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“But no place on earth has been more distinguished for a bold and manly vindi. cation of these sacred truths, than this ancient refuge of the pilgrims. We dai. ly walk over the ashes of some of the most valiant champions of the christian faith ; and constantly breathe the air that was perfumed by the incense of their prayers. What christian has lived in any period of the last century and a half, and has not heard of the impenetrable phalanx formed by the ministers of Boston, to defend the doctrines of the Reformation ? These were the truths taught by your Wilsons, your Cottons, your Mathers, your Thachers, your Willards, your Cols mans, your Pembertons, your Sewalls, your Princes, your Webbs, your Coopers, your Foxcrofts, your Checkleys, your Moorheads, your Eliots, and as many more, whose names will always adorn the annals of the church.
“If the tendency of any religion was ever thoroughly tư•ted, it was the religion of the fathers of New-England. No such colonies ever formed the beginning of any other nation : no other nation ever inherited equal blessings from their ancestors. By what then were those colonies distinguished ? By the purity of their faith, and the fervor of their piety. These evidently had a leading influence in forming the state of society, and the
enerable institutions, which they be queathed to posterity. The happiness of New-England is a monument, rais. ed upon an eminence, to teach the world the tendency of the faith and piety of the puritans.* I venerate those holy men I reverence their for titude, their patience, their wisilom ; but most of all, their love of truth I feel ambitious to say, Among those ancestors were my own; and in this ground sleeps the dust of my fathers. But I am more ambitious to say, Their views of evangelical truth are mine. It is with mingled emotions of pleasure and hope that I see an edifice raised to support the doctrines of our forefathers; and to promote those views of practical religion which restrained them from frivolity, and prompted them to a course of strict and manly piety.
“What then were those doctrines and views? I will tell you ;--that if ever the time should come, when men shall support themselves by a professed veneration for the religion of our ancestors, while seeking to banish that religion from
the world, you may know what our fathers believed.
“From authentic histories of past times, from the confessions of faith which our fathers adopted, and from the books which they wrote, it is known that they were decided Calvinists.
“They believed that “there are three persons in the Godhead, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost;" that “these three are one God, the same in substance, equal in power and glory”
" They believed that God left nothing to the capricious operations of chance ; that He eternally determined what He would do, or suffer to be done ; and that His government, thus shaped and settled by His infinite and unchanging wisdom, extends to all events, as well in the moral as natural world
“They believed that the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament, given at first by the inspiration of God have been preserved, by His providence, sufficiently pure and entire; and that the translation which we have in our hands, is, in every important point, correct.
“They believed that by the offence of one, judgment came upon all men to condemnation ; that the posterity of Adam are shapen in iniquity and conceived in sin, are by nature the children of wrath, dead in trespasses and sins, and possess that carnal mind which is enmity against God.
“They believed that the second per. son in the adorabie Trinity, took upon Himself, as Mediator, the seed of Abraham ; and that this Mediator suffered death, as a vicarious sacrifice, to atone for the sins of the world. ." They believed that no man can see the kingdom of God except he be again, that this change, which in scripture is called a new creation, a new birth, a resurrection from the dead, is produced by the supernatural influence of the di. vine Spirit ; that there is a specific difference between common and special grace; that the repentance and faith necessary to salvation, are altogether distinet from any thing which exists in the heart before this change.
“They believed that by the deeds of the law no flesh shall be justified; that by grace we are saved, through faith, and that not of ourselves,it is the gift of God.
“They believed that God hath chosen His saints in Christ before the foundation of the world, that they should be holy, and without blame before him in love; havinç predestinated them unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the gooil pleasure of His will; that as many as were ordained to eternal life, will believe, being predestinated according to ihe purpose
ze be bo
* This subject is treated of in a most satisfactory and udmirable manner, by Dr. Dwight in his Sermon on the Death of Gov. Trumbull. See our review of that sermon in our last number.
of Him who worketh all things after the service of the ever blessed Trinity we counsel of His own will ; that the names solemnlydedicate these walls, these arches, of those who, in the eternal covenant of these columns, this pulpit, that towering redemption, were given to Christ, were spire, and all that contains, with all that written in the book of life from the foun. is contained within these sacred limits. . dation of the world; that, in the same For the preaching of the word, for the transaction, the Mediator received power public service of prayer and praise, for over all flesh, that he should give eternal the administration of the sacraments of life to as many as the Father had given the New Testament, and for the resiHim; that all whom the Father hath dence of the eternal God, we consecrate given Him, shall come to Him; that of all the house." these He will lose nothing, but will raise it up again at the last day; that the After so many extracts, we Father which gave them Him is greater than all, and none is able to pluck them
give only the close of the ser. out of the Father's hand; and that of mon. course they will be kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation.
"And when the dust of this crumbled “They believed that the wicked will be edifice shall be scattered upon the winds punished with everlasting destruction of heaven ;--when the stones of the last from the presence of the Lord, and from earthly sanctuary shall tremble in the the glory of His power.
convulsions of expiring nature ;--when "They believed that the church and the agonies of disappointment and desthe world are two separate kingdoms; pair shall seize on those who reproached and that none but true believers have a your religion ;--then, in the full assemright to the sacraments of the New Tes bly of your fathers, and with all the tritament, either for themselves or their umps of victory, you shall ride the clouds children.
with your victorious Prince. And when “ They believed in revivals of religion, all the myriads of the redeemed, followproduced by extraordinary effusions of ing the triumphant chariot of their rethe divine Spirit.
turning King, shall shout at heaven's gate, “They warned their contemporaries Lift up your heads, ye everlasting doors, and posterity against those who are love and the King of glory shall come in! you ers of pleasures more than lovers of God; shall be welcomed to those abodes of salhaving a form of godliness, but denying vation where there is no temple but the the power : and, by their own dignified Lord God Almighty, and the Lamb. and holy example, they strongly discoun
Amen.” tenanced a plunge into that whirl of dis. sipation which drowns men in destruction, We think this sermon well and perdition.
adapted to the occasion, and “Such were the views of the fathers of New-England : and I repeat the decla- calculated to excite the best ration, that to support the same views of emotions. As a literary per. the truths and duties of our holy religion,
formance it is respectable; but this church was erected. Those, therefore, who stand in the ways, and ask for its principal excellency consists the good old paths, and walk therein, in the topics of instruction, and will say, Peace be to this house : those only who have abandoned the religion of
excitements to devotion, which their fathers, will regard it with a cold or it contains. a jealous eye."
There is an unpleasant and The following sentences of the improper recurrence of the word dedication are, to our minds,
view in the first sentence, which impressively solemn.
we presume, was on oversight,
Some other verbal criticisms “And now, in pursuance of the design might be made ; they are not, of our meeting, we proceed to delicate this house to Him for whom it was erect
however, of very great impor. ed. May God attend! Let all the angels tance. witness! We religiously devote this The sermon was printed at the edifice to the Father, infinite and selfexistent ; to the Son, the brightness of
request of 66 The Brethren of His Father's glory; to the Holy Ghost, the Park Strcet Church.” almighty and eternal. To the honor ap .
VOL. II. New Series. .
An Oration delivered June 21, by the subject of the Oration un
1809, on the day of the au. der review. thor's induction into the office After an introduction in which of Bartlet Professor of Pul. the “ efforts which have been pit Eloquence, in the Divinity made to erect this school of the College, at Andover. By Ed. prophets," and the object of ward D. Griffin, D. D. Pub. the institution, are just mention. lished by request of the Trus. ed, the following passage, on tees, Boston, Farrand, Mal. the importance of the chris. lory, & Co. pp. 27.
tian ministry is worthy of noa tice.
“ The business to be conducted here It has given us great pleasure, is, in the highest degree, benevolent; that a Professorship of Pulpit
and will have incalculable influence on
the present and future happiness of men. Eloquence is established in the
This is not the place to form generals for Theological Seminary at Ando. fame and for carnage; but youthful Gidver. In the education of minis.
eons, to lead “the sacramental host of
God's elect” to fight the battles of their ters in our country, the rhetori.
King ;-to fight with tears, not with cal parts of the art of composi. swords ; to wield the weapon of prayer, tion and the whole subiect of tion, and the whole subject of
instead of spears; and to carry to the
assailed mercy, instead of death. This delivery, have been comparative.
is not the place to form statesmen, to setly neglected. To be an accurate tle the little concerns of nations ; but thinker, and a logical reasoner,
ministers of Christ to manage, under
their king, the interests of an immortal are high attainments ; but the kingdom, a kingdom which will shine ability to discuss plain and com. with the splendors of heaven, when all mon subjects, in an interesting
the kingdoms of men shall be no more.
This is not the place to elicit the sparks manner, and to deliver with pro. of forensic eloquenee, or to raise up men priety and animation, what is to shine in national debate ; but to fit written with judgment, is scarce.
young evangelists to pour the strains of
immortal truth, and to plead before a ly less useful. It has been no dying race the cause of God, and His uncommon thing to hear sermons anointed Son. Generals may conquer, which indicate piety, good sense,
and statesmen may rule ; but there is
no work so great or so good, as that of a and learning, delivered with such gospel minister. If the memory of a unnatural tones, such ill.judged Howard is blessed, for visiting the pris. pauses, and such misguided em.
ons and lazarettos of Europe, to relieve
temporal distress, surely they ought not phasis, as inevitably to detract to hold a thankless office, who spend their much from the effect they were lives in efforts to deliver their brethren otherwise calculated to produce.
from the prison of endless despair, the
lazaretto of eternal disease.” That the perception of these defects is becoming more general, The Orator guards against any is a happy circumstance ; and supposition that ultimate reliance that a Professor is devoted to the is to be placed on human art, or great object of making candi. the unassisted exertions of men, dates for the ministry good pub. by several judicious reflections. lic speakers, furnishes a belief, His definition of pulpit eloquence, that so far as the influence of is a good one ; viz. 6 The perthis Institution shall extend, a fection of pulpit eloquence con. remedy will be, in a great meas. sists in displaying the most affec. ure, provided. To these reflec. ting gospel truths, in the most tions we have been naturally led impressive manner."
He proceeds to show that a If on any topic he can become impassionpreacher may avail himself of
I himself of ed, and be carried beyond himself, it is
on the theme of immortal love, and the the imagination, the natural af. everlasting destinies of men.” . fections, and the sympathy of his hearers.
The difference between the el. 6. But” he observes, “through oquence of the pulpit and that whatever medium an impression of the bar, or of popular assem. is made on the mind, it must be blies, is illustrated by a compar. made by divine truth, or it is ison between Paul and Cicero; made in vain. And it must be and the Oration is concluded by made by the power of God.” some pious and animated reflec
That the understanding is to tions on the good effects to be be addressed, and the conscience expected from the Institution, assailed; that the preacher into which the author had been himself must feel ; and that all chosen a Professor. affectation is to be avoided, are W e think a just estimate of positions distinctly stated. the importance of eloquence in
We transcribe a brief enumer. the pulpit, is given in this Ora. ation of the subjects which pre. tion. It is not suffered to be sent themselves to the pulpit depressed, on the one hand, as orator.
unworthy the attainment of the o The preacher of everlasting truth student in Theology ; nor is it has certainly the noblest subjects that exalted, on the other, above the ever elevated and enkindled the soul of
station of a humble instrument man;--not the intrigues of a Philip,--not the plots of a Cataline ;---but the re- in the hands of God. bellion of angels ----the creation of a The only remaining criticism world, ---the incarnation and death of the
which we shall offer is, that the Son of God,---the resurrection of men,--the dissolution of nature ---the general Orator might have profitably judgment, ---and the final confirmation of enlarged more upon what may be countless millions of men and angels in called the didactic parts of his happiness or misery. No subjects are so sublime ;---none so interesting to the feels discourse, viz. those parts which ings of a reflecting audience: no orator relate to the foundation of pul. was himself ever so deeply interested in
pit eloquence, and the objects at his subject, as a godly minister is in the truths which he presses upon his hearers. which it aims.
CONSTITUTION OF THE MERRIMACK BIBLE SOCIETY.
ARTICLE I. THE distribution of be "distributed in other languages. the Holy Scriptures among the needy II. In the accomplishment of this and destitute, within the reach of great object, the Society will cheer. our aid, shall be the only object of fully, correspond and co-operate, as the society; and the version of the opportunity may offer, with all other Bible in common use, without note institutions of a similar description ; or comment, shall be the only ver and especially with those in this sion to be distributed in the English State. language ; and it shall also be the III, There shall be an annual meet. standard in selecting the versions, to ing of the Society, holden at Newburyport, on the first Wednesday of the manner of notifying the meetings January, at two o'clock, P. M. when shall be prescribed by the Managers. there shall be elected by ballot a If the President and Vice President President, Vice-President, Record. be absent at any meeting, some othing Secretary, Corresponding Secre. er person appointed shall preside. tary, and Treasurer ; who shall ex. X. The payment of twenty-five officio be Managers.
dollars upon subscribing these articles IV. There shall also be elected shall constitute a member of the Soby ballot, at the annual meeting, ten ciety for life ; and the payment of Managers, who, in conjunction with two dollars annually, shall constitute the Officers mentioned in the pre. the subscriber a member. ceding article, shall constitute the XI. No person holding an office board of Managers : seven of whom under the Society, shall receive any shall be necessary to form a quorum: compensation for his services, except and this board shall be authorized to the receiving committee ; who may make any regulations, comporting be compensated at the discretion of with this Constitution, which expe. the board of managers. rience may indicate, as necessary. XII. Thirty members, regularly The President of the Society shall convened, shall constitute a quorum. also be the President of the board of The constitution shall not be altered, Managers.
except at an annual meeting ; nor y. The Society shall, if they then, but by a vote of three fourths think proper, determine at each an. of the members present : but the nual meeting the amount of monies first article shall be subject to no to be expended for the year. If they alteration. shall make no such designation, the XIII. Upon the adoption of the matter shall be determined by the constitution, the society shall be im. Managers.
mediately organized by a choice of VI. There shall be a standing officers ; and a committee shall be Committee of two, appointed by appointed to obtain subscriptions ; the Managers, to receive the annual and it shall moreover be the duty of taxes, contributions, and all dona. the members at large, to increase the tions to the Society ; and deliver the number of subscribers, and the funds same to the Treasurer, obtaining his of the Society, by all laudable measreceipt for the amount.
ures. .vii. The Managers shall appoint a XIV. The transactions of the Socommitteeofthree, who shall purchase ciety at their several meetings, and and distribute Bibles, conformably to also of the managers at their meet. their Instructions; and they shall ings, shall be signed by the record. receive from the President an order ing Secretary, on the Treasurer for the amount. . XV. The board of managers shall, All orders on the Treasurer shall be as soon as convenient, apply to the signed by the President, under the General Court for an act of incorpodirection of the Managers.
ration. OFFICERS. VIII. There shall be at least a semi. William Coombs, Esquire, President. annual meeting of the Managers to ex. Rev. Samuel Spring, D:D. Vice Pres. amine the accounts of the Treasurer, William Woart, Esq. Recording Sec. receive the report of the Committee of Rev Daniel Dana, Cor. Secretary. Distribution, and transact any other Richard Pike, Esq. Treasurer. business,relative to the objects of the
MANAGERS. institution ; and they shall report Rev. John Andrews, their doings, and the success of the Rev. C, W. Milton, institution during the year, at the
Rev. James Morss, annual meeting of the members.
Rev. James Miltimore, IX, Special meetings of the So. Rev. John S. Popkin, ciety shall be called by the President, William Bartlet, Esq. or in case of his disability, by the Vice
Thomas M. Clark, Esq. President, at the request of seven of Daniel A. White, Esq. the members ; and the objects of John Pearson, Esq. such meeting shall be specified ; and Capt. Stephen Holland,