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M. I should reply, there of unbounded space, and discern was a defect of benevolence, all the relations of created be. which requires that the good of ings, all the possible effects of every individual should be the punishment of the wicked in Sowght.
illustrating the justice of the R. That is what you do not Most High, and in displaying know, and can never. prove. his benignity to the righteous ? You admit that infinite benevo. M. But my reason cannot ad. lence is consistent with some suf. mit the horrible doctrine you fering; and it may be consistent believe. with perpetual suffering ; if un. R. Your reason and my rea. erring Wisdom should see, that son, are but as the drop of the greater good would thus be pro. bucket in comparison with the duced. Will you, who cannot wisdom of God. We know see the necessity or propriety of nothing but what he permits us partial suffering, pretend to to know. What he teaches us measure the wisdom of God, and in his word must be true-his boldly declare that the appoint. declarations are the strongest ment of endless punishment may reasons in the world for the truth not the most effectually subserve of any doctrine. . the purposes of benevolence ? M. Bring forward then the Can you travel over the whole passages on which you rely. kingdom of God, in the regions
(To be continued.)
A FRAGMENT OF ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY.
PAMPHILUS was born at Bery. which ran parallel with life, and tus about the year 294. Having which caused them to concen. made some progress in literature trate their forces in opposing the in his native city, he went to blind superstition of paganism, Alexandria to complete his stud. and in disseminating the knowl. ies ; from thence he removed to edge of christianity throughout Cæsarea where he resided the the sphere of their exertion. greatest part of his life, which One interesting part of the of consequence was the princi. character of Pamphilus undoubt. pal witness of his glorious career. edly consisted in his attachments He had not dwelt long at Cæsa. to biblical literature. Of this we rea before his piety and christian have several valid testimonies; virtues shone so vigorously, as Pamphilus had,' says Jerome, to lead the church of that place such an affection for a divine to elect him one of its presbyters. (or ecclesiastical) library, that he Here it was that he formed that wrote out with his own hand the intimate friendship with Eusebi. greatest part of Origen's works, us, the Ecclesiastical Historian, which are still in the library of Cæsarca; and besides I have met,' monuments of his benevolence adds he, with twenty-five vol. was the school which he estab. umes of Origen’s Commentaries lished at Cæsarea, for the free upon the Prophets, in his own education of youth. No mate. hand-writing, which I value and rials remain to enable us to give keep as though I had the riches the plan, or state the success of of Crosus.' The same writer 'this academy; but, that there quotes Eusebius, as saying That was a considerable one formed Pamphilus diligently read the by his generosity, is attested by works of the ancient authors, the united authorities of Cave, and continually meditated upon Fabius, and Tillemont. them.'
But the most prominent fea. The Cæsarian Library, which ture in the character of Pamphi. Jerome takes notice of, was lus, doubtless, was his strong at. founded by Pamphilus himself. tachment to the oracles of God,' Isidore, of Seville, informs us and his earnest endeavors to that it contained no less than propagate them. In the accom. 30,000 volumes. By this infor- plishment of this noble design mation we are at once taught all the energies of his mind were that Pamphilus must have pos- united, and his labors were in. sessed vast pecuniary resources, defatigable. He not only lent and an ambition to consecrate out,' says Eusebius, copies of them entirely to the welfare of the sacred Scriptures to be read, the disciples of the Redeemer ; but cheerfully gave them to be for we have full authority to af. kept by those whom he found firm, that this collection of disposed to read them: for which books was made merely for the reason he took care to have by use of the church; and to lend him many copies of the Scripto those who were desirous of be. tures (some of which were ing instructed in the grand prin, transcribed with his own hand) ciples of christianity. And this that when there should be occa. is, as Dr. A. Clark observes, sion, he might furnish those who
the first notice we have of a were willing to make use of circulating library being estab. them.' Such was the employ. lished.' Nor was the benevolent ment, and such were the delights and philanthropic spirit of this of this amiable man! Is it not eminent man to be less ad. to be wished that many who pos. mired. His hand was always sess, perhaps, as great an ability open for the relief of the neces. for action were aiming at as sitous, and his heart ever ready grand an object as Pamphilus ? to sympathize with the misera. But another fact, illustrative of ble. If he saw any embarrassed this part of his character, is too in their temporal affairs, he gave notorious to be passed over, bountifully of his substance to through his having published, by relieve them. He devoted a con. the assistance of Eusebius, a corsiderable portion of his property rect edition of the Septuagint to these charitable purposes, and from Origen's Hexapla. Un, lived himself in the most abste. doubtedly, this was of peculiar mions manner, to render his advantage to the church of ability the greater. One of the Christ; the benefit of Origen's immense labor was rendered more cruel wretch being, as it were, extensive ; and if this edition satiated with his flesh, though he was not the first separate one, had gained nothing but vexation it was certainly the most exact. and dishonor, ordered him to This was called the Palestine confinement in prison.' After edition ; and was in general use having lain in this dungeon for from Antioch to Egypt, as that a year and some months, he was of Lucian was from Antioch to called to receive the crown of Constantinople, and that of He. martyrdom, and thus to seal by sychius in Egypt.
his death those truths which it But a character so active in had been his chief concern to the divine cause of christianity, to propagate by his life. and likely to do so much injury How many pleasing reflections to pagan superstition, could not does the contemplation of such a expect to pass through the world character afford us ! free from persecution. 'A city 1. How vastly superior is set upon a hill, cannot be hid. christianity to paganism, and to A glow-worm may be seen but all other systems! Have we often by few; but a star is exposed to bcheld its high supremacy in the sight of all. But although point of theory,-here we may Pamphilus must have been well behold its infinite superiority in aware of the dangers to which point of influence! In Pamphi. his exertions 'exposed him in such lus we see an individual consea period of severe persecution, crating all his property for the yet the intrepidity of his mind, relief of the necessities of the and the goodness of his cause, poor ; exerting all the powers taught him to brave all opposi. of his mind in removing the tion, and to relinquish his useful. mental darkness of mankind, ness only with his life! He was and promoting their best inter. frequently brought before the ests ; disregarding all the honors civil tribunal, and as frequent. of the world, and relinquishing ly he witnessed a good confes. every thing which was counter sion. On these occasions the to his benevolent purposc; all eminency of his station, and the this he did from the purest of purity of his character, proved motives, and without noise and a temporary refuge: but at length ostentation; and at last he cheer. he was brought before Urbanus, fully resigned his life rather than who having first made,' says disown those principles by which Eusebius, trial of his koowl. he had been hitherto conducted. edge by divers questions of rhet. Christianity defies heathenism to oric and philosophy, as well as give such an instance of pure polite literature, required him to benevolence. sacrifice. When he saw that. 2. What an excitement should Pamphilus refused to obey his such an example be to modern orders, and despised all his christians! Did Pamphilus made threatenings, he commanded that ifest an unconquerable attach. he shonld be tortured in the se. ment to the Holy Scriptures ? verest manner. When he had Did he act so extensively for again and again torn his sides truth, and effect so much good with his tormenting irons, the in opposition to all the difficul.
ties which then presented them. the perfection of the sacred can. selves? Was he “ steady to his on, it has been said, that there purpose,” under all the opposi. are other gospels and epistles tion he had to cope with ? Did equally authentic, and urging the he devote all he possessed to the same claim to inspiration with service of so glorious an inter. those generally received. And est ?-and shall not we “go and why receive the one, and reject do likewise ?” Shall we be con. the other ? or why receive any tent by merely admiring his con. of them as divine, or reject any duct without treading in his of them as apocryphal, when steps? If this great man did so there is so much uncertainty, and much in Cæsarea, under the ma. no paramount authority to de. ny disadvantages of that age, cide on this great question ? This what might he have done in Brit. is a comparatively recent objec. ain, now that the art of printing tion to christianity, and would has afforded its wonderful facil. have been urged with no hope of ities in the diffusion of the gos. perplexing the first christians. pel. Director of all hearts! "The signs of an apostle” were God of thy saints in all ages! wrought by St. Paul, and no grant us the favor which thou doubt the other apostles, so that hast always borne towards thy those writings which are truly people! Give us attachment to inspired, were pointed out as thy truth, zeal for thy glory, by the finger of God, And liberality in thy cause, and com. as the evangelists and apostles passion for the miseries of man, were enabled to produce these that this Pamphilus, being dead “sigos,” so the first christians may yet live! Evan. Mag. : were qualified to examine, to
approve, or to reject them when produced. We have the best
reason for believing, therefore, ON THE CANON OF SCRIPTURE. that the canon of Scripture is
neither incomplete, nor was Many things are apt to perplex formed in an arbitrary manner. the minds of young and inexpe. And it may assure the minds of rienced christians, and unprin. some, to be informed, that there cipled men make use of these to is no trace of one apocryphal shake their faith, and turn writing for the first hundred them aside from the truth. As years after the commencement a firm faith in the authenticity, of the christian era. Nor is the inspiration, and the perfec. there any history of Christ, or tion of our sacred writings seems of christianity, claiming to be necessary for our comfort, and written by an apostlc, or by any our steadfastness, each of these of our Lord's disciples, other has been assailed in its turn ; and than the four gospels, and the pious minds have been agitated Acts of the Apostles contained by the bold assertions of infidels in our common versions of the on these subjects, even when Scriptures, quoted or referred their assertions duly considered, to by any writer whose works appear to be without a shadow have come down to our time, or of evidence. With respect to are known to have existed during the three first centuries in which is well illustrated in the ingen. christianity was propagated; one ious Mr. Campbell's Travels, such writing alone excepted, page 130. namely, The gospel accord. It was early in the evening ing the Hebrews, ascribed to when the pointed turrets of the St. Matthew. This gospel, city of Mosul opened on our view, however, during the above peri. and communicated no very un. od, is only thrice referred to, pleasant sensations to my heart. viz. once by Clement, and twice I found myself on Scripture. by Origen ; and Origen refers to ground, and could not help feel. it on both occasions, with marks ing some portion of the pride of of discredit.
the traveller, when I reflected What a precious, living trea.' that I was now within sight of sure is the scriptures ! And, Nineveh, renowned in holy writ. blessed be God, in spite of the The city is seated in a very bar. dariog, impious, and unfeeling ren, sandy plain, on the banks of endeavors of infidels to rob the river Tigris. The external us of this invaluable treasure, view of the town is much in its Providence hath graciously favor, being encompassed with watched over, and preserved it stately walls of solid stone, over to us. The lively oracles of di. which the steeples or iniyarets of vine truth have been transmitted other lofty buildings are seen with to us through a long succession increased effect. Here I first saw of ages unadulterated and entire; a caravan encamped, halting on its and though the enemies of chris. march from the Gulf of Persia tianity cavil, yet the authors, to Armenia ; and it certainly who lived in the apostolic age, made a most noble appearance, and in the age immediately suc. filling the eye with a multitude ceeding it, and who consequent. of grand objects, all uniting to ly enjoyed the best possible form one magnificent whole. means of ascertaining what writ. But, though the outside be so ings were genuine, and what beautiful, the inside is most de. were spurious, have either not testable. The heat is so intense, referred to any such apocryphal that, in the middle of the day, writings, or have drawn a broad there is no stiring out ; and, ev. line of distinction between them, en at night, the walls of the hous. and those which have been gen. es are so heated by the day's erally received as inspired. sun, as to produce a disa.
greeable heat to the body, a foot or even a yard distance from
them. However, I entered it ILLUSTRATION OF JONAH IV. 8.
with spirits, because I consider.
ed it as the last stage of the worst And it came to pass, when the sun did
arise, that God prepared a vehement part of my pilgrimage ;- but east wind ; and the sun beat upon the alas ! I was disappointed in my head of Jonah that he fainted, and
expectation, for the Tigris was wished in himself to die, and said, It is better for me to die than to live. dried up by the intensity of the
heat and an unusual long drought, Tuis account of the extreme and I was obliged to take the heat of the climate of Nineveh, matter with a patient shrug, and