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realized, great as is the work accomplished; but decades instead of years of patient and persevering labor are now required, apparently because of the failure of the Church to improve the advantages thus offered. Even now, no field offers greater returns for vigorous effort than this. The question of time still turns on the fidelity of the Church to its great trust, and on none does the duty devolve more justly than on the constituency of the American Board. By the providence of God, through the influence of Dr. Neesima and the attitude of our missionaries toward the native churches, and because of a church polity that allows a large freedom and independence, no other missionary organization has been in so favorable a position for carrying on evangelical work in Japan; and to no other have been granted larger results for the means employed. The lost opportunity cannot be recovered, but much ground may be regained by renewed and more vigorous 'effort, if made without delay.

The work goes on, notwithstanding inadequate missionary force, inadequate means for the proper employment of Japanese colaborers, despite the revival of Buddhism, alarmed at the steady progress of Christianity, and notwithstanding the political and social agitations which affect the popular mind. The throes attending the birth of civil and religious liberty are not yet over. Add to this the practical opposition of anti-evangelical agencies, and the problem is one that may well tax the utmost energies of the missionaries, and enlist the hearty sympathy and prayers of friends of missions at home. Still, the results achieved during the past year, in the formation of twenty-one nem churches; in the addition of more than 1,000 members on profession of faith; in the success which has attended the Doshisha in its various departments, collegiate, scientific, and theological ; in the group of schools at Köbe, including a woman's school for kindergarten work, and what is practically a collegiate course for young women, not to mention the successful work of other schools throughout the mission: in evangelistic work connected with the different stations and with the Home Missiozary Society, reaching to all parts of the empire, — these results, though not so striking as those reported in some former years, compare favorably, for the means put forth, with those of any other mission field of the Board. Nor should we fail to mention the summer school of philosophy and theology as an institution already naturalized in Japan. One of these schools, attended by 200 young men from all parts of the country, furnished an inspiring audience to Professor Ladd, whose lectures in Japan during the summer months were so timely and so highly appreciated by the Christian scholars and thinkers of Japan.

The details already given are such as may well inspire new hope and courage: they show a healthful growth throughout the entire field on lines of well-established etiort. The number of missionaries remains about the same as last year. There has been a gain of twenty-four churches - a larger part of these in Japan — and of over 3.500 members on confession of faith, making an aggregate of 434 churches and of 40,333 members. But these figures, encouraging as they are, give no conception of te breadth of the changes in the moral and social life of the peoples among whom we labor, or of the opportunities given on every hand for enlargement.

Special attention has been given to the training and employment of a native misistry. Work for women has widened very much during the year, especially in the direction of evangelistic effort, and schools for the training of Bible-women are being established at important centres. For want of men, the care of no less than five deerent stations has devolved on women, with all that this involves of the superistendence of schools, churches, and a native agency, and the women have proved thes selves equal to the emergency.

The Foreign Secretaries feel constra.ned to ask the Board for not less than forty ne* missionary families and twenty single women, in order to the maintenance and proper development of the work now in hand especially in Africa, India, China, arii Japan

Never has there been such a call on the constituency of this Board to go up and take possession of the whitening harvest fields in the name and for the joy of our risen Lord.




95 1,126 1,347 71,184

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Number of Missions
Number of Stations
Number of Out-stations
Places for stated preaching .
Average congregations

Laborers Employed.
Number of ordained Missionaries (11 being Physicians)
Number of male Physicians not ordained (besides 3 women)
Number of other Male Assistants
Number of Women (3 of them Physicians) (wives 174; unmarried 159)

Whole number of laborers sent from this country
Number of Native Pastors
Number of Native Preachers and Catechists
Number of Native School-teachers
Number of other Native Laborers

Total of Native Laborers
Total of American and Native Laborers

The Churches,

183 13

5 333 534

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624 1,380

396 2,600 3,134

434 40,333

3516 122,023


Number of Churches
Number of Church Members
Added during the year
Whole number from the first, as nearly as can be learned

Educational Department.
Number of Theological Seminaries and Station Classes
Colleges and High Schools
Number of Pupils in the above
Number of Boarding Schools for Girls
Number of Pupils in Boarding Schools for Girls .
Number of Common Schools .
Number of Pupils in Common Schools
Whole Number under instruction
Native Contributions, so far as reported


70 4,259

55 2,832

982 37,835 47.330 $92,723

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Cost of Missions, Mission to West Central Africa .

$16,841.77 Mission to East Central Africa

6,938.32 Zulu Mission

32,660.67 Mission to European Turkey .

34,832.63 Mission to Western Turkey

130,850.83 Mission to Central Turkey

42,741.28 Mission to Eastern Turkey

52,084.11 Marathi Mission

58,433-78 Madura Mission

62,681.96 Ceylon Mission

13.500.00 Foochow Mission .

17,384-32 Hong Kong Mission

3,681.87 North China Mission

63.955-40 Shansi Mission

14.714.69 Mission to Japan

115.501.28 Sandwich Islands (including grants to former missionaries)

6,807.67 Micronesia Mission

51,458.15 Mission to Mexico

33.707.60 Mission to Spain

16,345.99 Mission to Austria


$784,856-45 Cost of Agencies. Salaries of District and Field Secretaries, their traveling expenses, and those of Missionaries visiting the churches, and other like expenses


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Cost of Publications. Missionary Herald (including salaries of Editor and Publishing

Agent, and copies sent gratuitously, according to the rule of the

Board, to pastors, honorary members, donors, etc.). ... $14,572.65 Less amount received from subscribers .

$6,822.22 and for advertisements

2,497.75 9.319.97

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Cost of Administration,
Department of Correspondence
Treasurer's Department
New York City.
Miscellaneous items (including rent, care of “ Missionary Rooms,” furniture

and repairs, coal, gas, postage, stationery, copying and printing, library,
insurance of same, honorary members' certificates).




$28,492.25 $840,839-73

728.99 $841,508.77

Balance on hand August 31, 1892 .

Total ..


RECEIPTS. Donations, as acknowledged in the Missionary Herald .

$545,097-49 Legacies, as acknowledged in the Missionary Herald

249.777.71 From the Legacy of Asa Otis .

35,185.38 Interest on General Permanent Fund


$840,804.72 Balance on hand September 1, 1891


$841,568.77 LEGACY OF ASA OTIS, NEW LONDON, CONN. In accordance with the action of the Board at its Annual Meeting in 1879 (see Annual Report, p. xi), the remainder of this legacy is set apart for new missions. Balance of securities remaining in the Treasurer's hands September I, 1891, at par ..

$79,579.96 Appraised value of same .

$106,832.50 Received for Premiums on Sale

4,000.00 Received for Dividends and Interest


$91,922.81 Expended for new Missions as follows: West Central Africa Mission

$12422.82 East Central Africa Mission

5.987.33 Hong Kong Mission

3,203.19 Shansi Mission


$35,185-38 Balance August 31, 1892

$56,737.43 Appraised value of securities now held


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LEGACY OF SAMUEL W. SWETT, BOSTON. In accordance with the action of the Board at its Annual Meeting in 1884 (see Annual Report, p. ix), this legacy is “set apart to meet special calls for a brief period of years, in the evangelistic and educational departments of our missionary work abroad, emphasis being placed upon the present emergency in Japan and upon the great opportunity in China." Balance of the Legacy September 1, 1891

$963.25 Received from the Executors during the year

1,800.00 Received for Dividends and Interest



GENERAL PERMANENT FUND. The amount of this fund September 1, 1891, was

$215,492.42 added during the year


$224,904-46 PERMANENT FUND FOR OFFICERS. The Permanent Fund for Officers amounts as last year to

$59,608.00 The income of the Fund for Officers, applied to salaries, was

3,690.41 WILLIAM WHITE SMITH FUND. This Fund amounts as last year to



This Fund from Hon. J. N. Harris, New London, Conn., is held in trust for support of
the school at Kyoto, Japan .

This Fund, collected by Rev. G. F. Herrick, D.D., was, September 1, 1891
Collected during the year by Rev. C. C. Tracy
Income of Fund


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1,133.50 $21,112.87

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C. MERRIAM FEMALE SCHOLARSHIP, This Fund amounts as last year to .



This Fund amounts as last year to.

This Fund, collected by Mrs. Schneider, in memory of her husband and to give aid to

needy students in Central Turkey, amounted September 1, 1891, to Added during the year



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MARASH THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY ENDOWMENT, This Fund, contributed by native brethren at Marash, is now .

This Fund, contributed by Hon. Nathaniel Gordon, Exeter, N. H., now amounts to

This Fund, collected by Misses M. and M. W. Leitch, chiefly in England and Scotland,

now amounts to.



LANGDON S. WARD, Treasure.

Boston, Mass., October 1, 1892.

Letters from the Missions.

West Central African Mission. Sunday. I went out with them for the

first time on a weekday, and made an PROGRESS AT KAMONDONGO.

appointment for them the following SunMiss Bell reports the prosperous con day. They were well received and, I tinuance of her Girls' School. She also

hope, may be able to preach the gospel has care of the press, and we have re with power. Another village near will be ceived a copy of the Sabbath-school les ready to receive a deputation as soon as sons for the second quarter of this year, I can get them started; so we hope to which is printed in a very creditable way. start two more out-stations, which, if we The boys at Kamondongo are engaged can follow up all the year, will make three in this work, the brightest of them setting sustained by the missionaries and three up nearly two pages of type in a day. by the native church. If we were fullMr. Fay reports that, aside from the reg handed, we could easily make the number ular station work, Miss Bell and Mrs. Fay nearly double. go once a week to a village three miles “I am to begin next week with a class away, holding a service and having a of eight, who wish to join the church, to goodly number of hearers. He writes : prepare them for that step. I hope to d)

“ The improvement in some of our some faithful work, showing them what is church members since I wrote you of them meant by the step and what is expected of has led us to send some of them out to a member of Christ." villages near at hand to hold a service on Writing at a later date, July 25, Mr.

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