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with delegates from the 10,760 Christians of the Kumi-ai (Congregational) churches. Communications from our Japanese brethren, some in the line of requests and others of strong protest, were received from different parts of the field, and given to committees to settle. Reports from all the related fields were listened to. Language examinations of a number of the younger members were held. Precious Sunday services; a wedding under the trees; delightful chats, day and night, of friends with friends, — and the eight days were gone. leaving us with harder problems than ever before to face during the coming year.

Letters from the Missions.

Eastern Turkey Mission. MR. ANDRUS, of Mardin, reports an extended visit paid some months since to a district called Sherwân, east of Sert, which had heretofore remained unexplored by our missionaries. The whole journey covered more than five hundred miles and occupied forty-two days. After visiting Diarbeker, Karabash, Farkin, and other places, the route lay through the Koordish tribe called Reshkota, recently in rebellion. Spending a night at small Christian village near Baiho, an incident occurred which Mr. Andrus describes as follows:



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“ About two hours before midnight two gendarmes rode up our lodgings. Having quartered themselves and their animals they began to upbraid our host for harboring us, and threatened to arrest him for complicity with our designs ! They said we were foreigners bent on mischief, and distributing inflammatory literature over the country to produce a rising, and that they had been sent by the kaimakam to arrest us and return us to Baiho. My servant overhearing their conversation was alarmed, and informing me of their business hoped I would do something — he hardly knew what! I told him we needed sleep now, and would see what the morrow might bring. Rising early we had prayers, breakfasted, and then quietly prepared to go on our way, paying no attention to the gendarmes, as they had made no communi

cation to us. Having saddled their horses they rode out of the yard and posted themselves outside the gate. I soon rode out, followed by the colporter and servant, passed the gendarmes, and turned into the road to Sert. Being convinced that we intended to proceed to Sert the sergeant called out in Turkish, Halt!' As I paid no attention to the summons be came up on my left and shouted in Arabic, • Halt!' Without halting I asked him in Arabic why I should halt. He then apo ogized for not having spoken to me before. as he supposed I was ignorant of Arabic and added that he had been ordered by the kaimakam to take us back to Baiho. you

have a summons to serve on me, produce it.' 'I have no written order. • Then I cannot regard your command;' and kept on my pace.

He thereupos dashed ahead, wheeled, and riding toward me said he must return me to Baiho, even if it be by force. “Would you use force to compel me to return with you?' My instructions are to take you back to Baiho. and I have no option.'

Turning to the colporter and servant ! called upon them to witness that I returned with the sergeant without a legal summons and under compulsion alone. asked the sergeant if he were willing * give me a statement to that effect over his seal. He said he was; so dismounting I drew up a statement which he accepte promising to seal it at Baiho if it shouc be necessary. Remounting we returned with him, chatting pleasantly by the wa and commending him for faithfulness in

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the discharge of his duty. At Baiho I able talk with the two in Koordish, which was virtually a prisoner for three hours in is the common language of this entire the office of the captain of the gen district. Upon concluding a lunch, at darmes, who entertained me with his which was served up the best butter and conversation until the arrival of the kai honey I ever ate, we rose to go. I premakam. . One point was already gained in sented our host with a copy of the that the latter came to me instead of sum Armeno-Koordish Testament on condimoning me to his presence. Not satisfied tion that the priest should read from it as with that, however, I reproached him for often as the villagers should assemble at his failure to issue a legal summons for his house. This he accepted, and receivmy arrest and detention. He then began ing the book he reverently kissed it. We to excuse his dereliction, but ended by had found one place suitable for driving a asking my pardon! I accepted his regrets gospel peg some day. and the incident was closed. Then he Passing by and through several small turned to the colporter and requested to villages, we pressed on to Simkhòr for the see his books. All he had were then night. This is a Jacobite Syrian village spread out upon the floor and cursorily of over fifty houses. As we approached examined. Seeing nothing which had not it from the cliff above, and which conceals the imprimatur of either the Constantino it until we are upon it, the priest and leadple or Beirut censorship he retired grace ing men came out to meet us. We lodged fully from this search by opening a Turkish at the house of the chief, and until a late Bible at a disputed passage in John's hour read, talked, and sung the gospel Gospel, and called upon me to answer his to a roomful of attentive people — the interpretation of it. Although I had all priest being among the most interested the necessary traveling papers for all three listeners. Next morning he brought us a of us, no inquiry for them was made, and small basket of the famous pomegranates upon our departure the captain offered us of these banks of the Bohtàn River. We an escort to Sert."

also called on him, saw his old books of SHERWAN EXPLORED.

parchment and the church in which he “ After a week's sojourn at Sert we set officiates. Our impressions of the place out for the exploration of a district to the and people had ripened into a judgment cast of Sert called Sherwan. Providence that here was another place for the gospel had not previously opened the way for to fasten upon and reclaim ; but the priest, either missionary or native helper to visit as he took my hand at parting, said, “I it, and we were anxious to learn the state have not yet been able to divine for what of the nominally Christian population, the intent you have visited us.' prospects for a future work among them, “We journeyed east of north over the and the strategic points therefor. With hills and dropped down into another vala dismounted gendarme for guide and ley in the bosom of which nestled the protection we completed the first stage of Armenian village of Khundik, of about this trip an hour and a half after sunset, twenty houses. It was a charming spot, and at a village not down on our itinerary, but the oppression of surrounding Koordthe guide having lost his way. By noon of ish begs was depleting the population. the second day we reached the beautifully Their church had been reduced to a heap, situated Armenian village of Gooräna, and they were not allowed to restore it. with fifty houses, and in front of a valley to That superstition was more rife than relithe south, in which, not half an hour away, gion was attested by the tufts of grass nestled the villages of Mazorân and Ha which, roots and all, were fastened by lasàn. The village chief, who is also a their own mud to the upper lintels of the member of the council of the kaimakam doors of the houses, and by the fact that of the district, received us cordially. The they sought us not out as at the other priest soon appeared, and we had a profit- places we had visited.”


the roof of a house of one of the chief “On Saturday afternoon we rode into

men of the village, and there had a serious Dere Haweël, a village of twelve Jacobite

talk with them on the nature of the pasSyrian houses. The meaning of the name

toral office as set forth by Paul to Timothy is surrounded by convents. There were

and Titus, which was well received. Later formerly ten of these convents, the ruins we returned to Serooz for the night, and of most of them still remaining. One read and talked long with those who still stands in the midst of a grove of

assembled. At the time of retiring the venerable oaks, so sacred that no axe inmates of the family that received us must be lifted upon those thick trees; and ranged themselves, eight in number, in a if any one attempts to ride by the convent circle with their feet inward and over a the saint to whom it is dedicated will fire of coals placed in an oven sunk in the surely slay him! Another of them, while floor. They possessed the scantiest and in process of building in honor of a dirtiest bedding I ever saw. remarkable saint, was visited by flocks of

“ The next day we came to the Jacobite wild mountain-goats which regularly con

Syrian village of Maäden, having fifty tributed their milk to be used instead of

houses and using the Arabic language. water in mixing the mortar! What wonder The headman of this village has also a that we found in such congenial soil for

seat in the council of the kaimakam. He traditions and old wives' fables a people

received us in a room reserved for guests without priest, deacon, or Sabbath! Still,

and used also as the resort of the villagers. during the two evenings we were there

We discoursed to a roomful of these that and throughout the Sabbath, we were able evening far into the night, and as we took to read and talk to both the multitude and our leave the next morning our host said individuals upon their spiritual needs. to the colporter and myself, · Your love • Our ride the next day took us over a

has fallen upon our hearts; come to us wedge-shaped course around a chain of again in the spring.' This last place is high and rugged mountains, so that by really the key to this section of our field, nightfall we were only on the opposite

and is within easy reach of three other side of the mountain over against the

Christian villages. The whole region place we had left in the early morning.

constantly suffers from the threefold exacWe alighted at Nooben, an Armenian tions of government, Koordish Agbas, village of twenty houses. The Arme and Kochers, or nomad Koords; and their nians all through here use Koordish better poverty, ignorance, and superstition cannot than they do Armenian. Here too we

be matched in any other part of the field. spent an interesting evening. The next But tough as the struggle must needs be day we halted at the Jacobite Syrian vil

in order to plant the gospel in such hard lage of Serooz of twenty-five houses.

soil and in the face of such opposition as Observing the clouds, and that only one

will surely be raised to prevent it, we feel storm was necessary to close for the winter that the time is approaching when the the pass by which we had come, I left my attempt should be begun." servant here, and with the colporter only pressed on down the long and narrow

fHadura f#ission. valley to the village of Zenzek, with forty houses. Although Syrians, they use the

PERSECUTIONS. Armenian and Koordish, having lost their MR. JONES, aside from his care of the own language. We went to the church, theological department of the Pasumalai and as it was the hour of prayer the two Seminary, has the oversight of Tirumanpriests present went through a responsive galam station, and writes of the work at service. Having examined a parchment that centre: copy of the Gospels in the Estrangelo “I devote every other Saturday and character, we retired with the priests to Sunday to the work of visiting its congre

gations and administering the Lord's Sup fluence of the pastor among the heathen. per at centres, besides spending two days In the night he brought two young men a month with the agents of that station to me to be examined in Bible knowledge. in prayer, conference, and instruction. I One of them, twenty-two years of age, rehave already written of the urgent need of cited a number of Scripture verses and new churches in many villages — a need some Bible history. I found that he is the which would have been attended to long son of the wealthiest man of high caste in ago had there been a resident missionary that whole region. The boy was a desperin the station the last few years. In the ately wicked fellow and robbed his father of village whose church and nearly all the Rs. 6,000, which he gave to a companion. houses of the Christians were burned His father knew not what to do with him down by enemies, we made a strong effort for his reformation. He finally decided to to bring the miscreants and persecutors to bring him to our native pastor, and with the justice; but chiefly because we could not remark that he could do nothing for him he get the police, who were hand and glove begged the pastor to instruct him in the with the enemy, to make a charge in less Bible and to exert all the Christian influthan two months, the magistrate dis ence he could for his salvation. So the missed the c. c.

pastor is faithfully at work instructing, There is vast difficulty in securing jus- counseling, and guiding the young man, tice for our Christians in the villages even who was proud that evening to come to me with our influence behind them. One well with his spiritual guide. The other boy to-do Christian has been annoyed and is his cousin, in whose mind is treasured robbed by a few men of his village for a vast amount of Scripture knowledge. several years. They were angry with him He is one of the brightest boys of for his being a Christian, and jealous of fourteen that I have seen in India. The his prosperity. They have indulged in son of another high-caste heathen, the the pastime of destroying his crops every village official, has recently joined our year. He has sought redress from the school at Pasumalai, and united with the courts, which have decided several times in church at the last communion, and is a his favor; but his enemies are desperate, very promising youth. From other viland they manage in some way or other to lages in this station other heathen youths convert every time his triumph in court have sought admission at our Pasumalai into a loss in the village; so he has prac Institute, soon to be led into the light tically lost all his property, is daily in and to receive Christ as their Saviour. At danger of his life, and, saddest of all, his the beginning of the year a Mohammedan mind has given way under it. Generally brought his bright boy for instruction and speaking I do not feel sorry for persecu Christian influence. And another bigtion, for, though it has caused the loss of oted, wealthy, and very influential heathen not a few churches and houses, it tests and brought his son, nephew, and grandson for confirms the faith of our Christians; and admission. All of these board and sleep I hardly ever saw one turning his back with our Christian boys, and thereby apon our faith on account of persecution. break caste and sooner or later are brought In the contrary the most progressive con into the kingdom of our Lord. Several gregation in the station · which has others of the same kind, in this station, doubled during the last few months - is are begging us to take them in and educate one most seriously persecuted. They are them, knowing that it means an ultimate crying to me to build a church for them, acceptance of Christ. ind are willing and ready to pay at least “ This movement among the influential one half the expenses."

young in many villages of the station A PROMISING MOVEMENT.

is one of the most encouraging signs of * When I was at an out-station the other the times. It shows clearly to us the beHay I saw a beautiful illustration of the in- ginning of that grand movement among

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the well-to-do and influential people of the their Sunday meal. As they can spare villages toward our faith to which we only a little from the daily earnings, the have been looking forward and for which savings for Sunday are sufficient for bu: we have been praying so long."

one meal, and that is all they have for

Mr. John S. Chandler, on returning

Foochow Mission.

A MEMORABLE OCCASION. from the Pulney Hills, found much encouragement in the progress of the work at MR. Peet sends the following account Madura city. He says:

of the closing exercises of the first term “Some of our Madura people have found of the Boys' Boarding School, which were employment in the new cotton spinning

held on June 23: – mill that has been opened here, but the

Invitations were sent to the presidents other day they were fined one day's wages

of the various native colleges in the city, for not coming on Sunday. And on the as well as to other distinguished literary next Saturday the European in charge

men with whom we have become ac. ordered them to come the following day. quainted during the past two years. When they refused he threatened to dis Through the agency of our consul, Dr. miss them, but, finding they could not be Gracey (to whom, in a great measure,

the induced in that way, he told them to get success of the day was due), invitations permission from their pastor and come.

were also sent to all the officials to visit They still refused, and he said they might our school on the day in question, and witstay to morning service and come the rest ness a few closing examinations. These of the day; to that they replied that they

invitations were received in a most courtehad services from eight o'clock until ten,

Some of the gentlemen then from three to four and from seven to

could not accept on account of pressure eight. Their pastor would be displeased if of business, but sent representatives. they should be absent from any of them. The officers present were Mr. Cheng, the Finally he said he would build them a Tartar general's chief deputy, who has church on the mill grounds, and they could

since that time been appointed Tantai attend service and work between times. in an adjoining district; Mr. Nguồi, an Again they refused, and one little boy

officer connected with the salt business; a said, “If you should give us an armful of deputy from the foreign office, and His money, we would not work on Sunday.' Excellency Chen Tantai. The latter was They were then allowed to go, and on the the highest official representative present. next Monday morning when they received He is a man much respected by all the their pay for the week's work, no deduc foreign consuls; and by his intelligent face tion was made in their pay. This is con

and kind smile he created a most gratisidered a most important gain, because fying impression on the minds of all many of the native Christians are forced present." to work on Sunday, whereas if they would

A PROCESSION OF OFFICIALS. stand to their colors, as these have done, “A little before two o'clock the beating many employers would let them have their of a gong announced the approach of the Sundays.

high official to our residence, and a few " These same people are so poor that it minutes later the gate of our compound meant a great deal for them to give up was thrown open and the Tantai in his any part of their wages, or even run the green chair, borne by four, entered. He risk of it. Every day they take a little of was preceded by a man with a gong, the grain for their daily food, and dividing another with the well-known red umbrella, it, put one portion into one earthen ves quite a large nnmber of soldiers and licsel for their Sunday contribution, and the tors wearing what foreigners would call other into a second earthen vessel for dunce caps.' Behind him were a num

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