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is aware that he has selected a many excellent observations, and, subject which will be despised as affording a good specimen and ridiculed by the men of this of the author's style and manner. world.
. p. 232, 233 « If our experience p. 6. « Nothing, says he, is more com- makes us satisfied with ourselves ; if mon than to despise what is termed Re- we can sit still from year to year, ligious Experience; Infidels sneer, the without concern for others, if our cold hearted condemn, and the ungodly property, our talents, our time are all ridicule it Being unacquainted with it laid out for our own interest alone ; themselves they suppose it is all the work if we rest only in cold wishes ; in com, of imagination or the heat of enthusiasm monplace observations on the state of in others But it seems not a little re- mankind ; if we are ready to reproach markable, that while the term is admit those, whose zeal shames our timidity ; ted, when applied to those parts of sci- if we carelessly let slip opportunities of ence, which are founded on sensible tri- doing good, which present themselves to al, it should be rejected when applied to us, and which may never return more religion ! why should not experimental how can we call ourselves Christians? divinity be equally as reasonable as ex Let us not talk of our knowledge, our perimental philosophy ? Indeed we must experience, our talents, our respectabili. be at a loss to conceive what real relig ty, our membership of churches, while ion is without experience; for however the world is falling down about us and we excellent it may be as a theory, we know sitting still in criminal inactivity. Cold it is nothing except it engage the affec« heart ! unfeeling creature ! contracted tions and regulate the conduct: It is true, soul! Go to the inhospitable desert, it does not refuse the exercise of the un- dwell in the wildervess, hide thyself from derstanding ; it does not discard investi- the face of man, if thou art determined gation ; but it calls with more ardent to be of no use to society ; but if thou motives to purity of principle, devoted professest to be a Christian, act in charness of mind, lively emotions, and useful acter. Look around ; behold the multiexertions, than it insists on a pursuit of tudes perishing on the shores of eteruity! mere speculative notions, or knowledge, what is thy knowledge if kept to thyself, which does not at all interest the feel while the world is in darkness? What ings, or impress the heart. And, indeed, thy talents if not used for the advantage of what is the intelligent mind, the acute those who are yet in misery?. What thy reasoner, the learned critic, the man that Experience, if it does not lead thee to can collect, judge, review, arrange, and commiserate the deplorable state of those repeat, if he be without experience, who are still in the gall of bitterness and when compared to him, who, with a bonds of iniquity? Arise therefore; common understanding, enters with all shake off the slumbers of night. The the energies of his soul into the very spir- sun of time is up, but will soon decline ; it and enjoyment of divine truth? The work while it is day; for the night will former beholds the beautifu! object, dis- soon come when no man can work.” berns its different features, and admires its just proportions ; but the latter does
To the American edition is more :--he actually possesses it as his added some helps to private de. own, lives under its influence, and is
votion, entitled---The Closet transformed into its delightful image.”
Companion, comprising 10 pagPerhaps nothing is more liable
es, which gives an additional val. to abuse than religious experi.
ue to the work. ence. Of this the author ap. pears to be fully sensible, and to
A Sermon at the Inauguration have taken considerable pains to
of the Rev. EDWARD D. GRIF.. guard the subject against misrep
FIN, D. D. Bartlet Professor resentation.
of Pulpit Eloquence in the If one part of his work is
Theological Institution in An. more important and interesting
dover, June 1, 1809, by Samthan the rest, we should say it is
UEL SPRING, D. D. Boston: his chapter on “ advice respect.
Farrand, Mallory, & Co. 1810. ing Experience.” From this chapter we select the following No event has for many years interesting passage as containing taken place, so interesting to
the churches of New England, preacher, or his words will glide as the establishment of the Theo. over their ear disregarded. While logical School at Andover. The the dull monotony of many min. munificent spirit exhibited in lay. isters disposes the least serious ing the foundations of that semi. of their hearers to sleep, the nary is an honorable proof, that vehemence or pathos of others a zeal to do good exists among is accompanied with some un. men of wealth, whose sphere of couthness of gesture, some dis. usefulness is widely extended ; tortion of feature, and some and in the establishment of such faulty modulation of voice, which an institution, in the particular very much impair the effect, that direction given to the spirit of would otherwise be produced. benevolence, we perceive much While therefore this new sem. evidence, that charity is under inary proposes to guide the stud. the guidance of wisdom, and that ies of those, who are preparing great, permanent, and everlast. for the sacred ministry, while it ing good is the object, which teaches them to think and to has been embraced by the en. reason, it gives us much satisfac. larged minds of the founders of tion to perceive also, that the the Institution.
art of expressing thought is not On the qualifications of min. overlooked, and that a proisters of the gospel depend in a fessor is appointed for the pregreat degree not only the morals, cise purpose of imparting in. the order, the peace, and respec. Struction in pulpit eloquence. tability of society, but also the We do not expect that every triumphs of religion in the world student will be made an orator.
the eternal welfare of men. The original talent must be re. When a person enters upon the ceived from the Giver of every sacred office with a mind updis. good and perfect gift. But ciplined by preparatory study, though sweetness, variety, and unfurnished with various knowl. force of voice, and other advan. edge, unaccustomed to accurate tages in a public speaker must discrimination, and unskilled in depend very much upon nature, the art of presenting his thoughts yet much may be done by art perspicuously to others, though both in the correction of what is if he be pious he may yet be con. faulty, and in the improvement siderably useful, he will get in of what is excellent. The free. many respects injure the cause, stone is not susceptible of the which he wishes to support, by polish of marble, but by the not employing all the resources, hands of the skilful workman which might be brought to its they both, though rough and aid. Among the means of doing shapeless as they came from the good, that of pulpit eloquence, quarry, may be fashioned into which has been so much neglect. a regular form, and become the ed in this country, is unques. pillars and ornaments of the tionably of very high import. temple. ance. The drowsy minds of We were disappointed in pot men, unfriendly to religion, must seeing in this sermon of the Rer. be roused or attracted by some. Dr. SPRING any remarks upon thing in the manner of the the subject of pulpit eloquence, to which the occasion seemed nat. dren, after the illustration of urally to lead. They were how these topics the sermon con. ever probably dispensed with in cludes with solemn, appropriate, consequence of the oration of and interesting addresses to the the professor himself, delivered Founders of the Institution, to at the same time. Choosing for the Trustees of Phillips Acadea his text Prov. iii. 6. In all thy my, to the Professors of the ways acknowledge Him, and He Seminary, and to the Students. shall direct thy paths, the preach. Such are the outlines of this ser. er, after some introductory ob. mon. It is rendered valuable servations on the dependance of by the occasion, on which it all things upon the Creator, was preached, by the important first explains the duty enjoined, truths, which are presented and and then points out the connex. illustrated, and by the pious and ion between compliance with devout spirit, which breathes in the injunction and obtaining the every part of it. divine direction. For men to Some instances of verbal in. acknow ledge God in all their accuracy, and some peculiarities ways he considers as implying, of phraseology occur in this dis. that they love him supremely, course, but they are not suf. When their natural selfishness, ficiently important to be paror the supreme love of them. ticularly enumerated. The fole selves is succeeded by the love lowing extract is a favorable of God, all the other christian specimen of the author's man. virtues flow from this principle. ner, and exhibits his views of the First they feel, and lament, extent of the Supreme agency. and confuss, and forsake their sins. Next they acknowledge “Though no man hath seen God at
any time yet we are so encompassed God by the habit of devout
with the blaze of his perfections, that in prayer. They also maintain a qualified sense we behold nothing excontinually a proper sense of cept God. The preservation of the uni.
verse is as really the effect of divine their entire dependance upon him
agency as the creation. The massy admitting no other freedom of globe, the luminous orbs of heaven, men the human will but what consists in will but what consists and angels ; in a word the natural and
moral system, time and eternity, things in the choice itself without refer.
mortal and immortal are in his hand and ence to the cause of the volition. under his perfect control. His eye perThey, further, carefully use the
vades immensity, and his unerring hand
directs every thought and every event. means, appointed to assist them
He takes care of sparrows, insects, and in the course of their duty. the most minute things, because he takes And they lastly confide in the care of the world and the boundless sys.
tem of intelligence. Amid therefore the perfection of the divine adminis. disorder and confusion, the rage and tration. Under the second destruction so predominant under the general head, the preacher shows sun, how sublime the consolation, that'
the Lord reigns over all. He will make
darkness light, and finally overrule all tween acknowledging God and evil both natural and moral to the adbeing directed by him from the
vantage of his kingdom Thus God has
decreed, and his decree will be executed. relation of christians to their To acknowledge him therefore in all our Father in heaven, from the ways we must confide in the perfection, promises of his word, and from
of his government : and like Christ, who
was never influenced by partial affection, the ample testimony of his chile we must disinterestedly aim at the honor Vol. II. New Series,
of God in the highest enjoyment of all holy beings. For God lives and reigns to accomplish his design.”
The following passage from the address to the professors is deserving of the attention of all the 6 messengers of truth.”
“ But when we con emplate things in a more elevated light, we not only anticipate your success as teachers of divinity, but indulge a confidence, that by your humility, and other virtues you will deeply impress the minds and hearts of your pupils with that modesty and meekness of wisdom v:hich adorn the pastoral character. Destitute of these graces, their science, their divinity, and their eloquence will qualify them for the theatre, rather than the pulpit ; and they will resemble actors on the stage rather than Christ and his apostles, who addressed the conscience and not the fancy and passions of men. God forbid, that we shall be at the expense of educating young men for the ministry, who by vanity and parade in style, or manner of address, shall degrade the pulpit, disgrace the seminary, injure souls, and dishonor Christ.”
We close the extracts with a few sentences from the address to the students.
“Will you not acknowledge God in all your ways, that you may possess the qualifications of faithful, zealous ministers, so peculiarly needful to the church at the present day? Will you not love God supremely ; lament your sins in a submissive manner; and pray devoutly for his grace, remembering that the most able ministers imbibe the best in. structions on their knees in secret? Will you not contemplate your entire dependance on Christ for every favor, and diligently usé all the means, which he has appointed, to obtain his blessing? Will you not unreservedly confide in the perfection of God's government ? For the Lord is a rock, and his work is perfect. If you thus acknowledge God, he will teach you by his Spirit, and properly acquaint you with the fundamental principles of divinity. He will acquaint you with the character of man both before and after the fall; with the great difference between the object of holy and sinful affections ; with the real difference between man's natural and moral ability, and with the necessity of special grace to give sinners a heart to accept the selfdenying terms of salvation. Without this information ; and without digesting these and other principal doctrines you cannot prove instructive and convincing preachers.”
Letter from Rev. Mr. Blackburn to in every particular, as the Indians, Dr. Morse.
by some means, especially at the first
of the business, thought there Maryville, Fan. 5, 1810. might be a design eventually to tax
them according to that ratio. REV. AND DEAR SIR,
In the nation there are 12,395 In· I THINK when I was with you in dians. The number of females exCharlestown, I stated the number of ceeds the males 200. The whites in the Cherokee nation to be between the nation are 341 ; one third of ten and twelve thousand souls, though those have Indian wives, 113. Of at that time the enumeration was Negro slaves there are 583. The not completed, and I could not there. mumber of their cattle, 19,500 ; do. fore make the estimate with certain. of horses, 6,100. The number of ty. But now the persons employed hogs, 19,600 , do, of sheep, 1,037. having finished the business, I am They have now in actual operation able to give you the exact state of 13 Grist. Mills ; 3 Saw Mills ; 3 Salt. the nation in detail. Let it be re- petre works, and 1 powder Mill. marked that the enumeration is They have 30 Waggons, between rather below than above the number 480 and 500 ploughs, 1600 spinning
wheels 467 Looms, and 49 Silver MISSIONS OF UNITED BRETH. smiths.
REN. Circulating specie is supposed to be as plenty as is common amongst
Extract from the Diary of the Mis.
sionaries in Labrador. the white people. These advantages have been mostly obtained since the “Jan, 1st, 1806.--We received year 1796 and rapidly increased since from Kivalek an account, which fillthe year 1803.
ed us with horror. The old well If we deduct from the year the known sorcerer, Uiverunna, had spent number of Sabbaths it contains, and the winter there, he and his family suppose that each spinning wheel being the only residents. His wife turn off six cuts per day, the amount died last night, upon which the old of 1600 will be 250,400 dozen of monster seized a poor orphan child, yarn in one year, this will make when whom they had formerly adapted, wove into cloth 292,133 yards. and murdered him ; then cut bim
If we should suppose each loom to across all the joints of his fingers and put off 4 yards per day, the produce toes, ripped open his belly, and threw of 467 will be annually 584,684 yards. the body naked into the sea. Though
Allow 2 hands to a wheel 3,200 we are not acquainted with his mowomen will be employed in carding tive for so atrocious an act, yet we and spinning, 467 engaged in weav. know, that it belongs to that system ing, and as many to fill the quills. of diabolical incantations, by which
If each plough be allowed only ten he expects to appease the water dev. acres, then 500 ploughs would culti- il, by whom he pretends to do great vate 5,000 acres and would employ wonders, but who now, in his idea, 1000 hands, as one must use the hoe required a greater sacrifice than usual, after the plough. There is also near as he had not saved his wife's life.” ly as much land in the nation wrought “On the 7th, while we were rewithout a plough as with it ; joicing at the gracious visitation of each acre will produce 50 bushels our God and Savior, so manifest which will be equal to 250,000 or among our Esquimaux, we were 20 bushels to each person. The ac suddenly interrupted by information tual amount will double that sum, of the most distressing nature, which
It is often asked are they increas. furnishes another lamentable proof ing or on the decline? All I can say of the power of Satan over this poor to this is, that both from my own ob. nationKullugak, a man who ob. servation and that of those most con- tained leave to live on our land, had, versant with them, it is evident that in company with a man from Vivak, there is less space between the called Tukekina, murdered the old younger children of families than sorcerer, Viverunna, at Kivalek. those more advanced, and that in near. Having given out that by his leger. ly the proportion as hunting life has demain tricks, he had killed Kullu. yielded to the cultivation of the soil. gak's two wives, the latter had ever
The number of Bibles and Testa. since şought revenge. In general ments,circulated in the nation, inclu. Uiverunna has of late endeavored to ding the children of the schools is up. render himself formidable anjong the wards of 600, and a variety of other heathen Esquimaux, by making them books as opportunity offered.
believe, that he had power to kill On their roads they have many pub. such as he pleased ; and if any one lichouses, and on their rivers conven. died, he was sure to have it reportient ferries, there are many of them ed, that he had sent them out of the learning different trades as their in. world by his torngak. As he is al. clination may lead them. But yet so known to be an old murderer, and, there is no chnrch erected, and few as above related, had but just mur. feel the impressions of grace.
dered a poor innocent infant, his life I have filled the sheet with de has been long in danger, and many a tails and can only pray that the Lord one had resolved to kill him, when may make your harvest of souls opportunity offered. At length Kul. abundant in Charlestown. I am, &c. lugak succeeded. We informed him
GIDEON BLACKBURN. that we suffered no murderers to live