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matured, and the spirits of just uous part in laying the foundamen are made perfect.
tions of empire in this western These advantages may be de- world, and who have contribut. rived from the volume of Biogra. ed most to its stability and happhy now before us. It compris. piness. It will present to him es a sketch of the principal per. the enterprising navigator, the sons, who have appeared in our daring warrior, the zealous pa. country since the time of its dis. triot, the penetrating statesman, covery, in a form adapted to the learned scholar, the able the. general and convenient use. This ologian, the faithful minister, was a desideratum. The Amer. the exemplary Christian. By ican Biography, judiciously pro. an introduction to such compa. jected, and, as far as it proceed. ny he will hardly fail to grow ed, ably executed, by Dr. Bel. wiser and better. He will be KNAP, was entirely a different entertained and instructed ; and, work. It began with the earli. if he selects from all whatsoever est adventurers and other eminent things are excellent, and moulds men, and was proceeding in them into his own temper and chronological order, with all the manners, principles and life, he minuteness of history. Neither will be improved in mental exthat order, however, could be cellence and in moral worth. perfectly observed, on account i The difficulties attending this of deficiency of materials; nor original compilation are well was the work itself extended to stated in its Preface; and they a lower date than A. D. 1611, certainly claim for the author, where it closed with the charac- if not absolution for errors, in. of Hudson. Why is not this no. dulgence for defects. “A new ble design prosecuted ? A valua. and untrodden field was to be ble collection of materials is pro- explored.” It has certainly been cured, and partially arranged ; * explored with diligence, and, we a specimen of workmanship is think, with success. For such given which no artist need blush an undertaking the literary leis. to regard as a model ; and yet ure of the author, and his access this gallery of national portraits to our most valuable, libraries, remains incomplete. Have weno gave him some advantages, which scholars? or are they “reposing he might never afterward have in the easy chair of Atticus ?” possessed ; and for the good im
The present work is an alpha- provement, which he has made betical compendium of American of them, he deserves well of bis Biography. It comprises in country. one volume what, on Dr. Bel. With this general expression knap's plan, would require a se- of approbation we might dismiss ries of volumes, beyond the the work, and leave it to the or. common ability of our country. deal of public opinion ; but men to purchase, and their leis- what appeared to us incorrect ure to peruse. It will give the in narration, erroneous in septi. reader a general idea of the men, ment, or faulty in style, ought who have borne the most conspic- not to be suppressed. ee * See observations prefixed to Vol. II.
aiva ADAMS (SAMUEL), goveraor of American Biography.
of Massachusetts. The selec
tion of four of his associates in author has indeed aimed at this the declaration of independence, distributive justice. His con. from <a host of worthies,” cluding remarks on this article thus left in the shade, will by are discriminating and useful. some be thought in vidious; by But, after all, Arnold is exalted; others perhaps partial. Other ob. and the spectator, seeing him on servations in this article, we think, an eminence, with his cockade, savor too much of the political epaulets, and sword, accompapartisan. The nature and de. nied by the first men of the sign of our work, however, for country, does not once imagine bid particular remarks on this that he is brought forth for ex. subject.
ecution. "Attempts ” Mr. A. says, BRAINERD (David). This “were probably made by the man, eminently distinguished as British to bribe Mr. Adams.” an enlightened, zealous, and Wedoubt that probability. What faithful missionary among the is quoted from governor Hutch. Indians, was, while a member of inson does not show it ; and, college, "misled by an intem per. had it been a fact, is it probable ate zeal, and was guilty of in. that Mr. Adams would have discretions.” Supposing him. lived until upwards of fourscore self, like some other young and years of age, and never have di. inexperienced converts, capable vulged it?
of discerning the spirits of men, ARNOLD (BENEDICT). We he expressed his belief, that one question whether this infamous of the tutors of college was des. name deserves a place in a work, titute of religion. On conviction designed to conmemorate the of this fault, he was required to characters of eminent men ; make a public confession in the
Quique sui memores alios fecere hall. 66 Brainerd thought," as merendo. The distinguished collegians are apt to think about valor of Arnold, and his early requiring testimony, and submit. and active services in the cause ing to discipline, “that it was of his country, demand our ad. unjust to extort from friends miration and applause; but his what he had uttered in con. defection and treachery ought versation, and that the pun. perhaps to exclude him from the ishment was too severe. As he company of those patriots and refused to make the confession, heroes, who, when living, would and as he had been guilty of have disdained him as an asso. going to a separate meeting ciate. The answer of an Ameri. after prohibition by the au. can prisoner to Arnold's question, thority of college, he was ex. What the Americans would do pelled.” 66 The expulsion,” with him, were they to get him in subjoins the biographer," was their power, furnishes a good perhaps necessary, as things bint for the proper treatment of existed; but in the circumstan. this arch traitor : “They would ces which led to it there ap. take the leg, said he, that was pears a strong disposition to wounded in the attack on Que. hunt up offences against the bec, and bury it with the honors new lights, as those who were of war; and the rest of your body attached to the preaching of they would hang in gibbets." The Messrs. Whitefield and Tennent
were then called. It was not we verily think him to have been so strange that a young man highly culpable, and his punish. should have been indiscreet, as ment just. that he should confess himself BROCK (John). Remarka. to have been so." Our con. ble correspondences between clusion from the facts here stat providential events and the ed, had we known no other, prayers of good men, ought would have been the reverse of to be piously observed ; but that of the biographer. The of. it seems a bold interpretation of fence against the tutor was a gross Providence, to affirm that the one; and yet the offender refus. poor man who lost his fishing ed to make confession of it. To boat, recovered it "in answer this first offence he added anoth. , to the earnest prayer” of Mr. er, more daring and flagrant. In Brock. The coincidence may disregard, if not in defiance, of have occurred; but neither facts, "a prohibition by the authority of nor inferences, which rest on college,” he went to a separatical the authority of Cotton Mather, meeting. Ifsuch contempt of the where especially there is any government of colleges, and such thing of the marvellous, can violations of their laws, were tol. be always absolutely admitted. erated with impunity, parietal Clap (Tuomas), president of tutors would require additional Yale College. “By some means auxiliaries; and Proctors could he acquired a prejudice against never become authors. The truth Mr. Whitefield.” The means is, Mr. B. said of Mr. Whittel. by which this prejudice was acsey, “ He has no more grace quired are not mysterious. They than that chair ;” and yet, to our are plainly shown in the work knowledge, this graceless tutor under review, article WHITEwas a learned, pious, fervent, FIELD. "In the early periods and exemplary minister of Christ, of his life, he [Mr.W.] was guilwho died in a good old age, full ty in some instances of unchar. of faith and hope, and the tears itableness and indiscretion." This of an affectionate people watered is the true reason, why, on his grave.* We wonder not, that his first visit to New England, care was taken to exclude from many of the most respectable the “school of the prophets” ministers of our country acquirthe fanaticism of the new lights, · ed a prejudice, or unfavorable which was a real opprobrium to prepossession, against him. He the “divine philosophy of the corrected his indiscretions, “con. gospel. The cause of evangeli. fessed his fault,” became more cal truth and piety gains nothing catholic, and learned better by a connivance at the faults of manners as he went along, its friends. We doubt not, Mr. and was accordingly treated al. B. Cverily thought himself in terward with the attention and no great degree criminal; but respect to which his eminent
character became entitled. * This was Mr. CHAUNCEY WHIT T APPAN (David, D.D), Jud TELŞEY,mentioned in this work, under the article Samuel Whitielsey, as “an
tice is essentially done to this eminent scholar.” He deserved a sepa- excellent man by the biographer,
excellent man by the rate notice.
from whose sketch it will readi:
ly be perceived that he was pre. evangelical in his ministry, than eminent as a minister, as a the. Dr. Tappan. He was a remark. ological professor, and as a able example, in these degener. Christian. “It has been thought ate days, of that method of however," he observes, "that preaching, of which the apostles his usefulness to the cause of di. gave a primitive pattern, when, vine truth might have been in. instead of handling the word of creased, if he had dwelt upon God deceitfully, they by manifes. the distinguishiog doctrines of tation of the truth commended the gospel, which he believed, themselves to every man's conwith more frequency and with science in the sight of God. If greater perspicuity and fulness, it has been thought, that he was and if in some instances he had been culpably accommodating in what less careful to accommodate him. he deemed momentous, we be. self to opinions, which he disap. lieve it to be a rare if not a solita. proved, and to prejudices, which ry opinion. The idea was taken hethought pernicious.” Bywhom by the biographer from anonyhas "it been thought,” that this mous “Sketches of the life and man, so distinguished for his character of Dr. Tappan.” The simplicity and godly sincerity, author of those Sketches, how. was chargeable with such unhal. ever, was less positive in his lowed conformity to an evil stricture, than the copyist. His world ? To opinions, which he language is “ It is doubted, wheth. disapproved, if they were but of er he uniformly showed in what doubtful disputation, and to high estimation he held the dis. prejudices, which he thought tinguishing doctrines of the unreasonable, if they were but gospel.” “If he ever gave coosistent with real goodness, occasion to say, that he did he did indeed accommodate him. not express the truths, which self; and this was one of the he embraced, with sufficient loveliest traits of his character. perspicuity and fulness; if, in It was an accommodation, which some instances, he was too the lessons of the gospel requir. careful to accommodate himed and which christian philan. self to opinions, which he dis. thropy dictated. It was such approved, and to prejudices, an accommodation, as the apos. which he believed pernicious; tle Paul exemplified, when he it was no greater failing, than became all things to all men, has, alas, been found in the best that he might by all means save of mortals.” The insionation is some. That he was careful to indeed strong, but there is no afaccommodate himself to opinions firmation. This anonymous and which he seriously disapproved, hypothetical paragraph is rais. and to prejudices, which he real. ed by the biographer into the ly thought pernicious, we be rank of legitimate authority and lieve to be an unsupported im. historical verity. This is to reputation. The manner of his verse the method of an exact his. ministry, as well as of his torian, who, instead of exalting life, is well known. No contem. hypotheses to facts, often depres. porary minister, perhaps, was ses assumed facts to hypotheses, more uniformly and decidedly In that rank ought this passage to have been quietly left. Nor licentious age; will they not ought the following testimony hold up the christian revelation of the writer of the Sketches to to the view of infidels as a very have been omitted, which we be. uncertain and animportant sys. lieve to be literally exact, and tem, and give them room to sus. which will be thought by many pect that even its learned and to be an essential vindication of professional advocates are secret. the Professor: "6 After all, it ly ashamed of some of its evident was manifest, that he made evan. and distinguishing features?" gelical religion the sum and cen. We have observed the follow. tre of his preaching."
ing Errors. It is but just to the memory ABBOT (Hull) died, not in of this good man, to subjoin his 1782, but in 1774. own sentiments on the very sub. BROOKS (ELEAZER) is con. ject in question, delivered on a founded, in one instance, with solemn occasion,* and conscien. another officer of that name. It tiously regarded, we doubt not, was not he, who was in the in his own public ministry. In second action near Stillwater, answer to the question, “ What Oct. 7, 1777;" but, we presume, course shall ministers take to it was general John BROOKS of vindicate their injured profes. Medford. To him, we suppose, sion, and to maintain and promote judge Marshall refers, in his Life the declining interests of relig- of Washington; in which case, ion ?” he says, “In the candid the statement of Mr. A. is incor. opinion of the preacher, the sur. rect, and the authority misapest path to these objects is a clear plied. and lively exhibition of the gos. CLARKE (John, D. D.) was pel in its full orbed lustre, in all ordained, not in 1788, but in its interesting doctrines, duties, 1778. and sanctions, in their public Cushing (JACOB, D. D.) ministrations, enforced by a preached the sermon on the death strong and unceasing display of of Rev. Joseph Jackson, not in its excellent spirit in their pri. 1776, but in 1796. vate deportment. Such an exhi. LIVINGSTON (WILLIAM, bition seems the most promising LL, D). The review of the mill. method to leave on the consciences tary operations in North Amer. of their hearers a serious sense ica from 1753 to 1756, concern. of the divine glory and infinite ing which the Editors of the His. importance of christianity; and torical Collections observe, that, to impress surrounding infidels “it is said to have been written by with its transcendent superiori. Mr. Livingston, in conjunction ty to their boasted schemes of with his friends W. Smith and natural religion or human phi. Scott," is affirmed by Mr. Allen losophy. But if the public de to have been written by them. fenders of the gospel studiously We have been assured by a lit. accommodate its principles to the erary gentleman of Philadelphia, boasted but perverted reason and that the review was not written liberality of an unbelieving and by them.
LOGAN (JAMES). His transla* Before the Annual Convention of ministers, 1797.
tion of Cicero de Senectute in