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more apt pupil than many of his more favored brethren who are able to read the precious Word. With such an indwelling of the Spirit it is impossible that he should remain without witnessing for that Saviour who is so precious to him. I have many times seen him surrounded with a little company of his people, and heard him set forth the simple truths of the gospel, and plead with them in a way that surprised me. He has some picture-books representing scenes in the life of Christ, which he uses as texts, as he tries to impress their truths upon his hearers. His whole life is a witness for Christ, and I have no doubt that its influence will some time be powerfully felt among his neighbors, perhaps after he himself has passed away. A few weeks ago I went to Raghoba's village unexpectedly to him, and visited him in his solitude. His countenance told of some unusual suffering, but he met me in his usually cheerful manner. In answer to my inquiries he related to me an experience which reminds one of Old Testament scenes in the times of Abraham and Jacob. He told me that he was taken violently ill one night, and though he shouted to his neighbors he could not rouse them from their sleep. He then got up and attempted to go to their houses, but in the darkness he took the wrong road and went some distance into a field. Dizziness came upon him and he fell down there. When somewhat recovered he found his way back to his hut, but fell down, unconscious, outside the door. Here he lay until morning, when his friends came and found him. But while he lay there he had a dream which gave him great comfort. He saw two angels coming to him with smiling countenances and garments of dazzling whiteness. They spoke to him and said, ‘Raghoba, do not fear, and do not be troubled because the Missionary Saheb and brethren of the church are so far away and cannot come to you now. Ploe are here, and we will take care of you, and after you are through with this life you will have an everlasting life of happiness in heaven ''

“One of the greatest causes of anxiety with these poor and isolated Christians is the thought that when they die there may be no one present of their own religion to bury them, and I have no doubt that Raghoba had partaken somewhat of this fear. But now his fears were all gone. He was no longer troubled because all his Christian friends were so far away, and he is cheerfully waiting for his Saviour to take him home. I have often looked with admiration upon the heavenly spirit of Raghoba, notwithstanding the repulsiveness of the body in which it is enclosed, but now I felt like reverencing one whom, in his distress, the angels were commissioned to care for and serve. For, whether we regard this as ‘simply a dream ' or a ‘real experience,” it must have been sent by a loving Father to comfort his stricken child in his lonely situation.”


In answer to the question “Is there any progress among the non-Christian community?” Mr. Bruce refers to many hopeful signs which the missionary sees which it is impossible to present in statistical tables, and he refers to a fact stated by a native pastor as follows : —

“In one of our church prayer-meetings recently, Rev. Mr. Kassimbhai spoke upon this subject, and in illustration of the indirect influences of our work he presented three pictures, somewhat as follows: (1) In the village of K. many years ago the people were very bitter in their hatred of the missionaries, and when Rev. Mr. Wood went there, on one of his tours, there was a serious riot, in which the missionary was stoned. (2) At a later period, when I began visiting that village there was no sign of public disturbance, but the people appeared very sullen, and it was impossible to gather an audience to listen to our preaching. (3) On a recent tour we visited that same village, but were surprised and pleased with the reception which was given us. After pitching our tent we went into the principal street to preach to the people, who gathered around us in large numbers.

The patil and other chief men were present, and all listened eagerly to the truth. We remained for a long time, but the people showed no signs of weariness. It seemed a great contrast with our reception here a few years ago. This is but a sample of what we see all about us. We cannot point to a single convert from the village of K., but the results of our efforts are seen in the changed attitude of the people toward us and toward the message which we bring to them. Whole communities are feeling the influences of the gospel, and we believe that the time is not far distant when whole communities will forsake their idol-gods and turn to the living God through our Lord Jesus

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FROM a letter of Mr. W. W. Wallace, a valued instructor in Jaffna College, written in February last, we give the following cheering extract: —

“We have rejoiced in spiritual blessings during the past year. Several of our boys seem as genuinely converted and as truly filled with the Holy Spirit as any boys I ever met. They are very faithful, and God has blessed our labors together. In November a work of grace began very quietly and naturally. We continued in prayer and exhortation and many were led to a serious consideration of Jesus Christ as their personal Saviour from sin. Many were anxious to speak in our meetings — not in their usual way of advising others, but in the first person, briefly and pointedly. How we thank God for his refreshing grace and long for continued blessing !

“In a recent debate on a question connected with the government I was surprised and pained at the caviling and carping of some of the speakers; pleased, however, to find that some were very manful and generous in spirit. ‘The English have made us all that we are. They have raised us to a higher plane of living, and brought us civilization and

Christianity. We cannot but show our gratitude,” etc. “I have of late accompanied some of the boys in their village Sunday-school work. At one school the work was quite run down. Only three or four boys were at times in attendance. Two weeks ago there were thirty-two boys there and last week thirty-five. I asked them to promise daily prayer. They answered that they were Sivite boys and could not say Christian prayers. Coming from children, that shows something of the opposition here met and how strong is still the hold of heathenism on the country people. We cannot expect much, however, from such teachers. In conversing with the man, I found that his view of Christ was that he was a Mahatma / " At the time of writing the foregoing letter the College was about to send up sixteen students for their first university examination, and there was some anxiety as to the results. Writing home May 1, Mr. Wallace reports unusual success on the part of these students at their examination. He says: — “The final results of our first university examinations are now published and show that our College takes the lead of all institutions in Ceylon, having passed fourteen out of sixteen candidates, and four of them in the first class. Eleven of these remain with us for the F. A. course and our class is augmented by two boys from the Jaffna Central College (Wesleyan). We have now over eighty boys on our roll, and enter upon a very hopeful year of work. The past year witnessed spiritual blessings also, and so thoroughly an evangelizing institution has our College always been that it has won the reputation among heathen circles of being ‘a regular proselyting institution.” We hope to maintain it such, and that the present year may be very fruitful in genuine conversions.”


Rev. W. W. Howland gives the following interesting account of the school at Oodooville: —

“At the commencement of the new term fifty candidates for admission were examined and twenty-six admitted, making the number 113, all of them boarding in the institution. This is a larger number than we like to have, but the anxiety of the parents as well as of the girls makes it hard to refuse to receive them even when the candidates fail to pass perfectly the examination or are unable to pay the full rate for board and tuition. It is remarkable that parents whom we have considered rigid heathen have brought their daughters to be admitted, ready to pay full tuition at the highest rates. We hear that the Wesleyans also had a rush of candidates for admission to their boarding school recently. A class of eleven pupils graduated in January, all of them church members. Some of them go to heathen homes where they are exposed to great trials and temptation. I went with my daughter yesterday to visit one of these. We remained some time talking to the friends and neighbors who crowded around, having a portion of Scripture read to them. Her brother is urging a heathen marriage.

“The necessity which parents in this heathen country feel of having their daughters married exposes many to trials and temptations. Even the promise of a heathen not to hinder his wife from walking as a Christian is not always kept. Yet with this risk we consider the giving a Christian education to the daughters cven of the heathen is one of the most important and encouraging branches of our work. Twelve of the pupils of the boarding school were received to the church during the year, and there were quite a number of candidates who are anxious to be received and are deferred not so much on account of any special unfitness, but for a longer trial. There was some special religious interest near the close of the year and a number of the pupils then decided to serve Christ.”

Mr. Howland sends an account of a household now united in Christ, the story having been written out at his request by a native assistant : —

“Mallamuttu is the wife of Manuthcutty, a Tamil compositor in the Manepay Press. She became thoughtful of her soul's salvation by attending meetings held by the catechist in the Bible-woman's house, which was in her neighborhood. Her husband was somewhat a skeptic, and did not allow her to attend meetings where she could learn more of Jesus the Saviour. The Bible-woman visited and taught her and prayed with her. In time the catechist influenced her husband to send their daughter to a boarding school, where she became interested and was baptized. This was a happy disappointment to the father, with whom the catechist, by this time, became a favorite, and who, by his request, attended Sunday services and prayer-meet. ings in the village preaching bungalow. But he would not allow his wife or the daughter to attend. His wife and daughter were praying for his conversion, and the catechist made it a point of special prayerful effort, and it was blessed. In a meeting during the Week of Prayer, Maruthacutty stood up with shaking and trembling, confessed his sinfulness, and accepted Christ as his Saviour. This was a day of great joy to his family. He was received to the church and he is a consistent Christian. His new name is Joshua. Now Mallamuttu had courage to speak to her neighbors about Christ, had family prayer regularly, and attended the Sunday services and prayer-meetings in the village chapel. On the day she was examined by the church committee for admission to the church she answered the questions like those who are able to read, and said that a light and joy have come into her heart which she is unable to describe. She was baptized with the same name, Mallamutta (good pearl), and made a communicant. Her oldest daughter was made a communicant also, and her two other daughters were baptized.”

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“Again we have to record the attendance of multitudes who have come to see us during the great fair. The main difference between this year and last seems to be that the crowds have been greater, and our force being larger we have been able to preach more continuously. More books and tracts have been sold than during all the rest of the year. The number of people who have come to see and to hear, estimated by the Chinese at 40,000, and probably not less than 20,000, is more than twice as great as those who listen at the outside chapel throughout the year. The number of patients at the hospital is considerably larger than last year at this time. Add to this the fact that several inquirers have come forward, and you will see what a busy season it is with us.

“We have been very fortunate this year in obtaining help from Pang-chuang, two of their helpers having given us assistance during the entire time. One of the Canadian missionaries has also been here and assisted not a little, and a Bible-woman in the employ of that mission has talked day after day to the WOmen.

“One peculiar feature which occasions surprise among even old residents of China is the large number of women who have come, listened, bought tracts, and assented to the words spoken to them. The common idea with regard to a Chinese woman is that of a being who has no control over her own time or possessicns, who dares not call her soul her own, and who never goes far from home beCause of her little feet. So when one sees hundreds of women buying books with their own money, and learns that many of them have walked thirty and even fifty miles in order to attend this fair, it is quite a surprise. But one soon observes that though there are hundreds and thousands of women who have come hither to worship, only a very small percentage of them are under forty, and most of them are fifty, sixty, and some even seventy years old. The young women do not come out; they are left at

home to care for the children, while the old mother-in-law enjoys the freedom to which years and gray hairs entitle her.

“Another feature of the fair has been the orderliness of the crowds. They have been shown around the compound, and with all their curiosity there have been few instances of unseemly behavior, and among the 20,000 who have come here only a single case of drunkenness. This peaceableness on the part of the Chinese, their readiness to enter our courts, and the good attention given show how little effect the rumors of the past year and the anti-foreign feeling in other places have had in the region around us.

“Yet it has not been entirely peaceful. At a village twenty miles away the Roman Catholics are having no end of trouble. The people there rose up in arms against the native Christians, killed a few, refused all offers of peace from the official, and created such a disturbance that the Catholics dare not till their fields, and there is every prospect of a local rebellion. Meantime a body of 500 soldiers have assembled to protect the Christians and to defend the workmen who are engaged in tearing down a temple which the people had built on land owned by the Catholics. Opening our courts in the way we do, and avoiding those things which try the patience of the Chinese, avoiding the taking sides in lawsuits, cannot fail to have its effect upon the people. At the same time we have reason to believe that the people about us are less inclined to make trouble than they are in many places.

“We rejoice greatly over the arrival of Dr. Wagner. He came in the very nick of time.”


UNDER date of June 22, Dr. Davis

writes from Kyôto : — “Professor Ladd's lectures here will do good, especially to those theological students who were doubting whether God had made any real revelation or not, and to agnostics in the higher classes of the college department. We graduate twentythree from the theological department, thirty-eight from the collegiate department, twelve from the girls' school, and ten from the training school for nurses, this week. “A church of forty-eight members, thirty-nine coming by letter and nine on profession of their faith, was organized in Fushimi, eight miles south of Kyôto, last Sabbath. These Christians are gathered from ten different places in the southern part of the province, a district ten miles long and seven miles wide. They are the firstfruits of the work which has been done in this district by the students from our theological classes during the last few years, and especially during the last two years. “Some of those who gave their money to prevent this work from being given up a year and a half ago will be glad to know of this result. We hope that this church will prosper and increase, so that ere many years it will be divided into many churches in this region. This was the second council I have attended in the last few months, where no pastors were sent; it is not for lay but for clerical representation that we must strive in Japan. “A recent tour of eight days with Mr. Yebina, president of the Japanese Home Missionary Society, impressed me very deeply with the importance of such touring work, and leads me to feel more than ever that some one must be stationed in Kyoto who can give all his time to such work. We spent three nights at the old castle town of Fukui, having communion with the little band of Christians there and holding some very interesting preaching services. One man came in twentythree miles to attend the meetings. He borrowed a copy of Dr. Martin's Evidences of Christianity, in Chinese, some years ago, became convinced that there is a God, and came into Fukui to hear more of the truth. He became a Christian, and as he was a manufacturer of saké (ricewhiskey) he destroyed all his utensils for this manufacture, sold the débris, etc., and bought a little land which he now

tills. There is no other Christian nearer than Fukui, and he was very hungry to hear and ask questions. “We spent a day and night at Nagoya, speaking to a large gathering of young men in the afternoon, and to a company of Christians in our preaching-place in the evening. Miss Gardner has been doing good work there among the women, and Mr. White has also made several visits from Tsu. We also spent one night each at Nagahama, Hikone, Hachiman, and Otsu, on Lake Biwa, finding much to encourage in all these places. We had an interesting experience in Hikone. We had traveled thirteen hours from Fukui that day, and reached Hikone late and tired, and we found the church packed full. The Buddhist priests and their students had taken possession, and had come to break up our meeting if possible. The pastor and Mr. Yebina spoke first, and they were almost drowned out by the cries and yells of the crowd. “When I went upon the platform I was greeted with cries of ‘Ketouin the term of reproach for foreigner. I waited till they had quieted a little, made a polite bow, and began by saying that I always enjoyed talking to young men, and that I hoped I could do them some good. Every young man wants to succeed in life, and I would tell them some of the elements of success: take a great aim in harmony with heaven, with man, and with one's own conscience; have a great zeal to accomplish that aim ; take great models to help us ; all nations have such models: Japan has them, all religions have them; Confucianism has Confucius; Buddhism has Shaka; Christianity has Christ. For instance, if a Confucianist goes to a Christian church, he will take Confucius as his model how he should behave and how he should listen; if a Buddhist goes to such a meeting, he will take Shaka as his model, and if a Christian goes to a Buddhist service, he will take Christ as his model, etc. When I began to apply the truth in this way the priests, who had been standing in the crowd in the rear of the church leading the disturbers, one

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