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TABLE II.

Rome.

Judaea and the East.

Death of Nero; Civil Famine and floods at Idumaeans massacre Zealots masters of Jeru. war, 68. Rome, 68-69.

priests in Jerusalem, salem.

69. Galba, Otho, Vitellius, 69; Vespasian, 69-79. Lull in war, June 68- Flight of Christians to

April 70.

Pella.
Burning of Capitoline Apollonius of Tyana. Appearance of a false Birth of Polykarp, 69.
Temple, 69.

Nero in East, c. 69.
Stoics banished from Revolt of Civilis in Siege and sack of
Rome, 70.
Germany, c. 70.

Jerusalem by Titus, 70.
Triumph of Titus
71

Fall of Masada, 73. Extermination of Zea. Temple of Janus closed /'

lots. Bernice at Rome, 75. Rhetoric-teachers en

End of Sanhedrin. dowed in Rome. Colosseum built, 70- Dacian revolts.

80. Epiktetus in Rome. Herculaneum and Pom- Rabbi Jochanan (d. 100). Bethar, a Jewish centre.

peii destroyed, 79. Titus, 79-(13 Sept.) 81.

Rabbinic school at

Jamnia. Agricola in Britain,

A false Nero on the 78-85.

Euphrates. Great fire in Rome, 80. Josephus resident in

Jewish settlements in Rome, 70-100.

Babylon, Parthia,

and Armenia. Domitian, 81-(18 Sept.)

Gamaliel II. (80–117). Philip and his daugh. 96.

ters in Hierapolis. Domitian's triumph in

Rising of Jews, 85-86. Gaul, 83.

Severe policy to Jews. Devotion to the "Law.” Nazarenes (Ebionites)?

Romans prohibit conversions to Judaism.

tians.

Severe policy to Chris-
Defeat of Caledonians at Mons Grampius, 84.

War against Daci, 86-90.
Revolt of Saturninus Tacitus, praetor, 88.

in Germany, 88.

The Pharisees para. Desposyni in Palestine. mount.

Secular games, 88.
Philosophers expelled froin Rome, 94.
Nerva, 96-(27 Jan.) 98.

Tacitus, consul, 97 (98).
Trajan, 98-(Aug.) 117. Free constitution.

Pliny's “Panegyric,"

100.

A false Nero among

Parthians, c. 88.
Synod of Jamnia, 90 : John in Ephesus.

Settlement of OT

canon.
Eleazar ben Hyrcanos. Cerinthus.
Growing antipathy of Polykarp in Smyrna.
Jews and Christians.

John the Presbyter.
Menander, disciple of Simon Magus.
Eleazar ben Azarja.
Eleazar ben Zadok.

continued.

Jewish and Christian Literature.

Greek and Latin Literature.

Apoc. 111.13 (?).

Apoc. 12 (?).
Josephus, 37-100. Gospel of Mark, 65-75.

Ascensio Isaiae (313-51),

50-80 A.D. Ek. of Baruch (11-38). Apoc. (17).

Joseph. “Wars of Jews,” 75 (after).

Cornutus (Stoic)?? Epaphroditus (gramm.).

Quintus Curtius (hist.). Heraklides (“allegoriae “Commentaries" of Ves. Homericae ")??

pasian.

Antonius Julianus (hist.). Aretaeus (med.), c. 70. Silius Itali. “Punica,”

cus, fl. = 90. Pliny, “Naturalis His

toria," 77.

Fabius Rusticus (hist.). Demetrius (cyn.) C. Valerius Flaccus,

“Argonautica." Verginius Rufus.

Justus of Tiberias, fl. 65-100 (* Chronicle"). Sibyll. bk. iii. (63-92), Gospel of Matthew,75–30. 75-80.

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"de Oratori.

bus," c. 80. "Agricola, 97J “ Germania."

98.

Pseudo-Philo,

Apocalypse of John.
"de biblicis antiquitatibus.”
Hystaspes (Sibyll. orac.)?? Clem. Rom. 1. epist. c.07. Plutarch, 48–120.
Josephus, " Against Apion ” (?).

Gospel of Hebrews (be. Isaeus (sophist).

fore 100).

Fourth gospel, 95-115. Joseph. “Autobiography,” 100 (after).

Siculus Flaccus.
Terentius Maurus

(gramm.).
Quintilian (born, 35 A.D.),

Instit. Orat. 93 +.

TABLE III.—100-190 A.D.

In the eyes of the Pagan historian, the period from the accession of Nerva, in 96 A.D., to the death of Marcus Aurelius, in 180 A.D., is memorable as a period of uniform good government, of rapidly advancing humanity, of great legislative reforms, and of a peace which was very rarely seriously broken. To the Christian historian it is still more remarkable, as one of the most critical periods in the history of his faith. The Church entered into it considerable indeed, as a sect, but not large enough to be reckoned an important power in the Empire. It emerged from it so increased in its numbers, and so extended in its ramifications, that it might fairly defy the most formidable assaults.Lecky.

After the silver age which ended nobly with Tacitus and the younger Pliny, Latin pagan literature almost ceases to exist; and the falling off in the form is not more striking than in the value and quality of the contents. All superstitions revived and flourished apace in the ever-waning light of knowledge. A shudder of religious awe ran through the Roman world, and grew more sombre and searching with the progressive gloom and calamities of the time. A spirit wholly different from the light-hearted scepticism of the Augustan age and later Republic stirred men's hearts, and the strongest minds did not escape it. -Cotter Morison.

Parallel mit dem langsamen Einströmen des griechisch - philosophischen Elements gingen auf der ganzen Linie Versuche, die man kurzweg als "akute Hellenisierung" bezeichnen kann. Sie bieten uns das grossartigste geschichtliche Schauspiel ; in jener Epoche selbst aber waren sie die furchtbarste Gefahr. Das zweite Jahrhundert ist das Jahrhundert der Religionsmischung, der Theokrasie, wie kein anderes vor ihm. In diese sollte das Christentum als ein Element neben anderen, wenn auch als das wichtigste, hineingezogen werden. Jener “Hellenismus,” der das versuchte, hatte bereits alle Mysterien, die orientalische Kultweisheit, das Sublimste und das Absurdeste, an sich gezogen und es durch das nie versagende Mittel der philosophischen, d. h, der allegorischen Deutung in ein schimmerndes Gewebe versponnen. Nun stürzte er sich-man muss sich so ausdrücken-auf die christliche Verkündigung.– Harnack.

TABLE III.—

Rome.

Judaea and the East.

100

Agrippa II. dies, 100 Jehoshua ben Chan First war with Daci. Hadrian, quaestor.

A.D.

anja. ans, 101-102.

Justin Martyr, born Flavia Nea.

polis, 103 A.D.?
Second war with Daci. Conquest of Nabataean Pagan reaction at Ephesus.
ans, 105-106.
kingdom, 106.

Martyrdom of Symeon, 107. Pompeius Falco,
Elkesaites. gov. Judaea,

1071. Persecution of Christians Hemerobapt. Schimeon ben Column of Trajan, 113.

in Bithynia, c. 112.

ists.

Azzaj.
Death of daughters of Philip.

Rabbi Jose. Roman Empire at its

Ebionites.
largest extent.
War with Parthians,
+ 115.

Martyrdom of Ignatius, + 115.
Conquest of W. Par.

thía, 116. Hadrian, 117- (10th July) 138.

Revolt of Jews in Egypt, Cyprus, Cyrene, etc. Travels of Hadrian, in Britain, 119.

Massacre of Greeks.
M. Aurelius born, 121. Rom. wall in Britain,

122.
Hadrian in Athens, 123–126; his rescript

to Minicius on the Christians, 124-125. War with Picts and Scots, 120-138.

Hadrian in Egypt and Birth of Irenaeus, bef.
Syria.

130,

130

Second tour of Hadrian, 129–134.

Hadrian re builds Jerusalem, 180 f.
Hadrian in Alexandria, 131.

Death of Rabbi Joshua,

c. 131. Arrian, governor of Cappadocia, 131-137.

Rabbi Akiba.

Apotheosis of Antin. Insurrection: Revolt and Defeat
ous, 133.

of Bar-Kokhba: 132-135. Sack of Bethar.
H.'s rescript to Servian on the Christians,
134.
Hyginus, bish. R. 136- | Aelia Capitolina founded

on site of Jerusalem,
136

140.

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Antoninus Plus, 138- (7th March) 161.

Lollius Urbicus' campaign in N. Britain,
139 f.

Development of civil

law.

Pius, bish. R. 140-155.
Wall of Antoninus-Forth to Clyde,

begun 142.
M. Aurelius converted to philosophy, 145.

M. Aurelius co-regent, 147-161.
Secular games, 147.
Anicetus, bish. R. 155- Martyrdom of Poly.
166.

karp, 23rd Feb. 155. Pestilence and famine

in Rome, 161-166.

Disturbances in Asia Aquila (?).

Minor: Persecution Tertullian born, c. 150.
of Christians.

Jehuda ben Ilaj.
Theodotion (1)
Clem. Alex. born, c. 155

(in Athens ?).
Jose ben Dosithaj,

"Seder Olam" (?) Montanus in Phrygia : Maximilla and Priscilla.

[Continucd on p. 92.

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