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On Wednesday, July 11, prizes were distributed to those students who stood highest in their year by the Lord Bishop of Oxford, who delivered an impressive address to the whole body of students.
The summer vacation commenced on Thursday, July 12; and the College will reopen on Saturday, August 25.
Whitelands Training Institution.
An Examination was held at Whitelands on July 7th, and attended by sixteen Schoolmistresses, forty-four Pupils in training, and twenty-seven Pupil-teachers, who were candidates for the prizes offered by Miss Burdett Coutts. In the morn
ing a paper of questions was put before them; in the afternoon the Schoolmistresses were required to write an essay, "On the best method of introducing instruction in common things, in the ordinary lessons of the school, such as history, geography, &c., with moral and religious application;" and the rest of the candidates were required to write an essay on the Fifth Question of the Morning Paper. Miss Burdett Coutts kindly spent two hours at Whitelands, to see and to speak to the candidates; and the Bishop of London, as president of the Council, visited the Institution, and addressed a few remarks to the candidates to impress upon them the importance of a knowledge of common things.
THE EXAMINATION PAPERS.
1. Describe the school now under your charge, stating whether it is in the town or country. What is the general condition of the children and parents? Whether common things have been taught in your school, and how you think such subjects can best be taught?
2. What common things can most suitably be taught to children who will have to get their living in a town, or to those who will have to get their living in the country? 3. Why is economy in the use of all articles a duty in every condition of life? Do you remember any passages in Holy Scripture which bear upon this subject?
4. If at any time the supply of water should fall short, or if it could be obtained only with great difficulty, what could be done to promote cleanliness and health?
5. In the case of a family of an artisan or a labourer, in your own neighbourhood, consisting of a man and his wife and six children, between the ages of five and sixteen, state the probable amount of their weekly earnings; and say how it could be laid out to the most advantage, specifying the weekly expenditure and the amount that should be laid by for rent, illness, or any emergency. Would you advise the wife to do any thing by way of adding to the weekly earnings? If so, what? Give your reason.
6. Give the notes of a lesson on any subject, historical or geographical, and show how you would introduce into such a lesson the mention of common things. Show also what moral and religious reflections may be made upon these subjects.
7. Quote some of the stories which you are in the habit of using, or which your teacher has used, by way of familiar illustration when talking to children about common things.
8. Give an account of the different grains used for making bread; and give a good receipt for making a 4lb. loaf, naming the weight of flour, &c.
9. State what you know as to the comparative waste of boiled, roast, fried, and baked meats; and the different advantages of each mode of cooking.
10. What opportunities are afforded you in the schoolroom of teaching children that tight clothes are neither economical or healthy, or of inculcating habits of cleanliness and order? and how would you improve these opportunities?
11. What are the various reasons for teaching children the duties of kindness and consideration towards animals?
12. In the case of young girls going into service, or about to be placed in charge of
younger children, what should you have to say on the subject of presence of mind; or of the dut of never deceiving children or pacifying them with false promises?
3. In the case of sudden emergencies—such as a child fainting, clothes catching fire, a severe scald or cut-what measure should you take at the moment, and how would you turn such an event to good account? What habits of mind would you cultivate to make yourself useful on such an occasion ?
14. What simple remedies would you use in the case of a cold, cough, or sore throat? 15. Suppose an infectious complaint were to break out in a school, and the school not to be broken up, what would be the best measures to adopt under the circumstances? 16. Give an account of what you consider the necessary qualifications of a cook, laundry-maid, housemaid, or nurse. State the usual wages of such a servant; what articles of dress would be most suitable for her particular occupation; and how much you think she ought to save. If you were required to select a nursery-maid for a lady's family, what questions would you put to the children whom you thought most likely to suit for the purpose? What moral qualities would you deem most essential?
17. What is the present price of tea, coffee, and sugar? And state how much of each is sufficient allowance per week for one person.
18. Enumerate the different darning stitches. For what articles should they severally be used? Give full directions for making a man's shirt, a housemaid's apron, and knitting a stocking.
19. If you were requested to provide a suficient and suitable outfit for a schoolmistress, what materials would you recommnd, and what would be the probable quantity required for each article, and the price per yard? What articles of clothing would you recommend for a houemaid in a gentleman's family? What are the objections to cheap and showy articles?
20. What are the advantages and disadvantages arising from the English and French methods of clear-starching and getting-up of linen? Give Twelvetree's receipt for washing; and state whether or not you think the clothes would be more injured by this process than by the old method of rubbing.
York Diocesan Board.
The Fortieth Annual Report of this Board states, that the work in which the Board has for so many years been engaged has in nowise abated. That its efforts continue to be principally directed to the improvement of the standard of education, by providing competent teachers; and that in this department it has derived material encouragement from the operation of the Minutes of the Committee of Council, and more particularly from the recent minute removing the limitation on the number of Queen's Scholars granted to Training Institutions. The Report also states that
"It has been determined, in deference to the request of a meeting of Principals and others assembled at the National Society's Rooms in October last, to open the competition for Queen's Scholarships to ordinary students, over twenty years of age, who have completed one year's residence in a Training School.
This provides an opening for a class of pupils, dependent on their own resources, who may not be able to afford the expense of a two years' course of training; and it has the further advantage of bringing the large body of Pupil Teachers that may now be expected to enter Training Institutions into contact with promising persons of another class, and of different previous education, which may be mutually beneficial.
Along with these concessions the Committee of Council have determined, on the other hand, to make some reduction in the amount awarded to Training Institutions on behalf of successful competitors for classes at the annual Christmas examinations; but as it may be reasonably hoped that under the new regulations a larger number of candidates will obtain this distinction, it is not likely that the reduction of the amount of bonuses will cause any serious loss to Training Institutions."
The Report proceeds to give an account of the Training Institutions at York very similar terms to the account published in the January Number of this Paper as part of the proceedings of the Ripon Diocesan Board. It appears
"The total cost of the Training Institutions for the past year, over and above the receipts from Pupils, has been 12287., of which 9137. 4s. 41d. has been incurred on account of the Male Training School; 3157. 9s. 24d. on account of the Female School. To meet this expenditure the sum of 4851. was received from the Committee of Council by way of bonuses, on behalf of successful candidates at the Christmas examination
1853, reducing the sum to be advanced by the Diocesan Boards for the support of the Male Training School to 4287.; and 1597. having been received from the same source for the Female School, the actual cost of that institution has been 156., making a total for the two schools of 5847.
The average cost of maintenance per head has been for the Male Pupils about 421., for the Female about 317; which, owing in part to the increase of the price of provisions, has somewhat exceeded the average of former years. It is still, however, under the mark at which the expenses of such institutions are estimated in the Census Report by Mr. Horace Mann, who states that at present there are about forty Training Colleges in England and Wales, of which thirty-four are in connection with the Church of England, sustained at an annual cost of 90,000.; the cost of their education being computed at 507. per annum for males, and 401. per annum for females. The same Report also states, that the number of trained teachers annually sent out from the institutions belonging to the Church may be estimated at about 400 Masters and 250 Mistresses.
To revert, however, to our own local expenditure, the total cost of the two Training Institutions to each Diocesan Board has amounted to about 3001. The York Board has also contributed, during the past year, 567. to liquidate an arrear in its payments in the preceding year, and out of its Special Fund 1007. towards the liquidation of the debt upon the Training Schools, and 507. towards the fine on renewal of the leasehold portion of the premises in Monkgate, to meet similar advances on the part of the Ripon Diocesan Board.
Thus the total payments of the Board during the past year have been 5007.; of this sum 3507. has been paid from the ordinary account, 1507. from the Special Fund.
This expenditure could not have been sustained had it not been for the special exertions of some benevolent supporters of the Board."
Some special donations are recorded, which have enabled the Board to meet demands upon them, and to leave a small balance in the hands of the Treasurer; but to carry out efficiently the objects of the Board additional annual subscriptions are much needed.
The Board desire to assist local efforts, and suggest that a subsidiary fund should be raised for that purpose. A grant of 107. has been contributed by the
Board towards the erection of schools at Swinton.
The Board promote the sale of school books, &c. through its Depository at York; but owing to a want of funds to provide an adequate stock of goods, the sale has only reached 431. during the past year.
The following remarks occur on Diocesan Inspection:
"There remains yet one other way in which the Board endeavours to stimulate the work of Church education, namely, by the promotion of systematic Diocesan Inspection. This was one of the objects specially contemplated at the foundation of the Society. This Society, however, was set on foot before the State had undertaken to assist the work of education by the distribution of the sum of 260,000l. per annum. The Government Inspector enters a School with substantial rewards in his hands, the Diocesan Inspector has little or nothing to dispense. Practically, no doubt, the remunerative system is preferred, and hence, in part, arises the fact that but few returns have been sent in from the Diocesan Inspectors during the past year. Diocesan Inspection, however, should be regarded as an inquiry on the part of the Church into the religious condition of Church Schools; it is a visible testimony to the importance that we attach to the religious element of education; it is a link between the Diocesan and the Schools of his Diocese. Moreover, Government Inspection applies only to Schools aided by Government grants, whereas Diocesan Inspection applies to all; and in many cases where, from poverty or other causes, a School is unable to claim a share in assistance from the Parliamentary grant, the visit of the Diocesan Inspector stimulates, encourages, and renders essential service. Proposals have been made from time to time for the amalgamation of the two systems; and if means can be devised for such a coalition, the awkwardness of a double system will be thereby avoided, and a question not free from difficulty will be satisfactorily set at rest.”
The erection of handsome school-rooms at Great Driffield, Pocklington, and Hayton, are recorded with satisfaction; that at Hayton having been built at the sole cost of W. Rudston Read, Esq.
The Report concludes with some forcible remarks on the necessity of bringing effective influence to bear on the practical heathenism of the homes of so many of the children of the poor, in order that our educational efforts may not fail of their expected results.
Leicester Archidiaconal Board.
TESTIMONIAL TO REV. W. FRY.
This Board has just put forth a "Statement of Appeal respecting the exertions of the Rev. W. Fry, M.A., Honorary Secretary of the Leicester Archidiaconal Board of Education, in the cause of National Education," and has passed a series of resolutions, which will be found in our advertising sheet.
The following extracts from the statement will show the way in which it is proposed to acknowledge Mr. Fry's services:
"... But these efforts have not been made, nor the results obtained, without seriously trenching upon Mr. Fry's private income; so much so, that he felt himself unable to give his son, an only child now fourteen years of age, such an education at school and college as he himself earnestly desired. That difficulty has been partly, and for a time, overcome by a clergyman in a distant county having voluntarily undertaken the education of Mr. Fry's son at a first-rate school. This clergyman some time ago sought to become acquainted with Mr. Fry, chiefly, in consequence of his high appreciation, not only of his abilities, but of the whole tone and teaching of a schoolmaster, with whom he accidentally met, and who proved to have been educated by Mr. Fry.
No provision, however, has yet been made for the completion of the education of Mr. Fry's son at one of the universities. This circumstance, it is now thought, furnishes a favourable opportunity for making some substantial acknowledgment of those great services which Mr. Fry has been rendering to the Church of England, and for which, as is well known, he has always refused to receive any personal remuneration.
Although his pupils are for the most part from the county of Leicester, they are educated by him for the benefit of the Church at large. Leicestershire has by no means a larger proportion than other counties, and, in fact, the most distinguished are all employed in other districts. The essential assistance which Mr. Fry has rendered to the National Society, seems to give him a strong claim upon its sympathy and active support. His health has of late suffered much from his incessant labours, for which he has never received any other reward than the respect and affection with which he has invariably inspired his pupils, and the high esteem in which he is held by all who are cognisant of his exertions. He still continues, however, his labour of love; and at the present time has about forty young persons in training, to whom he devotes a very large portion of his time. His usual school-hours are from 9 to 12, from 2 to 5, and from 6 to 8 daily, except Saturday afternoons; but he frequently devotes much more time to this work, and for many years he had a large Sunday-evening class. Thus it is that Mr. Fry is carrying on this great work, at his own cost and risk, and with unabated zeal
It seems only right to add, in conclusion, that the Leicester Board of Education has, without any communication in the first instance with Mr. Fry, felt it a duty to bring this subject forward. His services have not only a provincial, but a national importance. They have been rendered in a most unobtrusive and retiring manner; they have been influential, not merely in educating the poor, but in moulding the characters and training the hearts of those who are themselves to be the educators of the rising generation of the poor of our Church Schools.
It is under these circumstances that an appeal is confidently made to all who are interested in the great work of religious education, and especially to the members of the National Society; according to their respective stations and means, they are invited to express, in the simple manner proposed, their hearty sympathy with, and earnest approbation of, Mr. Fry's zealous labours-labours which no contributions, however large, could pretend to remunerate; and thus to relieve him of all anxiety with respect to the completion of his son's education at one of the universities, and also to prevent his suffering any pecuniary loss, beyond what he has already sustained, in carrying on the important work in which he is engaged."
Copies of the Statement may be obtained, on application, at the National Society's Office, Sanctuary, Westminster.
Diocese of Worcester.
PRIZE SCHEME, COVENTRY ARCHDEACONRY,
The Church Extension Association for the Archdeaconry of Coventry has appointed a Sub-Committee to carry out an Educational Prize Scheme. The regu
altions have been printed, and may be obtained on application to the Rev. Nash Stephenson, of Shirley, near Birmingham.
The prizes offered are to boys and girls in National and Parochial Schools, and consist of the following:
30 Books, of the value of 10s., 157. for first year; total, 157.
20 Bibles and Prayer Books 11., 207. for second year; total, 351.
10 Prizes of cash of 21., 204. for third year; total, 557.
By the Venerable Archdeacon of Coventry 11., for superior proficiency in the knowledge of the Book of Common Prayer.
By the Rev. P. M. Smythe, Rector of Solihull, 17., for the best answers in Scriptural Knowledge.
By the Rev. Charles Bickmore, Berkeswell, a book of the value of 17., for the best answers in elementary English History.
By the Rev. Nash Stephenson, Incumbent of Shirley, 17., for the best answers in the Church Catechism.
Committee of Council on Education.
PAYMENTS TO TRAINING SCHOOLS ON ACCOUNT OF QUEEN'S SCHOLARS.
The following Minute and Explanatory Circular has just been issued by the Lords of her Majesty's Privy Council on Education:
At the Council Chamber, Whitehall, the 14th day of July 1855.
By the Right Honourable the Lords of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council on Education.
Their Lordships, having before them the Minutes of 21st December 1846, 25th July 1850, and 20th August 1853, relating to Queen's Scholarships; and having considered whether such Exhibitions might not be made more conducive to the encouragement of Pupil Teachers in entering Normal Colleges, and in remaining there for two years,—
Resolved, 1. That from and after 1st January 1856* the payment to be allowed for all Queen's Scholars be uniform, viz. 237. in the case of Males, and 171. in the case of Females.
2. That, in consideration of this payment, the Normal Colleges, on admitting any Queen's Scholar, be understood to agree thereby to provide tuition, lodging, board, washing, and medical attendance for such Queen's Scholar, without any further charge.
3. That to Queen's Scholars of the first class there be allowed the following personal payments in aid of their travelling and private expenses, and of the purchase of books:
4. That these personal payments be made by half-yearly instalments in Post-office orders to the Queen's Scholars themselves; the first half-yearly payment to be made at Lady-Day, and the second at Michaelmas in each year.
5. That the personal payments be made to depend, like the rest of the Exhibition, upon Quarterly Certificates by the Principal of the Queen's Scholar's good conduct, attainments, and skill in the pursuit of his [or her] profession.
6. The present Minute leaves unaltered the Minute of 28th June 1854.
Explanatory Circular to the Principals of Training Schools under Inspection.
Committee of Council on Education,
SIR, I have the honour to forward to you the enclosed copy of a Minute adopted by their Lordships on the 14th inst., whereby certain modifications are introduced in the mode of paying for the instruction of Queen's Scholars in Normal Colleges.
By the arrangement hitherto in force, a Male Queen's Scholar of the first class has had an Exhibition of 251. for his year's training, and a Male Queen's Scholar of the second class has had a similar Exhibition of 207. from the Parliamentary Fund.
* Only one quarter of the financial year, ending 31 March 1856, will be affected by this Minute, which, in the meantime, requires no supplementary estimate,