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wife. We trust that our friends will often father of these young men is eligible to pray that this native pastor may be a great the throne, with strong probabilities of help and blessing to the work here.” being the next king; but as he forms his

judgment from his older son's representa

tions, he of course is also opposed to our West Central African Hission.

work. What can such a young man do?
Nothing, but


of all the others, AFFAIRS AT BAILUNDU.

unless we can put him into the way of A DELAYED mail from this mission earning his living while he is in school. reached the Missionary Rooms January “ By the time this reaches you, you can 23; most of the letters were written in think of the school as going on in its new October last. We are sorry to have to home, the memorial school building. The report that Mr. and Mrs Cotton are on boys are doing nearly all the work. Some their way to America ; Mr. Cotton hav of the finishing touches, such as whiteing suffered so severely in health that it washing, etc., will have to be left for the was a unanimous opinion of the mission present, as they cannot be so well done in that he would be unable to reside in this the rainy season; but the substantial part portion of Africa. Mr. Currie is also of the building will be finished, I think I probably on his way to the United States am safe in saying, in a month. for needed rest. He was detained at

“I have lately started another pair of Benguella by sickness, from which, at last boys at evangelistic work at the villages. accounts, he was recovering. Mr Wood That makes three groups now being visside reports that the king of Bailundu ited every Sabbath by the members of the was about to go to war once more.

Mr. church. I meet those who go out every Woodside had visited the king, who had Saturday evening for preparation for the promised him that he would not hinder coming Sabbath. I hope to be able to go. any of his men from serving as carriers, out with them occasionally.” but the men afterward reported that the

AFRICAN SCENERY. king commanded them not to go. Mr. Woodside visited the king again, and he Mrs. Webster, who in September visited made very fair promises and seems to the stations at Kamondongo and Chisamba, have fulfilled these promises in allowing gives an interesting account of the scenes carriers to take Mr. and Mrs. Cotton and through which they passed on the journey Mr. Currie to the coast. Mr. Stover has to Bihé : just finished the translation into Um “ I will try and tell you a little about bundu of the Gospel of Matthew. A the beauty of the woods at the time we perplexing question has arisen as to fur were traveling. At that season the trees nishing employment to the young men and shrubs were just coming out in their who wish to come to school. Mr. Stover fresh foliage : but it is by no means all writes:

green. There is every shade of red, There are many who would come if green, and brown you can imagine, and we could only give them work. We do flowers are everywhere. The woods look not think it a good plan to keep them much as the woods do at home in the fall, here in idleness, even if their friends were Some of the leaves are smooth and glossy willing to support them, which is by no in appearance, some soft and waxy, some means the case. A few weeks ago a

velvety, and some look like silk and satin. young man came here to attend school The small fine leaves at a little distance whose brother is one of our most bitter look like silk floss. But their chief beauty opposers. He has married two of the lies in their position ; when they first come girls who were in school, and would marry out they all droop. Now imagine, if you the whole school, I have no doubt, if in can, those beautiful leaves in all shades of that way he could get the girls away. The red, green, and brown, in a drooping posi

tion, swaying back and forth in the gentle “ On our arrival at Kamondongo we breeze or tossed in the air by a strong found the friends all very well. Kamonwind, and you have an idea of what the dongo is nicely located on a rise of ground African woods look like in springtime commanding a good view of the surroundand how beautiful they are.

It was a per

ing country. There is a good population, fect delight to me to ride day after day though not large, within easy reach of through the woods and across the grassy

the station. At the time I came, and for plains and watch the changing beauty all several weeks, the work was interrupted on around me. And when as night came we account of smallpox, which prevails all took our camp-chairs and sat around the over the country. Many of the boys have campfire and enjoyed the lovely moon never had it, and they thought best.on light, I often found myself repeating, their account to put the village in quaran• The heavens declare the glory of God, tine. Now Dr. Clowe thinks the danger and the firmament sheweth his handy is past, and the village people are allowed work. Day unto day uttereth speech, and to come back again. Yesterday several night unto night sheweth knowledge,' etc. from the villages attended the morning *This is a beautiful country, but amid the service. The schools have opened again. beauty there is so much darkness and sin!

Kamondongo has done, and is doing, I often try to think what this country a good work, but you know they have would be if it were inhabited by a Chris always been short of workers. And they tianized and civilized people.

feel this more than ever since Mrs. San“There is another point of interest on ders has gone. She was a host in herself. this journey. There is a great tract of Miss Bell teaches both the boys' and girls' prairie country called the Mbuluvulu, about schools. She meets with the girls at 6 twenty miles from Kamondongo. It is so A.M., and with the boys at 1.30 P.M. It much like Dakota prairie that could I is a great deal for her to undertake with have gone off by myself where there were all her other work." no black faces around me I could easily have imagined myself back again in Dakota. At the point we crossed, it is Mrs. Webster gives the following report about seven miles wide, but at some places of her visit at this station :it is fully fifteen miles wide. It took an “ I have been to Chisamba and spent hour and forty-five minutes to

three weeks with the friends there. The That is faster than the average rate of station is finely located in the midst of a travel the average being three miles an densely populated district. Within ten or hour; but on the flat, level plains they fifteen minutes' walk of the mission comtravel very fast. Deer of several species pound fifteen villages can be seen. Half and buffalo abound, though there were an hour off there are a great many more, none to be seen the day we crossed."

and a little farther off still more. That

part of Bihé is densely populated, and we KAMONDONGO.

ought to have half a dozen stations Miss Bell reports, October 22, that the instead of one. Mr. Currie has done a schools vary considerably in attendance, great deal of work, including much buildthe boys' school numbering only twenty ing, draining, gardening, etc.; nor has the four, and the girls' school thirteen. They other work been neglected. They hare were greatly interrupted for a while on a school of thirty boys, twelve of whom account of the prevalence of smallpox. they think are truly Christian boys. Their Miss Bell says that the girls have not yet Sunday services were largely attended, learned to plan their work so that their and I was pleased to see that a large promeal-pounding will not interfere with portion of them were men and women school. Mrs. Webster writes as follows past middle life. Miss Clarke finds plenty of her visit at this station :

of work to do. She has taken the bors'






school, and expects soon to open a girls' them the 'gospel in song,' and talk to school. She also visits the villages, and them a little, though I was too tired to say holds a prayer-meeting Sunday afternoon much. Even while I ate, the curious with the women."

crowd watched each mouthful and comMr. Lee also writes of the work at mented upon every action. Chisamba:

“I find it true, as reported, that there "Taking all things into consideration are here villages, villages everywhere. I we have reason to feel greatly pleased and have gone out a good deal to see them, deeply thankful at the progress made by with a view to starting a girls' school as this station. The school, under Miss soon as possible. There are grand possiClarke's skilful management, is doing well. bilities before us for a good and extensive Our Sunday congregations more than fill work in the name of our Master and Lord. the building we have to use as a church, Pray for us unceasingly that we may faithand many have to be satisfied with crowd fully do everything that comes to hand, ing around the one door and solitary

whether small or great." window. How we do wish we had means enough to build a house large enough to hold them all ! But then perhaps we

Central Turkey Mission. shall not need a larger building for some

MEN'S time to come, because of Mr. Currie's

WORK AT AINTAB. absence. There is almost a certainty of our having a diminished congregation PRESIDENT FULLER writes from Aintab after Mr. Currie goes, for I cannot address December 17:the people in anything like so interesting * Mr. Wishard, Secretary of the Interor instructive a style as he can., My year collegiate Y. M. C. A. of America, at the coast was almost entirely lost as far accompanied by his wife, and Mr. W. H. as my acquiring Umbundu went."

Grant, of Philadelphia, a member of, and Miss Clarke, according to the plan made specially interesting himself in, the Y. P. when she went to the mission, has now S. C. E., and Rev. Mr. Barton, of the gone on to Chisamba, and is greatly Eastern Turkey Mission, who accompapleased with the outlook. She reports nied them here via Marash from Harpoot, that two of the young men of Chisamba have just been spending a week with us. were sent to Bailundu to conduct her to The time of their stay was filled with a that station, and that she never had more series of meetings, both in the college and thoughtful attention given to her comfort city, which were very largely attended and than was given by these young Bihéans. awakened a very deep and hopeful interest She writes :

in all forms of Christian work. Mr. Wish"I cannot tell you what a hearty recep ard gave most of his time to the two tion I met with from the villagers. It Christian Associations in the college and was too hearty, overwhelmingly so. They city. The new college schoolroom, which, would crowd the house until it would hold still « nly half-furnished, was just ready to

Then the people outside would occupy, was fittingly consecrated to Bible request me to come outside so that they study, prayer, and Christian work. The too might see me. Any conversation car city Association also dedicated its new ried on was listened to with rapt attention, rooms, the munificent gift of a member and chance remarks were greeted with of the Second Church. This is, as Mr. cries of . Ewa, ewa' (Good, good)! In Wishard assured us, the first building in compliance with a special request I Asia Minor erected for Y. M. C. A. work. unbraided my hair and showed it to them, Mrs. Wishard addressed large meetings of then allowed one of the women, who women, and Mr. Grant assisted in the collooked clean and rather superior, to braid lege meetings and held special meetings it again. But I did not forget to give with the students of the city schools, in

no more.

explanation of the work of the Y. P. S. C. E., two societies of which had already been formed and were in successful operation here. Mr. Barton spoke to the students of the college, and also addressed

arge union meeting of the churches, specially called on Sunday noon at the First Church, in which he gave a deeply interesting account of the mission work

in Koordistan, of which he has charge and to which the churches here have been regularly contributing every month erer since the great revival of three years ago. On the whole this week of meetings has been a time of great spiritual enjoyment and blessing, and gives us a strong and helpful impulse toward the special work planned for the new year."

Notes from the wide Field.


THE NEW LOVEDALE. - In our last number we reported that Dr. Stewart and his caravan had started from Mombasa on the nineteenth of September last, and were well on their way inland. Since then, from a communication of Professor Lindsay in The Free Church of Scotland Monthly, we learn that the caravan had a most serious time in passing through the Taro desert, a waterless region northwest of Mombasa. The sufferings of the caravan from thirst were intense. Dr. Stewart writes that after two days' march through this waterless region they were alarmed at not finding a stream where one was expected. All the water they found was two half-calabashes, not fit to wash a home floor with, swarming with tadpoles an inch long. The next day at eleven o'clock they secured enough to give each man half a teacup full, and at two o'clock enough more to give nearly a quart to each man. On the ninth of October the caravan reached the river Tzaro, 130 miles northwest from Mombasa, where they found a flowing stream, which was a glorious sight.” The course of the march was changed somewhat, passing along the Sabaki River to the Kibwezi River. Here Kilundu was the chief man, and here it was decided to establish the station where the New Lovedale shall be built. Dr. Stewart writes October 28: “We have got 250 trees cut for posts." The population is not dense, but the site is believed to be healthy and easy of access. The position is east of north from Kilima-Njaro, the peak of which, covered with snow, can be seen from Kilundu's.

THE ATROCITIES OF THE SLAVE-TRADE. - At the recent meeting of the African Society at Cologne details were given of frightful cruelties in connection with marauding expeditions in Marunji and Kizabi in which numberless victims were slain. Attempts were made to march the captives to Kirando, and on the way great numbers of old women and children were drowned. The haste in which the march was made led to the complete exhaustion of many who formed a part of the caravan, and twenty or thirty, and sometimes even fifty, were daily killed. But in spite of all this it is said that 2,000 slaves arrived at Kirando in one day.

THE FRENCH MISSION ON THE ZAMBESI. - The Sefula station of the Zambesi Mission was in great danger and trial at the last dates. Under date of June 16, 1891, M. Coillard wrote the Journal des Missions-Evangéliques : “Recent events confirm me in the conviction that the treaty made last year with the South Africa Company was the plank of safety, as much for the nation as for the chief, Lewanika, himself. But to-day we are alone in our opinion. Our adversaries, who pose as champions and saviors of their nation, represent things very differently. Insinuations, false light thrown upon facts, and calumnies have found in the suspicious, excitable, and vindictive nature of our poor Barotses a fertile soil. The king understands me; he is incapable of doing me the least harm, but he is still more incapable of protecting me.

He trembles for himself. There has existed for some time a spirit of discontent which bodes no good. Lewanika knows it, but that does not hinder his doing everything to irritate instead of conciliate his people. These days all our neighborhood is in confusion. A panic has seized everybody and the villages are deserted. They strangle men by wholesale not so as to cause death but a prolonged fainting-fit of the victim.” July 27, M. Coillard adds: “One would say we have lost ground. Lewanika is not always amiable even with us, and we need a great deal of prudence and charity in order to maintain a good understanding between us.” But the brave missionary closes with the words : “Sorrowful, yet always rejoicing."

DEATH OF THE BASUTO KING. — News has recently reached Paris of the death, on the twentieth of November, 1891, of Letsie, the great chief of Basutoland, at the age of eighty-three. He was the son of the chief, Moshesh, and was sent by his father in 1833 to the frontiers of his country to receive the pioneer missionaries of the French Protestant Church. He has thus been for fifty-eight years familiar with those noble men who have taught and lived the gospel among the Basutos. But he has never yielded to its call. Duplicity and selfishness characterized his political life, and his private life was an incarnation of paganism. The number of his wives was legion; they were reckoned by the hundreds; and up to the last he was always adding to the list. When sick, Letsie had times of remorse, of good resolutions, and of sobriety, but with returning health he again plunged into his former excesses.

M. Dieterlen, one of the French mission, writes that, whether in consequence of his habitual unbelief or from annoyance at the solicitations of those who were not his missionaries” (Roman Catholics and English churchmen who came to seek his conversion), he did not in his last days "pronounce the words of repentance and faith. Sometimes he reassured himself by saying that he had welcomed the first missionaries and had never abandoned them, and wept while he declared that it was his sins, especially polygamy, which had hardened him and kept out the grace of God.” And on the day of his death when M. Mabille told him that there was yet pardon if he would ask it of God with humility and faith, he answered by a prolonged pressure of the hand, the only way that remained to him of expressing the feelings of his heart."

His eldest son, Lerotholi, succeeds him as supreme chief; but some of the family refuse to submit to his authority, and civil war may result.

A SERIOUS REVERSE IN NYAŞALAND. - The British Commissioner in Central Africa, Mr. H. H. Johnston, in command of the forces employed in suppressing the slave-trade on both sides of the lake, after a series of successful engagements with the slave-traders, met a serious reverse, in which Captain Maguire, of the African Lakes Company's steamer Domira, with some of his men, was drowned. Two of Makanjira's dhows had been destroyed and a large slave caravan had been prevented from crossing the lake. After the captain's death Makanjira’s people proposed peace, and, deceived by this promise, the chief engineer of the Domira and some of his men went on shore and were immediately killed. These facts indicate the seriousness of the conflict which is going on between the British forces and the slave-traders.

But reinforcements are on their way from gunboats on the Shiré, and the success of the efforts to check the traffic cannot be doubted.

MASHONALAND. Bishop Knight-Bruce, of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, reports a thorough exploration of the accessible parts of Mashonaland. He says that, with one notable expedition, there are few chiefs now in all the region who have not a Christian teacher near them or have not definitely accepted the offer of one to come. He speaks of six bases from which mission work is being done, the chiefs throughout the whole region being most friendly. The central station of the mission will be at Umtali, chosen on account of its healthfulnes : ind its being near to

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