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Apocrypha. name was renowned unto the end of 22 And did register the things Before about 141. the world.
that they spake in the council of the about 141. 11 He made peace in the land, people in this manner; Numenius
and Israel rejoiced with great joy: son of Antiochus, and Antipater son al Kings 4. 12 For å every man sat under his of Jason, the Jews' ambassadors,
vine and his fig tree, and there was came unto us to renew the friendship
they had with us.
in public records, to the end the
24 After this Simon sent Nume-
confirm the league with them.
26 For he and his brethren and
18 They wrote unto him in tables 27 So then they wrote it in tables of brass, to renew the friendship and of brass, which they set upon pillars league which they had made with in mount Sion : and this is the copy Judas and Jonathan his brethren: of the writing; The eighteenth day
19 Which writings were read be- of the month Elul, in the hundred fore the congregation at Jerusalem. threescore and twelfth year, being
20 And this is the copy of the let- the third year of Simon the high ters that the Lacedemonians sent; priest, The rulers of the Lacedemonians, 28 At || Saramel in the great con- f Or, Jean
ies, per with the city, unto Simon the high gregation of the priests, and people, venture be priest, and the elders, and priests, and rulers of the nation, and elders and residue of the people of the Jews, of the country, were these things sition of an our brethren, send greeting :
notified unto us. 21 The ambassadors that were sent 29 Forasmuch as oftentimes there halisiere
se unto our people certified us of your have been wars in the country, glory and honour: wherefore we were wherein for the maintenance of their saiteriet glad of their coming,
sanctuary, and the law, Simon the ***
the 26 For hemon and his sanks shall
corruptica and trap
some this to
24.- of a thousand pound weight,] A thousand minæ, reciting the good deeds of Simon and his family, and which, according to the lowest computation of an Attic constituting him their prince, as well as their high priest, mina, amounted to the value of fifty thousand pounds | in return : a copy of which act they ordered to be €3sterling of our money. Dean Prideaur.
graven on tables of brass, and hung up in the sane. 25. Whereof when the people heard,] That is, the tuary ; and the original they laid up in the sacret people of the Jews. Drusius.
archives belonging to the treasury of the temple. From 27. So then they wrote it in tables of brass, &c.] In a that time Simon took on him the state, style, and author general assembly of the priests and elders and all the rity of prince, as well as high priest, of the Jews; and people assembled at Jerusalem, it was agreed by the all publick acts thenceforth went in his name. And unanimous consent of all present, that the supreme go- after him both these dignities descended together to be vernment of the nation, as well as the high priesthood, | posterity; and continued among them thus united w should be conferred on Simon, and settled both on him gether for several descents, they being at the same ture and on his posterity after him. This had before been sovereign pontiffs and sovereign princes of the Jewish personally settled on Simon by the grant of Demetrius; | nation. Dean Prideaur. and the same was now granted by the whole nation of the month Elul,? The sixth month from Nisan, the Jews, and made perpetual to his descendants. A answering in part to our August. It is mentioned a publick act or instrument was made of these things, | Nehem. vi. 15. Drusius,
Apocrypha. en son of Mattathias, of the posterity offirmed him in the high priesthood Before about 141. Jarib, together with his brethren, according to those things,
put themselves in jeopardy, and real 39 And made him one of his
30 (For after that Jonathan, hav- 40 For he had heard say, that the
ren; and that they had entertained the 31 Their enemies purposed to in- ambassadors of Simon honourably; vade their country, that they might 41 Also that the Jews and priests destroy it, and lay hands on the were well pleased that Simon should sanctuary :
be their governor and high priest for 32 At which time Simon rose up, ever, until there should arise a faithand fought for his nation, and spent ful prophet;
much of his own substance, and 42 Moreover that he should be | Or, the men armed | the valiant men of his nation, their captain, and should take charge and gave them wages,
of the sanctuary, to set them over 33 And fortified the cities of Ju- their works, and over the country, dea, together with Bethsura, that and over the armour, and over the
lieth upon the borders of Judea, where fortresses, that, I say, he should take || Or,weapons. the || armour of the enemies had been charge of the sanctuary;
before ; but he set a garrison of Jews - 43 Beside this, that he should be
obeyed of every man, and that all 34 Moreover he fortified Joppe, the writings in the country should | Or, Gaza. which lieth upon the sea, and || Ga- be made in his name, and that he
zara, that bordereth upon Azotus, should be clothed in purple, and
say his words, or to gather an assem-
issued, and polluted all about the writing should be put in tables of
within the compass of the sanctuary
the end that Simon and his sons
41.- that Simon should be their governor and high - until there should arise a faithful prophet ;] Or priest for ever,] That is, he and his posterity: the ex- the Messiah. This was a very remarkable reservation pression “ for ever," is opposed to a more personal made on the part of the Jewish people. Dr. Hales. See dignity. Drusius, Grotius.
I the note on chap. iv. 46.
Before CHRIST about 140.
CHRIST about 140.
Apocrypha. | money for thy country with thine Before CHAP. XV.
1 7 And as concerning Jerusalem
Judea, and granteth great honours to Simon and the sanctuary, let them be free:
them remain unto thee.
I of Demetrius the king sent be, owing to the king, let it be for-
9 Furthermore, when we have ob-
king Antiochus, he fled unto Dora,
13 Then camped Antiochus against
14 And when he had compassed
Chap. XV. ver. 1. - Antiochus son of Demetrius the character on the front, “the fourth year," and on the king] This Antiochus was second son to Demetrius reverse, “O the deliverance of Sion.”' An engraving e Soter, and brother to Demetrius Nicator, who during the coin or medal, and of the inscription, is given in his captivity in Parthia had married the daughter of the Dr. Kennicott's Observations on the first book di Parthian king. See the note on chap. xiv. 2. This Samuel, chap. vi. 19. Dr. Hales. marriage gave such offence to Cleopatra, Demetrius's 7.- let them be free ;] Or as the Latin Vulgate ha queen, who had fled with her two sons to Seleucia for it, “holy and free,” which are the very words of bis protection against the usurper Tryphon, that she offered father's concession, offered to Jonathan several years the crown of Syria to Antiochus, her husband's bro- before, chap. x. 31. What makes these grants very te: ther, on condition that he would marry her. He ac- markable, is the state of the remaining genuine shekels at cepted her offer, and assumed the title of “king," and the Jews with Samaritan characters which seem to have wrote a letter next year, before Christ 140, " from the been, most of them at least, coined in the four first isles of the sea,” most probably from Rhodes or Cyprus, years of this Simon the Asmonean, and have on then to Simon the high priest, and prince of his nation, and these words on one side, “Jerusalem the holy," and on to the people of the Jews, announcing his intention of the reverse, “In the year of freedom, 1, or 2, or 3, ar coming to recover his father's dominions from the 4.” These shekels therefore are original monumen: usurper Tryphon; and, to secure their assistance, con- of these times, and undeniable marks of the truth . firming all the grants of his father and brother in their the history contained in these chapters. Whiston. full extent, and adding the promise of more. Dean 10. — went Antiochus into the land of his fathers : Prideaux, Dr. Hales.
He landed in Syria the beginning of the next year, 3. — certain pestilent men] Meaning Alexander Balas according to the foregoing letter : whereupon most a and his son; but especially Tryphon. Grotius.
the usurper's forces, now weary of his tyranny, wed 6. — to coin money for thy country with thine own over to Antiochus. Dean Prideaux. stamp.] A curious confirmation of this fact is furnished 11.- Dora] A city in Phenicia, near mount Cartie by a genuine copper coin of Simon's, struck this very | It is said to be “ by the sea side," to distinguish it in year; which was purchased by Dr. Kennicott in the another Dora, or Adora, in Idumea, mentioned che East, with the following inscription in the ancient sacred | xiii. 20. Drusius.
Before CHRIST about 139.
Apocrypha. Before close to the town on the sea side, | Tryphon, that he could neither go about 139. he vexed the city by land and by sea, out nor in.
neither suffered he any to go out 26 At that time Simon sent him
two thousand chosen men to aid
nants which he had made with him
28 Furthermore he sent unto him
29 The borders thereof ye have
land, and got the dominion of many
hundred talents of silver; and for the
came to Jerusalem: and when he saw
wise unto Demetrius the king, and of gold and silver plate, and his great . Or, Arathes. Attalus, to || Ariarathes, and Arsaces, attendance, he was astonished, and
23 And to all the countries, and to told him the king's message.
nians, and to Delus, and Myndus, unto him, We have neither taken
and Pamphylia, and Lycia, and Ha- which appertaineth to others, but the Or, Basilis. licarnassus, and Rhodus, and || Pha- inheritance of our fathers, which our
selis, and Cos, and Side, and Aradus, enemies had wrongfully in possession
34 Wherefore we, having oppor-
saulting it continually, and making great harm unto the people in our
15. — to the kings and countries ;] That is, to all the 30. — the places, whereof ye have gotten dominion] The cities and states of Greece, lesser Asia, and the isles, three governments mentioned chap. xi. 34. Grotius. that were then in alliance with the Romans. The seve- 32. — when he saw the glory of Simon, &c.] That is, ral “ kings" specified were kings respectively, Ptolemy the pomp and grandeur in which he lived. For being of Egypt, Demetrius of Syria, Attalus of Pergamus, now sovereign prince of the Jews, he was served in
Ariarathes of Cappadocia, Arsaces, that is, Mithridates, much gold and silver plate, had many attendants, and of Parthia: see the note on chap. xiv. 2. Dean Pri- in all things else appeared with the same splendour and deaux.
magnificence as other princes. Dean Prideaux.
Apocrypha. Beforer talents for them. Hereunto Atheno- and go and fight for our nation, and Before about 139. bius answered him not a word; the help from heaven be with you. about 139.
36 But returned in a rage to the 4 So he chose out of the country
5 And when as they rose in the
behold, a mighty great host both of 38 Then the king made Cendebeus footmen and horsemen came against captain of the sea coast, and gave him them: howbeit there was a water an host of footmen and horsemen, brook betwixt them.
39 And commanded him to remove 6 So he and his people pitched
passed through after him.
men were very many.
9 At that time was Judas John's CHAP. XVI.
brother wounded; but John still fol-
sent by Antiochus. 11 The captain of Je- Cedron, which Cendebeus had built.
| 10 || So they fed even unto the [ 01. murdereth them. 19 John is sought for, 1 towers in the helds of Azotus; where
? | towers in the fields of Azotus; where- de kad se * 22 and escapeth, and killeth those that fore he burned it with fire: so that fire, los sought for him.
there were slain of them about two towers to file MVHEN came up John from Ga- thousand men. Afterward he returned "Avotu, nos
1 zara, and told Simon his father into the land of Judea in peace. what Cendebeus had done.
11 Moreover in the plain of Jericho about 15.
deceitfully against Simon and his
37. - Orthosias.] Another maritime town of Phenicia. thus put to his usurpation, Antiochus became fully posDean Prideaux.
sessed of his father's throne. He is known from others 29. - Cedron, 1 An errour for Gedor, mentioned of the game name by the addition of Sidetes, or the Josh. xv. 58. Gratius.
hunter ; from a Syriack word which signifies hunting - he pursued Tryphon.] Who fled from Orthosia of which he was particularly fond. Dr. Hales, Decal to Apamea his native city, where he was taken and put Prideaux. to death, as he most richly deserved. An end being |