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1 Jer. xiii, 17.
2 She weepeth sore in the "night, and her tears are on A.C. 588. her cheeks: among all her lovers she hath none to comfort ker: all her friends have dealt treacherously with her, they m Job vii. 3. are become her enemies.
3 Judah is gone into captivity because of affliction, and because of great servitude: she dwelleth among the hea- * Heh. for the
the present deplorable and wretched condition of his country, and her
over the Edomites, who had insulted the Jews in their distress.
the Syriac, Arabic, and Vulgate versions, this chapter is entitled THE PRAYER
and to their ancient prosperity.
Although there is no artificial or methodical arrangement of the subject in these incomparable elegies, yet they are totally free from wild incoherency or abrupt transition. Never, perhaps, was there a greater variety of beautiful, tender, and pathetic images, all expressive of the deepest distress and sorrow, more happily chosen and applied than in the lamentations of this prophet; nor can we too much admire the full and graceful flow of that pathetic eloquence, in which the author pours forth the effusions of a patriot heart, and piously weeps over the ruin of his venerable country --Vide Horne's Critical Introduction, from which this note is extracted.
* Dr. Blayney's Jeremiah, pp. 455, et seq. Bishop Lowth's Lectures on Hebrew Poetry, lect. xxii. in fine. Jahn, Introd. ad Vet. Fæd. pp. 415—417. Carpzov. Introd. ad Libros Biblicos, pars iii. cap, iv. pp. 177-197.
n Deut. xxviii. 43, 44,
A.C. 588. then, she findeth no rest: all her persecutors overtook her
between the straits.
4 The ways of Zion do mourn, because none come to the solemn feasts: all her gates are desolate : her priests sigh, her virgins are afflicted, and she is in bitterness.
5 Her adversaries are the chief, her enemies prosper;
for the LORD hath afflicted her for the multitude of her o Jer lii, 28. transgressions : her children are gone into captivity before
6 And from the daughter of Zion all her beauty is departed : her princes are become like harts that find no pasture, and they are gone without strength before the pur
come a remov.
7 Jerusalem remembered in the days of her affliction and * Or, de irn- of her miseries all her * pleasant things that she had in the
days of old, when her people fell into the hand of the enemy,
mock at her sabbaths. + Heb. is be
8 Jerusalem hath grievously sinned; therefore she t is ing, orwan- removed : all that honoured her despise her, because they
have seen her nakedness : yea, she sigheth, and turneth
9 Her filthiness is in her skirts; she remembereth not her
10 The adversary hath spread out his hand upon all her
should not enter into thy congregation.
11 All her people sigh, they seek bread; they have given Or, to make their pleasant things for meat to relieve the soul: see, O come again. Lord, and consider; for I am become vile.
12 | Is it nothing to you, all ye that * pass by? be-
which is done unto me, wherewith the Lord hath afflicted
13 From above hath he sent fire into my bones, and it
14 The yoke of my transgressions is bound by his hand : they are wreathed, and come up upon my neck: he hath made my strength to fall, the Lord hath delivered me into their hands, from whom I am not able to rise up.
15 The Lord hath trodden under foot all my mighty men in the midst of me: he hath called an assembly against me
11 Or, It is
by the way.
* Or, the
& xiv. 17. ch.
+ Heb. bring back.
to crush my young men : the LORD hath trodden * the vir- A.C. 588. gin, the daughter of Judah, as in a winepress.
16 For these things I weep; " mine eye, mine eye run- winepress of neth down with water, because the comforter that should 9 Jer. St. Sti. † relieve my soul is far from me: my children are desolate, it is because the enemy prevailed.
17 Zion spreadeth forth her hands, and there is none to comfort her: the LORD hath commanded concerning Jacob, that his adversaries should be round about him: Jerusalem is as a menstruous woman among them.
18 ( The Lord is "righteous; for I have rebelled against Dan. ix. 7. his commandment: hear, I pray you, all people, and be- ^ Heb. mouth, hold my sorrow: my virgins and my young men are gone into captivity.
19 I called for my lovers, but they deceived me: my priests and mine elders gave up the ghost in the city, while they sought their meat to relieve their souls.
20 Behold, O LORD; for I am in distress : my s bowels $ Is. xvi. 11. are troubled ; mine heart is turned within me; for I have grievously rebelled : abroad the sword bereaveth, at home there is as death.
21 They have heard that I sigh : there is none to comfort me : all mine enemies have heard of my trouble; they are glad that thou hast done it: thou wilt bring the day that thou hast called, and they shall be like unto me.
Or, pro22 Let all their wickedness come before thee; and do unto them, as thou hast done unto me for all my transgressions : for my sighs are many, and my heart is faint.
Jer. xlviii, 36,
1 Jeremiah lamenteth the misery of Jerusalem. 20 He complaineth thereof to God.
1 How hath the LORD covered the daughter of Zion with a cloud in his anger, and cast down from heaven unto the earth the beauty of Israel, and remembered not his footstool in the day of his anger!
2 The Lord hath swallowed up all the habitations of Jacob, and hath not pitied: he hath thrown down in his wrath the strong holds of the daughter of Judah; he hath | brought them down to the ground: he hath polluted the || Heb, made kingdom and the princes thereof.
3 He hath cut off in his fierce anger all the horn of Israel: he hath drawn back his right hand from before the enemy, and he burned against Jacob like a flaming fire, which devoureth round about.
4 He hath bent his bow like an enemy: he stood with his right hand as an adversary, and slew * all that were * Heb, all the
t Ps. lxxx. 12. & lxxxix. 40. Is. v. 5.
A.C. 588. pleasant to the eye in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion :
he poured out his fury like fire.
5 The LORD was as an enemy: he hath swallowed up Israel, he hath swallowed up all her palaces : he hath destroyed his strong holds, and hath increased in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation.
6 And he hath violently taken away his * tabernacle, as
if it were of a garden : he hath destroyed his places of the * Os, hedge. assembly: the Lord hath caused the solemn feasts and sab
baths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath despised in the in-
7 The Lord hath cast off his altar, he hath abhorred his + Heb, shut sanctuary, he hath + given up into the hand of the enemy
the walls of her palaces; they have made a noise in the
8 The LORD hath purposed to destroy the wall of the
daughter of Zion : he hath stretched out a line, he hath not Heb. swal withdrawn his hand from Idestroying: therefore he made
the rampart and the wall to lament; they languished toge-
9 Her gates are sunk into the ground; he hath destroyed
and broken her bars : her king and her princes are among Ps. Ixxiv.9. the Gentiles : the law is no more; her " prophets also find
no vision from the LORD.
10 The elders of the daughter of Zion sit upon the ground, and keep silence: they have cast up dust upon their heads; they have girded themselves with sackcloth : the virgins of Jerusalem hang down their heads to the ground.
11 Mine eyes do fail with tears, my bowels are troubled, my liver is poured upon the earth, for the destruction of the
daughter of my people; because the children and the suck$ Or,faint. lings 5 swoon in the streets of the city.
12 They say to their mothers, Where is corn and wine ? when they swooned as the wounded in the streets of the city, when their soul was poured out into their mothers' bosom.
13 What thing shall I take to witness for thee? thing shall I liken to thee, O daughter of Jerusalem ? what shall I equal to thee, that I may comfort thee, O virgin daughter of Zion? for thy breach is great like the sea : who can heal thee?
14 Thy * prophets have seen vain and foolish things for Ya. * *xii. ie. thee: and they have not discovered thine iniquity, to turn
away thy captivity ; but have seen for thee false burdens and
15 All that pass || by clap their hands at thee; they hiss
x Jer. ii. 8. & v. 31. & xiv.
# Heb. by the way.
y Ps. xlviii. 2.
Is this the city that men call » The perfection of beauty, The A.C. 588.
16. All thine enemies have opened their mouth against
17 The LORD hath done that which he had a devised; he ? Lev. xxvi.
. 15, &c.
18 Their heart cried unto the LORD, O wall of the
19 Arise, cry out in the night: in the beginning of the
out thine heart like water before the face of
20 Behold, O LORD, and consider to whom thou hast
21 The young and the old lie on the ground in the streets :
22 Thou hast called as in a solemn day my terrors round about, so that in the day of the Lord's anger none escaped nor remained : those that I have swaddled and brought up hath mine enemy consumed.
dled with their
1 The faithful beu
their calamities. 22 the mercies of God they nourish
1 I am the man that hath seen affliction by the rod of his
3 Surely against me is he turned; he turneth his hand against me all
the day. 4 My flesh and my skin hath he made old; he hath broken
5 He hath builded against me, and compassed me with gall and travel.