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dren such Names, as have been famous and honourable for the Virtues and good Actions of thofe that bore them; for this may stir them up to Imitation, and make them astiam'd to dishonour or come short of them. There are some Names that have been render'd insamous, by the vile and wicked Actions of thofe that have been call'd by them, as Judas, Ananias, Elymas, and the like; which, if there be any Virtue or Influence at all in Names, may be apt rather to prompt Men to Evil, than make them Followers of that which is good; such as these ought to be carefully avoided. There are others that may, pethaps, prove a Spur to noble and virtuous Undertakings, from the Example of such as have adorn'd them ; and these are sittest to be made choice of. And therefore it hath been an antient and laudable Practice to give Children the Names of the Apostles, Saints, and Martyrs, and other renown'd Heroes, whofe Virtues should be rehearsed to them, that they may be quicken'd and encourag'd to do likewise; which is a Practice worthy to be obferv'd and kept to.

Thus having stiew'd the Original of the Christian Name, viz. the Time when, the Place where, together with the Reason why, and the Manner how it was sirst given; all which afford Matter of great Benesit and Instruction:

'Twill be requisite to add something touching the Importance of that Name, and the Obligation it lays upon all that wear it; which shall be done in the next.




2 T i M. ii. ip. latter part.

Let every one that nameth the Name of Christ, depart from Iniquity.

IShew'd in my last, the Original of the Christian Name, together with the Time, Place and Occasion upon which it was given: I proceed now to consider the Importance of this Name, and the Obligation it lays upon all that bear it; which I shall do from these Words of the Apostle, Let every one, &c. Where I must enquire,

First, What is meant by naming the Name of Christ.

Secondly, What we are to understand by departing from Iniquity.

Thirdly, I must shew the Obligation that results from this Name so to do. For the

First, By naming the Name of Christ, no more nor no less is meant, than the calling one's self a Christian; for to name thenameofany one is a Hebrew Phrase, and signisies to have his Name call'd upon us, or to be denominated from him. In this fense, we sind it frequently us'd in the New Testament ; 2)o they not blaspheme that worthy Name by which ye are calCd? or which is call'd upon you; meaning the Name or Title of Christian': Jam. 2. 7. And what St. *Peter saith, If ye be reproached for the Name of'Christ; he after explains by, If ye suffer as Christians, 1 Pet. 4. 14, 16. By which it appears, that to name the Name of Christ, is to call ourselves, or to be call'd Christians. But,

Secondly, What are we to understand by departing from Iniquity, which is here given in charge to all that thus name the Name of Christ? In answer to which two things are plainly intended by it.

The one Negative, that is to eschew all such things as are contrary to our Christian Profession.

The other Positive, to follow all such things as are agreeable to the fame.


Both these are more sully exprefs'd in Titus 2. ir, 12,13, iftc. 77>e Grace of God which bringeth Salvation (that is, the Grace of Christ, by which we are admitted to be Christians, and call'd to a State ofSalvation) teaches us to deny ZJngodliness and worldly Lusts; and to live righteously, soberly and godly in this present World, 1kc. These, and all other parts of the Christian Life, are imply'd here in departing from Iniquity; in which more is included than seems to be exprefs'd.

And 1st, To depart from Iniquity, is to eschew all thofe Things tjiat are contrary to our Profession: this is the sirst Fart of every Christian's Duty, which is exprefs'd in the Epistle to Titus, by denying all Ungodliness and worldly Lusts; and here in our Text, by departing from Iniquity; and imports the casting off the whoJe tiody of Sin, or a thorow abandoning the Love and Practice of all Vice and Wickedness. For tho Iniquity be sometimes us'd to signify only Injustice or Unrighteousness; yet here 'tis ofa larger Signisication, and includes all manner of Impiety and Immoralities, which are indeed but so many Acts ot Injustice to God, our Neighbour, and ourselves. That all such Breaches of God's Laws are contrary to our Christian Profession, will be evident to any that considers the Nature of it, and the Engagements it lays upon all that, enter into it. The Christian Religion is an Initstution of the strictest Piety; its Precepts are all holy, just and good; its Promises are all Encouragements to a holy and virtuous Life; its Threatnings are the Terrors of the Lord, to awe and affright Men from all vicious and sinful Courses, in which the Wrath of God is revealed against all Ungodliness and Unrighteousness of Men. When we enter upon it, we profess to believe the Truth of all these things; and that nor barely to entertain our Minds with the Speculation of them, but to regulate our Practice, and to lead our Lives according to them.

Now all Sin and Wickedness is directly contrary to this Profession; it shews that we do not believe what we pretend to, and are not what we would be thought to be: which is the vilest piece of Hypocrify, yea, a downright mocking and dissembling with God. And therefore to depart from Iniquity, is to shun all such things as are opposite to Christianity, and to do nothing that may grofly thwart or contradict it. But this is not all, for the Apostle's Charge here wills all that name the Name of Christ!;

C 4 not

not only to avoid all that is contrary to their Profession; but likewise,

zdly, To follow all such things as are agreeable to the fame; this is the second'and positive part ot" a Christian's Duty. The former is express'd in the Epistle to 'Titus, by denying Ungodliness and worldly Lusts; the latter, by living righteously, soberly and godly w ibis present World: 'Tis not enough to cease to do Evil, tho that be a great Advance in Religion; but we must learn to do well, to complete the Character of a good Christian. 'Tis but half our Duty to abandon Vice; to make it intire, we must live in the Practice of all Virtue: For Christ gave himself for tis, riot only to reedem us- from all Iniquity, but to purify to himself a peculiar Teople, zealous of good Works.

The Christian Profession requires Purity of Heart, and Chastity of Body; and therefore wills us, as to cleanse ourselves from all Filthiness of Flesh and Spirit, so to perfeEt Jjolinejs in the fear of God. To sct futably to our Profession, is to love, honour and fear God above all things; to practise an universal Honesty and Charity towards our Neighbour; and to preserve an unspotted Chastity and Sobriety towards ourselves. These things are agreeable to our Profession; and to live in the Practice of them, }s to ivalkworthy of the Vocation wbereunto iice are called: 'tis to walk before God unto all well-pleasing, and as becometh the Gospel of Christ.

In a word, so depart from Iniquity, is to bid adieu to all vicious and sinful Courses : and because the leaving one way, does evermore ingage us in another; to depart from the ways of Sin, will lead us into the Paths of Hoiiness and Virtue: in which, all that name the Name of Christ arc here required to walk. And this will lead us to the

'Third thing to be treated of from these words; namely, the Obligation that results from our Christian Name so to do. And this will be evident to any that consider,

ist, That every one that taketh the Name of a Christian publickly, owns Christ for his Teacher; he thereby becomes a Disciple of his, and as a Scholar yields up himself to him as bis Master and Instructor: and indeed, well he may, for he is the wisest of all Teachers, one that came from G°d, and who alone hath the words of eternal Life. Now a Scholar, you know, is oblig'd to hearken to his Master, to believe his Teacher, and surrender himself to


his Instruction and Discipline; without which 'til impossible he ihould learn any thing from him, or behave himself sutably to the Relation he bears to him. Hence, he that calls himself a Mahometan, professeth to own the Doctrine of Mahomet; he that styles himself a Lutheran or Socinian, declares his embracing the Tenets of Luther and Socinus: In like manner, he that calls himself a Christian, professes to entertain the Doctrine of Christ, to believe the whole Gofpel deliver'd by him, and to assent to the Truth of all the Precepts, Promises and Threatnings contained in it.

Seeing then, the Design of all these is to subdue Sin, and to engage us in the Practice of Holiness and Virtue; he that professes to believe all this (which is done by all that call themselves Christians) must stand oblig'd, in Reason and Conscience, to live and act accordingly. Again,

zdly, Every one that nameth the Name of Christ, owns himself a Follower of Christ's Example, as well as Doctrine; he takes him for his Guide and Pattern, and therefore stands oblig'd to imitate him. Let the fame Mind be in you, faith the Apostle, that was in Christ Jesus ; and walk in Love, as he also hath loved us. Indeed, Christ often sets himself as a Pattern before us, and bids us learn of him, and tread in his steps; and the Scripture frequently represents him under thofe Titles that render him an Example to us, and require our Following and Imitation of him: He is call'd our Prince, our Captain, our Leader, our Guide ; all which terms import, that he hath gone every step before us, and thereby mark'd out our way for us.

Now Christ having given us the highest Example of Holiness and Virtue {sot be did no Sin, nor was any Guile found in his Mouth; but was holy, harmless, nndefiVd, separate from Sinners, and made higher than the Heavens) all that call themselves Christians, are oblig'd to follow his steps, and to come as near him as they can, by a pious Imitation of his most Holy Life. But, besides all this,

%dly, Every one that nameth the Name of Christ, hath engag'd to depart from Iniquity. This was solemnly done at their Baptism, as we shall sliew hereafter: for when they receiv'd their Christian Name at the Font, they publickly renounced all Sin and Wickedness; and by taking the Name of Christ upon them, gave themselves up to the conduct of his Precepts and Example: Insomuch, that we must either depart from Iniquity, or depart from the most solemn Engagements; and without denying Ungodliness and 1 worldly

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