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2 Thus speaketh the LORD God of Israel, saying, Write thee all the words that I have spoken unto thee in a book.
prophetic writings; the accomplishment of the former affording the Jews the
The 30th chapter opens with a description of the distress and consternation
Ramah was a city of Benjamin, near which, Rachel, the mother of Joseph and Benjamin, was buried. Rachel is represented (ver. 15 to 18.) as just risen from her grave, refusing to be comforted for her children, who are all either slain, or gone into exile. The Evangelist applies this prophecy to Herod's massacre of the infants at Bethlehem, (Matt. ii. 17, 18.); but this cruel destruction could not have been the primary signification of the prophecy, as the sequel consoles Rachel with the promise, that her children were not lost for ever, that they should still reward her care, and "come again from the land of the enemy." Ephraim is afterwards described as “bemoaning himself” for his past disobedience; and, on his penitence, God receives him once more as his darling child, and promises to “have mercy upon him." The "' virgin of Israel" is exhorted (ver. 21, 22.) to hasten her return; and, for her encouragement, she is told, that God would work a miracle in her favour, and would enable her, though apparently so weak, to overcome and prevail against all her powerful enemies. The vision closes with an allusion to the circumstances that attended the first introduction of the Jews to the land of Canaan, when each family had a separate portion assigned them for their own cultivation and subsistence; and each individual, in consequence, became a husbandman, and feeder of flocks. God promises his people, they shall again dwell in the "mountain of holiness," and cultivate it according to their ancient institutions, redeemed from every want
fear and not
+ Heb. a male.
23. & Xxxvi. 24. Hos, iii. 5.
3 For, lo, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will A.C. 597. bring again the captivity of my people Israel and Judah, saith the LORD: and I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers, and they shall possess it.
4. And these are the words that the Lord spake concerning Israel and concerning Judah.
5 For thus saith the Lord; We have heard a voice of trembling, * of fear, and not of peace.
* Or, there is
7 'Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it Joel ii. 11. is even the time of Jacob's trouble; but he shall be saved Zeph. i. 14, out of it.
8 For it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD of hosts, that I will break' his yoke from off thy neck, and will burst thy bonds, and strangers shall no more serve themselves of him :
9 But they shall serve the Lord their God, and · David Ezek. xxxiv. their king, whom I will raise up unto them.
10 f Therefore * fear thou not, O my servant Jacob, saith is xli. 13,8
11 For I am with thee, saith the LORD, to save thee:
. l. ch. unpunished.
12 For thus saith the LORD, Thy bruise is incurable, and thy wound is grievous.
13 There is none to plead thy cause, # that thou mayest binden cup, or, be bound up: thou hast no healing medicines.
pressing. and infirmity. After Jeremiah awakes from his vision, or dream, God assures him, that he would be more anxious to restore Israel and Judah, than he had ever been to destroy them. The meaning of the proverbial expression, " the fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the children's teeth are set on edge,” seems to have been founded on what is often declared in Scripture, that "God visiteth the sins of the fathers upon the children." It is here promised, that no man hereafter should suffer for the sins of another; but that "every one shall die for his own iniquity,” only. God declares he will make with Israel and Judah a better covenant than he did with their forefathers ; that they shall continue his people as long as the sun and moon endure; and that Jerusalem shall be again built with enlarged boundaries, not to be "plucked up nor thrown down any more for ever."--Blayney in loc.
X. 24. & xlvi. 28.
x ch. xv. 18.
y Ex. xxiii. 22. Is. xli, 1l.
A.C. 597. 14 All thy lovers have forgetten thee; they seek thee
not; for I have wounded thee with the wound of an enemy,
15 Why criest thou for thine affliction? thy sorrow is
16 Therefore all they that devour thee I shall be devoured; and all thine adversaries, every one of them, shall go into captivity; and they that spoil thee shall be a spoil, and all that prey upon thee will I give for a prey.
17 For I will restore health unto thee, and I will heal thee of thy wounds, saith the LORD; because they called thee an Outcast, saying, This is Zion, whom no man seeketh after.
18 | Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will bring again the captivity of Jacob's tents, and have mercy on his dwelling places; and the city shall be builded upon her own * heap, and the palace shall remain after the manner thereof.
19. And out of them shall proceed thanksgiving and the voice of them that make merry: and I will multiply them, and they shall not be few; I will also glorify them, and they shall not be small.
20 Their children also shall be as aforetime, and their congregation shall be established before me, and I will
pu. nish all that
22 And ye shall be ? my people, and I will be your God.
fury, a t continuing whirlwind : it shall I fall with pain 1 Or, remain. upon the head of the wicked.
24 The fierce anger of the LORD shall not return, until he have done it, and until he have performed the intents of his heart: in the latter days he shall consider it.
* Or, little hill.
z ch. xxiv. 7.
I The restoration of Israel. 10 The publication thereof. 15 Rachacl mourning is
comforted. 18 Ephraim repenting is brought home again. 22 Christ is pro-
1 At the same time, saith the LORD, will I be the God
2 Thus saith the LORD, The people which were left of the
+ Or, have 1 extended
sword found grace in the wilderness; even Israel, when I A.C. 597. went to cause him to rest.
3 The LORD hath appeared * of old unto me, saying, * Heb. from Yea, I have loved thee with an everlasting love: therefore + with lovingkindness have I drawn thee.
4 Again I will build thee, and thou shalt be built, Olovingkindness virgin of Israel: thou shalt again be adorned with thy b# tabrets, and shalt go forth in the dances of them that b Ex. xv. 20.
5 Thou shalt yet plant vines upon the mountains of Samaria : the planters shall plant, and shall & eat them as common things.
6 For there shall be a day, that the watchmen upon the mount Ephraim shall cry, Arise ye, and let us go up to Zion unto the LORD our God.
7 For thus saith the LORD; Sing with gladness for Jacob, and shout among the chief of the nations : publish ye, praise ye, and say, O LORD, save thy people, the remnant of Israel.
8 Behold, I will bring them from the north country, and gather them from the coasts of the earth, and with them the blind and the lame, the woman with child and her that travaileth with child together : a great company shall return thither.
9 They shall come with weeping, and with || supplica- || Or, favours. tions will I lead them: I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way, wherein they shall not stumble: for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn.
10 Hear the word of the LORD, O ye nations, and declare it in the isles afar ofl, and say, He that scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him, as a shepherd doth his flock.
11 For the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and ransomed him from the hand of him that was stronger than he.
12 Therefore they shall come and sing in the height of Zion, and shall flow together to the goodness of the LORD, for wheat, and for wine, and for oil, and for the young of the flock and of the herd : and their soul shall be as a wa- d Is, lviii. II. tered garden ; and they shall not sorrow any more at all.
13 Then shall the virgin rejoice in the dance, both young men and old together : for I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and make them rejoice from their SOITOW.
14 And I will satiate the soul of the priests with fatness, and my people shall be satisfied with my goodness, saith the
c Ex, iv. 22.
e Matt. ii. 18.
A.C. 597. 15 9 Thus saith the LORD; A voice was heard in Ra
mah, lamentation, and bitter weeping; Rahel weeping for
16 Thus saith the LORD; Refrain thy voice from weep-
17 And there is hope in thine end, saith the LORD, that thy children shall come again to their own border.
*18 f I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself
20 Is Ephraim my dear son ? is he a pleasant child ? for
since I spake against him, I do earnestly remember him still: Hebsound, therefore
bowels * are troubled for him; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the LORD.
21 Set thee up waymarks, make thee high heaps : set thine heart toward the highway, even the way which thou wentest: turn again, O virgin of Israel, turn again to these thy cities.
22 | How long wilt thou go about, O thou backsliding daughter ? for the Lord hath created a new thing in the earth, A woman shall compass a man.
23 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; As yet they shall use this speech in the land of Judah and in the cities thereof, when I shall bring again their captivity; The Lord bless thee, O habitation of justice, and mountain of holiness.
24 And there shall dwell in Judah itself, and in all the cities thereof together, husbandmen, and they that go forth with flocks.
25 For I have satiated the weary soul, and I have replenished every sorrowful soul.
26 Upon this I awaked, and beheld ; and my sleep was sweet unto me.
27 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man, and with the seed of beast.
28 And it shall come to pass, that like as I have watched over them, to pluck up, and to break down, and to throw