World Views and Scientific Discipline Formation: Science Studies in the German Democratic Republic Papers from a German-American Summer Institute, 1988

Portada
W.R. Woodward, Robert S. Cohen
Springer Science & Business Media, 1991 M10 31 - 471 páginas
The various efforts to develop a Marxist philosophy of science in the one time 'socialist' countries were casualties of the Cold War. Even those who were in no way Marxists, and those who were undogmatic in their Marxisms, now confront a new world. All the more harsh is it for those who worked within the framework imposed upon professional philosophy by the official ideology. Here in this book, we are concerned with some 31 colleagues from the late German Democratic Republic, representative in their scholarship of the achievements of a curiously creative while dismayingly repressive period. The literature published in the GDR was blossoming, certainly in the final decade, but it developed within a totalitarian regime where personal careers either advanced or faltered through the private protection or denunciation of mentors. We will never know how many good minds did not enter the field of philosophy in the first place due to their prudent judgments that there was a virtual requirement that the candidate join the Socialist Unity (i.e. Communist) Party. Among those who started careers and were sidetracked, the record is now beginning to be revealed; and for the rest, the price of 'doing philosophy' was mostly silence in the face of harassments the likes of which make academic politics in the West seem child's play.
 

Contenido

HOW EAST GERMAN SCIENCE STUDIES CONTRIBUTED TO THE FALL OF THE CULTURAL WALL
1
ON THE ORIGIN AND NATURE OF SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES
17
RELATING EVOLUTIONARY THEORY TO THE NATURAL SCIENCES
29
DIALECTICAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE UNITY OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE
39
INSTITUTIONS AND PROGRAMMATIC POSITIONS
49
AIMS METHODS TASKS
63
THE BERLIN SOCIETY FOR SCIENTIFIC PHILOSOPHY AS ORGANIZATIONAL FORM OF PHILOSOPHIZING IN THE MEDIUM OF NATUR...
75
MATHEMATICS AND IDEOLOGY IN FASCIST GERMANY
89
ONE OF THE FIRST SYNTHETIC THEORISTS OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY
259
DARWIN AND THE GERMAN THEOLOGIANS
269
SOME REFLECTIONS ON A DIFFICULT PERIOD IN THE HISTORY OF BIOLOGY IN GERMANY
279
WHAT KEEPS A SPECIES TOGETHER?
293
THE TRAINING IN GERMANY OF ENGLISHSPEAKING CHEMISTS IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY AND ITS PROFOUND INFLUENCE I...
299
JUSTUS VON LIEBIG HERMANN VON LIEBIG AND THE AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS
309
THE STORY OF NONPHOSPHORYLATING GLYCOLYSIS
321
BETWEEN NATURAL HISTORY AND HISTORICAL GEOLOGY
329

IMAGELESS THOUGHT OR STIMULUS ERROR? THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF PRIVATE EXPERIENCE
97
BETWEEN EXPERIMENT AND QUASIEXPERIMENTAL DESIGN 18501990
107
THE ONTOGENETIC SOURCES OF WILLIAM PREYERS DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
117
ON THE INTERDISCIPLINARY GENESIS OF EXPERIMENTAL METHODS IN NINETEENTHCENTURY GERMAN PSYCHOLOGY
129
ON CONTINUITY IN SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONS
141
WALTHER NERNST AND QUANTUM THEORY
151
HISTORICAL EXPLANATIONS IN MODERN PHYSICS? THE LESSON OF QUANTUM MECHANICS
163
FRITZ LONDON AND THE COMMUNITY OF QUANTUM PHYSICISTS
177
DARKNESS IN THE SCIENCES?
191
INTRODUCTION TO THE BASIC CONCEPTS OF COMMUNICATIONORIENTED SCIENCE STUDIES
199
PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEMS OF MODERN PSYCHOLOGY
209
ON THE FORMATION OF A PHILOSOPHICAL DISCIPLINE IN NINETEENTHCENTURY GERMANY
223
THE TRANSFORMATION OF GERMAN PHILOSOPHY IN THE CONTEXT OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY
235
REFORM EFFORTS OF LOGIC AT MIDNINETEENTH CENTURY IN GERMANY
247
SCHELLINGS NATURPHILOSOPHIE AS A TRANSITION TO THE PHILOSOPHY OF IDENTITY
339
A NEW CORRESPONDENCE OF THE PHILOSOPHER
351
THE INFLUENCE OF JAKOB FRIEDRICH FRIES ON MATTHIAS SCHLEIDEN
357
THE GEOGRAPHICAL VISION AND THE POPULAR ORDER OF DISCIPLINES 18481870
367
YOUNG NAVIER ROEBLING AND THE BROOKLYN BRIDGE
377
FRUITFUL COOPERATION IN DIFFERENT SOCIAL ORDERS
387
MEETING PLACES FOR CULTURE AND THE SCIENCES
401
A PHYSICIST IN BIOLOGY
415
NOBODY CAN BECOME A REAL ENGINEER WHO HAS NOT ALREADY BECOME A WHOLE PERSON
423
SUMMER INSTITUTE PROGRAM 1988
431
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
439
NAME INDEX
451
SUBJECT INDEX
457
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