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And when the government of the royal boroug's comes to be in so good hands, bribery, which of our constitution, will be banished of course. And considering the constitutional dependence of the royal boroughs upon the king's judges, we may have reasonable assurance, that few representatives will be chosen, but who are friends to their country and to their fovereign.

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Plan for improving and preserving in order

the Highways in Scotland.


Highways have in Scotland become a ca

pital object of police, by the increase of inland commerce, upon which bad roads are a heavy tax. Happily for our country, no person is ignorant of this truth; and we see with pleasure the fruits of their conviction in various attempts, public and private, to establish this valuable branch of police upon the best footing. As this is no easy task, it may reasonably be hoped, that men interefied will seriously apply themselves to it, and will freely produce such hints as occur to them. In the latter view the following plan is offered to the public : and if, from the various proposals that have been or shall be published, an effective plan can be framed, fuch as completely to answer its purpose, it


will pro

may safely be pronounced, that it will duce more benefit to this country, than has been produced by any other single improvement since the union of the two kingdoms.


HE justices of peace, commif

fioners of supply, the sheriff or ftewart depute, and the first magistrate of royal boroughs, shall be commissioners for making and repairing highways; bridges, and ferries, in the several shires and stewartries. All the powers given by law to the justices of peace and commisfioners of supply with respect to highways, bridges, and ferries, shall be transferred to them; and any two shall be a quorum, except where a greater number is required by this act.

2. The sheriff or stewart depute shall appoint the first day of meeting of the said commissioners, as soon as may conveniently be after the date of the act, by an intimation at each parish-church upon a Sunday at the close of the forenoon-service. And the last Tuesday of March shall yearly thereafter be a day of meeting at the head borough of the shire or stewartry, in place of the first or third Tuesday of May


appointed by former acts. The commiffioners shall appoint a preses, convener, and clerk : and they shall be impowered to adjourn themselves from time to time.

3. The commissioners, at their first meeting, shall divide the shire or stewartry into two or more districts, as they fee convenient. And if they cannot overtake this work at that meeting, they shall appoint proper persons to form a plan of the intended divisions, which plan shall be reported to the commissioners at their next meeting, in order to be approved or altered by them. This being settled, the commissioners shall appoint the heritors in these several districts, or any three of them, to meet on a certain day and place, to make lists of the whole public roads within their respective districts, and to settle the order of reparation, beginning with those that are the most frequented. The proceedings of thete district-meetings must be reported to the commillioners, at their next meeting ; who are empowered to settle the order of reparation, in case of variance among

the heritors; and also to add any road that


have been omitted. And they shall record a scheme or plan of


the whole roads in the shire, thus enlisted, with their resolutions thereupon, to be seen in the clerk's hands gratis. But upon any just cause appearing in the course of administration, the commissioners shall be empowered to alter or vary this plan, provided it be at a meeting previously appointed for that purpose, and where three fifths at least of the commissioners are present.

4. If the sheriff or stewart neglect to appoint the first meeting of the commissioners,

he shall incur a penalty of L. 100, upon a summary complaint to the court of session by any one heritor of the shire, with costs of suit; the one half of the pe- . nalty to the plaintiff, and the other half to be applied by the commissioners for the purposes of this act. If the commissioners fail to meet at the day appointed by the sheriff or stewart, or fail to divide the shire or stewartry into districts, within six months of their first meeting, the sheriff or stewart depute, under the foresaid penalty, shall be bound to do that work himself; and alfo to appoint the heritors in the several districts, or any three of them, to make lists of the public roads as VOL, IV,


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