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Xxxv. I.

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his statutes with all their heart and all their soul, to perform the words of this
covenant that were written in this book. And all the people stood to the cove-

2 KINGS XXIII. VER. 21-25.
i 2 Chron. 21 | And the king commanded all the people, saying, iKeep the passover
1 Esd. i. 1. unto the LORD your God, kas it is written in the book of this covenant.
k Ex. xii. 3.
Deut. xvi. 2.

22 Surely there was not holden such a passover from the days of the judges that judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel, nor of the kings of

Judah; cir. 623. 23 But in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, wherein this passover was His 18th Year ending.

holden to the LORD in Jerusalem.

24 | Moreover the workers with familar spirits, and the wizards, and the * Or, tera * images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied in the land of phim.

Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words
1 Lev. XX. 27. of 'the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the
Deut. xviii.
house of the LORD.

2 KINGS XXIII. VER, 28-31.
28 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and all that he did, are they not written

in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah ?
m 2 Chron. 29 9 In his days Pharaoh-nechoh king of Egypt went up against the king

of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and he
slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him.

30 And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought n 2 Chron. him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people of Xxxvi. I.

the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king
in his father's stead.



XXXY, 20,

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+ Heb. removed him,

Reign of Jehoahaz, 3 Months.

2 CHRONICLES XXXVI. VER. 1-5. A.C.610. 1 Then the people of the land took Jehoabaz the son &xv. 30, &c. of Josiah, and made him king in his father's stead in Jeru


2 Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem.

3 And the king of Egypt + put him down at Jerusalem, Heb. mulct- and I condemned the land in an hundred talents of silver

and a talent of gold.

4 And the king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem, and turned his name to Jehoiakim. And Necho took Jehoahaz his brother, and carried him to Egypt.

2 KINGS XXIII. ver. 31-36. Called, Shal.

31 Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem.


lum, 1 Chron. iii, 15.

mulct upon the land.

And his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jere- A.C. 610. miah of Libnah.

32 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done.

33 And Pharaoh-nechoh put him in bands at Riblah in the land of Hamath, * that he might not reign in Jerusa- * Or, because salem; and + put the land to a tribute of an hundred ta- + Heb. set a lents of silver, and a talent of gold.

34 And Pharaoh-nechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, and took Jehoahaz away: and he b Matt, i,!!, came to Egypt, and died there.

35 And Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh; but he taxed the land to give the money according to the commandment of Pharaoh: he exacted the silver and the gold of the people of the land, of every one according to his taxation, to give it unto Pharaoh-nechoh.


Reign of Jehoiakim, 11 Years - From 610 to 599.

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Accession of Jehoiakim.

2 KINGS XXIII. VER. 36, 37.
36 Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he
began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem.
And his mother's name was Zebudah, the daughter of Pe-
daiah of Rumah.

37 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the
Lord, according to all that his fathers had done.

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Various Predictions and Appeals to the Jews, declaring the cer-
tainty of their Captivity, and the Destruction of Jerusalem.

1 In the type of a linen girdle, hidden at Euphrates, God prefigureth the destruc-
tion of his people. 12 Under the parable of the bottles filled with wine he fore-
telleth their drunkenness in misery. 15 He exhorteth to prevent their future
jeudgments. 22 He showeth their abominations are the cause thereof.
1 Thus saith the LORD unto me, Go and get thee a

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** These chapters are all referred to the commencement of the reign of Jehoiakim, by Dr. Blayney and Lightfoot. Chapter xiii. foretells the utter de

it on my

A.C. 609. linen girdle, and put it upon thy loins, and put it not in


2 So I got a girdle according to the word of the LORD,

3 And the word of the Lord came unto me the second
time, saying,

4 Take the girdle that thou hast got, which is upon thy
loins, and arise, go to Euphrates, and hide it there in a hole
of the rock.

5 So I went, and hid it by Euphrates, as the LORD commanded me.

6 And it came to pass after many days, that the LORD said unto me, Arise, go to Euphrates, and take the girdle from thence, which I commanded thee to hide there.

7 Then I went to Euphrates, and digged, and took the girdle from the place where I had hid it and, behold, the girdle was marred, it was profitable for nothing.

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struction that was to fall on the whole Jewish nation, under two symbols, a
linen girdle left to rot, and the breaking of bottles filled with wine, xii. 1-14.
An exhortation to humiliation and repentance is subjoined, ver. 15-21.; and
their incorrigible wickedness and profligacy are assigned as the cause of all the
evils that awaited them, 22—27. The particular mention of the downfal of the
king and queen in the 18th verse, Dr. Blayney thinks, will justify the opinion
which ascribes this prophecy to the commencement of the reign of Jehoiakim,
whose fate, with that of his queen, is, in like manner, noticed together in chap.
xxii, 18.

Chap. xiv. predicts a severe famine, to punish the Jews for their sins, but
which does not bring them to repentance, xiv. 1-22; and announces God's
peremptory decree to destroy Judah, unless they should speedily repent, XV.
1-9. The prophet, complaining that he is become an object of hatred by rea-
son of his office, receives a promise of divine protection, 10-21.

In the xvith chapter, 1–13. is predicted the utter ruin of the Jews, the type of the prophet being forbidden to marry and to feast; and, immediately afterwards, he announces their future restoration, 14, 15, as well as the conversion of the Gentiles, 16–21; accompanied with a severe reproof of the Jews for their too great reliance on human aid, xvii. 1–18. From 19--27. contains a prophecy concerning the strict observance of the sabbath-day, which Jeremiah was commanded to proclaim aloud in all the gates of Jerusalem, as a matter that concerned the conduct of each individual, and the general happiness of the whole nation.

Chap. xviii, 1–10. shews, under the type of a potter, God's absolute authority over nations and kingdoms, to alter and regulate their condition at his own pleasure. The prophet is then directed to exhort the Jews to avert their impending dangers by repentance and reformation, and, on their refusal, to predict their destruction, 11–17. The Jews conspiring against him, Jeremiah implores judgment against them, 18—23. Under the type of breaking a potter's vessel, is foretold the desolation of the Jews for their sins, xix... Vide Horne's Critical Introduction,

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8 Then the word of the LORD came unto me saying, A.C. 609.

9 Thus saith the LORD, After this manner will I mar the pride of Judah, and the great pride of Jerusalem.

10 This evil people, which refuse to hear my words, which walk in the * imagination of their heart, and walk Or, stubafter other gods, to serve them, and to worship them, shall even be as this girdle, which is good for nothing.

11 For as the girdle cleaveth to the loins of a man, so have I cause to cleave unto me the whole house of Israel and the whole house of Judah, saith the LORD; that they might be unto me for a people, and for a name, and for a praise, and for a glory: but they would not hear.

12 , Therefore thou shalt speak unto them this word; Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Every bottle shall be filled with wine : and they shall say unto thee, Do we not certainly know that every bottle shall be filled with wine ?

13 Then shalt thou say unto them, Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will fill all the inhabitants of this land, even the kings that sit upon David's throne, and the priests, and the prophets, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, with drunkenness.

14 And I will dash them tone against another, even the Heb a man fathers and the sons together, saith the LORD: I will not brother. pity, nor spare, nor have mercy, but destroy them.

15 Hear ye, and give ear; be not proud: for the LORD themes

1 Heb. from destroying

hath spoken.

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16 Give glory to the Lord your God, before he cause darkness, and before your feet stumble upon the dark c Is. viii. 22. mountains, and, while ye look for light, he turn it into the shadow of death, and make it gross darkness. 17 But if


will not hear it, my soul shall weep in secret places for your pride; and d mine eye shall weep sore, and 16lam: ins run down with tears, because the Lord's flock is carried away captive. 18 Say unto the king and to the queen,


yourselves, sit down : for your S principalities shall come down, Or, head even the crown of your glory.

19 The cities of the south shall be shut up, and none shall open them : Judah shall be carried away captive all of it, it shall be wholly carried away captive.

20 Lift up your eyes, and behold them that come from the north : where is the flock that was given thee, thy beautiful flock ?

21 What wilt thou say when he shall || punish thee? for 1 Heb. visit thou hast taught them to be captains, and as chief over thee: shall not sorrows take thee, as a woman in travail ?


A.C. 609.

e ch. v 19. & violently taken

22 q And if thou say in thine heart, • Wherefore come

these things upon me? For the greatness of thine iniquity * Vorrat de are thy skirts discovered, and thy heels * made bare.

23 Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his * Heb. taught. spots ? then may ye also do good, that are + accustomed to

do evil.

24 Therefore will I scatter them as the stubble that passeth away by the wind of the wilderness.

25 This is thy lot, the portion of thy measures from me, saith the LORD; because thou hast forgotten me, and trusted in falsehood.

26 Therefore will I discover thy skirts upon thy face, that thy shame may appear.

27 I have seen thine adulteries, and thy neighings, the lewdness of thy whoredom, and thine abominations on the

hills in the fields. Woe unto thee, O Jerusalem! wilt thou Heb. after not be made clean? #when shall it once be?

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when yet?


Heb. the words of the dearths, or, restraints.

1 The grievous famine 7 causeth Jeremiah to pray. 10 The Lord will not be

intreated for the people. 13 Lying prophets are no excuse for them. 17 Jere-
miak is moved to complain for them.

1 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah concern-
ing § the dearth.

2 Judah mourneth, and the gates thereof languish; they are black unto the ground; and the cry of Jerusalem is gone up.

3 And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they came to the pits, and found no water; they returned with their vessels empty; they were ashamed and confounded, and covered their heads.

4 Because the ground is chapt, for there was no rain in the earth, the plowmen were ashamed, they covered their heads.

5 Yea, the hind also calved in the field, and forsook it, because there was no grass.

6 And the wild asses did stand in the high places, they snuffed up the wind like dragons; their eyes did fail, because there was no grass.

79 O Lord, though our iniquities testify against us, do thou it for thy name's sake: for our backslidings are many; we have sinned against thee.

8 O the hope of Israel, the saviour thereof in time of trouble, why shouldest thou be as a stranger in the land, and as a wayfaring man that turneth aside to tarry for a night?

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