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past- away, behold all things are become new. 2 Cor. v. 17. And it is hard to conceive this new nature, without new propensions and inclinations, not only different from, but repugnant to our former original and corrupt ones; or at least we must suppose this new creation so far to have reformed and corrected the man, that original corruption has lost the strength and force which before it had. This will be more clear yet, if we observe never so slightly, the several parts of this great change. Hrst, The foul of an excellent person is filled with an unfeigned and habitual sorrow for, and detestation of all sin; I hate, faith the Psalmist, every false way. And how inconsistent is the strength and heat of corrupt propensions, with the tears and aversions of a true penitent? how tame is the body, how pure the mind, when the man is possessed with a firm and holy indignation against sin, when he dissolves in the pious tenderness of a contrite spirit! next, the soul of a good man is possessed with an ardent love of God, and of Jesus; with a firm belief, and a steddy hope of a blessed eternity ; with enlightened eyes he • beholds the vanity of all earthly things, and admires the solidity, the weight, and duration of heavenly glory: He is risen with Christ, and therefore seeks those things that are above, where Christ ft s on the right hand of God: He has set his affections on things above, and T not

not on things on the earth; for he is dead, and his life is hid with Chrisst in God. And must we not now suppose such a one cleansed and purified from all corrupt affections, when the very bent of his foul is quite another way? must we not suppose the force and strength of depraved nature, overpowered and subdued by these heavenly affections? how mortified must such a man be to the world and to the body? how feeble is the opposition, that inferiour nature can raise against a mind invested with so absolute and soveraign authority, and endowed with light and strength from above? Lastly, The perfect man has not only crucified the inordinate and sinful lusts and affections of the body, but has also obtained a great mastery, even over the natural appetites of it ; how else can it be that his desires and hopes are in heaven; that he waits for the Lord from thence; that he desires to be dissolved and to be with Chrisi; and groans to be rid of the corruptible tabernacle of the body? he that is thus above the body, may certainly be concluded to be in some degree above even the most natural appetites. He that has set himself free in a great measure even from his aversion to death, and in his affection at least very much loosened the bond, the knot, that unites foul and body, may certainly very reasonably be

presumed perfumed to be much more above all covetous, ambitious, or wanton inclinations. These are the grounds, on which I attribute to the perfect man so high a degree of freedom from original fin as I do in the proposition laid down.


2dly, But yet I do not in the least think, that the most perfect man upon earth can so extinguish the sparks of original corruption, but that if he do not keep a watch and guard upon himself, they will gather strength and revive again: and the reason of this is plain; because it has a foundation in our very nature. The dispute concerning the existence of original corruption in us after baptism, or regeneration, is, methinks, a Very needless one: for if it be about the notion we ought to entertain of it, that is, whether it be properly sin or not, this is a contention about words; for what signifies it by what name we call this remainder of original pravity, when all grant, that the stain and guilt of it is waOied off and pardoned? But if it be about the force and efficacy of it, this indeed is a controversy of some moment; but a very foolish one on one side: for to what purpose can it be, to say a great many subtil and puzling things against a truth, that every man feels and experiments T 2 at

at onetime or other? Upon the whole then^ I may thus describe the liberty of the perfect man with respect to original sin: he has mortified it, though not utterly extirpated it; he has subdued it, though not exterminated it; and therefore he is not only free from sinful and inordinate lusts and affections, but also, in a far greater measure than other men, from those infirmities and irregularities, which are, as it were, the struglings and ebullitions of original sin* not yet sufficiently tamed. He has advanced his victory very far, even over his natural appetites; he has no stronger inclination for the body, or for the World, and the things of it, than such as becomes a man that is possessed, with a deep sense of the vanity of this world, and the blessedness of another. The world is in a high degree crucified to him, and he counts all things but dung and drois in comparison with the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus his Lord. His sorrows and his joys, his desires and his |ears, be the occasion never so just or lawful, pass not the modest bounds of a wife moderation. He desires without impatience, cares and contrives, hopes and pursues, without anxiety or sollicitude ; he is cautious without fear and pusillanimity ; he is fad without dejection or despondency, and pleasant without vanity. All this indeed shews


him, not only to have conquered fin and folly, but in a great measure also his natural propension to them. But afrer all, this happy creature must remember, that he is still in the body; in the body, whose appetites will soon pass beyond their due bounds, if he be indulgent or careless: he must remember that he is not immutably holy, his understanding is not so clear and bright, but that it may be deceived; nor the bent of his affections so strongly set upon good, but that they may be perverted; and therefore he must be sober and vigilant, and fear always. Thus have I stated the curableness of our original corruption. And as I think I have plainly the countenance of scripture; so I do not see, that I in the least clash with that clause in the ninth article of our church, which affirms concerning original sin thus: And this infection of nature doth remain, yea, in them that are regenerated, whereby the lust of the flesh, called in greek t^vn:-{ff- crap^, which some do expound the wisdom, some the sensuality, some the affection, some the defire of the flejh, is not the law of God. For this must not be understood surely, as if the flesh did always lust against the spirit in the regenerate, but only that the regenerate themselves are liable and obnoxious to these .lustings; .which, on supposal that the perfect man T 7- were

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