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Fay says that there is continued improvement in some of the church members, and he adds :

“ To-day I was called out to receive a delegation from a village where I go to talk once a week. I found about twenty people with nearly twenty baskets of corn. I had asked them to bring corn to sell, as I had none. I had told them if they did not do so soon my mule would not be strong enough to bring me to their village. So to-day they came with three or four bushels of corn for the mule, as they said. I received it, and gave them above its value in cloth, which they expected."

Mr. Fay speaks of the multitudinous calls that are made upon him in reference to matters that are going on at the station. If a sheep is sick or an ox lame, the natives come for counsel or help. Amid all these distractions it is difficult to carry on the important work of the station.

In their life with one another they are kind and affectionate in their own way. But it is a part of their etiquette not to express or show affection in the presence of others, and, until one knows this, one would say they have little natural affection. Travelers have said so, but it is a mistake. Quarrels are rare among them and a fight is an unheard-of occurrence. I have often noticed and wondered at this, especially when traveling. They will come into camp tired and hungry, having eaten almost nothing in the morning, and before they can have any food there are frequently new huts to build, and, if not, the old ones have to be cleaned out, fresh grass and leaves gathered for their beds, wood to be cut for the fires, and water to be carried. When everything is in readiness for the night, then, and not before, they cook and eat their food. Through it all they are good-natured and cheerful, and a cross word is rarely heard. The average American under such circumstances would be as cross as a bear. They lead a gay, careless, happy life, and in their own way seem to enjoy life.”

CHARACTER OF THE PEOPLE.

A SUNDAY-SCHOOL AT BAILUNDU.

Mrs. Webster, of Bailundu, gives a good report of the girls in her school, whom she finds it a real pleasure to teach. It speaks well for them that with an enrolment of thirty-six the average attendance has been thirty. Of the manners and character of the people Mrs. Webster writes as follows:

You ask some questions about the people. There are all shades of complexions, from a shiny coal black to a very light brown. Those with black or dark seal brown complexions, when accompanied with good features, are really handsome. There is to me as great variety of features among them as among Americans ; indeed I frequently see faces that remind me of friends and acquaintances at home. One of my own boys constantly reminds me of a cousin, not only in his face but in his actions as well. The majority have beautiful eyes, large and full, of a deep black or dark brown color. Their faces are very expressive and they have quite an amount of intelligence, many have more than the average.

Mrs. Woodside writes from Bailundu :

“ Have you heard of our new department, a real, live Sunday-school? It was organized four weeks ago, and there are eleven classes, with a teachers' meeting every Friday evening. The attendance has been very good, numbering from 100 to 125. There are two quite large classes of men and women from the villages. Hitherto the village people have had the idea that the services here were intended only for the young people; hence the attendance of the older ones has always been very small. They seem to have a different notion in regard to the Sunday-school, and through this we hope to get them into regular church attendance. Mrs. Stover has the women's class, and she goes to the village of Chilume on Saturday afternoons to invite them and to let them know that next day is Sunday, so that they will not go off to their fields in the morning.

PROGRESS AT SHOLAPUR.

CHISAMBA.

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“ It is a pleasure to see how eagerly

Marathi Mission. most of our boys and girls study their Sunday-school lessons. They not only

WHILE at his summer rest at Mahablecommit to memory the Golden Texts, but

shwar, Mr. Gates wrote of the work at his the entire lesson, and they all enjoy the station : new school’ very much.”

“One very encouraging feature of the

work lately is the increased number of GROWING INTEREST. Sunday-schools. These have been opened

for both high and low castes in Sholapur Mr. Lee, under date of July 20, writes and the small villages. One teacher has from Chisamba:

carried on three Sunday-schools in his “ You will be pleased to know that village, and he has been the only male Miss Clarke has been successful in gather Christian there. ing together a number of girls as scholars • The sale of books has increased also, in a day-school. Some eight or nine of which is a good sign. A new school for the girls have been coming regularly to Hindu girls has just been opened. It is a school for some time. We have given sort of annex to a good school for boys them a house in which to sleep, because in Sholapur. The prospects seem good it is too cold for them to come across the there. In another place there are about swamp so early in the morning. They twenty girls who have been coming to a come to our station a little after sunset, Sunday-school. They have no day-school attend the evening prayer service, and at advantages, and want us to open a school seven A.M. the day-school begins. After for them. There are over fifty girls who the session of school is over the girls go can thus be reached, and I hope to have a off to work in their fields. Much oppo school for them soon. sition is made at the villages to the girls “ There never has been anything among attending school, and it is evidence of the Aryan-speaking people of India that no little strength of character in those corresponds to the 'congregation,' or vil. girls who come in the face of such opposi- lage movement, among the Dravidiantion.

speaking people, so far as I know. Per“Our Sunday congregations are more haps we have not yet learned how to than satisfactory; that is, so many come reach the Aryans, but it seems to me that that we cannot accommodate them in our the people are different and must be little schoolhouse, and at present it is too reached in different ways. Lately large cold to hold the meetings outside. We numbers have been baptized on the spot." hope soon to have a larger building by the Methodists and others in North ready. Three chiefs and their respective India, immediately after street preaching followers come with great regularity to the to large crowds. I have not seen my way services, and each appears to he gaining clear to do it yet. One difficulty seems to a fair idea of what we are teaching, and be the danger of taking in unworthy perat the same time appears to be weighing

Men have often come to me for the matter in his mind. Other old men baptism one is here now - - who have are also regular attendants and cheer us afterward proved to be unworthy. A much by the evident thought they are fine-looking high-caste man appeared not giving to this new message.

long ago and asked for baptism. He was “ Speaking of the cold : last week one well educated and talked well. I kept of my boys brought me a piece of ice him a few days, and in the meanwhile over half an inch thick. How is that for found out that he was dishonest. I Africa! All our banana trees cut should have far more hope of good results quite down by frost! And until ten if the people in a country village, where o'clock each morning it is almost impos all are known to each other, would come sible to get comfortably warm!”

forward for baptism, than if a company of

sons.

are

men :

for det strangers who have met at a pilgrimage judge in Miyazaki, who came to that city should come forward.

last autumn as one of the principal judges "On the whole, I never have seen more of the province. The account is of speinterest in preaching with so little opposi cial interest as indicating the way in which tion as in the past year."

the Spirit makes use of the Bible in SIRUR.

the enlightenment and the conversion of Mrs. Winsor, writing from Sirur, August

“I first met Judge Koyabe when he 25, says :

the There is actually no end to

called at our house with one of his fellowamount of good we can do in the Indus

judges, Mr. Maki, who is a deacon in our trial School. Only yesterday a heathen

Miyazaki church, leader of the Young

Men's Christian Association, Bible-class boy, fifteen years of age, came to us say

teacher, and otherwise one of our most ing that he wished to become a Christian and learn a trade. What can we do with

active workers. Judge Koyabe has a son the large number of applicants ? Boys,

in the United States, now at Howard strong and active, willing and happy to

University. The son was converted two learn to work while they study in our

or three years ago in America and is now English and vernacular schools, and who

preparing for the Christian ministry. This

fact and his letters to his father have desire to become Christians, are continually appearing. I wrote you of our very

changed the current of thought and planactive and earnest school inspector, who

ning of the father, though broad and be

neficent before, from what he calls · workwas having so much influence for good in the villages, both as a preacher and as su

ing for the flesh,' to an earnest conse

cration of himself to work for God.' perintendent of our village schools. His

• This first call was a long one, and name was Kissan Kanhaba. A few days after I wrote that letter he was called

showed his more than willingness to talk

on Christian themes. Many subsequent away, dying suddenly of cholera, in a village about ten miles away. But, oh,

exchanges of visits and long talks together the rich testimony to his earnest, beautiful

gave me a fuller insight into his experi

ences and beliefs. From these talks I life that comes to us from heathen lips ! The Patil of Ranjangao was so kind at

learned that twenty-five years ago he hated the time of his death, providing a coffin

foreigners intensely and all things pertainand also a place in his field for the last

ing to them. resting-place. Our pastor went out with

“ In those early days his first view of some of the brethren to attend the funeral.

Christian truth was given him by readAnd such crowds as came! The whole

ing a little book called 'Ten no sogen compound was full. All standing room

(Sources of Heavenly Things), which was taken, and outside the walls were

providentially fell into his hands. As those of every caste, standing and listen

early as twenty years ago, when he knew ing in respectful silence as the pastor

very little of Christianity, he was accusspoke of the joy of dying the death of

tomed when beginning his daily law study the Christian, referring to Kissan as one

to ask in prayer the help of the divine who had lived like Christ. We miss

Spirit. Perhaps this was much like prayer Kissan much; he was a fine, handsome

to the unknown God,' but yet true prayer, person, but simple in faith and willing to

and this habit of prayer has been conserve Jesus anywhere, and now even the

tinued through all these years. During heathen weep for him."

these years too there has been some

thing of interest in Bible study. This Japan Mission

interest was very greatly quickened by the TAUGHT OF GOD.

conversion of his son in America. Since MR. CLARK, of Miyazaki, sends an ac then Bible study has become his recreacount of unusual interest concerning a

tion and has occupied all his spare mo

66

ments. It was carried on where no hu Spirit, but he seems to have proved these man teacher could be had, and entirely great truths by his own experience. without the aid of any commentary except His habit of scholarly investigation the Bible itself. But in all this study the has led him to think through and to the guidance of the Holy Spirit has been spe bottom of Buddhism, Confucianism, and cially sought, and his heart and mind kept Shintoism, and given him a clear underopen toward God as he studied. And this standing of their insufficiency and, by divine help has evidently not been sought comparison, a fuller appreciation of the in vain. Under the Spirit's leading he all-sufficiency of Christianity. Having has thought over and over, deeply and formulated his conclusions, he was very broadly, the various themes of Christian desirous of comparing them with those of ity, and, being a man of judicial habits others in order to ascertain their truth or and philosophical mind, he has arrived at

falsehood. Circumstances led him to arvery definite conclusions on nearly all range for an interview with our missionthese questions, and from time to time aries, who were spending their summer has formulated his conclusions and writ vacation on Mount Hiei. Before leaving ten them out. Thus, absolutely independ- Miyazaki for the mountain he wrote out ent of any human teacher, he has formed his thoughts fully on various subjects, eshis system of theology by the study of the pecially the Trinity; the work of the Bible alone, but evidently not without the Spirit; the divinity and work of Christ; guidance of God's Spirit.

sin, its effect on the character and destiny ** In his personal experience he recog of man; and other like subjects. His nizes the flesh,' in which term he in statement of belief was very thoroughly cludes all selfish, fleshly lusts and ambi gone over by Drs. Davis, DeForest, and tions as something to be held in absolute others, and elicited expressions of sursubjection. Satan is as real to him as he prime and satisfaction at the clearness and was to Luther, or as is any roaring lion'; correctness of the conclusions to which and the possibility and necessity of being his Bible study had led him. constantly • filled with the Spirit,' as a " He spent four days on the mountain sure protection against the temptations in this earnest comparison of his concieand

power of Satan, are very real facts in sions with those of others, and at the end his thought and experience.

of these days, at his own urgent request “Another fact very real to him is the and after the most thorough examination divine leading in all his life. He says possible under the circumstances as to his very commonly, God permitted it.' views on moral questions and his practices. proposed to do so and so, but God did he received baptism, Dr. Davis performing not permit it.' One incident of the past the ceremony in the presence of a large year impressed him much as a special company of Japanese and missionaries, providence. All arrangements were made “ He proposes to devote his life to for him to go to Gifu, to be judge in making known to others the great Bible that city; but various hindrances arose truths. He considers that his mission is and he was appointed to Miyazaki instead. especially to the upper and official class o The day he reached Miyazaki, taking up Japan, whose need of a missionary like the daily paper he read of the great earth themselves he fully appreciates. He irquake at Gifu, and among other items tends in the near future to give up hi that the judge who went there in his place official position and devote his whole time was killed

himself, his wife, and chil to evangelistic work." dren. He considers that it was no other Mr. Clark concludes his account with than God's interference that saved him an earnest request for special prayer that from that fate. Thus, not only has he

God will make use of this man as he did found out God and the truth from the of Saul of Tarsus. Let not this request Bible, under the teaching of the Holy be overlooked.

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TOUR.

A SUMMER SCHOOL AND A SUMMER a very pleasant baptismal service. Of the

seven persons baptized, five were students

in our Kumamoto schools, who preferred Mr. Sidney Gulick, of Kumamoto, writ to be baptized at home rather than in ing from Mount Hiei, August 23, says:

Kumamoto. This we strongly approve, This is the first summer, I believe, as students who join the church away that any of our mission has made a mid from home are apt to be rather weaksummer tour through Kiushiu. There

kneed at home. On the whole I consider were special reasons why it seemed neces the summer tour a great success, as at sary to make one this summer. There this time alone do we meet the students of was held this summer the first Kiushiu our schools in their own homes. At one summer school. Four years ago, under place four or five young men and two Mr. Wishard's lead and inspiration, the young women traveled twenty-five miles first summer school in Japan was held. in order to be with us for a Sabbath Each year since, these have been held, and service. have been felt to be the means of much “ While in Kiushiu I learned that the good. As, however, they have been held governor of Kumamoto had been touring in central Japan, the Christian young men

through his province, assembling the of Kiushiu have been unable to attend ; school-teachers and saying that none hence the need and origin of the Kiushiu could be allowed to become Christians summer school. This was held at a hot and that Christian teachers should be disspring on the sides of the great active vol missed. This action of his brought down cano of Kiushiu, about twenty-five miles

considerable criticism from the Liberal east of Kumamoto. The elevation of the party, who charge him with being unconplace was sufficient to ensure a comfort stitutional. Since my return I learn that able temperature.

he has just been dismissed by the new “ The school lasted ten days, and con

Cabinet, doubtless for complicity in the sisted of lectures each morning from some election frauds of last February. We all of the professors, and small meetings and rejoice, as he has proved very hostile to exercises in the afternoons and evenings. Christianity and Christian schools. He Over one hundred students attended, be was the person who was the occasion of ing considerably more than was expected.

the division of our school and the separaOf these it is estimated that over one third tion of our Christians into two parties." were not Christians; many of the nonChristians were teachers in government schools, who came to find out about Chris

Zulu Mission. tianity. There were also several Greek Christians, who were dissatisfied with what that church gave them and came to see The annual letter from this mission, what we Protestants could give. It was a prepared by Mr. Ransom, refers at the outine opportunity for work, of which the set to some general matters relating to the Christian young men were glad to avail present situation of the colony of Natal. hemselves. I gave two lectures and one This English colony is seeking, like some ermon. The tramp to the great smoking other portions of the British domain, for rater was a good afternoon's tramp, which home rule. Its commerce and industries took three times.

are developing rapidly. It will be borne My summer trip occupied a little over in mind that, not long since, reserves of hree weeks, and, though a part of the territory were assigned to each missionary me was exceedingly hot day and night, station, and on these reserves the Chriset providentially a part of the time was tian Zulus for the most part live. Of nusually cool for midsummer. At one these matters of general interest the mislace where I stopped for Sunday we had

sion letter says:

THE POSITION OF THE COLONY.

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