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have continued an husband unto them?
i ch. xxiv.7. & xxx. 22.
down, and to destroy, and to afflict; so will I watch over A.C. 597. them, to build, and to plant, saith the LORD.
296 In those days they shall say no more, The fathers Ezek. xviii. have eaten a sour grape, and the children's teeth are set on edge.
30 But every one shall die for his own iniquity : every man that eateth the sour grape, his teeth shall be set on edge.
31 g Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will h Heb. vii. 8. make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah :
32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, * although I was an husband unto them, saith the Or, should I LORD:
33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for k they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the k Is. liv. 13. greatest of them, saith the Lord: for 'I will forgive their Jeho xix 46. iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
35 f Thus saith the LORD,” which giveth the sun for a m Gen, i. 16. light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the n 1s. li. 13. waves thereof
The LORD of hosts is his name : 36 •If those ordinances depart from before me, saith the o Is. liv.9, 10. LORD, then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me for ever.
37. Thus saith the LORD; P If heaven above can be mea- p ch. xxxiii. sured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, I will also cast off all the seed of Israel for all that they have done, saith the LORD.
38 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that the city shall be built to the Lord from the tower of Hananeel unto the
of the corner. 39 And the measuring line shall yet go forth over against it unto the hill Gareb, and shall compass about to Goath.
40 And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook of Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, shall be holy unto the LORD; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever.
Mic, vii, 18.
ch, xxxiii. 20.
Fate of the surrounding Nations prefigured.--Hananiah the
False Prophet is punished with Death.
9 By some error of the transcribers the word Jehoiakim has been inserted in the first verse of chapter xxvii. which is placed here on the authority of Dr. Blayney. Lightfoot would insert it the fourth of Jehoiakim, on the supposition that Jeremiah spoke prophetically both of Zedekiah's reign, and of the sur rounding kings who sent messengers to him to make a league against Egypt. It is so difficult to reconcile the common reading with what follows, that Mr. Lowth acknowledges that the least forced way of solving the difficulty, is, to say that Jehoiakim crept into the text instead of Zedekiah, by the negligence of the scribes. We accordingly find 1770p7y (Zedekiah) in one MS, of good repute and antiquity; in the margin of another, and most probably it was so in the text of a third, where the was evidently y at first, and the remainder of the word is upon an erasure. The Syriac and the Oxford MS. of the Arabic version also read Zedekiah.
It is evident, Dr. Blayney further observes, (Notes on Jeremiah in loc. p. 201.) that the prophecies contained both in this chapter and that which follows, belong to the fourth year of Zedekiah's reign. About this time ambassadors came to Zedekiah from the kings of Edom, Moab, and other neighbouring nations, to solicit him, as it should seem, to join with them in a confederacy against the king of Babylon. On this occasion Jeremiah is ordered to put bands and yokes about his neck, and to send them afterwards to the before mentioned kings, declaring the sovereignty of Nebuchadnezzar, and his successors, to be of divine appointment, and promising peace and protection to such as submitted quietly, but menacing evil in case of resistance, (ver. 1-11.) A like admoni. tion is given to Zedekiah, advising him not to expose himself and his people to certain ruin, by listening to the suggestions of false prophets, and revolting from the service of the king of Babylon, (ver. 12-15.) The priests and all the people are also warned not to give credit to the false prophets, who taught them to expect a speedy restoration of the vessels which had been carried to Babylon, together with Jeconiah. Instead of which it is foretold, that the remaining vessels in the house of God, and in the king's house at Jerusalem, should be carried after the other, and should not return till the appointed period of Judah's captivity was at an end, (ver. 16, to the end.) In chap. xxviii. ver. 1. the precise date of the preceding prophecy, which gave rise to the transaction now related, is determined. Hananiah was one of those false prophets who deceived the Jews with the hope that the yoke of the king of Babylon would be broken " within two full years," and the captives restored. Jeremiah consents(ver. 5.-9.) to acknowledge Hananiah to be a prophet of the Lord, should his prediction be accomplished : in confirmation of which the latter takes the yoke from Jere
* Or, hath the
2 Thus * saith the LORD to me: Make thee bonds and A.C.595. yokes, and put them upon thy neck,
3 And send them to the king of Edom, and to the king LoÅD said. of Moab, and to the king of the Ammonites, and to the king of Tyrus, and to the king of Zidon, by the hand of the messengers which come to Jerusalem unto Zedekiah king
4 And command them t to say unto their masters, Thus + Or, concernsaith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel ; Thus shall ye ters, saying. say unto your masters;
5 I have made the earth, the man and the beast that are upon the ground, by my great power and by my outstretched arm, and have given it unto whom it seemed meet . Dan. iv. 17. unto me.
6 And now have I given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon,' my servant; and the chxXW.9. beasts of the field have I given him also to serve him.
7 And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.
8 And it shall come to pass, that the nation and kingdom which will not serve the same Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, and that will not put their neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, that nation will I punish, saith the LORD, with the sword, with the famine, and with the pestilence, until I have consumed them by his hand.
9 Therefore hearken not ye to your prophets, nor to your diviners, nor to your [ dreamers, nor to your enchanters, nor Heb.dreams. to your sorcerers, which speak unto you, saying, Ye shall not serve the king of Babylon:
10 For they prophesy a lie unto you, to remove you far from your land; and that I should drive you out, and ye
11 But the nations that bring their neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and serve him, those will I let remain still in their own land, saith the LORD; and they shall till it, and dwell therein.
12 9 I spake also to Zedekiah king of Judah according to all these words, saying, Bring your necks under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and serve him and his people, and live.
miah's neck, and breaks it, (ver. 10.) Jeremiah is then commanded to declare that the yokes of wood, that Hananiah had broken, should be made, unto these nations, yokes of iron; and further, to convince the people that he was not a true prophet, but that he “ taught rebellion against the Lord,” his death, within the year, is predicted, and takes place two months afterwards.
& xxiii. 21. & xxix. 8,9.
13 Why will ye die, thou and thy people, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence, as the Lord hath spoken against the nation that will not serve the king of Babylon?
14 Therefore bearken not unto the words of the prophets
that speak unto you, saying, Ye shall not serve the king of sch. xiv. 14. Babylon : for they prophesy s a lie unto you.
15 For I have not sent them, saith the LORD, yet they Keb, ina, prophesy * a lie in my name; that I might drive you out, lie, or, lyingły. and that ye might perish, ye, and the prophets that pro
phesy unto you.
16 Also I spake to the priests and to all this people, saying, Thus saith the LORD; Hearken not to the words of your prophets that prophesy unto you, saying, Behold, the vessels of the LORD's house shall now shortly be brought again from Babylon : for they prophesy a lie unto you.
17 Hearken not unto them ; serve the king of Babylon, and live: wherefore should this city be laid waste?
18 But if they be prophets, and if the word of the LORD be with them, let them now make intercession to the LORD of hosts, that the vessels which are left in the house of the Lord, and in the house of the king of Judah, and at Jerusalem, go not to Babylon.
19 | For thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the pillars, and concerning the sea, and concerning the bases
, and concerning the residue of the vessels that remain in this city,
20 Which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took not,
when he carried away * captive Jeconiah the son of Jehoiaxxiv. 11, 15. kim king of Judah from Jerusalem to Babylon, and all the
nobles of Judah and Jerusalem;
21 Yea, thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, concerning the vessels that remain in the house of the Lord, and in the house of the king of Judah and of Jerusalem;
22 They shall be carried to Babylon, and there shall they be until the day that I * visit them, saith the LORD; then will I bring them up, and restore them to this place.
t 2 Kings
u 2 Kings Xxv, 13. 2 Chron. Xxxvi, 18. X 2 Chron. Xxxvi. 21. ch. xxix, 10.
1 And it came to pass the same year, in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the fourth year, and in the fifth month, that Hananiah the son of Azur the prophet, which was of Gibeon, spake unto me in the house of the Lord, in the presence of the priests and of all the people, saying,
2 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying, I have broken the yoke of the king of Babylon.
* Heb. Prvo
3 Within * two full years will I bring again into this A.C. 595.. place all the vessels of the Lord's house, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took away from this place, and car- years af days. ried them to Babylon:
4 And I will bring again to this place Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah, with all the + captives of Judah, 1. Hebcapti. that went into Babylon, saith the LORD: for I will break the yoke of the king of Babylon.
5' Then the prophet Jeremiah said unto the prophet Hananiah in the presence of the priests, and in the presence of all the people that stood in the house of the LORD,
6 Even the prophet Jeremiah said, Amen: the Lord do so: the LORD perform thy words which thou hast prophesied, to bring again the vessels of the LORD's house, and all that is carried away captive, from Babylon into this place.
7 Nevertheless hear thou now this word that I speak in thine ears, and in the ears of all the people ;
8 The prophets that have been before me and before thee of old prophesied both against many countries, and against great kingdoms, of war, and of evil, and of pestilence.
9 The prophet which prophesieth of peace, when the word of the prophet shall come to pass, then shall the prophet be known, that the Lord hath truly sent him.
10 4 Then Hananiah the prophet took the ' yoke from y ch. xxvii. 2. off the prophet Jeremiah's neck, and brake it.
11 And Hananiah spake in the presence of all the people, saying, Thus saith the LORD; Even so will I break the yoke of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon from the neck of all nations within the space of two full years. And the prophet Jeremiah went his way.
12 ( Then the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah the prophet, after that Hananiah the prophet had broken the yoke from off the neck of the prophet Jeremiah, saying,
13 Go and tell Hananiah, saying, Thus saith the LORD; Thou hast broken the yokes of wood; but thou shalt make for them yokes of iron.
14 For thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel ; I have put a yoke of iron upon the neck of all these nations, that they may serve Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; and they shall serve him : and I have given him the beasts of the field also,
15 9 Then said the prophet Jeremiah unto Hananiah the prophet, Hear now, Hananiah; The LORD hath not sent thee; but thou makest this people to trust in a lie.
16 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will cast