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tendency, are unsubstantial are or the narrative of a voyage to transient as the shadow of the fill the stores of the merchant ; dial.
such are those acquisitions, While ascending the path of which have no moral tendency. moral improvement, though desti. Who then will adopt that mode tute of those talents, which secure of education, which merely dec. wealth and renown, man is little orates the person, amuses the lower than the angels; they wait fancy, or enchants the senses ; to receive him. As the fatal but does not mend the heart? fruit was torn from the tree of Is it fancy or do I hear un. knowledge the ground was curs. baptized philosophy exclaim, ed, the elements were distracted, " the days of the monks and the angel of death walked on the fasts are returning. Relics and wings of the wind, the quiver of beads, hermits and pilgrims, will divine wrath poured its arrows again overwhelm society..” into the bosom of man. Man T o this I only reply, do not all caught the contagious princi- the liberal sciences, the useful or ples of uproar and confusion, fine arts, tend to mend the heart, Famine, plagne, and pestilence, to purify the affections, to pro. are minor evils less terrible, duce strong convictions of God, than man to man. This deprav. of providence, and our infinite ity must be restrained and cru. obligations ? I ask the child of cified, or man is undone. What science, whether his studies have essential advantage then have not a tendency, to restore man those attainments, which are to his lost glory and his God. Do merely physical or intellectual, not you learn from history the which are merely ornamental or scripture doctrine of human de. pleasant ? Conscience must be pravity ? Is not the history of convinced; passion must be sub. man the history of malignant dued. This is the only conrse passions and of crimes? In the of felicity. No education is revolutions of families and em. valuable, unless it tend to dispel pires, are you not taught the un. the moral darkness of the mind, certainty of earthly glory, the to bridle the lightning of the pas excellence of virtue, the misery
sions, to elevate the soul with of vice, the justice of divine · heavenly peace. Of what value Providence? From history do are the gilded pills and fragrant you not learn, that atonement perfumes of the physician, un- for sin is a natural idea of man, less they have a tendency to heal or that being first revealed, it has the disease of his patient? . God by tradition been conveyed to all is necessary to man; God is the the nations of the world ? Have health of the soul. Nothing, not sacrifices, and even human therefore, can be estimable, sacrifices, been offered in every which does not tend to unite country of the globe ? The doc. man with his God. Every thing trine of atonement then is a else is a shadow,or a vapour pass. spontaneous dictate of the heart, ing away. As fuel without fire, or a revelation from God. . or the picture of a feast to refresh From history we also learn the body; as the description of how natural to man is the doc. a harvest to enrich the farmer, tride of a meuiator. When na. tions are at war, when sovereigns rassing and destroying commer. negotiate, the agency of a third cial enterprise. The page of power is often introduced. This Geography shows that the Fa. third power offers itself the me. ther of all dispenses his favors diator between hostile nations, with an impartial hand in the and peace is restored. The dig- different climates of the world. nity of both parties is supported. The contemplation of this natur. The votaries of the grand Lama, ally excites love, and joy, and and the disciples of Boodh, whose praise. religion is professed by more I need not enlarge. I need than half the human race, wor. not remark, that the precise ship their visible deities only as laws of crystallization, the sym. mediators with the one, invisible metry of the angles, prove a de. God. So does history confirm signing agent, and display the essential doctrines of revelation, wisdom of God. I need not reand improve our moral feelings. mark that the canals of plants,
Does not Geography show the which convey the sap to the dif. wisdom and goodness of God in ferent parts are in exact propor. adapting means to ends; in ac- tion to the space, which is to be commodating the climate to the nourished. Are not the upper inhabitants, or the inhabitants to and visible side of every leaf on the climate. In the frozen re. the trees adorned with a beautiful gions of the north, where the polish, while the lower without earth yields her produce with a a polish, displays the work? As sparing hand, our waters are en. the architect or cabinet maker riched by the finny tribes, and gives beauty and ornament to men have hearts of iron, to en. the upper and more visible parts counter the cold, to toil in the of his works, while the joints carth, to sail the stormy sea. and ruder parts are conceal. In the south men have neither ed; so is it with every plant of courage nor strength; but the the field, every leaf of the forest. earth yields them a spontaneous Minerals, so useful and neces. support, and their trees are pleas. sary to civilized man, are all disa ant habitations. Saul abode un. posed in strata or veins, nicely der a tree in Ramah, and Deborah Todged in magazines. Were the dwelt under a palm tree. By iron, and coal, and other miner. means of rivers and seas, what is als of the world, scattered here wanting in one country is suppli. and there, and every where, the ed from another. By means of loss would be immense. Every traffic men are not only rendered branch of natural history premore comfortable; but their sents grateful views of God. characters are improved. Civil. Did not the warlike elephant, ization, refinement, and a spirit and terrible rhinoceros in sum. of Liberty, are promoted by mer drop their covering, they commerce. Hence tyrants are would suffocate and perish in never the friends of commerce; the burning sands of Africa. as a mean of preparing their sub. Did not the camel, the ship of the jects to be crushed, and patiently desert, carry within him a clS. to endure the deadly yoke of tern of water, he could never despotism, they begin by embar. traverse the thirsty plains of the
East; their merchants would By learning the object of ed. never divide the riches of the ucation, the reader is assisted in ·caravan. The rein deer laughs deciding between the merits of at the cold of Lapland ; because different modes or systems. The he is muffled in the warmest fur. seaman by knowing the port of The arctic birds sport on their his destination, knows the point, mountains of snow, for God has which he is to sail. If he be al. wrapped their feet in the richest lured by hope of advantage, or down. “ He tempers the wind driven by tem pests in a thou. to the shorn lamb."
sand directions, he can instantly
reassume his course. He that “ The serious mind adores the mighty does not know the point of his
hand, That ever busy wheels the silent spheres. destination may traverse the An undevout astronomer is mad.” . ocean, till his ship decays with
age. So those, who have not a Who can recollect, that the specific object in education may world, as Job says, is hung upon wander from science to science, nothing, that the planets are
without order, and with little worlds like the one, which we advantage. Those, who remem. inhabit, perhaps vocal with the ber that the grand design is to songs of immortal felicity ; that prepare immortals for the skies, the sun is the fountain of light will know what mode to adopt. to a system of worlds ; that the They instantly see how ruinous stars are so many suns, giving to human hopes, how fatal to the light and splendor to countless eternal interests of children, how millions of worlds : that the bold. malignant in its nature is that est imagination can fix no limits atheistic system, which recomto the works of God, or say, mends the neglect of religious 66 Yonder world terminates the instruction, till the child has work of creation.” Who can lived more than twice seven thus reflect and not bow before years. Bad habits are then the great Eternal, and in silent formed, the chains of spiritual wonder “muse his praise ?" death are rivetted, and too late But we forbear. The astonish. perhaps the hand of deliverance ing wonders of the electric is offered. But to analyze differ. fluid, the various mysteries of ent systems is no part of my dea chemistry, the holy transports sign; but from a general prin. of music, with a numerous re- ciple to make several deductions. tinue of sciences, the handmaids I only set the compass and ascerof religion, we pass by in silence. tain the general course to be Philosophy opens a temple of
pursued, without proceeding on divine wisdom, which none but the way to mark the devious the hallowed ministers of science paths. That system of educa. can describe. To them I resign tion is to be chosen, which most my feeble pen. Let ignorance efficaciously recovers man from and enthusiasm boast of their his apostasy, which most hope. visions and lights within our way fully elevates him among the to heaven is the path of knowl. blessed. edge and science.
(To be continued.) Vob. IINew Series.
The Remedy for Duelling : @ the good can be combined, and
Sermon delivered before the the opinions of the wise set in Presbytery of Long-Island, array against the practices of the at the opening of their ses. unprincipled, deserves to be hail. sion, at Aquebogue, April ed as a benefactor to mankind. 16th, 1806. By Lyman Bee. To this high honor, if we are not cher, A. M. Pastor of the mistaken, the author of The church in East Hampton. Remedy for Duelling has attain. First published by request of ed. The plan which he has pro. the Presbytery : republished posed, and to the elucidation by subscription. New York, and enforcement of which his Williams & Whiting. 1809. whole sermon is devoted, is sim.
ply this : That every voter who Though Duelling is a crime disapproves of duelling, should which does not infest society in invariably withhold his suffrage, New England, and though there in our popular elections, from is little canse for apprehension any man whom he has good rea. that it will ever become preva. son to believe to be a duellist in Jent here, yet most of our read. principle or practice. We do ers, we presume, have deeply not give his words, in the fore. lamented the existence of so going sentence, but the scope of dreadful a scourge in the other the discourse, as it appears on parts of the United States. perusal. When we speak thus Amidst the examples of the great, honorably of Mr. Beecher, on the coonivance and participation account of the plan developed in of rulers, and the stupid admira, his discourse, we are aware that tion with which vast multitudes many well informed men through have gazed on these deeds of the country have always disap. blood, all the tender ties of hu. proved of elevating duellists to man nature, and all the sanc. office; that this disapprobation tions of law, divine and human, has been often expressed in con. have been treated with equal versation, and sometimes per. contempt. While envy and re. haps in print ; and that duel. venge have immolated their heca. ling is habitually numbered tombs, and murder of the most among our national sins. But flagitious kind has been trans. Mr. Beecher advances further. formed into a brave, and honor. He considers a regular and sys. able defence of reputation, men tematic opposition to duellists, of real principle have looked when candidates for office, as around them to discover, if possi. the great, the efficacious, and the ble, some remedy for so tremen. only hopeful method of supdous an evil.
pressing the crime; and he brings In this state of things, the dis. it home to the conscience of every coverer or the improver of any voter, as a partaker in the guilt plan, by which the exertions of and the mischiefs of duelling, un.
less he uses his right of suffrage guments are introduced, under for this salutary purpose. The distinct heads, to prove the great subject is presented in a great point under consideration. variety of lights; objections are answered very satisfactorily, and
"1. The elevation of duellists to power
is an act directly opposed to the precepts with perfect ease; and convic.
of religion. tion is forced upon the under. “2 The duellist is a murderer ; and standing and the conscience, at were there no excluding sentence in the
word of God, our own abhorrence of the every stage in the reasoning. crime should exclude from confidence The sermon is an exhibition of these men of blood. most persevering
“ 3. A regard to our own safety, as The speaker holds you fast, and
well as respect to the authority of God,
and an abhorrence of murder, should will not let you go unconvinced. withhold our suffrage from the duellist.” When you think he has done, he arrests you again and again, Under this head the feebleness with an additional host of pow. of the restraint which honor imerfal arguments and motives. poses is considered. We quote
The style is, in a few instances, a few sentences. hardly correct. It is, however,
“ Hence the honor of a duelling legis. always spirited to a high degree, lator does not restrain him in the least and often indignant at the miser. from innumerable crimes which affect able sophistry by which duelling most sensibly the peace of society. He
may contemn the Savior of men, and hate is attempted to be defended. The
and oppose the religion of his country. word jeopardy is improperly us. He may be a Julian in bitterness, and by ed as a verb.
swearing cause the earth to mourn. In
passion a whirlwind--in cruelty to tenSarcasm and irony are fre
ants, to servants, and to his family, a tiquently well employed; but in ger. He may be a gambler, a prodigal, the following cases rather Ipjudi. a fornicator, an adulterer, a drunkard,
a murderer, and not violate the laws of ciously. After proving, in a
honor. Nay, honor not only tolerates, well written paragraph, (p. 13.) but in many instances it is the direct and that education cannot excuse du. only temptation to crime.
4. The system of duelling is a sys. elling, the author concludes by, tem of absolute despotism, tending di. saying, “And when they mur.. rectly and powerfully to the destruction
to nastof of civil liberty. der, elevate them not to posts of
« 5. The inconsistency of voting for honor, but to the gallows."
The other instance to which we 6. To vote for the duellist is to assist oludis found: allude is found, p. 24, after a
94 after in the prostration of justice, and indirect.
ly to encourage the crime. description of the alarming pro. «7. The contempt with which duelgress of this crime, as proved by lists treat the opinions and feelings of the
community, is a reason why we should the general preparation to use
cease to confide in them. the pistol, in some parts of our “8. Withhold your suffrage from the country. “Expertness in fir. duellist, and the practice of fighting dų.
fication els will speedily cease.” ing the pistol is a qualification els of indispensable attainment, and We cite, as a fair specimen of the Sabbath is often devoted to the author's reasoning, a page the most christian employment under this division. of learning to shoot expertly.” Our readers will probably be
" The reason why men of honor,
(falsely so called,) pay homage to the law gratified with a brief analysis of
analys of honor, is because the maxims of this this sermon. The following ar- ghastly code are, among a certain class of
duelists is a