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tremendous effects. The word of God is the grand means of extinguishing this fire. Let us, then, all join hand and heart in giving efficacy and extent to its salutary operations. Let us go together as far as ever we can consistently with our conscience, in these united efforts. "Let brotherly love continue." Let us "endeavour to keep the "unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace." Let us know no other contest than a holy emulation who shall most distinguish himself, and the body to which he belongs, in the glorious attempt. Let us be as different regiments in the same army, not contending with each other, save which shall most distinguish itself against the common enemy. And then, if we must still be of different sentiments, in things perhaps not little in themselves, but compared with the common cause in which we are all embarked, let us differ amicably, and " receive One "another, but not to doubtful disputations," as those are, in which truly conscientious men differ in opinion.
In respect of the design of the Society as to foreign nation's, our opposers seem less disposed to find fault with the grand principle. But they object (especially the most distinguished of them, Dr. Herbert Marsh, Margaret professor at Cambridge,) to two particulars. First, that the reports of the Society, and particularly the speeches made at the several public meetings held for forming Auxiliary societies, have given false information to the public as to the number of translations made by the Bible Society. Few men have either leisure, or books, or learning, or talent, to investigate this matter in the manner in which Dr. Marsh has stated it to the public, and, for my own part, I must own myself incompetent to say how far some zealous friends may, or may not have overstated matters in this respect. This I must leave to others. But, supposing that the Bible Society has in some instances only reprinted approved translations, which were out of print, or little known, instead of making new translations: supposing that, in other instances, it has only contributed liberally to the expenses of translating the scriptures, and printing them in various languages, while others had previously conceived, and were executing the design, but needed such assistance: supposing in these respects, the friends of the cause to have fallen into some inaccuracies, what is this to the purpose? What objection is this to the design? What material diminution from its evident usefulness? Perhaps a little honour has been given to the Bible Society, which belongs to other zealous labourers in the same good work. This, and this only, is the ]K>int concerned in the objection.
I am not much in the habit of reading plays, but I have some recollection that Shakespeare introduces one of his heroes, after having gained a most important victory, in which he had slain the commander of the opposing army with his own hand, saying of a cowardly boaster who claimed the honour of slaying him, Let him take it; I have honour enough to-day without it. So the Bible Society has honour enough from what it has undeniably done, even should something be deducted from the reports of her eloquent friends. Such honour as no other society, in the same term of years, or in a far longer time, has any pretensions to; and which almost ensures further triumphs.
But it is objected also, that the Bible Society occupies the ground belonging to the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, and interferes with her interests and objects. Far be it from me to depreciate the labours of that more ancient Society; but a little consideration will convince any impartial man, that the multiplicity of its objects, and the peculiarity of its constitution and circumstances, render it impossible that it should answer, in a very extensive measure, the object of the Bible Society. This, however, I shall leave to others to state and prove. But I would merely ask, in this respect, Have the resources of the Bartlett's Buildings Society been diminished or increased since the establishment of the Bible Society? Have its exertions been retarded or stimulated? Has its usefulness been decreased or enlarged? To these several questions I answer, from ascertained facts, that its resources and exertions have been greatly increased; and, I trust, its usefulness also. All, therefore, which has been done by the Bible Society is clear gain, and more than clear gain; for the spirit of emulation which it has excited, and concurring causes have rendered the other Society far more useful than before.—A person, of eminence in Parliament, once said to me, as chaplain of the Lock Hospital, and speaking of the interests of the Charity, that he did not understand what was meant by the interests of a Charity' The good of mankind was the object; and every Charity, or Society, was entitled to support as far as it conduced to the good of mankind, and no further. This is applicable to religious Societies also. As far as the glory of God and the best interests of mankind are promoted by them, they are, either exclusively or along with others, entitled to support; but no further. And, if two Societies will do more to enlighten the world with "the light of "life," than one would do, let there be two Societies; whatever becomes of the exclusive interests of either of them. And may God abundantly prosper both.1
The motion which I am about to make, leads me to mention the Penny Societies; or Societies of poor persons contributing weekly one penny each in aid of the Bible Society. This may seem to be a small matter; but it will be found, if fully encouraged, a most efficacious plan. When I left your meeting last year, I considered what further I could do in aid of the design; but before I had adopted any active measure I was taken ill. At that time my son, stationed at Gawcott, near Buckingham, came to see me; and, having set on foot Penny Societies in his neighbourhood, he went among the people in the villages adjacent to Aston Sandford, where he was well known; and, without my interference, Penny Societies were established. I have since then done nothing in the business, except lending and dispersing a Sermon of my son's, at Hull, on the subject; but I have this day brought ten pounds as the result. This is not all which will come to the Wycombe Auxiliary Society; and, as my son is a Secretary to the Buckingham Auxiliary Society, it was thought proper to send half the sum collected thither. The annual sum to each Society will be above twenty pounds, or above forty in all; the whole, or nearly the whole, collected from labourers and mechanics in two or three villages, and probably saved from needless expenses.
1 The Society for furnishing the Army and Navy with Bibles is formed on the same principle of dispersing Bibles alone, and of admitting members of all denominations: yet it is supported by roost of the Bishops, and the Archbishop of Canterbury is the President.
Unless, however, there be some person to set them on foot and attend to them, they cannot be expected to proceed or prosper: but, if the clergyman of each parish, the minister of each congregation, or a leading person in each village, would attempt it; the poor alone would raise more than enough to supply Bibles among themselves at home, and leave the other resources to more extensively useful objects. And here, though it does not directly belong to the subject, let me observe the importance of efforts being made in every parish and neighbourhood to teach the poor to read; not only in other respects, but as subservient to the designs of the Bible Society. He that can read, but has no Bible, has, as it were, eyes but no light; he that has a Bible, but cannot read, is as one with light, but blind. While one Society supplies the light; let us, either individually, or by other Societies, endeavour to enable the poor, especially the rising generation, to make use of it.
It is also highly important that, what the French call domiciliary visits (though made for very different purposes,) should be made through every village and town, for the benevolent purpose of accurately learning what families have, and what have not, the Bible. In respect both to men's