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- especially was the efforts of the pastor and a large volunteer committee of the church for the young men of the congregation. One of that committee showed me a long list of names — I think there were fifty-two — of young men for whom they agreed to labor and to pray. I was told that the hardest one of those young men was found very accessible, and the pastor has some hope that he is already a

renewed man. It is an interesting fact that the formation of this committee was

not at the suggestion of the pastor, but

ashamed.” He is already one of the most
influential men in our field.
“I spoke above of visiting all the Prot-
estant families of the several out-stations.
I am now on a sinnilar tour in Cesarea.
In the last three days I have, in company
with our best Bible reader, visited twenty-
five families. I have an appointment for
the same work to-morrow. It is my pur-
pose to continue this work till I have
called on every family that belongs to our
congregation, and also a good many others
who, though not worshiping with us,

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by a voluntary movement of the church. We think that this promises great good for Yozgat. The pastor of this church is surely ‘a workman that needeth not to be

are enlightened and friendly. It is about two years since I have made a thorough canvass of Cesarea. I expect that this will take me two weeks or more.”

TNotes from the Úibe jiclb.


South AFRICA. A REMARKABLE WEDDING. — Rev. Mr. Davidson, a missionary of the Scotch United Presbyterian Church, reports a remarkable service held in connection with a wedding at a farm in Adelaide. The bride and bridegroom were faithful servants on the farm, and after the ceremony the people suddenly, unitedly, and eagerly called for a divine service; some 200 people sat down on the grass, listening while Mr. Davidson preached. He says he never preached with more freedom or more manifest power. The people were deeply stirred. An hour or two after he had reached home a messenger was sent for the evangelist to come and hold another service in the evening. All the red heathen said they would never forget that marriage day. Since that time the work has developed hopefully and many more inquirers are appearing.

THE FREE CHURCH Mission ON LAKE NYASA. — We find in The Missionary Record of the United Presbyterian Church a report of an address of Rev. Dr. Laws, of Livingstonia, in which the history of the Free Church Mission on Lake Nyasa is given in such condensed form that we give an extended quotation: “The mission was first proposed in 1874, and the first missionary party sailed for Africa in 1875. Then the greater part of Central Africa was unknown, and the idea prevailed that it was only inhabited by - wild beasts. But when they sailed round Lake Nyasa they found villages or towns with from 50 to 5,000 or 10,000 inhabitants. On October 12, 1875, they sailed into the harbor at Cape Maclear, which became their first station. It had now developed to six centres, occupied by Europeans, the cape itself being occupied by the native who first made profession of his faith in Christ, and who had since been doing good service for the Master. In 1875 they were strangers to most of the languages, of which there were eight, in the district round the lake, besides the dialects of these languages. Now several of these had been reduced to writing, and Bible and New Testament translations effected; while they had also schoolbooks in most of the towns. Instead of there being no schools – as was the case in 1875 — during 1891 they had 32 schools in operation connected with the mission. In 1875 they had not a single scholar; during the past year they had about 7,000. Instead of having no o' teachers, as in 1875, they had now about 150 native teachers, male and female. Let

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it not be supposed, however, Dr. Laws remarked, that these teachers would pass the standard requirements for pupil teachers in this country. Certainly not; but their aim was to get as speedily as possible a widespread elementary education among the people — for this reason, that they wished to have a Bible-reading and a Bible-loving population. They did not seek that their native teacher should be equal to the European teacher, or the native pastor equal to the European pastor; but they wished to have their native teacher in advance of the native class, and their native pastor in advance of the native pew. They were striving, in connection with this work, also to give those teachers an industrial as well as a literary training. All were able to read the New Testament in their own language before they could become teachers in connection with the mission, and thus they were able to teach the alphabet to the children in the villages, and save the time of the Europeans in doing so. In 1875 there was on the lake only one man professing Christianity; in 1886 there were nine men and women who had been baptized. When he left, toward the close of last year, 165 men, women, and children had been baptized in connection with the mission.

“The native Christians were seeking to take a part in spreading the gospel. They laid this work upon them as a duty; if they had joined the church of Christ, they were not to be drones. It was their duty to tell those in their households and those in their villages and those in other villages of the way of salvation, which they themselves had learned, and they were doing this. During the past year they had had from thirty to forty of their native Christians going out Sunday after Sunday to preach the gospel– some of these men walking eight, ten, and twelve miles for the purpose in a broiling sun. Sometimes they left on their journey the preceding day, if they could stay with friends, and thus the whole of the Sunday was spent in preaching to the people at different villages. In this way, in 1891, they had from twenty-five to thirty services conducted every Lord's day by these Christians themselves, in connection with the one station referred to.”

THE GANGUELLAs. – The Bulletin of the Geographical Society of Lisbon prints a letter from one of the Roman Catholic missionaries in the Ganguella country, beyond Bihé, in West Central Africa. This territory stretches inland to the Zambesi. The writer reports these natives as docile, timid, imitative, and eager to learn; appreciating kindness, and having a feeling for the beautiful. They are dextrous workers in wood and iron, and do not oppose to civilization the cold resistance of those who do not wish to know anything more than they have learned from their ancestors. Around the Catholic mission station native families have settled, and are cultivating successfully. not only the native products, but those of Europe; among them wheat, which yields sixtyfold on land relatively poor. The missionaries, aided by their school-children. have dug a canal for irrigating purposes. The governor of Bengueila, who has visited Carsenga, examined the school in reading, writing, arithmetic, spelling, and the Portu. guese language. “It is even necessary to moderate the zeal of the little blacks for study.”


PROGRESS OF EDUCATION.—A recent government report states that in 1891 there were 138,054 public and private educational institutions from which reports were received. In these there were gathered 3,368,930 boys and 313,717 girls. The increase in the number of girls over the previous year was nearly 20,000. The percentage of attendance, based on the population of school-going age, was ten and seven-tenths per cent. Of the pupils in the school a little over half a million were studying some classic language; 353,000 of them were studying English. Of those attending these schools, sixty-eight per cent. were Hindus, twenty-three per cent. Mohammedans, and about two and one-half per cent. were native Christians.

BITTER HATRED. — It is difficult for those who have not lived in the midst of communities where ideas of caste prevail to understand the intense abhorrence which Hindus entertain for persons whom they regard as defiled. They often seem to shrink in horror from the touch of respectable men, much as many persons would shrink from the touch of a serpent. A missionary at Lodiana speaks of an occasion where he was preaching to a quiet audience of Hindus, and a fakeer came upon the scene, and became noisy and abusive. Standing close to the missionary and gesticulating toward the people, the fakeer by an accident happened to touch the missionary, when he suddenly stopped, spat on the ground, and with a look of the utmost disgust, as if he had touched some loathsome thing, stooped down and rubbed his finger in the dust. Then turning to the crowd he said, “These people eat pigs and cows, and they are not fit to preach.” With that he walked away, and most of the audience followed him with exclamations of horror at such depravity. THE RAvAGES OF WILD BEASTs. – Statements have often been made as to the extent of these ravages in India, which have seemed exaggerated, and even if they were credited, it has been supposed that they referred to a distant past. But official returns for the year 1891 show that no less than 24,841 people in British India were killed by wild animals during that year. By far the larger portion of these (22,134) were killed by snakes; 928 by tigers, and the remainder by wolves, leopards, elephants, and other animals. It appears that the destruction both of human and animal life from this cause is on the increase. Something is attempted in the way of destroying these venomous and ravenous animals, but as yet without any effect in decreasing the casualties.


THE political outlook in Madagascar is not reassuring. The British government, in securing the assent of France to its Protectorate at Zanzibar, accorded to France certain rights in Madagascar which the Malagasy are not ready to give her. The government at Antananarivo is resolved not to permit France to maintain the judicial control and consular representation of foreigners. A correspondent of The Independent and Monconformist, at Antananarivo, says that the Hova diplomatists resent the grievous wrong the British have inflicted upon “the Protestant and progressive nation,” and affirms that it is probable that the Malagasy government will give notice of the abrogation of the treaty with England and of great increase of tariff upon British goods. In this way they hope to open the eyes of the British to the wrong which they affirm has been done them.

THE BIBLE IN MADAGASCAR.—A missionary in Madagascar writes as follows as to the source of progress which has been witnessed in that great island within the past few years: “It was the Bible that has made Madagascar. They had now in Madagascar 1,360 congregations—self-supporting Christian congregations — and that work had been mainly done by the Bible. The people of Madagascar had one book, and that book the Bible, and they regarded all other books as only useful so far as they threw light on the Bible and helped them to understand it. The Roman Catholics had been in Madagascar since 1616, but no trace of their work remains because they did not give the Word of God to the people.”


CoNTEMPT FOR IDols. – A missionary at Amoy reports many incidents indicating popular contempt for the gods which they have worshiped. In one case the temple, which had ten large idols, to whom much worship had been paid, caught fire and the idols were all burned to charcoal. A multitude of people were present, as it was market day, but they seemed to care very little about the burning of their gods, and they said: “They could not run away or call any one to save them. Why, they are less able to take care of themselves than rats or chickens or dogs' "

A SAINTLY CHINAMAN. — To meet the slur which is often heard that Chinese converts have no moral stamina, Dr. Griffith John sends to The Independent and Monronformist of London a long and most interesting account of Wang King Foo, a convert. who died March 25, while on missionary work far from his home. Seventeen years ago Wang was a small huckster in Hankow, where he first heard Christian truth. He was then distrusted by Dr. John, but soon by his diligence in Bible study and faith. fulness in life he commended himself to all the missionaries. When the London mission was started in the province of Szchuen, at Chung-king, Wang was chosen to accompany the party. He rendered most faithful service, commending himself both to the natives and to the missionaries by his unceasing industry and devotion. A heathen man said of him, “There was no difference between him and ‘the Book.” At his deathbed there was a remarkable scene. Wang's heart was burdened for the heathen around him. “Why don't they trust in my Saviour?” Some one said to him, “Mr. Wang, you will soon be with Jesus.” To which he replied, “I am always with him, and I have all sufficiency in him.” He said to the weeping friends around him, “The goodness of Christ's disciples should not only come up to, but surpass, that of every other person. Commonplace goodness does not count.” The natives marveled over his love for the Saviour and his perfect peace. A missionary says, “I have come many times to the brink of the unseen during my hospital experience, but never to witness so glorious an entrance of one into that rest which remaineth for the people of God.” Mr. Wang was only thirty-six years of age at the time of his death, and Dr. John says that there are many Christians in China as good and stalwart as was this saint who has now been taken to heaven.

THE INSTIGATOR OF RIots. – The name of Chou Han has become so notorious in connection with the riots in the province of Hunan, and with the production of that disgraceful anti-foreign and anti-Christian literature which has had so much to do in inciting the natives, that any facts concerning him are of interest. Dr. Griffiti John regards him as an epileptic monomaniac, who is courting notoriety. Dr. John says of him, “He sometimes adopts the garb of a Taoist priest and lives in a Taoist temple. At other times he dons the ordinary dress, and appears like one of the people; he spends much of his time in the ‘Pan Benevolent Hall"; he is much given to spiritualism and gives a great deal of time to spirit-writing. He is addicted to fits, and sometimes swoons away for hours.” There seems to be much difference of opinion as to the present attitude of affairs in Hunan, some reporting that there has been a change for the better, while others claim that there is constant liability of another outbreak.


CoNTINUED PROGRESS. — We have previously reported a remarkable religious movement in Manchuria, having its centre at Moukden. A recent letter to The Missionary A'ecord of the United Presbyterian Church, from Rev. Mr. Webster, states that in January fifty-three people were received to the church. The gospel is getting a firm and effectual hold in the villages. On one occasion Mr. Webster was kept the greater part of three days in examining candidates. In one village the temple is the property of the people, and is in charge of four elders selected by the people, and now three of these elders are baptized. It is a question what will be done at the time of the usual ceremonies, for one elder cannot act without the others. Mr. Webster naturally dreads the effect of having the village nominally Christian, when it is not Christian at heart; but the movement certainly is a remarkable one.


IT is twenty years since the London Missionary Society sent its first workers to New Guinea, and the progress during this time has been something wonderful. If, as we ought, we reckon Australia as a continent, New Guinea is the largest island in the world. Port Moresby has been one of the principal stations, but recently a new island, Kwato, has been occupied, and an institution is to be established there for the training of native teachers. The summary of the missionary work in the island is given in The Chronezcle of the London Society as follows: “There are fifty-three stations dotted along the southeast coast, a staff of six missionaries, over thirty South Sea Island teachers, and some twenty New Guineans. There are more than 2,000 children under instruction, and between 400 and 500 church members; while last, but not least, the Rev. W. G. Lawes, the senior of the New Guinea staff of missionaries, during his recent visit to England, took through the press the whole of the New Testament in the Motuan dialect; all of which things are fraught with encouragement and promise for the future.”

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For those in India and Japan who are convinced that their old forms of faith are untenable and are now seeking to reform them : that they may see the truth as it is in Jesus, and may not be misled by the misrepresentations of Christianity to reject Him who is the light of the world. (See page 317.)

March 5. At Durban, Natal, Miss Fidelia Phelps.


June 25. From Boston, Mrs. Alice Gordon Gulick, returning to the Spanish Mission.
June 25. From San Francisco, Miss Abbie M. Colby, returning to the Japan Mission.
July 16. From New York, Rev. John E. Chandler and Miss Eva M. Swift, returning to the
Madura Mission; also, Miss Mary T. Noyes, daughter of Rev. Joseph T. Noyes, of Kodi-
kanal, to join the same mission.
June 18. The Morning Star sailed from Honolulu for Micronesia.


May 19. At New York, Rev. Wm. F. English and wife, of the Western Turkey Mission.

June 23. At San Francisco, Rev. D. W. Learned, Ph.D., and wife, and Mrs. Mary F. Taylor, wife of Rev. Wallace Taylor, M.D., of the Japan Mission.

July 4. At New York, Miss Hattie A. Houston, of the Madura Mission.

June —. At New York, Miss Ida W. Prime, of the Western Turkey Mission.


June 22. In the chapel of Wellesley College, Rev. J. H. Wyckoff, of the Arcot Mission, to
Miss Gertrude A. Chandler, recently of the Madura Mission.


April 27. At Waimea, Hawaiian Islands, Mrs. Lucia Garrat Lyons, widow of the late Rev. Lorenzo Lyons, aged 84 years and Io days. Mrs. Lyons was born at Burlington, N. Y., April 17, 1808, and sailed for the Hawaiian Islands Mission in 1836, at the time the great reinforcement was sent to that mission. Two years later she was married to Rev. Lorenzo Lyons, and was his faithful helpmeet till the time of his death. Mrs. Lyons devoted much of her time and effort to teaching, and many well-known Hawaiians were among her

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