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"I create Jerusalem a rejoicings nd her people A "joy. And I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and joy in "my people; and the voice of weeping shall be no "more heard in her, nor the voice of crying,* Again, "For as the new heavens and the new "earth, which I will make, shall remain before "me, saith the Lord, so shall your seed and your name remainf." St. Peter is equally explicit on the same subject; "Nevertheless, says he, we, "according to his promise, look for new heavens, "and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteous"ness\." But St. John, in the two chapters before us, is much more copious in his description of the future happy state of the blessed, when speaking from the same great authority; "Behold "I make all things new. Write (2. e. prophecy, "and tell mankind), for these words are true and "faithful§." And these new things, the prophet declares, were shewn him in his vision, that is, "That the first heaven, and the first earth, being "passed away, and there being no more sea, he "saw a new heaven, and a new earth, and The

"HOLY CITY, NEW JERUSALEM, Coming down

"from heaven;" that "the tabernacle of God "was with Mem;" that " He will dwell with thern, tc and they shall be his people; that God Himself "shall be with them, and be Their God||; and "that God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes, and there shall be no more Death, nei

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"ther sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be "any more pain."

From this state of the redeemed, through the immaculate righteousness of the eternal Son of "the ever Living God, the prophet passes to that of the unhappy and justly miserable state of the condemned. But let us first hear the prophet Isaiah upon the same subject. "Because when I "(god) called, ye did not answer-, when I spake, "ye did not hear, but did evil before Mike Eyes, "and did choose that in which I delighted not; "behold my servants shall eat, and ye shall be "hungry, behold my servants shall drink and ye "shall be thirsty; behold my servants shall rejoice ," and ye shall be ashamed; behold my servants "shall sing for joy of heart, and ye shall howl for "vexation of spirit*." So St. John, on the same subject: "But the fearful, and unbelievers, and "the abominable, and murderers, and whoremon"gers, arid idolaters, and all liars, shall have their "part in the lake which burneth with fire and "brimstone; which is the second deathf."

Having given this idea of the superlative felicity of the blessed, in a future life; which certainly is as sublime and extensive as human language can describe, or the human mind conceive, he next describes the holy city, the new Jerusalem, or the place in which they shall reside, and be separated forever trom the wicked. And here, in order to conform his language to the limited comprehension of human nature, he represents

* Isai. lxv. 12, 13,14. t Ver. 8.

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the Holy Jerusalem, the place and kingdom of the blessed, as formed of "pure gold, like unto clear glass," and adorned with all the most precious pearls and jewels known to man in his mortal state ,, and then tells us, thatcC he saw no tem"pie therein, for the LORD GOD ALMIGH"TY, and the LAMB, are the Temple of it; "and that the city had no need of the sun, neither "of the moon, to shine in it, for the GLORY cf OF GOD did lighten it, and the Lamb was "c the Light thereof*. And there shall not enter into any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever cc worketh abomination, or maketh a lie; but they "which are written in the Lamb's Book of LiFEf. "% And a pure river of water of life, clear as crys"tal, proceedeth out of the THRONE OF "GOD and the LAMB. And there shall be no "curse: but the THRONE OF GOD, and "THE LAMB, shall be in it; and his servants "shall obey Him. And they shall see* his face, "and his name shall be written in their foreheads. "And there shall be Ho night there: and they "need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the "LORD GOD Giveth Them Light; and THEY "Shall Reign For Ever And Ever." Amen.

* Ver. 23. t Ver. 27.

4 Chap. xxii. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

CHAP. IV.

ON THE MAN OF SIN.

THE SON OF PERDITION,
As described in 2 Thess. Chap. IT.

St. Paul, in his first epistle to the Thessalonians, when treating of the second coming of Christ to judge the world, informs them, "That the day of the Lord so cometh as a "thief in the night, and as travail on a wo"man with child*;" meaning, that although no man shall know the time, the event shall come to pass. The Thessalonians, although no reference was made to the time, were led to believe, that this awful day was near at hand. The apostle, conceiving that this error, should it be suffered to spread, might be productive of much mischief, wrote his second epistle to correct it. This was an error inconsistent with the rebuke given by Christ himself to the apostles, when their improper curiosity rendered them anxious to be informed on the same subject. "It is not for you," says he, "to know the times and the seasons, which the father hath put in his own powerf." To explain himself more fully, the apostle treats of two great events which were to come to

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pass before the day of our Lord; namely, the coming of (he apostacy, and the revelation of "the Man of Sin;" and earnestly entreats the Thessalonians to "let no man deceive them "by any means, for that day shall not come, "except there come a Falling Away first, "and that Man of Sin be revealed, the Son "of Perdition and thus he undeceives the church of Thessalonica; by declaring that, before the coming of our Lord, two great events shall come to pass in succession, viz. " a falling aioay" or a great apostacyjfrs^, and after that "the revelation of the Man of Sin in his titne."

Having reminded-them of these truths, of which he had informed them before, he expostulates with them on their mistake and credulity: " Remember ye not, that when I was with you, I told you of these things?" and yet, fearing that they might not perfectly be convinced, he repeats, and with great energy enforces the same truths : " And now ye know what with-holdeth," (evidently referring to the apostate power), that he, the " Man of Sin might be revealed in his tiine." in his proper season, or between the apostacy, and the coming of Christ. And that they might have no doubt of the appearance of the Man of Sin, notwithstanding the apostate Power, according to the decree of divine wisdom, was to comefrsf, and "prevent for a time," he assures them that the "mystery of iniquity" (to be revealed in the Man of Sin) doth already work, only he (the apostacy) t c who now letteth; will let, until he

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