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13 Therefore also will I make thee sick in smiting thec, A.C. 722. in making thee desolate because of thy sins.
14 Thou shalt eat, but not be satisfied; and thy casting down shall be in the midst of thee; and thou shalt take hold, but shalt not deliver; and that which thou deliverest will I give up to the sword.
15 Thou shalt & sow, but thou shalt not reap; thou shalt & neut
16 C For * the statutes of " Omri are kept, and all the time he dotik
much keep the,
il Kings xvi. tör, astonishMent.
1 The church, complaining of her small number, 3 and the general corruption,
i Woe is me! for I am as I when they have gathered the Hcb. the
2 The Sgood man is perished out of the earth: and Ps xii. !. there is none upright among men: they all lie in wait for Or, Roviny,
or, merciful. blood ; they hunt every man his brother with a net. 3 ¢ That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asketh, and the judge asketh for a reward; and the great man, he uttereth || Þis mischievous desire : so they | Heh, the
mischief of his wrap it up
4 The best of them is a brier : the most upright is sharper than a thorn hedge : the day of thy watchmen and thy visitation cometh ; now shall be their perplexity.
5. Trust ye not in a friend, put ye not confidence in a guide : keep the doors of thy mouth from her that lieth in thy bosom.
6 For 'the son dishonoureth the father, the daughter . Matt. x. 21, riseth up against her mother, the daughter in law against xii. sj. her mother in law; a man's enemies are the men of his own
7 Therefore I will look unto the LORD; I will wait for
8 Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy: when I fall,
light unto me.
* Or, And thou wilt see her that is mine enemy,
10. & cxv. 2. Joel ii. 17.
Or, after that it hath been.
A. C. 722. sinned against him, until he plead my cause, and execute
judgment for me: he will bring me forth to the light, and I
10 * Then she that is mine enemy shall see it, and shame
shall cover her which said unto me, m Where is the LORD and cover her thy God? mine eyes shall behold her : now +shall she be mpshani.. trodden down as the mire of the streets.
11 In the day that thy walls are to be built, in that day + Heb. she shall the decree be far removed. shall be for a treading 12 In that day also he shall come even to thee from AsAinos ix. syria, I and from the fortified cities, and from the fortress 16r, even to. even to the river, and from sea to sea, and from mountain to
13 $ Notwithstanding the land shall be desolate because
of them that dwell therein, for the fruit of their doings. Il Or, rule,
14 I || Feed thy people with thy rod, the flock of thine heritage, which dwell solitarily in the wood, in the midst of Carmel: let them feed in Bashan and Gilead, as in the days of old.
15 According to the days of thy coming out of the land of Egypt will I shew unto him marvellous things.
16 | The nations shall see and be confounded at all their might : they shall lay their hand upon their mouth, their ears shall be deaf.
17 They shall lick the odust like a serpent, they shall *Or, creeping move out of their holes like * worms of the earth : they
shall be afraid of the LORD our God, and shall fear because
18 Who is a God like unto thee, that P pardoneth ini-
19 He will turn again, he will have compassion upon us; he will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea.
20 Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, and the mercy
2 KINGS XVIII. VER. 7, 8.
of Assyria, and served him not. + Heb. Azzah
8 He smote the Philistines, even unto + Gaza, and the borders thereof, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city.
o Ps. lxxii. a
Isaiah's Prophecy of the Restoration of the ten Tribes, the
ISAIAH XVIII 39.
1 God in care of his people will destroy the Ethiopians. 7 An access thereby
shall grow unto the church. 1 Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which is be- A.C. 721. yond the rivers of Ethiopia :
* The eighteenth chapter of Isaiah is generally acknowledged to be the most
. But Lowth unites with Vitringa in supposing the chapter to refer to
, will be engaged in the great work of the re-establishment of the Jews
2 That sendeth ambassadors by the sea, even in vessels of bulrushes upon the waters, saying, Go, ye
swift messenin subjection, and treated with contempt and derision; and this is likely still to be their condition, till their conversion shall take place. The inundation of rivers is a frequent image, in the prophetic style, of the ravages of armies of foreign invaders, and it is here used to represent the devastation committed by the enemies of Judah. Ver. 3. calls on the whole world to witness a display of God's power and providence, which alludes to a renewed preaching of the Gospel in the latter ages. I will “ take my rest," in ver. 4. seems to imply a long suspension of the visible interpositions of Providence in the affairs of this world, and in favour of his people, under an image of the extreme stillness of the atmosphere in summer. “ The season of the harvest," and “the gathering of fruit,” is the prophetic image of that period, when our Lord will send forth his angels to gather his elect from the four winds of heaven. The awful predictions against insincere and nominal members of the Church, and their separation from it by God's judgments, are illustrated by the cutting off the sprigs with pruning hooks, and the cutting down of the branches; and this is to take place before that great event. It was a prevailing opinion in the primitive ages, that Antichrist's last exploit would be to fix his seat of empire at Jerusalem, where he would ultimately perish. The pronoun translated "them," (“summer upon them," “ winter upon them,") in the original is singular, and ought to be rendered "it," as the true antecedent of this pronoun is the word •2732, “ my dwelling place," ver. 4. which dwelling place may be understood literally of Mount Sion. “ In that time,” ver. 7. that is, immediately after this purgation of the Church, at the very time when the fowls of the mountains, with all the beasts of the earth, when Anti-christ with his rebel rout shall have fixed his seat between the seas, in the holy mountain-a present shall be brought; the nation described in ver. 2. shall be brought to the place of the name of the name of the Lord of Hosts, the Mount Zion. Persuaded as I am that prophecies were generally given reference to some great passing event, I have endeavoured to connect this with the taking of Samaria, and the captivity of the ten tribes by Shalmaneser. It seems impossible that Isaiah would have permited this remarkable, and, to the Jews, most interesting event, to pass unnoticed. I suppose, therefore, that he broke out into this prediction of the restoration of the Jews, at the time when the people of Judah witnessed the destruction of their apostate brethren ; and, perhaps, from their signal punishment, apprehended for themselves a similar fate. To the remarks above, taken from Bishop Horsley, I shall only add his translation, with noies, on this prophecy; referring the reader to the book itself.—Horsley's Biblical Criticisms, vol. ii. p. 107– 178. 1 Ho! Land spreading wide the shadow of (thy) wings, which art beyond
the rivers of Cusht.
That is, affording aid and protection to friends and allies in remote countries.
+ The land of Cush in holy writ (commonly, but by mistake, rendered Ethiopia) is properly that district of Arabia where the sons of Cush first settled. But as this race multiplied exceedingly, and spread, not only into other parts of Arabia, but eastward, round the head of the Persian Gulf, to the confines of
gers, to a nation * scattered and peeled, to a people terrible A.C. 72).
* Or, out. spread and polished + Or, a nation that meteth out, and treadeth down.
Heb, a nation of line, line, and treading under foot.
Or, whose land the rivers despise.
2 Accustomed to send messengers by sea,
Even in bulrush-vessels t, upon the surface of the waters,
Whose land rivers have spoiled.
Shall see the lifting up, as it were, of a banne" || upon the mountains,
I will sit still I (but I will keep my eye upon my prepared habitation)
Susiana; and westward, across the Arabian Gulf, into the region since called
• " Accustomed to send”—The form of the expression in the original signi-
+ " Sending by sea, in bulrush-vessels,” is a figurative expression, descrip-
"Go, swift messengers"— You who, by your skill in navigation and your extensive commerce and alliances, are so well qualified to be carriers of a message to people in the remotest corners, Go with God's message.
"Unto a nation," &c. viz. to the dispersed Jews; a nation dragged away from its proper seat, and plucked of its wealth and power; people wonderful, from the beginning to this very time, for the special providence which ever has attended them, and directed their fortunes; a nation still lingering in expectation of the Messiah, who so long since came, and was rejected by them, and now is coming again in glory; a nation universally trampled under foot ; whose land, “rivers,' armies of foreign invaders, the Assyrians, Babylonians, Syromacedonians, Romans, Saracens, and Turks, have over-run and depopu
“A banner-a trumpet.” The banner of the cross, to be lifted up more conspicuously than ever before; the trumpet of the Gospel, to be sounded more Joudly than ever before in the latter ages.
1 This 4th verse represents a long cessation of visible interpositions of Providence, under the image of God's sitting still ; the stillness of that awful panse, under the image of that torpid state of the atmosphere in hot weather,