evergreen is an evergreen, not uncommon in the Greek isles, in oak. Dr. Johnson.

Apocrypha.
THE HISTORY OF SUSANNA.

Apocrypha.
own 'head: for the angel of God sort as they maliciously intended to
waiteth with the sword to cut thee in do to their neighbour ; and they put
two, that he may destroy you. them to death. Thus the innocent

60 With that all the assembly blood was saved the same day,
cried out with a loud voice, and praised 63 Therefore Chelcias and his wife
God, who saveth them that trust in praised God for their daughter Su-
him.

sanna, with Joacim her husband, and
61 And they arose against the two all the kindred, because there was no
elders, for Daniel had convicted them dishonesty found in her.

of false witness by their own mouth: 64 From that day forth was Daniel b Deut. 19. 62 And according to the law of had in great reputation in the sight Prov. 19. 5. Moses they did unto them in such of the people,

19.

62. — and they put them to death.] Though the Jews, Romans, who gave the Jews as much liberty as the as Origen and others maintain, might have the power Babylonians, it is certain they had not this power of of the sword sometimes in their dispersions, yet it may life and death, as appears from John xviii. 31, “ It is be questioned how far they had the power of life and not lawful for us to put any man to death.” It is more death during their captivity under the Chaldeans. It likely that they had only magistrates, judges, and courts seems more probable that they had not such a power, of justice of their own, to decide differences in cases of and therefore the Jewish writers will have these elders property, in a way peculiar to themselves ; as Strabo to have been punished by Nebuchadnezzar. Under the says they had at Alexandria in the like state. Arnald.

· THE

HISTORY OF THE DESTRUCTION

OF

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e os bei + BEL AND THE DRAGON,

CUT OFF FROM THE END OF DANIEL.

INTRODUCTION.

THIS book, which in Theodotion's version of Daniel, and in the Vulgate, is annexed as a fourteenth chapter to

the book of Daniel, is properly rejected by our Church, having never been in the Hebrew canon, or received as authentick by the earlier Christians. It is most reasonable to suppose that it was never extant in the Hebrew language, though it might, as Lightfoot has conceived, be a parabolical story founded on a passage in Jeremiah, chap. li. 44, who threatens punishment to Bel, the great national idol of Babylon, in terms that might have

suggested the circumstances of his destruction as described in this book. Many persons object to the improbability of the circumstances related in this book; as particularly to the destruc

tion of the Dragon, and to the conveyance of Habakkuk from Jerusalem to Babylon, merely to furnish a dinner to Daniel. The book indeed, though it be cited as historical by the most respectable writers in the earliest ages of the Church, is considered as fabulous by St. Jerome; and it must be allowed to contain some extraordinary and incredible relations. It is however canonized by the Council of Trent. Daniel, probably by detecting the mercenary contrivances of the idolatrous priests of Babylon, and by opening the eyes of the people to the follies of that superstition into which they had been seduced, might have furnished some foundation for the history; and the writer of the book appears to have introduced some additional circumstances to enliven the narration, and to illustrate the providence of God in protecting and providing for those who adhere to his service. Dr. Gray.

| Or, lired with the king.

19 The fraud of Bel's priests is discovered by 5 Who answered and said, Because

Daniel, 27 and the dragon slain, which was
worshipped. 33 Daniel is preserved in the

I may not worship idols made with

mar
lions' den. 42 The king doth acknowledge bands, but the living God, who h
the God of Daniel, and casteth his enemies created the heaven and the earth, and
into the same den.

hath sovereignty over all flesh.
AND king Astyages was gathered 6 Then said the king unto him,
A to his fathers, and Cyrus of Thinkest thou not that Bel is a living
Persia received his kingdom. God? seest thou not how much he

2 And Daniel || conversed with the eateth and drinketh every day?
king, and was honoured above all his 7 Then Daniel smiled, and said,
friends.

O king, be not deceived: for this is

O king 3 Now the Babylonians had an but clay within, and brass without, idol, called Bel, and there was spent and did never a eat or drink any thing. a Ecclus. 30. upon him every day twelve great 8 So the king was wroth, and called "". measures of fine flour, and forty sheep, for his priests, and said unto them, If and six vessels of wine.

1 ye tell me not who this is that de4 And the king worshipped it, and voureth these expences, ye shall die. went daily to adore it: but Daniel 9 But if ye can certify me that Bel worshipped his own God. And the devoureth them, then Daniel shall king said unto him, Why dost not die: for he hath spoken blasphemy thou worship Bel?

against Bel. And Daniel said unto

Ver. 1. – Cyrus of Persia received his kingdom.] The Xenophon, and Darius by Daniel and Josephus. Dr. author here speaks of Cyrus, as of the immediate suc. Gray. See the note on Dan. v. 31. cessor of Astyages, agreeably to the account of Herodo- 2. And Daniel conversed with the king, ] That is, he lived tus and his followers. But it is certain, from profane with him upon terms of familiar intimacy. Badwell. and sacred history, that there was an intermediate king 3. - Bel,] See the note from Dean Prideaux on of Media, who reigned two years, called Cyaxares by 1 Gen. x. 9.

this title,

Apocrypha. HISTORY OF BEL AND THE DRAGON. Apocrypha.

the king, Let it be according to thy, the privy doors, where they came in,
word.

and consumed such things as were
10 Now the priests of Bel were upon the table.
threescore and ten, beside their wives 22 Therefore the king slew them,
and children. And the king went and delivered Bel into Daniel's
with Daniel into the temple of Bel. power, who destroyed him and his

11 So Bel's priests said, Lo, we go temple.
out: but thou, o king, set on the 23 || And in that same place there ! Some add
meat, and make ready the wine, and was a great dragon, which they of of the dragen.
shut the door fast, and seal it with Babylon worshipped.
thine own signet;

| 24 And the king said unto Daniel,
12 And to morrow when thou Wilt thou also say that this is of
comest in, if thou findest not that brass ? lo, le liveth, he eateth and
Bel hath eaten up all, we will suffer drinketh ; thou canst not say that he is
death ; or else Daniel, that speaketh no living god: therefore worship him.
falsely against us.

I 25 Then said Daniel unto the
13 And they little regarded it: for king, I will worship the Lord my
under the table they had made a God: for he is the living God.
privy entrance, whereby they en- 26 But give me leave, O king,
tered in continually, and consumed and I shall slay this dragon without
those things.

sword or staff. The king said, I give
14 So when they were gone forth, thee leave.
the king set meats before Bel. Now 27 Then Daniel took pitch, and fat,
Daniel had commanded his servants and hair, and did seethe them together,
to bring ashes, and those they strewed and made lumps thereof: this he put
throughout all the temple in the pre- in the dragon's mouth, and so the
sence of the king alone : then went dragon burst in sunder: and Daniel
they out, and shut the door, and said, || Lo, these are the gods ye wor- ! Or, Betri
sealed it with the king's signet, and ship.
so departed.

28 When they of Babylon heard 15 Now in the night came the that, they took great indignation, and priests with their wives and children, conspired against the king, saying, as they were wont to do, and did eat The king is become a Jew, and he and drink up all.

hath destroyed Bel, he hath slain the
16 In the morning betime the king dragon, and put the priests to death.
arose, and Daniel with him.

29 So they came to the king, and
17 And the king said, Daniel, are said, Deliver us Daniel, or else we
the seals whole? And he said, Yea, will destroy thee and thine house.
O king, they be whole.

30 Now when the king saw that
18 And as soon as he had opened they pressed him sore, being con-
the door, the king looked upon the strained, he b delivered Daniel unto b Dan, C. 16
table, and cried with a loud voice, them:
Great art thou, O Bel, and with thee 31 Who cast him into the lions'
is no deceit at all.

den : where he was six days.
19 Then laughed Daniel, and held 32 And in the den there were
the king that he should not go in, seven lions, and they had given them
and said, Behold now the pavement, every day || two carcases, and two | OT, tre
and mark well whose footsteps are sheep : which then were not given *
these,

to them, to the intent they might
20 And the king said, I see the devour Daniel.
footsteps of men, women, and chil- 33 Now there was in Jewry a
dren. And then the king was angry, prophet, called Habbacuc, who had

21 And took the priests with their || made pottage, and had broken Or, sos.

wives and children, who showed him bread in a bowl, and was going into 23. — a great dragon,] By the dragon is to be un- 1 power of the composition, but by the suffocation which derstood a serpent, of which, to the triumph of our it occasioned in a narrow throat. Arnald, Dr. Gray. great deceiver, the worship prevailed among many 33. — a prophet, called Habbacuc,] If this be the same nations in early times. Dr. Gray.

person, whose book we receive as canonical, he mis 27.- and so the dragon burst in sunder:] It may be sup- have lived a long time, for he prophesied either before posed that this effect was produced, not by any specifick l or at least during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar. Euse

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