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forced to give their time. The boys had to be taught how to study and how to play ; how to eat, how to sleep, and, sometimes, how to behave.

As might be expected among the large body of missionaries in China there are to be found many translators of eminent ability, and by these the lack of textbooks and Christian literature of all sorts has been gradually supplied. Without perhaps always intending it, they were all at work for ung-cho, and never did a new work issue from their hands, whether it was a translation of a textbook on geology, a hymn, or some simple story for the Sunday-school, but it was at once taken possession of and added to the educational resources of the school. And thus as textbooks were prepared in mathematics, history, the sciences, and the various branches of Western knowledge, these studies were introduced. Year by year the range of education has been enlarged, the requisites for admission increased, and the required age of candidates advanced.

In the year 1873 a number of men who had been employed at different stations as preachers and assistants were sent to Tung-cho to be given more systematic instruction than could be furnished at their homes; and thus was begun a Theological Seminary, under the same control as the High School, but entirely distinct from it. Of course during the first few years the students in the Theological School were men of limited attainments, and to them only a meagre education could be given. They were already too old to start at the beginning and go through an extended course of study, even had the needed facilities been at hand. But the two schools lived, throve, and developed together, each helped and stimulated by the other. It is needless to say that the religious influences in the High School were always strong and positive, and that a strong Christian sentiment has always prevailed among the pupils. A weekly prayer-meeting has from the very outset been maintained by them, which in later years has become the nucleus of a Young Men's Christian Association; and the High School soon came, what had been intended from the first, a feeder for the Theological School, until, during the eight years prior to 1889, eighteen young men had gone through the prescribed courses of study in both institutions and were engaged in Christian work under direction of the mission.

For several years prior to this, there had been a strong and growing belief in the mission that the educational work should be pushed still more vigorously and to a higher point: that the Tung-cho High School should be advanced to the grade of a college, and that any further delay in action of this sort would seriously retard the general progress of mission work in every part. This belief found expression at the annual meeting of the North China Mission in May, 1889, when it was unanimously voted to enlarge the course of study in the school to the college grade and to ask funds of the American Board for the increasing work of the institution. This action on the part of the mission was laid before the Board at its Annual Meeting in New York in October, 1889, with the result that, after careful consideration, the following resolution was unanimously adopted :

“Resolved, that this Board, recognizing with deep gratitude to Almighty God the development of its work in North China and recognizing the fact that a thoroughly educated native ministry is peculiarly essential to the permanent establishment of Christianity in a country where education and literature are held in such high esteem and reverence as is the case in this empire, most heartily approves and endorses the plans of the mission for enlarged educational work at Tung-cho, and requests its Prudential Committee to take the necessary steps for carrying these plans into effect at the earliest possible moment.”

In compliance with this request the Prudential Committee, shortly after the meeting in New York, appropriated the sum of $2,500 toward the purchase of land for a site for new buildings.

The work in the North China Mission has reached a point where a large increase in

the number of devoted and qualified native workmen must be had, and had almost at once. The success of every branch of the work depends upon it. Economy, efficiency, and permanency of growth all demand it. This large increase must be secured. And hence there is not merely an urgent need, there is an imperative demand, for the immediate expenditure of at least fifty thousand dollars for the enlargement of the schools at Tung-cho, to which alone the mission can look to supply these men. Two years have passed since the action was taken in New York. The overwhelming importance of the need will admit of no longer delay. The instructors at Tung-cho, who have given their best lifeblood to this work, plead for it. The entire mission, which feels as one man the intense need, pleads for it. The native churches, which must have wise, trained native leaders for their aggressive work, plead for it. The sons of these churches, growing up in a new era when unheard-of demands are to be made upon their Christian manhood, plead for it. And China — proud, self-wise, conservative, needy China — pleads for it. The money must be had, and had at once !


Letters from the Missions.
Portb China Mission.

the opportunity for the discontented and
a reason for the hope that their cause

would be successful. So a few thousand Our brethren in China still report that men gathered together, embroidered a the political agitations have not seriously chicken's head upon their garments, and interrupted their work. Mr. Ament, writ

set out not only to avenge themselves of ing from Peking December 17, says: their unrighteous officials, but also to “ The recent scare has resulted seri

start a movement which might ultimate ously for our Methodist brethren east of

in a change of dynasty. Success crowned Peking, who were ordered quite suddenly their initial efforts. They captured two to start for Tientsin and were not allowed cities of the third grade, and began their even the convenience of a trunk for their

career by the slaughter of the innocent children's clothes. This order, it is no inhabitants, including the entire family of more than fair to say, did not result from

the magistrate, he himself making sure of any animosity on the part of the officials.

his own safety by immediate fight. At On the contrary, it arose from their the reception of this news all Peking, anxiety for the foreigners' safety, as the from the emperor down, was thrown into people were greatly stirred up by dis a fever of excitement. Nobody knew at quieting rumors of a descent of the rebels what moment these fowl-headed rebels from the north. This uprising in the might be knocking at the gates of the north is a symptom of the overwrought city. The Manchu garrison got out their condition of the public mind.

old matchlocks, furbished them up, and “The scene of the rebellion is not in

began their long-neglected military pracChina proper, but beyond the Great Wall. tice. The emperor sent orders to Li Officials sent to these regions never seem Hung Chang, the viceroy, and soon 4,000 to think they have anything else to do of the best troops in the empire, trained than to extort as much money as possible by foreigners, were route for the in the shortest space of time, and then scene of war. As usual carts and mules return to their homes. Combined with and drivers were impressed, right and wretched officialdom there is an old prov left, business was interfered with, and erb (always very influential with the there was almost as much confusion as Chinese) which says : * Fear not the tiger if we were in a state of siege. Though that comes from the south, but the fowl The Peking Gazette comes out with the which comes from the north. Here was announcement that two important victories





have been gained over the rebels, Mr. knew what was going on. It was then Parker, the London mission agent in that too late to do anything. The preacher at region, reports that nothing decisive has the chapel, as I was absent on a tour, taken place as yet. The soldiers are gath called the few brethren together and they ering from different places, and without held a little memorial service. In the city doubt this little disturbance will be this year, perhaps owing to the many speedily quelled. These men, armed only rumors, more from our numbers have with the old flintlocks of the country, can gone into the other world than have been do nothing against troops armed with gathered in from the outside. The spirit foreign guns, unless, as is feared by some, of unrest is in the air and the people find the troops join the rebels. The friendly it difficult to give their minds to any one attitude of the government to foreigners thing. However, our helpers seem to is by no means popular with the people hold on cheerfully, and I trust the near of the provinces of Hunan and Anhui, future will witness a change." from which these soldiers come. But the excitement is largely past now and there has been no interference with our usual work."

“I am glad that I can report more cheering news from out-stations. In Li

ang Hsiang, where we had our ingather“As to the city of Peking, the work ing last spring, I was delighted to find the goes on about as usual, with very little of people and their native preacher working interest to report. The North Church, in together most harmoniously. It has been my charge, has been afflicted in the loss a work of no small difficulty to hold so of three of its members, two of whom large a number of new converts together were the best men we had. By this loss and keep them in working order. They by death our little church is greatly

have made marked advancement during weakened. One of these was a Manchu, the year, especially in the line of caring who gave freely the best of his time and for their own church interests. Their energies to the work of aiding the church. contributions have flowed in steadily and Like most of the Manchus, he had always they have taken up some of the burden lived an indolent sort of life, drawing his of their own support. Benches have been monthly stipend from the emperor, but made, a fence built around the little rented doing nothing of any value to himself or premises, and now they are negotiating any one else. It was delightful to observe for the renewal of the lease of the buildeven the intellectual change which came ing used for church and school purposes. over this man after he started in the The school for boys has largely increased Christian life. His mind awakened and in numbers, and the girls continue to reached out after truth wherever it could study with the wife of the preacher. be found. Belonging to a large family Several women seem to have had a genwho opposed him first and last in his uine spiritual and intellectual awakening Christian purpose, especially his wife, he and are eager for study. Christianity held on firm to the end, oftentimes greatly produces its most lovely fruits among the excited over his persecutions, but never women and children of China. Conshaken in his purpose. It was doubtless demned to a life of toil, and deprived of a paralytic stroke which took him off, as those influences which fill heart and home he is reported to have fallen on entering with joy, the life of the average Chinese bis gateway, and having just strength left woman had not one feature to enliven the to creep to his bed and die. His heathen shadows or make the future bright. But friends rushed his funeral through in the Christianity gives them an object in life usual fashion, and he was ready to be and fills their dark homes with the gloricarried out to burial before the Christians ous hopes of the Christian. The truths


which so many of us hold so lightly and needed. But he could not bring himself defend so feebly are to them the very to take gain from what might be an injury breath of their existence, and without to some one else. He thought of burying these Christianity has no meaning to them, but then he feared others might dig them. It becomes more than a mere sys them up and they still go on doing their tem of morals. It is life and immortality. bewildering work. He finally decided The young preacher is also developing in to present them to the foreign pastor, a way that bodes well for the future. who, he was sure, would not be injured

“In the city of Cho-chou, where com by looking at them, and who might put modious premises were purchased about them to good use by having them melted a year ago, we are able to see now, as down. They were not melted down, but never before, the results of the work of stand around in various obscure parts of past years. The friendliness of the people our home, reminders to us at least that is indicated) by the facts that the day the Lord is still with us and is working school was started at their earnest solici in the hearts of this people. Last Sabtation and that the scholars were intro bath he and his wife, a most intelligent duced to their teacher by an outsider who young woman and able to read, were baphad no special object to attain by so tized and received into the church. He doing."

is & relative of the present magistrate in Cho-chou and has free access to his office.

So anxious was he for the Christian in“ The teacher of this school, baptized struction of his son that he sent him to only four days ago, is worthy of a little the Tung-cho School, two days' journey, notice. He is a member of a family without waiting to see his pastor, and which has long been in official life. His also had his little girl sent to the Bridg. eldest brother was chief Literary officer man School in Peking. He throws his for this district, and had begun a most

whole soul into his profession and no promising career when he was suddenly

amount of ridicule can shake his construck down by death. This was a ter stancy. He says he never knew before rible blow to this young man, who was the depths of iniquity in the hearts of affected by it in more ways than one. It the literary men of China. He is a firm threw him out of employment and took believer in the doctrine of the depravity away his main hope of promotion. After of the human heart and the complete inthat, one misfortune followed rapidly on sufficiency of Confucianism to make men the footsteps of another until even his ter. He made no application for emfriends withdrew from his society, saying ployment, but he seemed to us to be just that an evil demon was pursuing him. the providential man to take up the school He was advised as a last resort to retire which we wished to establish. On Sabfrom the world and take to reading

bath day, December 13, three persons Buddhist scripture and burning incense to were baptized and eight men the gods. This he did most faithfully for ceived on probation. It seemed best to three years, in the meantime spending all

defer their baptism for a while. The outhis money in buying books and in the look for this out-station is most encouragsupport of his family. At this juncture ing, and we could wish that more frequent our chapel was opened, to which he came visits might be made there." and, learning of Christ, for the first time in years found peace in his soul. On com

Japan Mission. ing into the light his first thought was to

RELIEF AND EVANGELISTIC WORK. get rid of the four bronze idols to which he had prayed and offered incense during MR. PETTEE, of Okayama, just before those three weary years. He could have Christmas, passed through the region sold them for money, which he sorely desolated by the earthquake and sends a



report of what he had seen. His letter “3. Relief work and its results. Conis quite in line with the ". · Appeal for tributions have been prompt and generous, Ogaki," made by the members of the Evan including the gift of scores of thousands of gelistic Committee of Kyoto, which is dollars from Japanese and foreigners and printed on another page. Among the a liberal grant of over $2,000,000 from the impressions received by Mr. Pettee dur government. So indiscriminate has been ing his visit are the following:

some of the giving that beggars are multiI. As to the extent of the devastation. plying rapidly. The passing of a blueIt cannot be realized without being seen. eyed stranger through one of those villages Those two fair prefectures, Aichi and results in a row of women and children by Gifu, were pretty thoroughly devastated. the roadside with hands extended for a The wide wreckage is one immense scar few pennies. The injured tear open their on the face of Central Japan. One rides wounds again and again that they may the for miles and hours 'over that broad plain more effectively appeal for charity. Much seeing little but the ruins of fire and shock. help will still be needed, but it should be Even the buildings left standing are held given with the greatest care. Even the up by props, and leaning houses

- if not

police are deceived at times. pillars are a common sight; great iron

" This broadside of charity has unquesbridges wrenched out of shape, dikes tionably done more than tons of tracts badly broken, and in one place at least the and bombs toward opening the eyes and railroad track looking like a pair of paral hearts of that intensely conservative seclel corkscrews. That great plain was one tion. So strong was the prejudice of the of the most intensely bigoted Buddhistic people that it interfered at first with the regions in Japan, and Buddhism is a heavy work of even the Red Cross Society. But loser by the catastrophe. It is said that pure charity breaks down all opposition. those two provinces annually contributed In some cases even Buddhist priests have to the Kyoto temples at least $140,000. gone to their hated rivals for assistance. In one city alone only three out of twenty Never again will a foreigner or a Christian five temples remain uninjured, and one seem to those ignorant folk as he did third of the 700 in the province are before. At one village a Christian meetdestroyed. The most terrible single inci ing was advertised for the night before the dent occurred in one of these temples. earthquake. The priests sent word to the A service was in progress. The preacher missionaries not to come, as they should had just begun his sermon when the break up the meeting if any were held. shock came and the building fell killing The great shock came; the priests all fled; over 100 people. I was told on the spot Christians moved in with nurses and docthat only two persons of the whole audi tors, and now there are earnest inquirers. ence escaped alive. One priest told me I met a Christian nurse and a Biblehis temple would not be rebuilt, as there woman who said they had experienced was not a single believer left. The only great joy in their arduous work. For more injury sustained by another large temple than a week they had worked, on call was the pulling of one beam from its sup both night and day, had had no leisure for port at one end, yet the old priest said even a bath, their own bodies and clothing its repairing would cost $250.

were soiled and they were very weary, but "2. The enterprise, recuperative power, their cup of joy was full. One missionary, and unfailing good-nature of the Japanese who had given nearly all his time for six

me. Building goes on apace. weeks to simple relief work, told me that Almost every one is now hutted, but in that day for the first time in it all he had such miserable quarters that after a win held a religious meeting after dispensing ter's exposure many are sure to fall vic money and clothing. He waited till intims to the dreaded typhus, which doctors vited by the people, and at last the inviprophesy for next spring.

tation had come. That is the spirit in


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