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give it a most ridiculous appearance. The

set before my readers some excerpts from a book of absolute authority with Roman Catholics. Tho' transubstantiation be there handled in the most serious manner, with all the ceremonies and punctilios that naturally flow from it, yet in my judgement it is happily contrived to

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book is the Roman Missal, from which the following is a literal tranflation. Mass may

be deficient in the matter, " in the form, in the minister, or in the

action. First, in the matter. If the “ bread be not of wheat, or if there be 44 fo

great a mixture of other grain that it cannot be called wheat-bread, or if

any way corrupted, it does not make a “ facrament,

If it be made with rosewater, or any other distilled water, it is doubful whether it make a facrament

Tho' corruption have begun, or tho' it be leavened, it makes a facrament, but the celebrator fins grievously.

“ If the celebrator, before consecration, « observe that the host is corrupted, or

is not of wheat, he must take another host: if after confecration, he must still


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“ take another and swallow it, after which “ he must also swallow the first, or give “ it to another, or preserve it in some

place with reverence. But if he have “ swallowed the first before observing its “ defects, he must nevertheless swallow “ also the perfect hoft; because the

cept about the perfection of the sacra

ment, is of greater weight than that of “ taking it fasting. If the consecrated “ host disappear by an accident, as by “ wind, by a miracle, or by some ani

mal, another must be confecrated. “ If the wine be quite four or putrid,

or made of unripe grapes, or be mixed “ with so much water as to spoil the wine, " it is no facrament. If the wine have “ begun to four or to be corrupted, or be

quițe new, or not mixed with water,

or mixed with rose-water or other di“ stilled water, it makes a facrament, but “ the celebrator sins grievously.

“ If the priest, before consecration, observe that the materials are not proper, he must stop, if proper materials cannot be


but after consecration, he must proceed, to avoid giving scan“ dal. If proper materials can be


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“ cured by waiting, he must wait for “ them, that the sacrifice may not remain imperfect.

Second, in form. If any of the “ words of confecration be omitted, or

any of them be changed into words of a different meaning, it is no facrament:

if they be changed into words of the “ fame meaning, it makes a facrament; “ but the celebrator fins grievously.

“ Third, in the minister. If he does

not intend to make a sacrament, but to “ cheat; if there be any part of the wine,

or any wafer that he has not in his eye, “ and does not intend to consecrate ; if he “ have before him eleven wafers, and in“ tends to consecrate only ten, not deter

mining what ten he intends : in these

cases the confecration does not hold, “ because intention is requisite. If he

think there are ten only, and in“ tends to consecrate all before him, “ they are all consecrated; therefore

priests ought always to have such in

tention. If the priest, thinking he “ has but one wafer, shall, after the con

fecration, find two sticking together, he “ must take them both. And he must

66 take


" take off all the remains of the confecra“ ted matter; for they all belong to the “ fame sacrifice. If in consecrating, the “ intention be not actual by wandering “ of mind, but virtual in approaching the “ altar, it makes a facrament: tho' priests " should be careful to have intention “ both virtual and actual.

“ Beside intention, the priest may be “ deficient in disposition of mind. If he “ be suspended, or degraded, or excom“ municated, or under mortal fin, he

makes a sacrament, but fins grievously. “ He may be deficient also in disposition of body. If he have not fafted from “ midnight, if he have tasted water, or

any other drink or meat, even in the way of medicine, he cannot celebrate nor communicate. If he have taken

meat or drink before midnight, even “ tho' he have not slept nor digested it, “ he does not sin. But on account of the “ perturbation of mind, which bars de"votion, it is prudent to refrain.

“ If any remains of meat, sticking in “ the mouth, be swallowed with the host,

they do not prevent communicating; provided they be swallowed, not as


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meat, but as fpittle. The same is to “ be said, if in washing the mouth a drop " of water be swallowed, provided it be against our will.

Fourth, in the action. If any requi$ site be wanting, it is no facrament; for “ example, if it be celebrated out of holy “ ground, or upon an altar not conse“ crated, or not covered with three

nap« kins: if there be no wax candles; if it “ be not celebrated between day-break 6

and noon; if the celebrator have not “ faid mattins with lauds; if he omit

any of the facerdotal robes; if these “ robes and the napkins be not blessed by

a bishop; if there be no clerk present to “ ferve, or one who ought not to serve, a

woman, for example ; if there be no

chalice, the cup of which is gold, or “ filver, or pewter; if the vestment be

not of clean linen adorned with silk in

the middle, and blessed by a bishop; if “ 'the priest celebrate with his head cover" ed ; if there be no misfal present, tho' “ he have it by heart,

“ If a gnat or spider fall into the cup " after consecration, the priest must swal5 low it with the blood, if he can: 'other

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