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Polish general, and Commodore Manly, who had been taken prisoner in 1777, and suffered a long and rigorous confinement at Halifax, and had afterwards commanded an American frigate, were, with not a few officers of privateers, who had been captured by British vessels of war, of the number. Mr. Winthrop's commercial transactions, which at length became very extensive, were commenced soon after his return from Europe, in connection, at first, with an elder brother, settled in South Carolina. He therefore resided at Charleston for a considerable period, and afterward removed to Boston; where for many years he was engaged in mercantile pursuits, with indefatigable industry, energy, and prudence. On the 25th of July, 1786, Mr. Winthrop married the eldest daughter of Sir John Temple, Baronet, Elizabeth Bowdoin Temple, granddaughter of James Bowdoin, at that time Governor of Massachusetts, and by him adopted and brought up from childhood. Her father resided at New York, as Consul General of Great Britain in the United States. Seven sons and seven daughters were the fruit of this marriage: — 1. ELIZABETH Bowdoin TEMPLE, who became the wife of the Rev. Benjamin Tappan, D.D., of Augusta, Maine, one of whose sons is minister of the “Winthrop Church,” in Charlestown, Massachusetts. 2. SARAH Bowdoin, who married George Sullivan, Esq., originally of Boston, now of New York. 3. THOMAs LINDALL, junior, who was graduated at Harvard College in 1807, and died in 1812. 4. AUGUSTA TEMPLE, died young. 5. AUGUSTATEMPLE 2d, married Dr. John Smith Rogers, of New York, and died at Hartford, December 7, 1828. 6. JAMES Bowl)oin, who was educated at Bowdoin College, Maine, where he was graduated in 1814, became an efficient and highly esteemed member of our Society, was a fellow also of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and died deeply lamented at Havana, March 6, 1833. 7. JoHN TEMPLE, who died at Valparaiso, South America, in 1843. 8. FRANCIS WILLIAM, died young. 9. FRANCIS WILLIAM 2d, a graduate of Harvard College of the year 1817, but who died in two years after, having commenced the study of theology. 10. JANE, died unmarried, in Boston, 1819. 11. ANNE, who became the second wife of Dr. John C. Warren, and died December 16, 1850. 12. GEORGE EDWARD, a graduate of Harvard College in 1825, still living. 13. GRANVILLE TEMPLE, a graduate of Bowdoin College in 1827, attorney at law, and for a time Captain of the Cadets of Boston, with the rank of Colonel, but who died in 1852. 14. ROBERT CHARLEs, LL.D., who was graduated at Cambridge in 1828, attorney at law, Representative in Congress for Suffolk and for a time Speaker of the House, a Senator also of the United States for Massachusetts, Fellow of the American Academy, one of the Overseers of the University at Cambridge, and an honored and beloved member of our Society, in whom his distinguished family avito virescit honore, and whose published speeches and addresses, we doubt not, will perpetuate his well-earned reputation. Mr. Winthrop's excellent lady, the mother of so large a family, died greatly lamented, July 23, 1825. He never re-married. Our venerated President, after retiring from active commercial pursuits, which had been rendered, it is believed, successful, retained, notwithsanding, an intimate relation to men of business, as holding for many years the first office of one of the banks. He presided also over the Massachusetts Agricultural Society, formed to encourage husbandry by rewards, exhibitions, and experiments, and took great pleasure in promoting its interests, which commend themselves to gentlemen of leisure, education, wealth, and patriotism. For six and thirty years he was a trustee, and his presidency included the last ten years of his life. Of the first bank instituted for “Savings,” thus to encourage frugality and foresight, as well as industry, among the less favored classes of the community, he was a Trustee and Vice-President, and zealously promoted its influence in these offices during twenty years. From 1828 to 1841 he was an Overseer of the University at Cambridge, and at the time of his death senior member of the Board of Visitors. The office of Lieutenant-Governor of the Commonwealth he held for seven years, by annual election of the people, from 1826 to 1832, inclusively.

In the presidency of the Massachusetts Historical Society he succeeded Judge Davis in 1835; and was ever punctually and faithfully devoted to its interests, even to the close of life. He was likewise President of the American Antiquarian Society, an institution of similar character, whose location is fixed in the centre of the State, and whose purview extends, as its name indicates, to the whole country. This Society he aided by his benefactions as well as influence. It was founded partially on the idea of safety for valuable documents, by having an additional depository for them, removed from a crowded city on the seaboard exposed to fire and invasion, — the latter of which was so destructive to the precious collection of Prince. He sustained also the office of Treasurer of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences for a series of years. The American Philosophical Society elected him a member, as did the American Statistical Association, and the Historical Societies of Pennsylvania, New York, Maine, Indiana, Georgia, and the Universal Statistical Society of France; of the last named he was an honorary President.* The interest he was known to take in matters which concern the public welfare, from the education of the young in the earliest branches of instruction to the momentous affairs of nations, caused him to be selected by the city of Boston as one of the committee for establishing primary schools, and for three years he was its chairman. The Academy of Industry, Manufactures, and Agriculture of Paris elected him a member, as did the Royal Society of Agriculture of Florence. He was likewise a member and patron of the Royal Society of Northern Antiquaries of Copenhagen, whose labors have illustrated the early voyages to our coasts, and the Archaeological Society of Athens chose him one of their associates. With so many honors clustering around him, and such varied and interesting connections with his fellow-men, at home and abroad, it may well be supposed that advancing age would be greatly cheered and comforted, as well as occupied in a liberal pursuit of general information; and that the intercourse with men of similar taste and pursuits would be pleasing and improving. Such were, in fact, the occupations of his venerated old age, such the elegant hospitality of his house, and such his course of reading and general remark and inquiry, that he seemed not so much to grow old as to become more and more a receptacle of the best knowledge of former and present times. His respect for religion and for its institutions and ministers, his relish for literary intercourse, and his patriotic interest in all that concerned our beloved country, never forsook him. Milton beautifully describes a privilege of literary age, in that it may “at convenient times, for memory's sake, retire back into the middle ward, and sometimes into the rear,” of what has been read, “until one has confirmed and solidly united the whole body of his perfected knowledge, like the last embattelling of a Roman legion.” * Such seemed the ripened acquisitions of our respected President; and although but few, if any, printed or written documents remain, which might serve as annals to perpetuate the knowledge of his life, it is a consolation to believe, that his honored memory will long survive in the bosoms of our members, as in his own family, his immediate relatives, and his associates of every class.

* See the Quarterly Register of the American Education Society, Vol. XIII. pp. 386–391.

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[The following memoranda, relating to two individuals connected, influentially, with the settlement of the Massachusetts Colony, were prepared by Mr. Lemuel Shattuck, and read by him before the Massachusetts Historical Society, at their meeting October 31, 1850; and as the article contains some facts not generally known, or not easily accessible, we publish it as a valuable contribution to our Collections.]

REv. JoHN WHITE,” known as the Patriarch of Dorchester, was born at Stanton St. John, in Oxfordshire, where he was baptized the 6th of January, 1575. John White, his father, was descended, in the line of a younger brother, from one of the noble families in Hampshire. His mother was Isabel, daughter of John Rawle, of Litchfield. Josiah White, an elder brother, was minister of Horn church, in Essex, whose son, James, was a wealthy merchant, and died in Boston, leaving a will, which is recorded in the Suffolk records (Vol. I. p. 502). After being fitted for college, or “educated in grammar learning,” at the Winchester School, John White was admitted a fellow of New College, at Oxford, in 1595, where he took his first degree of A. B. in 1597, and his second degree of A. M. in 1600. He afterwards received holy orders, and became a great preacher of the Puritan principles. In 1606, he Went to Dorchester, county of Dorset, and became rector of Trinity parish. After the settlement of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, and about the year 1624, he, with some of

* Authorities: —Wood's Athen. Oxon. (Bliss's ed.), Vol. II. pp. 117, 350; Vol. III. § 160, 236; Fuller's Worthies, Vol. III, p. 24; Brooks's Lives of the Puritans;

halmers's Biographical Dictionary, Vol. XXXI. p. 404; Non-Conformist Memorial, Vol. II. p. 145; Original MS. Memoranda.

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