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total more than covered the amount of the image-bearer threw the image from the debt. Subsequent subscriptions in him and took to flight. This belief had creased the surplus to such respectable gained such a hold upon the people that proportions that it will be applied to the it was not until several men had been purchase of a Christian cemetery, the lack killed, and some time had elapsed, that of which has been felt for a long time as a the excitement subsided. great obstacle to aggressive work. Regu “At the ranch and sawmill of El Relar subscriptions too, while by no means fugio, a day and a half further from Cusi, yet what they should be, are sufficient to the meetings, especially that of Sunfulfil the pledges made to the Japanese day night, were well attended. We have Missionary Society, and to do away with no church organization there yet, although the fear of incurring another shameful as a result of our meetings last summer and clogging debt. Miss Gardner's work eleven were propounded for membership, among the women is very promising.” when church shall be organized.

Nearly all of these had remained faithful,

and three or four new ones were ready to Mexican Mission.

hand in their names. The two owners MR. BISSELL writes a cheering letter and their wives, while on a visit to El from Fuerte, in the province of Sinaloa. Paso in November, were received as memHe has arranged his field into four distinct bers of the Juarez church. This mill is districts, purposing to visit these towns an important point, for a great many in succession as often as possible. One from neighboring ranches are continually of these routes requires two weeks, and visiting it to buy lumber. the others nearly one week each. He · Our whole journey of 800 miles, 350 finds the people ready to welcome him, of which were by horse and buggy, was and attentive to the gospel as it is

made in a little over two weeks, so that preached. A large number of books and we were on hand again when the school tracts have been sold.

began the new term.” Mr. Olds, of Ciudad Juarez, reports a There are at present fourteen students visit at “Cusi,” accompanied by one of in the Rio Grande Training School, at the students in the training school. Good Ciudad Juarez, who are spoken of as services were held on a Sunday, with young men of intelligence and good spirit. meetings following on Monday and Tuesday. Mr. Olds writes: -While there I learned of a strange

West Central African Mission. piece of fanaticism which had taken place

PROGRESS AT BAILUNDU. sixty miles away on the road to Jesus Maria. THE December mail from this mission A man and an old woman had presented reached the Rooms February 23. Mr. and themselves before the people of a small Mrs. Cotton, as heretofore reported, have town, claiming to be Jesus Christ and the been obliged to return to this country, Virgin. The people began to believe in under physician's orders. The rest of the them and soon the whole town was run mission are in fair health. Mr. Stover ning over with excitement. Men who writes from Bailundu:were so inclined took occasion to steal “You will be pleased to hear that six and kill, until soldiers had to be sent in persons have been examined, approved, from Chihuahua. The false Christ gave and recommended for baptism at the comthe people an image, which he said would ing January communion, two lads and four make of none effect the bullets of the

young women. Among the latter are the soldiers. He was believed, and holding widow of Samba, who died last August, the image aloft, they persisted in defying and the wife of Kapila. The deacons the troops, until they were fired upon; hesitated a little as to Samba's widow, not when, seeing some of his comrades fall, because of her present Christian character,

have the king himself converted, so far as our work in the country is concerned. We are talking of building a house up there, and Mrs. Webster thinks she would be able to undertake a school at the ombala were there some to take the girls off her hands. Oh! the very thought of the possibility of a school for those longneglected children of the ombala fairly makes my heart quiver."

VILLAGE WORK.

but because, as they put it, she is without a man, and it seems to them doubtful whether she will be able to live a Christian life in the circumstances that naturally surround a woman who is in her situation. They have not yet realized by actual experience that His grace is sufficient in any circumstances for those who really trust him. We hope that Lusinga, that is the young woman's name, will furnish them with a shining example of what is possible to one that believeth.

“Another fact that you will be delighted to hear is that Guma, who was baptized several years ago, and who was excommunicated for misconduct, has given satisfactory evidence of sincere repentance, and has, of his own accord, asked to be restored to fellowship, freely acknowledging his fault. With the new additions to be made and his restoration the number of members will have reached thirty ere this letter reaches you.

* We celebrated Christmas day by dedicating the little church. It was a most interesting occasion, both to us and to the little band who made the offering. We had held Sabbath services in the new schoolhouse for three weeks, and the church was plastered and whitewashed with white clay and ceiled with mats, and benches, made of native boards hewn for the purpose from trees in the bush, were put in. Mrs. Stover furnished lambrequins and Mrs. Webster and Mrs. Woodside picture-rolls to be cut up and put upon the walls. On one side is the picture of the Morning Star in a neat frame, and on another is the certificate of ownership in the Robert W. Logan, which was taken last January. Altogether the little room presented a very neat appearance on Christmas morning. About 120 were present. The muenekalia (prime minister) had promEsed to be present, but did not appear. He came down in the afternoon, however, to say that he was detained by business at court and could not come. interested listener at the services held by Mr. Woodside at the King's village, and we wish all our friends to pray that he may be converted. It would be better than to

Mr. Woodside writes :

• Of late I have been off among the villages. My main object at present has been to go over the country, to get more knowledge of the country and to make the acquaintance of the people. I have been going about from district to district, usually stopping but one night at a place. We get the people together and read and sing and talk to them. Of course we cannot hope to give them very much instruction in this way, but they get some new thoughts. I try and give them something of the reason why we are here. At many places they have some notion of a difference between us and the Portuguese. The difference, as they put it, is that we do not buy slaves and don't drink whiskey or beer; that we only buy sheep, goats, pigs, chickens, and such things; that we build good houses and pay good cloth. I have been generally well received. When I go to a village thus, and say that I think to remain over night, I am given a house, and the boys that I have with me receive their food, and I am usually given either a small pig or goat or sheep or a chicken, to chew,' as they put it."

From Chisamba Mr. Lee reports many friendly visits paid them by the neighboring chiefs, and he adds: “I am much delighted at the progress being made in our day-school and in the Sunday-school. Miss Clarke is a grand success in that line of work and is much liked by the boys. There is evidently an earnest desire on the part of each attendant to do his utmost to acquire an education and many of them are making really wonderful advances.”

He is a very

Lee says:

MANLY NATIVE CHRISTIANS.

had come about the onaka; so I said, A letter from Mr. Lee, dated Novem “Well, boys, what is it?” The elder boy, ber 19, but delayed in transit, gives a Ngulu, in a voice half-choked with tears, most cheering account of the character of spoke about as follows: the native young men at Chisamba. Mr. " • Nana, yesterday the cows eat your

corn, and to-day the sheep have eaten • These people will develop into fine, your other foud. Our boys are all sorry. manly, faithful servants of our Lord, I am They say you and the ladies will now have sure, and my heart rejoices over and over hardship because your food is destroyed. again as I witness manifestations of the They say too perhaps you will say, “The Holy Spirit's working in the minds of boys don't care about my onaka and my our boys and others. A healthy and food, and so I will go back to my own steady work is undoubtedly going on here. country to live." And if you go we shall There is no excitement, but an intelligent have no teacher till Nana Coolie (Mr. anxiety to learn what is the real mea ng Currie) comes back. Tow, Nana, the of our preaching and teaching is evident boys who drive the cattle are little boys in numbers of our attendants.

and they have no cloth of their own and “And as for the boys who have been cannot pay you. It is the custom of our converted. How I do wish our people at country for the olosekulu (old men) to be home could see them and hear them pray responsible for the boys. Nana Coolie and speak! If those who give of their made me the sekulu (old man) of his substance to help in the carrying on boys while he is away, and I have brought of this work could only witness the con you cloth to pay for your onaka. The sistent lives of these dear fellows, they little boys have no cloth, and if you fine would feel amply repaid for all they have them they will have hardship, but I have ever given to this work. I am not very cloth, and I wish you to accept it and not soft-hearted, but many a time lately I have be angry with the little ones.' had to go away alone behind a fence or • “ Long before he was through I knew tree, and shed tears for very joy at witness what was coming, for I saw the cloth in ing some act of marked piety on the part his hands; but it was some time after he of some of our fellows. Those tears are had finished before I could control my each time accompanied by a prayer of feelings and voice sufficiently to answer thanksgiving

him ; and then I told him that I could not “A little circumstance occurred last possibly take his cloth, but that his kindly week that touched me very much. One action had done me more good than all day Mr. Currie's cows strayed into my the food in the onaka could have done me, onaka (brook garden) and

and I would forgive the boys." nearly all my sweet corn. It was through Mr. Lee speaks of this incident, though an accident and not from want of vigilance small in itself, as revealing qualities which on the part of the little lad who was herd those who knew Ngulu would expect to ing them, so though I felt sorry I did not find in him. Though he is the most rescold the little boy. Well, the next day markable among the young men, there are the sheep wandered into the onaka and several others, whom Mr. Lee mentions by tried to finish up what the cows had left. name, who are much like him, and who The little fellow who herded the sheep give promise of making faithful servants had been careless with them, and his con of Christ and evangelists of no mean science smote him sufficiently to cause power. Of Ngulu, Mr. Lee writes: him to keep out of my way, though he “If Mr. Currie had done nothing else but need not have feared. I was more grieved train that boy, — though he is a man now, than angry. But just as we had finished his life here would not have been spesi tea our two oldest boys came in and sat in vain. Ngulu is a great power here nok. down. I saw by their faces that they His manly yet humble bearing, his con

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sistent Christian life, his intelligent grasp of gospel truth, his patience and good example toward even the youngest and meanest lad on the place, his glowing talks and earnest prayers, all go to make up a character such as one but too seldom meets even in our home lands. He is respected by all the chiefs and people who know him. He is loved by all the boys. He is most devoted in his attachment to Mr. Currie, and watches over the station more faithfully than even when Mr. Currie was here."

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European Turkey Mission.

VIOLENCE TO A MISSIONARY.

MR. CLARKE, of Samokov, reports a missionary tour among several towns, at one of which, Stope, he was assaulted with much violence. We give his report of the incident:

On reaching the khan at Stope, just at dusk, the keeper asked, “Have you a companion?' • Yes,' I replied; “I never travel alone.' • But,' said he, “I did not see any one come with you.' 'Neither did 1,' was my answer. I am sure One was with me, according to his promise. I thought I had time only for a gathering with the friends and planned to start an hour before dawn so as to accomplish some work in Dubnitza before the Sabbath, but it was otherwise ordered, and for good.

The priest who caused my former expulsion from the place was in the khan and spoke angrily to me because of my coming, but I made him no reply.

• After a profitable meeting with the friends, in their living-room, which was largely filled with cabbages piled upon the earthen floor, I was returning about 8.30 o'clock P.M., to my khan, accompanied by one of the friends when, at a corner of the street, five or six men, whom we could barely distinguish in the darkness, fell upon us with clubs. One of them was a son of the priest who had incited the attack, who is now teacher of the village school. We both called for help. My companion escaped, but I was

beaten, choked so as not to call for help, thrown to the ground and stamped upon once or more times. Just then a neighbor came out with a light, which seemed to be the only cause for the flight of all the assailants. I was not seriously injured, but had been wholly in their power. I lit a candle from my pocket with matches which I always carry, and, with my revolver in the right hand, went back to the place of the meeting and found that my companion was unharmed. I was glad that I had not shed blood. The attack was so unexpected and the darkness was so great that I did not realize that the men were armed with clubs with evil intent, and had no thought of selfdefence until I was wholly in their power.

“ The next day I remained to make complaint to the headman of the village, and in Dubnitza was examined by the government physician, whose certificate of five bruises I have, and I gave a written statement of the case to the local governor. As the officials were inclined to take no notice of the matter, I appealed to Mr. O'Conor, England's Consul-General at Sophia, who has made such representations to the Bulgarian government that three times officials have been sent to the village to search out the matter; twice the priest and others have been brought to Dubnitza for examination, and the prefect of Kustendil, under whom these places are, came to Dubnitza to meet me, turned out the two village officials, and took other action which I hope will assure freedom and safety to the friends in Stope. I am now summoned to Sophia for January 29, to bear witness as to the matter. I am confident that good will result in the end, both to the friends in Stope and to the cause of Christ there and elsewhere."

OPEN DOORS.

Mr. Bond, of Monastir, has recently visited the Seres district, which has within a short time been added to the Monastir station. After a month's absence he writes, deeply impressed with the need of immediately pressing the work in the

TUestern Turkey Mission.

a

AWAKENING AT BARDEZAG.

cities and villages of the district: “ Although nearly every village boasts church and one or more priests, the ignorance and superstition of the people in general is something appalling. Often when we had opened up to them the simple way of life, they would exclaim, • Beautiful, very beautiful! Our priest never tells us a word of this kind.' Several times the priests were described as men who could drink the most and talk the vilest. We were assured that one priest carried his flask of brandy to church for private consultation behind the altar."

At one large Bulgarian village an audience of 200 assembled to hear Mr. Kyrias preach, and about twenty-five persons came to the khan for conversation. Mr. Bond says :

One of our most interesting guests at the khan was a bright old woman who had visited Jerusalem for the benefit of her soul and that of her deceased daughter's. She stayed for hours and seemed fascinated by what she heard. She insisted on sitting close up to Mrs. Bond, saying, I can't read myself, but I like to watch as the beautiful words come from your lips, and then I can understand them better.' I opened our little organ and we sang of the 'silent night' at Bethlehem. At the end of the first verse the old woman sprang up, embraced my astonished wife and impressed a kiss upon her forehead. In the evening she brought us each a souvenir of her visit to the Holy Land, and declared that she would go on with us to Seres if it were not winter."

Of Seres itself Mr. Bond says: “We had several delightful meetings for prayer and praise with the preacher and his halfdozen followers. One evening a young man declared that he would smash the windows if we held a meeting in his neighborhood. After we had fairly begun, this same young Saul knocked at the gate and asked if he might come in. He had started out to execute his threat, but he was disarmed by the sweetness of the singing. And he was with us the next evening, apparently the most interested listener."

UNDER date of January 14, Rev. Robert Chambers, who, it will be remembered, has recently taken up his residence at Bardezag, writes as follows:

“We continued the Week of Prayer until New Year's eve (O. S.). We commenced with a full audience which soon became overcrowded, and we closed with a perfect jam. The average attendance was about 450. The meetings lasted from one hour and one-half to two hours and one-half. On more than one evening we closed the meeting two or three times. but the people would not go away. We adopted no unusual methods and there was no excitement whatever. From the first a deep earnestness had possession of many hearts. There is a great deal of drinking in this village and large numbers of half-drunk young men found their way to the chapel. Some who came to scoff remained to pray, and

we have learned of several cases of decision to reform.

“On the part of educated Gregorian young men there seemed to be a great hunger to hear the Word. I was astonished to see large numbers of persons totally unaccustomed to our Protestant form of service listening eagerly for two hours to our hymns, prayers, and exhortations. Many of our Protestant houses have received a blessing. One pleasing result of the meetings is the application of sixteen persons (eight of them are High School boys) to be received into the church. The deep emotion of some of the applicants greatly stirred and impressed the examining committee of the church. There is a wide field for work here and a wonderful readiness on the part of the people. During the thirtyseven days since I reached Constantinople I have addressed twenty-seven gatherings and attended several more."

A week later Mr. Chambers wrote as follows:

* Our school commences to-morrow, On Sunday ten women and eight young men are to be received into church mem

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