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God required at his hands the of Durham, be secure; none of reformation of them. He could them shall trouble you." no longer allege that he was not Mr. Gilpin was much employ. apprized of the enormities every ed during the last years of his life, where committed. “Behold, I in fixing his school on a solid bring these things to your knowl. foundation. He made the stat. edge this day.” “Say not then," utes as unexceptionable as he he added, "6 that these crimes could. Though he had applied have been committed by the fault a considerable sum of money to of others, without your knowl. its support, the endowment apedge; for whatever you suffer peared insufficient. He prevail. through your connivance to be ed therefore on some others to done by others, is your own contribute to this object, until Therefore, in the presence of the revenues became answerable God, his angels, and men, I pro. to his wish. He likewise pronounce you to be the author of cured a charter for it from the all these evils : yea, and in that queen. strict day of general account, I In the latter part of Mr. Gil. will be a witness to testify against pin's lifc, his health was much you, that all these things have impaired. The fatigues he had come to your knowledge by my undergone had broken his conmeans : and all these men who stitution. His memory began to hear me this day will bear wit. decay, and his sight and hearing ness of it also.”

also failed. In this situation he met Mr. Gilpin's boldness alarm. with a very severe accident. Anox ed his friends :-If the bishop ran at him and threw him down had been so forward in pun. with such violence, that it was ishing him before without any thought hewould have died in con. provocation, he must now be sequence. He, however,got abroad exasperated beyond measure. again; though he never afterwards Mr. Gilpin said, that, if good recovered his former strength, and were done, he was indifferent to continued to be lame for the rest personal consequences. To the of his life. But he had a mind surprise of every one, however, not to be depressed by such cirthe bishop shewed no marks of cumstances. He received them resentment, and after dinner, rather with thankfulness than when Mr. Gilpin went up to repining; he considered them as take leave, the bishop told him kindly monitions sent by his he meant to accompany him to heavenly Father to remind him Houghton, which he according of his approaching end, and to ly did. On entering a parlour, prepare him for it. But sick.. he eagerly seized Mr. Gilpin's ness was not the only trial which hand, and said to him, “ Father beset his declining years. As Gilpio, you are fitter to be the age and infirmity increased, bishop of Durham than I am to the malicious efforts of his ene. be the rector of your parish. I mies, now less apprehensive of ask your forgiveness, father, for vigorous opposition, increased past injuries. You have ene. also. They availcd themselves mies; but, while I am bishop of the most frivolous pretences

for giving him trouble ; but he leave them comfortless. His bore all with an uovarying scholars were next called in; equanimity, and maintained, them he earnestly reminded of even to the immediate authors of what he had often told them be. his disquiet, a truly christian fore, that, though learning was spirit of meekness and charity, well worth their attention, it without at all departing from was piety which ought to be the that character of firmness by great object of their ambition, if which he had been through life they would be useful here, and distinguished. Under all his happy hereafter. He next kinda trials, he was cheered and ly exhorted his servants : and strengthened by those consola. sent also for several persons who tions which flow from communion had hitherto been upaffected by with God, and an undeviating his labors to do them good, in reliance on his truth, wisdom, the hope that his dying words and goodness.

might have greater weight with His health continuing to de. them, and influence them to turn cliné, about the beginning of to God. His speech began to February, 1583, he became so falter, before he concluded his weak that he felt his end must exhortations. The remaining be near, and spoke with the hours of his life he spent in praygreatest composure of his ap- er, and in broken conversation proaching dissolution. He was with some chosen friends, in soon after confined to his cham. which he dwelt much on the con. ber ; but his senses continued solations of religion, and the perfect to the last. A few days peace which exclusively resulted before his death, he sent for sev. from the faith and hope of the eral poor people who had been gospel. He died on the 4th of his pensioners, to whom he ad. March, 1583, in the 66th year dressed suitable exhortations, of his age. praying God to remember them It only remains to give some after he was gone, and to enable account of his character, and them to be faithful to their God, common mander of life. who in that case would never

(To be continued.)



OF HIS CHURCH: from Mat. xvi. 13–19.

( Continued from page 353.) The great purpose, for which the foundation of the church. our Lord retired with his disci. It was for this purpose, that he ples to Cesarea Philippi, and obtained from Peter, and by hiun there held with them the con from the twelve, the memorable versation now under review, confession, " Thou ART TH evidently was, to fix decisively Christ, the Messiah, THE SON

of TUÉ LIVING God.” After generations. And to complete expressing to Peter, therefore, the argument, Peter, they allege, his approbation of the confess. was the first bishop of Rome ion, he immediately proceeded and therefore, his successors in to the grand point in view. that chair, are to be acknowl.

And I say also unto thee, that edged, from generation to gen. thou art Peter, AND UPON THIS eration, as the rock of the church. ROCK I WILL BUILD MY CHURCH; This is the grand papistical ar. and the gates of hell shall not gument. But unfortunately for prevail against it.

this argument, the premises are When Simon was first intro. false, and the conclusion is ab. duced to Jesus, by his brother surd. Andrew, Jesus said to him, Peter was never the bishop of « Thou art Simon the son of Rome. The apostles indeed, Jona; thou shalt be called Ce. were none of them bishops. Their phas, which is, by interpretation, office was, not to have the over. A stone." Cephas, in Syriac, sight of any particular church ånd Peter, or Petros, in Greek, or churches, as stationary pas. are of one signification : they tors; but to preach the gospel both signify a stone, or å rock. to every creature, and to establish Accordingly, when Simon, after churches in all parts of the world: the violent attack upon his Mas. and over the churches which they tér, by the Pharisees and Saddu. established, they appointed sta. cées, made his noble confession of tionary pastors or bishops. Not faith ; Jesus, alluding to his only was Peter not bishop of firmness, reminded him of the Rome, but the church' in that significant name, which he had be. city was not planted by him; nor fore given him, and said, “Thou does it appear that he was ever art Peter," thou art a rock; and much there, or that he had ever immediately subjoined, " And much to do with that church. It upon this rock I will build my deserves to be stated also, that it church." The allusion here is was not until about three hundred plain ; but this important de. years after the apostles, that the claration of our Lord has been bishops of Rome claimed to be variously understood. . the successors of Peter. Their

"Thou art a rock ; and upon first claim to pre-eminence, or this'rock I will build my church." supremacy, in the church, was It is here, say the Romanists, founded on the fact that Rome expressly declared, that Peter was the imperial city, the me. was to be the rock, or founda tropolis of the world ; and their tion of the church. But this, argument was, that the bishop of they farther say, could not have the imperial city was entitled to been spoken of Peter in his own a precedence, or primacy, over person only, but must be under. all the bishops and churches of stood to include his successors: the empire. This was the ground, for as Peter could not continue on which their claim was rested, by reason of death, he could not until the imperial residence was be in person, but must be in his removed from Rome to Constan. successors, the foundation of the tinople. Thus it became neces. church, through all succeeding sary to change their ground ; VOL. II. Nere Series.


and then, and not till then, it was, Christ, the Son of the living that they resorted for the support God.” Alluding to the verity of their claim, to the pretended and firmness of this confession, succession of Peter.

Jesus rejoined, "Thou art Peter, Whatever may be the first as. the firmness of thy confession pect of our Lord's declaration, justifies the name which before I it surely cannot be admitted for have given thee; and upon this a moment, that he intended to rock, this firm and sure confes. designate Peter, as the founda. sion of eternal truth, I will tion of his church. For Christ build my church.” The confes. himself is the foundation. Of sion of Peter, was the confession him it is said, “Behold I lay in of all the apostles; and the same, Zion for a foundation, a stone, essentially, was the faith of all a tried stone, a precious corner the ancient prophets, and patristone, a sure foundation ;” and archs, and righteous men. Hence, throughout the Scriptures, he is the church is said to be built constantly presented as the Rock upon the foundation of the aposof the church. Any construc- tles and prophets, Jesus Christ tion, therefore, which makes Pe. himself being the chief corner ter the foundation, must be false. stone." The foundation of the

When Jesus had driven the apostles and prophets is the buyers and sellers from the tem. same. Their faith in the Messi. ple, the Jews came and asked ah was, in essence, the same, him, 6 What sign shewest thou, (the same which Peter confess. seeing thou doest these things ?” ed ;) and on the truth of this His answer was, “ Destroy this faith, Christ, from the earliest temple, and in three days I will ages has been building his church, raise it up : but he spake of the and will continue thus to build it temple of his body.His mean. to the end of time; when this iog, on that occasion, was indi. glorious temple of our God shall cated, doubtless, by some partic. be completed. ular manner, tone, or gesture. Peter's confession then, or the Such also was probably the fact great truth contained in it, was in the present case. When he what our Lord meant by the said, “Thou art a Rock ; and on rock, on which he would build This Rock, I will build my his church. Accordingly Paul church,” he might very distinct. to the Corinthians, says, Othly, by his manner, tone, or ges. er foundation can no man lay, ture, signify to his disciples what than that is laid, which is Jesus he meant by THIS ROCK. Un. Christ.Or, as it is expressed questionably they did not onder in the original, and more justly stand him to mean, that Peter was rendered by Macknight, “JESUS to be the foundation of his church. The CHRIST." The agreement

In strictness, Christ himself is here is exact. “Thou (Jesus,) the foundation ; but in a proper says Peter, ART THE CHrist, sense, as it respects the outward THE SON OF THE LIVING God.". administration, a true confession "ON THIS ROCK, says Jesus, 1 of him is the basis, on which his WILL BUILD MY CHURCH." church in the world is built. “6 OTHER FOUNDATION, says Peter had said, “Thou art the Paul, can no man lay, than thut

is laid, which is, JESUS THE " And I will give unto thee CHRIST :" or this truth, “JE. THE KEYS OF THE KINGDOM OF SUS IS THE CARIST." That HEAVEN ; and whatsoever thou Paul, when he penned this elev. shalt bind on earth, shall be enth verse of the third chapter bound in heaven, and whatsoever of the first epistle to the Corin. thou shalt loose on earth, shall thians, had his eye on Peter's con. be loosed in heaven.fession, and the immediately sub. This, as well as the preceding joined declaration of our Lord, verse, is alleged by the Roman. can scarcely admit of a doubt. ists in support of the hierarchal To the rock, so emphatically de. supremacy of the pope. The signated in this memorable con. keys of the kingdom of heaven, versation at Cesarea Philippi, say they, were delivered to Pe. he evidently referred, as the ter, and from him have been foundation, than which no other transmitted to his successors, in could be laid ; and by his words, the Roman sce; and therefore, our Savior's meaning is most in him and his successors, must conclusively determined.

be considered as lodged the The basis of the church then, whole power of the church; to is not the infallibility of man, open its doors and to shut them; but the truth of the everlasting to admit members and to exclude God; a foundation as immovea. them ; to forgive sins and to re. ble as the throne of Heaven; a tain them; and in a word to rock, which has stood the shocks govern the whole body and to of ages, and against which “ the dispose of all its interests. But gates of hell shall never prevail.” this reasoning is no better found

At the gates of their cities, the ed than the other. ancients held their courts and. Whatever be understood by their councils, and through them, " the keys,” they were not giv. their armies issued for war. At en to Peter to the exclusion of the entrance of the gate of Sa. the other apostles. As Peter maria, Ahab and Jehoshaphat spoke, on this occasion, not for consulted, respecting the Syrian himself only, but for the twelve; war; and thence they proceeded so Jesus, in his reply, had rewith their forces to the battle at spect, it is natural to suppose, Ramoth Gilead. In obvious al. not to Peter only, but to his lusion to ancient custom, our brethren with him. It deserves Lord uses the figure, 6 gates of also to be particularly noticed, Hades," to denote at once the that the tense here used is not the policy and the power of the in- present, but the future. Our fernal world. Neither by poli. Lord did not say, I now give, cynor by power shall Satan, but, I will, that is, at some time with all his legions, ever prevail hereafter, give urto thee the keys. to overthrow the church, sup. The keys were not delivered ei. ported, as it is, by the Rock of ther to Peter, or to any of the ages.

apostles, until after the Savior's Having thus fixed the founda. resurrection; for it was not un. tion of his church, our Lord til after his resurrection, that he proceeded to declare the grand gave them their commission in principle of its order.

the kingdom of heaven, or un.

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