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notice of some persons of raok, a period, and on such grounds and particularly to those gen- as led him away from his parish: tlemen who were afterwards the nor could he reconcile it to his earls of Bedford and Leicester, conscience, though his income and who were always ready to was otherwise very limited, to patronize him. He also obtain. draw any part of the means of ed at this time a general licence his subsistence from a benefice, for preaching, a mark of honor the duties attached to which he conferred but on few.

did not perform. He accord. Having passed some time in ingly resigned his living to a London, he repaired to his par. friend, of whose piety as well as ish, to the pastoral care of which ability he was well assured, and he chiefly devoted himself, occa. set out on his journey. sionally using the king's licence On getting to London, he to preach an uther parts of the found the bishop greatly displeas. country. When he entered, ed at his resignation of his living, however, on this new line of which he censured as an act of ministerial duty, he felt himself great folly and imprudence, pre. 80 much embarassed by doctrin. dicting, that, if he continued to al dificulties, that he was induco act in this mapper, he must die a ed in contine himself, in his ser. beggar. Gilpin excased him. mons, priocipally to inculcating self, by saying that he could not on his hearers a virtuous conduct retain the living and his peace of and dissuading them from vicious conscience too. Conscience !" pursuits. His conscience was replied the bishop ; " you might too tender to rest satisfied for have had a dispensation.” “But any long time with so questiona. I was afraid,” rejoined Gilpin, ble a course of proceeding, ask that when I came before the that of omitting to unfold to tribunal of Christ, it would not his flock the peculiar truths of serve my turn to plead a dispen. the gospel. He became quite sation from doing my duty to my unhappy, and resolved to lay dock.” The bishop, notwithhis case before bishop Tunstal, standing this circumstance, partthe bishop of Durham, who was ed with his nephew in good hu. his maternal uncle. The bishop mor; for though he disapprov. advised him to visit the continent, ed of bis Deedless scrupulosity, that he might confer with the as he deemed it to be, he nevermost eminent divines, both pa. theless highly respected his in. pist and protestant, and thus re. tegrity. solve his doubts; and in the Mr. Gilpin on his landing in mean time he might appoint a Holland, went to Mechlio, where substitute to take care of his his brother George then was, parish. Mr. Gilpin's ideas of pas. pursuing the study of the ciril toral obligation were far too law, and laboriog to acquaint strict to allow him to follow the himself with subjects of general whole of his uncle's couosel. It policy.* He was at this time a was his intention to spend two or three years abroad; and no * Mr. George Gilpin was much em. excuse appeared to buin sunicient

ployed in negotiations during the reign

of Queen Elizabeth. He was highly et to justify non-residence for such teemed both for abilities and integrity.

zealous papist : but the visit of if such principles were more gen. Bernard appears to have produc. erally prevalent among the cler. ed an entire change in his opin. gy. ions ; for he became soon after. "When I met my brother, I wards a warm advocate for the perceived his object was only to Reformation.

persuade me to take a benefice, Mr. Gilpin visited most of the and to continue my studies at towns in Brabant ; but he made this university; which if I bad Louvain the place of his resi. known to be the cause of his dence, because it afforded the sending for me, I should not best opportunities for study. have needed to interrupt my Its noble university, consisting studies to meet him ; for. I have of many colleges, drew together so long debated the matter with learned men from all quarters ; learned men, especially with the some of the most eminent divines, holy prophets, and the most an. both papist and protestant, re. cient and godly writers since sided there ; and one of the chief Christ's time, that I trust, as studies of the place was theolo. long as I live, never to burden gy. Here Mr. Gilpin prosecut. my conscience with having a , ed his inquiries, with great vigor benefice and lying from it. My and perseverance ; till at length brother said that your lordship, he began to have clearer and and all my other friends, thought more consistent views of the doc. I was much too scrupulous in trines of the Reformation, and that point. But if I be too to feel thoroughly satisfied with scrupulous (as I cannot think the preference he had been dis. that I am,) the matter is such, posed to give to them.

that I had rather my conscience While he was thus employed, were therein a great deal too news arrived of the death of king strait, than a little too large; Edward the sixth, and the acces. for I am seriously persuaded sion of queen Mary. Bishop Tun. that I shall never offend God by stal, who had been sent to the refusing to have a benefice and Tower by the former, was now lie from it, so long as I judge released, and re-established in his not evil of others; which I trust bishopric. This intelligence had I shall not, hut rather pray God scarcely reached him, before he daily that all who have cures received, through his brother may discharge their office in his George, the offer of a valuable sight, as may tend most to his living in his uncle's gift which glory and the profit of his was then vacant. His brother church. He replied against me, pressed him by a variety of argu. that your lordship would give me ments to accept this offer ; but no benefice, but what you would to all bis arguments Bernard re. see discharged in my absence as plied, that his conscience would well, or better, than I could dis. not permit him to accept it. He' charge it myself. To which I wrote, on this occasion, to the answered, that I would be sorry bishop. An extract from this if I thought not there were many letter will explain the principles thousands in England more able which guided his conduct; and to discharge a cure than I find it would be well for the charch myself; and therefore I desire

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they may both take the cure and secutions under Mary, arrived profit also, that they may be in the low countries, to many of able to feed the body and the whom his extensive acquaintance šoul both, as I think all pastors enabled him to be particularly are bound. As for me, I can useful. After he had been two never persuade myself to take years at Louvain, he went to the profit, and let another take Paris, where he published a work the pains : for if he should teach of the bishop of Durham on the and preach as faithfully as ever sacrament, which gave consider. St. Austin did, yet should I not able offence to the more bigoted think myself discharged. And papists. During his stay at Para if I should strain my conscience is, his aversion from popery herein, and strive with it to greatly increased : he was quite remain here, or in any other uni. disgusted with the superstition of versity, with such a condition, the people, and the craft of the the unquietness of my conscience priests ; he saw more and more would not suffer me to profit in the evil tendency of popery, and study at all.”_" Which of our the necessity of a reformation ; modern gaping rooks,” observes and began to view with more fa. Gilpin's biographer, the bishop vor that reformation which had of (hichester, “could endeavor already commenced. The end with more industry to obtain a of his going abroad being thus benefice, than this man did to answered, he resolved on return: avoid one?"

ing to England. His friends tri This affair being settled, Mr, ed to dissuade him, as the Maria Gilpin continued his studies for an persecution still raged: but some time longer at Louvain. he was not deterred by this cir. While he remained there, a great cumstance; and after an absence many of his countrymen, driven of three years, he revisited his from England by the bloody per. 'native country.

(To be continued.)

RELIGIOUS COMMUNICATIONS.

CONGREGATIONAL PRINCIPLES OF CHURCH GOVERNMENT.

Messrs. Editors,

last. His question is this, “Is The observations on church the church limited to one pastor government, in the Panoplist and brotherhood of believers ? and Missionary Magazine of This question I believe has never August, 1808, to which a reply been a subject of debate. Thad was made in April and May, supposed that the point in de. 1809; 6 may be reduced to a bate was, Whether one pastor, single point ;" but not exactly and one brotherhood of believer, to the point, to which the author under his care, be not a church of the observations has reduced completely constituted in gospel them in your No. of November order? Qu this question Be

has taken the negative; while make on the observations on the affirmative has fallen to me. church government, in your No. But, though the constitution of of November. the church requires. one pastor T he writer says; "There is only; yet it does not limit the no authority for the supposition brethren to one: but permits that John addressed the churches them to enjoy the labors of as through their pastors.” But, many as they may be disposed to if John did not, the Spirit of choose, and able to support. God did : and this is sufficient.

The question, however, goes - He that hath an ear, let him beyond the constitutional num. hear what the Spirit saith unto ber of pastors ; for indeed the the churche; to him, that over. main object of the inquiry is, cometh, will I give to eat of the to determine in whom the eccle. hidden nanna"-Rev. ii. 17. siastical anthority is vested. Is The churches were the candle. it divided between the elders, sticks, and not the stars ; the and brethren of the church, as brotherhood at large and not the “two distinct departments of angels. Again, 6'To him, that power,” and given to the pastors overcometh, will I give to eat of as judges, and to the brethren the hidden manna.” Is this às jurors, or assessors? Or is it promise made to the elder only, vested in the church as a collec. that overcometh ? Does not the tive, and deliberative assembly, word churches, immediately preguided by a moderator ? The af. cede? and does not the pronoun firmative of this last question him, relate to every individual appears to me to be amply sup. member who should overconie? ported by Scripture; and the fol. It is said, ". The New Testa. lowing is believed to be a correct ment mentions no example of a statement of the truth on this church with only one pastor." subject. The judicial authority Passing over the seven churches is vested in each distinct church of Asia, because there seems to including the pastor, or pastors, be something mystical about formed to act as a deliberative them; I would cite an example assembly, and empowered to from 3 John ix. “I wrote unto judge, and decide in all cases of the church ; but Diatrephes, discipline in respect of their own who loveth to have the pre-emi. members. While the church nence among them, receiveth us acts in the simple capacity of a not.” popular assembly, the pastor ex It is added in favor of a court officio, acts as moderator ; but of elders : « The powers attri. in voting, he has no pre-eminence buted to the angel to try those, above a private brother. It is who say they are apostles, and not by judicial acts, but prin. find them liars, are such as no cipally by teaching, and exem. single pastor and brotherhood, plifying religion publicly, aod are authorized to exercise."; from house to house, that he is But, what if pretended apostles to magnify his pastoral office. should encroach upon the charge But, before I proceed to evince of this writer? Would he not the truth of the above statement; exhort his people, in their indi. I have a few cursory remarks to vidual capacity, to try, prove, and reject them? It is the high if he neglect to bear the church. prerogative of every Christian Matt. xviii. 17. Mr. E.H. how, coto try the spirits, whether they ever, dissents from the common are of God," 1 John iv. i. acceptation of the word, church; Though the original word here and suggests, that our Lord did used, is different from that in not mean the brethren ; but the address to the church at their rulers. He says, “ Direc. Ephesus, Rev. ii. 2; yet they tions are often given to a col. both denote an act of discrimi. lective body, which apply to a nating, or proving, by inspec. part only of the individuals in. tion; and in neither of them is cluded in it. Paul wrote 10 a the word commonly used to ex. whole church, when he said, press a judicial act. Paul was " Children, obey your parents ; willing that all men should try husbands, love your wives; ye his claims to the apostleship. fathers, provoke not your chil. Yes, certainly; though an angel dren to wrath.” The point from heaven should preach any here to be illustrated is this, other gospel, than the apostles "That directions given to a col. of Christ preached; Christians, lective body, or to the whole in their individual capacity, church, often apply to a part ought to try, and reject him as only of the individuals jocluded accursed.

in it.” But it is very plain, To ascertain the department, that Paul did not give directions in which church authority is vest. to the whole church, when he ed, our author seems chiefly to gave those particular directions depend, not on the words of to parents, children, and hus. Christ, nor on the writings of bands. He indeed directed, Paul; but on the epistles to the or addressed, his epistle to the seven churches of Asia. And church : but his directing an hence, if the track he has pursa. epistle to & community was a ed be the right one, the point thing very different from his giv. can never be clearly ascertained: ing directions, in the epistle, to it must for ever remain involved the several classes of the comin the obscurity of a figurative munity. This reference to an style ; for the right explanation epistle, therefore, utterly fails of which, no literal directions to illustrate the point in design. to the point can be found. But, And it is presumed, that from we have not generally so learn. writings of logical accuracy, it ed Christ, in regard to his mind cannot be shown, that a part on church authority. We do only is directed, when the most believe that his words, in con. explicit directions are unequivo. nexion with an apostle's practi. cally given to the whole commu. cal comment upon them, present nity. The directions, therefore, the subject in a luminous point given to the church by Jesus of view. It is from these literal Christ and by his apostle Paul, and explicit parts of the Scrip. were given not to a part only tures, that the evidence, for the but to the whole. truth of my position, will be ad. The exclusion of females from duced.

a participation of authority "Tell it to the charch ; but though they belong to the churok

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