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Apocrypha. Before 20 Areus king of the Lacedemon-1 30 Then Jonathan pursued after Before about 144. ians to Onias the high priest, greeting: them, but overtook them not: for about 144.
21 It is found in writing, that the they were gone over the river Eleu-
the Arabians, who were called + Za- + Joseph. Gr. 22 Now therefore, since this is badeans, and smote them, and took or, Zabathe
come to our knowledge, ye shall do their spoils.
to Damascus, and so passed through
24 Now when Jonathan heard that and won it.
that took Demetrius' part; where-
and met them in the land of Amathis: it.
again, and calling the elders of the
36 And making the walls of Jeru-
37 Upon this they came together 28 But when the adversaries heard to build up the city, || forasmuch as ! Or, accordthat Jonathan and his men were ready part of the wall toward the brook on Roman
for battle, they feared, and trembled the east side was fallen down, and reading · Ant., in their hearts, and || they kindled they repaired that which was called near to the lib. 13. cap. 9. they went fires in their camp.
Caphenatha. 29 Howbeit Jonathan and his com- 38 Simon also set up Adida in the east. pany knew it not till the morning : Sephela, and made it strong with for they saw the lights burning. gates and bars.
foot in his
to invade his country.
4 be it from and Breat
ing to the
and he came
wall of the brook toward
otus called “barbarians ;” and perhaps were derived fires in their camp,” in order to make it be believed that from the Syrians and Arabians, the posterity of Abra- they were still there. Dean Prideaux. A stratagem, of ham by Keturah. Whiston.
which instances are frequently recorded in history. 19. — which Oniares sent,) See the margin.
Grotius. 21. It is found in writing, l That is, in the annals 31. -- the Arabians, who were called Zabadeans,] It and monuments of history. Badwell. It appears from is very probable, that instead of Zabadeans, which is a hence, that the Lacedemonians first wrote to the Jews, name entirely unknown, we should read Nabatheans, as and certified them that they found in some old books Josephus did. Calmet. The Nabatheans, though forthat they were related, and had the patriarch Abraham merly friends of Judas, had remained on the side of for their common father. The Jews, though proud of Demetrius Nicator, and had not attached themselves to their noble origin, did not reject the pretension of the Alexander. Grotius. See Dr. Wells's note on chap. iii. 46. Lacedemonians. Both believed they were related. It 36. — that men might neither sell nor buy in it.] The must be confessed, however, that their belief was ill object was, that the heathen, who were in garrison founded, if it rested on the documents remaining in there, might receive no relief of provision, or of any Scripture, or in profane authors. But they might at thing else that way; which soon reduced them to that time have proofs and monuments in their posses- | great distress, and very much forwarded that necessity, sion, which are unknown to us. Calmet.
whereby at last they were compelled to surrender the 25. - in the land of Amathis :) Or, Hamath. See the place. Dean Prideaux. note on Isai. x. 9.
37. that which was called Caphenatha.] Probably 28. – they feared, and trembled in their hearts, 7 So so called from the palms that grew there. Grotius. that they immediately marched off in the night, “kindling 38. — Adida in Sephela,] Eusebius and St. Jerome
Apocrypha Before 39 Now Tryphon went about to 50 But when they knew that Jona- Before about 144. get the kingdom of Asia, and to kill than and they that were with him about 14.
Antiochus the king, that he might were taken and slain, they encouraged
40 Howbeit he was afraid that prepared to fight.
the land of Judea peaceably, and there
captain, nor any to help them : now
I than's room. 19 Tryphon getteth two of
Jonathan's sons into his hands, and slayeth so great trouble, seeing there is no
their father. 27 The tomb of Jonathan.
36 Simon is favoured by Demetrius, 40
46 So Jonathan believing him did to Jerusalem, and gathered the people
saying, Ye yourselves know what
but three thousand men, of whom he my father's house, have done for the Gr. left two + sent two thousand into Galilee, and laws and the sanctuary, the battles
one thousand went with him. also and troubles which we have seen,
48 Now as soon as Jonathan en- 4 By reason whereof all my bre-
that I should spare mine own life in
tion, and the sanctuary, and our
thousand in Galilee.
tell us, that all the open plain country about Eleuthero- the young king had promised to the Jewish nation, polis to the north and west was in their days called chap. xi. 57. Grotius. Sephela. Dr. Wells.
48. — and took him,} By order of Tryphon, as Josephus 40.- Bethsan.) See chap. v. 52.
expressly states. Grotius. 45, - come thou with me to Ptolemais, for I will give it 50. But when they knew] Rather, when they had thee,] As being one of the four governments, which heard : for Jonathan was not yet dead. Castellio, fie
Before CHRIST about 144.
Apocrypha. Beforer wives, and our children: for all the , and the hundred talents : howbeit Before
CHRIST heathen are gathered to destroy us of Tryphon dissembled, neither would about 144. very malice.
he let Jonathan go.
8 And they answered with a loud going round about by the way that
I place, wheresoever he went.
to the end that he should hasten his
all his horsemen to come that night:
1 23 And when he came near to
and went into his own land.
14 Now when Tryphon knew that buried them in Modin, the city of his
he is owing unto the king's treasure, his brethren, and raised it aloft to the Or, for the concerning the business that was com- sight, with hewn stone behind and offices, that mitted unto him.
sons for hostages, that when he is at father, and his mother, and his four
29 And in these he made cunning
sail on the sea.
19 So he sent them the children 31 Now Tryphon dealt deceitfully
he had, or, the necessary
was not long after put to death by the perfidious Try- Jerusalem on mount Acra. It appears from chap. xii. phon, who next slew his young master, and put on his 36, that they had a difficulty in procuring supplies of blood-stained crown., Dr. Hales.
provisions, &c. Grotius.
25.- in Modin,] See the last note on chap. ii. 1. ? Chap. XIII. ver. 20. — Adora:] A city belonging to 30. — and it standeth yet unto this day.] Josephus the tribe of Judah, in the southern part of Judea, on tells us, that this whole fabrick was standing entire in the confines of Idumea. Calmet.
his days, and looked upon as a very curious and ex21.- they that were in the tower] In the fortress of cellent piece of architecture; and Eusebius mentions it
Before CHRIST about 143.
Before CHRIST about 143.
+ Gr. all Tryphon's doings were robberies.
Apocrypha Before with the young king Antiochus and tribute paid in Jerusalem, it shall no Before
more be paid.
walls, and gates, and bars, and laid 42 Then the people of Israel began + Gr. in the up victuals | therein.
to write in their instruments and con-
against Gaza, and besieged it round
tered a certain tower, and took it.
| 45 Insomuch as the people of the
46 And they said, Deal not with
them, and fought no more against
as still in being in his time, which was two hundred Jews, instead of the era of the Seleucidæ, or of Aleryears after the time of Josephus. Dean Prideaux, Stack- ander's successors, as before. Dr. Hales. house.
L 40.- let them be enrolled,] In the number of our 31. - and slew him.] How Tryphon killed this Anti- , soldiers. Badwell. See chap. x. 36. ochus, the epitome of Livy informs us; namely, that 43. In those days Simon camped against Gaza, &e.) he corrupted his physicians or surgeons, who, falsely Having obtained the independent sovereignty of the pretending to the people that he was perishing with the land, Simon took a progress through it, to inspect what stone, as they cut him for it, killed him. This exactly was wanting for its security; repairing the fortifications agrees with Josephus. Whiston.
that were decayed, making new ones where they were 32. - and brought a great calamity upon the land.] wanted, and besieging and taking the places that stood By the destruction of many who disapproved of his out against him. Dean Prideaux. conduct. Grotius.
- Gaza,] This is in all probability an errour for 34.- Simon chose men, and sent to king Demetrius,] Gazara; the taking of which is spoken of as one of the Notwithstanding the ill treatment the Jews had re- good works of Simon, chap. xiv. 7, 34; and also by ceived from Demetrius, who after his defeat by Tryphon Josephus: but nothing is said in either history of his had abandoned himself to sloth and luxury at Laodicea, taking Gaza. And Gazara is often mentioned by them Simon yet preferred him to his perfidious rival, and as in the hands of Simon; but Gaza never, unless it be sent respectfully to treat with him about a renewal of in this place. Gazara is the same with the ancient the former terms of accommodation: to which Deme- Gezar : see the note on chap. ii. 46. And here most trius gladly agreed, and confirmed them all, with an act likely it was that Simon.built him an house, Fer. 48; of amnesty for all past offences. From this grant the and that was the house wherein John his son dwelt, Jews date the independence of their country, and their when he sent him to command in those parts, ver. 53. freedom from the Syrian yoke, before Christ 143; and Dean Prideaux. thenceforth computed the times from this era of Simon's 47.- but put them out of the city, He generousty reign, as high priest, and ethnarch or prince of the spared their lives ; but for their idolatries, and for the
er comes, nor selisiress for Wemetrius, Arsaces, by
peace with them.
Apocrypha. op 48 Yea, he put all uncleanness outN OW in the hundred threescore Before about 143. of it, and placed such men there as NY and twelfth year king Deme- about 141.
would keep the law, and made it trius gathered his forees together,
49 They also of the tower in Je- 2 But when Arsaces, the king of
50 Then cried they to Simon, be- brought him to Arsaces, by whom he ! Or, to make seeching him || to be at one with was put in ward.
them : which thing he granted them; 4 As for the land of Judea, that
such wise, as that evermore his
7 And gathered together a great
53 And when Simon saw that in peace, and the earth gave her in-
9 The ancient men sat all in the
streets, communing together of || good !! or, the
things, and the young men put on land. 3 Demetrius is taken by the king of Persia. glorious and warlike apparel. 4 The good deeds of Simon to his country. 18 The Lacedemonians and Romans renew
10 He provided victuals for the their league with him. 26 A memorial of
of cities, and set in them all manner of
C his acts is set up in Sion.
munition, so that his honourable
harps, and cymbian, trees, and with his acts,
sake of greater security, made them evacuate the city. purpose of superintending the works then carrying on Dr. Hales, Grotius.
| at Joppa, which was in the neighbourhood: see chap. 51.- because there was destroyed a great enemy out of xiv. 5. Dean Prideaux. Israel.] The garrison in this fortress had been a dread. ful thorn in the sides of the Maccabees and their friends, Chap. XIV. ver. 2. — Arsaces,] This was the family ever since Antiochus Epiphanes first placed it there. name of all the kings of Parthia. The king that reigned Therefore Simon not only demolished the fortress, that at this time was Mithridates, who, having got Demeit might no longer be a retreat to sedition and faction; trius into his power, after some time allowed him a but, to prevent its being rebuilt at any time, he levelled royal maintenance, and gave him one of his daughters the hill on which it was situated, so that now no emi- in marriage. Dean Prideaux. nence was left but the mount of the temple only. This 5. – he took Joppe for an haven, 1 This being the mount he new fortified in the meanwhile; repairing the nearest maritime town to Jerusalem, though at the disouter wall, and making it stronger than before; and tance of forty miles, Simon made it the seaport to that provided habitations within it both for “ himself and his city and all Judea, it being the fittest place on all that company," and there he afterwards dwelt. And most coast for carrying on their trade to all the isles and likely his house stood where the castle Antonia was countries in the Mediterranean : and it served them for afterwards built. Dean Prideaux, Stackhouse.
this purpose many ages after, as it still doth the in53. — and he dwelt in Gazara.] That being a border habitants of that country even to this day. Dean Priwhich most wanted his presence : probably also for the I deaux.